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dúthchas n u and o,m. (dúthaig) IGT Decl. § 38 . (a) hereditary
20 right, claim by descent, birthright: cid asa ngaibther flaithemnas
for túathaib? . . . a feib dúthchusa, Tec. Corm. § 5 . ní d. ¤ fa
deara dháibh | ríoghacht Gréige do ghabháil . . . dhóibh nír
bh'athardha an oighriocht, 3 C 13, 781.5 . ni tre cheart
duchais rogobsad acht ar eicin, Lec. 169a20 . gor trēig C.C.
25righacht Erind . . . fa dual dō ō duthcas ┐ o folaidhecht hi,
BCC § 74 . nach raibhe ceart ná d. ¤ aige ar bheith innte (i.e.
a territory), Keat. iii 5103 . cúigeadh Laighean do léigeadh do
Dhiarmaid, amhail fá d. ¤ dó, 5115 . senchuidhe ó oific ┐ ó dh. ¤
hereditary shanachie, MacAingil 543 . engnamh Ulad . . . tré
30dúthchus a dheghmathar . . . a Conall C. inherited the valour
of the Ulstermen through his mother
, MR 312 . ar duthchus a
mathar dodhechaidh sidhe re hēiccsi (of Fland mac Lonáin),
ZCP viii 110 . na somharbhthachta atá san gcolainn do
dhúthchus ón talmhain by virtue of its descent (origin) from
35the earth
, TSh. 187 .
(b) claim, privilege, custom due to heredity or established
by tradition: gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin,
ML 102 . nach biaidh d. ¤ nó daor-chíos ar mo fhine ó chineadh
oile, 118 . na rechta ┐ na roduchusa rofágadar bar n-aith-
40reacha agaib, MR 150 . ag leanmhain dlighidh na dúthchasa
`according to the laws of the country' (acc. to traditional custom?),
Keat. iii 2769 . do réir dúthchais is reachta hereditary custom
and law
, E. O'Rahilly xxxii 58 . tabhraidh na mionna duth-
chais atá againn annso the traditional oaths, Maguires of F.
45 § 80 .
(c) In concrete sense inheritance, patrimony, territory: a
nduthchus ní géba a clann his children shall not obtain their
inheritance
, Fen. 80 . a roga tuaithi dia duchus (privilege of
any chief of line of Dubda m. Condmaig), Lec. 165c35 . nir
50tréigius . . . mo tir no mo ducus, Cog. 172 . ic teasargain a
tuath, ic dírgad a duthchusa, MR 100 . iar ndith a duthchais
after the loss of his patrimony, Hy Fiachr. 62 . gur easguin
Garalt Caomhan co n-a shíol .i. gan ríogha for a ndudhchas
go bráth, 140 .
55(d) native place or land: Cuil Cernoga . . . nemdona an
drong dan duchass, Lec. 171b17 . roinnis dó a duthchus ┐ a
cenél, Moling § 26 . ba he (sc. Caisel) a m[b]unadus ┐ a sen-
ducus badein, Cog. 70 . dochuaid Abratham ass[a] d. ¤ , SG 48 .
intan n[on-]índarbtar sinn asin Roim ┐ asar ndúchus féin,
60 CCath. 607 . scrisfuither asa ndutchus ┐ asa n-athardha fen
iad, BCC § 127 . Hence in Bedell nativity, birth: go tír ar
ndúthchuis, Jer. xlvi 16 . is do thír Chanaan do bhreith ┐ do
dhuthchus, Ezek. xvi 3 .
(e) connexion, affinity, or attachment due to descent or long
65standing (oft. folld. by RE = FRI): doluid C. do rochtain
cloindi Cein risin mbrathairse ┐ risin duchus do bi do riu,
Lec. 125a1 . no dh. ¤ riu recfa me, Prolegomena 49 . fiú m'ol-
lamhnacht ó'm aes gráidh, | fiú ár nd. ¤ riú 's ár robháidh (a
bard speaking of fellow-bards), Misc. Celt. Soc. 380 . mo dh. ¤
70red dhreich mhínréidh, 3 C 12, 402.15 . ní . . . ar dh. ¤ re Corc
Caisil | tuc toirbearta do Thorna | acht ar oirdearca a ea-
ladhna, 3 C 13, 481.18 . lén is uilli ḟuarasa | ég mo dhuine
duchusa . . . cuimhne ar dhúthchus Diarmada | mo dhuth-
racht an duthchus-sa, Misc. Celt. Soc. 336 .
