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A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U

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1 dī ̆-, dē̆- Negative prefix before nouns, adjj., participles,
50verbals of necessity, and verbs: di- cech la cein is diultad,
alaill is aidbliugud, Corm. Y 418 . Before consonants usually
dí- (díchoisc, dígraiss, dílmain, etc.). Cf. déinmech (dí-gnímach).
de- + ro gives a new prefix der-, q.v. Before vowels the form
varies. dí-: díármithe, díainme, díaisndísiu, (all from O.Ir.
55glosses). díorpus (orba), Trip.² 1525 . With elision: dairmitiu,
dermitiu (airmitiu), denim (ainim, also díainim unblemished),
deithbir (aithber), delam (alam), deinmne (ainmne), dergnaid
(ergnaid), dindell (indell) Before f-: dífulacht, diulacht
(fulacht), díḟulaing, díulaing (fulang), díḟuráil (furóil), dífho-
60laig (fulach). Diarmait, Dermait (format) (the earliest exx. are
written thus but in later lang. Díarmait). dē̆olaid (folad)
(deolid in Wb.: Eogain, LL). dē̆orad (dí-fo-rath) (no early
rhyming ex., deóra: feóla, Met. Dinds.). dé-, de- in nonce-
compds. to translate Latin de-: déainmmneichthech de-
65nominatiuum, dechomsuidigthe decompositum. désetaige gl.
(vita) devia. See Thurn. Gramm. §§ 831 , 873 . Lenites follg.
initial. cenn, however, has its c mutated to g, e.g. dícenn,
dígenn headless man (see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 ). Before b
the prefix takes the form dim-; dimbáeth (baeth), dimbág,
70 dimblad, dimbláith, dimblas, dimbocc, dimbraig (bríg), dim-
bríg, dimbras, dimbuaid, dimbuan, dimda (buide). Ped. ii
214 , regards this as a development of di- before ml, mr
spreading by analogy. Thurn. Gramm. p. 543 , suggests that
it may be a different prefix. Note also dimmolaid (molaid)
75 disparages. Most freq. used with nouns to form adjectival
compds. In these compds. o-stems and ā-stems generally take
i-inflection, e.g. díaistir (aister), díaitrib, díáraig, díchéill,
díchomlaind, díchuind, díradairc. Occasional exceptions are:
díchomond (comann), díchondelg, and díoḟaosam (also diḟaes-
80saim). As a number of these compds. were indistinguishable
from the gen. sg. of noun preceded by dí- they are treated in
the later language simply as attributive genitives, e.g. daíne
dochla díchumaing, LU 3472 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 229 ). i-
stems remain unchanged but gs. tends to be used in the later
85language, e.g. díainim, dícheist, díḟuráil but díaithgina,
dichollna (colainn). u-stems remain unchanged (as far as the
exx. serve), e.g. dígrád (grád love), dínním (sním), díṡolus.
Nominal compds. formed from o- and ā-stems vary in inflex-
ion, though on the whole they appear to resist the change to
i-inflexion, e.g. díardain and díardan (ordan) anger (but
5always díordain angry), díchretem and díchretim (cretem)
disbelief, díchíall lack of sense (always díchéill senseless), dígrád
dishonour (always dígráid adj.), díthrub, -thrab. Other stems
remain unaffected: dígním, díchruth, deinmne (ainmne),
dígallrae. The adj. gand gives dígaind lit. not scanty. Adjj.
10in -ech show no change and may be derivatives rather than
true compds.: díchoimsech, díḟoirithnech, díthaithmech.
Otherwise there is no change. With partt., verbals of neces-
sity, and verbs: díáirmide, díaisneithe, díaisneisi unspeakable,
díbrethe not to be borne, díerrethe not to be paid; díchenglaid,
15 díchlannaid, dimmolaid.