75(f) inherited instinct or aptitude, natural (as oppd. to
acquired) tendency or bias: uasalṡenōir togaidhe . . . ar deilbh
ar duthcus ` disposition ', AU 1203 (ii 240) . ba duthaich . . .
— Cia duthchus ón? Anecd. i 4 . a dh. ¤ re draoidheacht his
native turn for wizardry
, Content. vi 121 . d. ¤ re gaisge, a
80Aodh, | atá agaibh as bhar ngaol, xviii 32 . daer in duine da
duthchus, Arch. iii 238 § 9 . ar colla acht gid bailc i bus | is
pairti donda a nduthchus nature, constitution (heritage?), § 6 .
is diall réd duthchusaib dilsi bodesin duit-siu na hábaisi ┐ na
hairrdhena sin `clinging to thy true ancestorial nature', MR 302 .
85 níl cinnteacht 'n-a chroidhe ná cáim air, | acht d. ¤ maith a
shean ag fás leis, E. O'Rahilly xviii 80 . ar ógaibh nach dubh
d. ¤ whose nature is not melancholy, Ó Bruad. ii 92 . léig diot . . .
na bearta as dúthchus duit, PCT 817 . as beg na coisgid siad
(sc. remedies) an flux doreir duchais, 23 P 10, 143rb17 . Hence
in Hy Fiachr. hereditary holder of a territory, line of hereditary
5 possessors (?): céd dúchus adearar and | ó Dún Fhíne . . . | Ó'
Duiblerga the first inheritor who shall be mentioned here . . . is
O'D.
, 218 . ná fágbam Ceara na clad | can a dúchus do dénam,
| can beith co seim 'cá snaidi | d'á breith 'sa réim rigraidi
without mentioning its inheritors, 186 . Note also: do dhúth-
10chusuibh Jerusalem inhabitants , Isa. viii 14 .
(g) Attrib. gs. hereditary, pertaining to a certain territory or
people, native: a ttighearnus do ghabail da nGhaoidhelaibh
duthcassa bhudhdhéin ar ndíochur a nGall esdibh, FM iii 562 .
fineadhoigh dudhchusa an Bhaic hereditary tribes, Hy Fiachr.
15 10 . meic Gilli E. a taisich duchisa, Lec. 349d19 . fir dúchais
hereditary followers, Hy Maine 86 . a bhfecmais mo tíri . . . ┐
m'atharda duthcais fein, BCC § 67 . do bi an oiret sin . . . do
gradh ag C.C. ar a tír ┐ ar a athardha duthchusa, § 192 . san
bhfonn ndúthchasa, TSh. 6020 . óna dtír dhúthchais, 6364 .

20 dúthchasach n o,m. (dúthchas) (a) One who holds a possession,
office, etc., in virtue of hereditary right, hence hereditary pro-
prietor (used not only of individuals but of families or clans
established in occupation of a territory, stronghold, etc.).
See Hy Fiachr. 148 note . duthchusaigh Cloinne Fiachrach,
25 ib. (title). ar na dúthchusachuib, 102 . Fergus . . . duth-
chusach do muintir Rois Oirrthir hereditary head of the com-
munity
(the office of abbot being somet. limited to members
of a particular family who held it by succession, see Reeves
Ad. 335 and Lawlor, St. Malachy p. xv , 164 ), AU iii 86
30(1420) . rocuireadh lais a duthchasaigh féin il-Leic Bhebhionn,
FM v 1782 . Baile an M. (a castle) . . . do ghabháil la a
dhuthchasachaibh fein .i. la cloinn nDonnchaidh, vi 2074 .
As adj. (superl.): as iad as dúdhchusaighe adchona(i)rc ag
leanmhuin isin Sgrín .i. Mec Carraoin, Mec G., Hy Fiachr. 172 .