2 dī ̆- 2 dē̆- intensive prefix used with nouns, adjj., and verbs:
di- cech la cein is diultad, alaill is aidbliugud, Corm. Y 418 .
di enim scotice aliquando valde significat (sic leg.), O'Mulc.
311 . difoichidi . . . di adbal ┐ foichid galar, O'C. 264 ( H. 3.18 ( H. 3.18,
20 151b ). disle .i. dí uaisle .i. uaisle mhór, O'Cl. Usually dí- but
note deḟordol great error and denocht stark naked. Lenites
follg. initial. cenn as second element has its -c- mutated to -g-,
e.g. dícenn, dígenn extreme end (see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 ).
With nouns: díairde, díberg, díchuma, etc. With adjj.
25 díchoimsid, dídaingen, dídomuin, etc. With a verb dínoch-
taid. See der-.

3 dī ̆ xsee de.

1 dí xsee didiu.

2 dí xsee .

30 3 dí, día nin B. na f. being: issed is ail daum, do d. ¤ at oen-bé
ocum, RC xi 129 . do di-s[i] a n-icht Chuind (.i. do bheith-
si . . .), ZCP v 488 . ar ndi onme luan fri luan (.i. ar mbeith
taobh fri taobh), ib. gan dia (.i. bheith) fo mām, 485 .

1 día n- (later dá n-) conj. (a) with pret. when: dia luid Duaid
35for longais tri glenn I. dambidc Semei di chlochaib, Ml.
68c4 . Ml. 52 . P. dia mbói i llobrai | ad-cobra dul do Machi,
Hy. ii 45 . rí romol Semeon . . . | dia mbái icon glanaltóir,
SR 7558 . rí rosaer Petur . . . dia lluid co Crist, 7395 . diarluid
He. fectas do sruth I. luid in sruth for cúl, 7145 . Sucait a
40ainm o thustidib, Cothraigi dia mbai ic fognam do cethrur,
Trip.² 204 = IT i 17 . is annsin conbocht fīr fer fairsom a
llāsin, dia lotar in cōicer cucaisom fon oenme, TBC² 1739 .
da mbamar ic S. . . . is amaraen imriaghmais, 2654 ( TBC 3465 ,
3529 ). danamthuc M. robam céle comadas, LU 3971 ( SC 45 ).
45 romid do chach díb a chert dia | mbatar (= mar badar, BB
42a20 ) 'con tṡelgairecht, LL 14b7 . rofaillsiged do A. . . . día
ro escomla a anim asa churp . . . ┐ día rucad dochum richid,
FA 3 (LU). nirbo chian do Ch. dia mbaí and co facca . . . na
longa, CRR § 11 . na mucca diamtar dóine `the swine, when
50they were men
', Met. Dinds. iii 386 . dia mbatar i nEmuin . . .
daimtis cert, ZCP viii 218 . dorúmenair co mba Dia dia
fhacca in spirut noem do thuidecht fair, PH 4790 . is é thug
tríocha creach a B. dia raibhe . . . ag imluadh cogaidh, Keat.
ii 4294 .
55After fecht(us), lá: fechtus dia mbui E. hi Frémainn co
ndernad óenuch leo ann, IT i 128 . fecht eli da raibe C. a
nDruim Cet . . . ┐ do-rinne se moran do mirbuilib, BCC § 143 .
lá airithi da ndechaid C. do Temraig ┐ tarla B. do, § 129 .
feacht n-aon da ttainic ar saorcuairt L. . . . ┐ tainic go tír úa
60fF., Anecd. iii 6 .
With principal clause introduced by co: fecht dia mbáttar
B. a dtresi . . . gur chuirsiod a maor . . . do thógbháil chíosa,
Hy Fiachr. 336 .
(b) With subj. if. neg. mani. With pres. subj.: ní lour in
65bendachad dia mmaldachae, ní lour dano in nebmaldachad
mani bendachae, Wb. 5d23 . dia mbemmi hi combás bemmi i
comindocbáil, 24a10 . for ṅgnimrada diamat glain . . . do
berthar nem . . . do chach, SR 1461 . is col duin dia foirglem,
Fél. Ep. 98 . foircis dliged . . . dianad bē feineachas; muna bē
70feineachas tellais, Laws iv 18 . dia cloadarsom indí sin . . . ní
fil ní . . . na dénat, Mon. Tall. § 26 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcer-
dach, Arch. iii 314 . dia ructar ar mna daera uáinn biait ar
mna soera for brointib ┐ bemi cin blicht ma ructar ar mbai
blechtai uán, ZCP ix 148 ( TBC² 1129 ). diamsat fissid . . . ro-
75pad mithig duit eirge, TFerbe 352 . mad iat do charait bes
and . . . da mbad iat, bar C., rapad lugaiti bar n-eneclannsi,
CRR § 11 . dia ngaba mh' ḟorcetul-sa . . . notuaslaicfind . . . ┐
biat ri, Anecd. iii 74.12 . da fagair na móra finna . . . tabair
iat, ZCP viii 113 . dia fhélltair form' fiachaib filid dia n-aīr
80 if I am cheated of my dues, let poets satirize them, Aisl. MC
45.y . da n-icat mo screpulsa . . . guidimsi mo Tigherna
nachastí nach plaigh, Anecd. ii 34 . da raib accumsa a fis . . .
do gebasu, Acall. 6294 . dá rabh ocumsa . . . sin do ghébthar,
80 . dia n-accara nech cen etach, tabair etach dó, PH 4960 .
85 caithfidh bheith creachach . . . | dá raibh duine dasachtach,
TD 20.6 . With past subj.: robad bethu dom dianchomalninn,
Wb. 3c28 . dia mbad athirge dognéth . . . dodilgfitis do . . .
a chinta, SR 1409 . dia mbeindse for mo nirt, ni tóethsitís in
macrad, TBC² 1856 . diamtís Ulaid nobetis immalle frimsa ní
fuléṅgtha in cath, TFerbe 396 . día mbeth dóine . . . istaig . . .
5dogénut écnach, Aisl. MC 49.7 . da mad tol duib no-indfaind-
sea bar ceist were it agreeable to you, I should . . ., PH 19 .
atraigsetar ferg Ḟoraind friu dia torsed for cúlu, Ériu iv 142 .
gá luagh dobérad sibh dham . . . dá tucaind bhur bhḟir féin
cuguib? Acall. 976 . dia mairedh . . . ní léigfedh mé, Duan. F.
10 i 82 . dā sirinn a meic . . . ar an laochraid rem lá dofūicfedis
tes 'gom thoigh, ZCP viii 219 . do bheinn ós chionn chríche F.
. . . dá maradh M., TD 25.42 . dá dteagmhadh long . . . i
n-imlibh cuain . . . T. do ní do niort nach oirbhearnach í ag
imtheacht, 7.27 . dá bhféadthaoi a rádha ris . . . ní ḟuil ní
15d'adhbhar aige if one might say it to him . . . he hath no reason
for it
, 8.32 .
Freq. tautologically with ma(d): mad da mbeth i mbrōn . . .
pennit in manach . . . for uisciu ┐ bairgin, Ériu vii 172 .
imchian etarru . . . moalle | mad dia fégthar fírinne, Met.
20Dinds. iii 168 . mad dia marbthar M. . . . atresat curaid,
TFerbe 370 . 377 . mad dia ngabad rigi . . . isi bean nobiad
aicce, Anecd. i 10.11 . intī taraill gait | nocha n-ālaind duit
mad dia fagba a dín if any man has committed theft it is not
honorable for you if he get shelter
, KMMisc. 274 . LL 148b39 .
25 in tan ba fíren in rí nobid in fót fo chaemchlí mad dia raded
gói . . . suas dochured a foescal, LL 204a26 . . . . madh dia
ndeni-siu forru . . . am erlumsa (sic leg. or for siu leg. sin?) if
you will obey them . . . I am ready
, BNnÉ 304 . Note also: is
bec cid dia fesstar a chenél his descent will hardly be known at
30all
, RC xxiv 176 .