35(b) Of persons or families settled on a territory and owing
fealty to its hereditary chief clansman, follower: ó Cathain
taisech Cinel I. . . . is d'á dúthchusachaibh Ó Mochan . . . ┐
hÍ Marcachan, Hy Fiachr. 62 . Mag F. taisech Oigi B. ┐ a
duchusaig ó Caemagan ┐ ó Dubagan, ib.
40(c) inhabitant in general: duthchusaigh an bhaile, ZCP x
14 n. 9 . duine ecin do duthcasachaibh an baile sin, BCC § 51 .
gur lagadh dúthchusaigh na tire, Joshua ii 9 . atá an talamh
fein a sceith a dhúthchusuidh dhe, Lev. xviii 25 .

dúthe xsee duíthe.

45 duthrach n foundation: dóirtfidh mé a clocha síos . . . ┐ léigfe mé
a d. ¤ ris, Micah i 6 . Cf. durthach, dairthech.

dúthracht nGender not attested in O.Ir. (see, however, Thurn.
Gramm. § 727 ), m. in later lang. (cf. a s. d. ¤ n-diuburtach ( H.
2.16 ), CF 88 ). Vn. of do-futharcair. g s. duthrachtan, Ml.
50 55a17 ; later duthrachta, Laws iv 284.20 . d s. duthracht, Wb.
22d4 , 27c10 , Sg. 3a5 , Ml. 33c8 , 43c8 , and in later lang. co
nduthroctain ndil, ZCP xiii 30.5 ; duthrachtain (as n s.), Aen.
697 (d s. duthracht, 698 ). n a p. duthrachta, Ml. 49c7 , 61b6 .
g p. duthracht, 54a8 , 56b18 , 24 . dúthrachd m., IGT Decl. § 25 .
55 g s. an dúthrachta , TSh. 10887 . na dúthrachda , 2 Cor. vii 11 .
(a) act of wishing, desiring, longing; wish, desire ; gl. votum,
Ml. 33b4 , 43c8 , 44b33 , 48b13 , 49a18a , c7 , etc.; voluntas, Wb.
16c18 . ó duthracht gl. ex animo, Wb. 22d4 ; ex voto, Ml. 33b4 ,
43c8 . ni ar ecin . . . acht is ó duthracht a menman badéin
60dochoid (= voluntate animi), PH 4742 . la d. ¤ a chridi, Fél. Ep.
68 . fir-ailithreach iar nduthracht, YBL 166b18 . gabail
aitidan tar d. ¤ , Laws v 432.19 . orba duthrachta land volun-
tarily granted
(?), iv 284 . Freq. in pl.: comairmidi inna nd. ¤
┐ inna n-accubur dorigensat, Ml. 54a34 . for salachduthrachta
65 your unclean desires, Alex. 915 . ni ferthar catha na cocthi
lind ō dutrachtaib nā ō bēsaib, 897 . cách co n-almsain . . . |
iar ṅdligud, iar ndutrachtaib, SR 4866 . do réir a dhúthrachta,
ZCP viii 209 . Dauid mac Iese in fear togaidi do reir mo
chraidi ┐ mo duthrachta, YBL 154b28 . ba hé a nd. ¤ -sum
70cungnam lé P., CCath. 1245 . donaib duthrachtib inna ngor,
Ml. 44b33 . mo gái, mo chlaideb, mo sciath | . . . | ní duthracht
fir máith-laim meirb they are not the desire of a tender-handed
weakly man
, PRIA xix 540 ( LL 146b12 ). cid mid, cid broccóit
flatha, | cid d. ¤ duini uithir what a sick man would desire, Ériu
75 iii 104 . a dhuthracht féin [do thabairt] do Chill Da Lua, Cog.
200 . Transf. of object of desire: ib-siu fein . . . in duthracht-sa
rob ail leat do ól damh-sa drink thyself what thou wouldst have
me drink
, RC vi 175 . With obj. gen.: duthrachtan uilc
dosom of wishing evil to him, Ml. 55a17 . duthrachtain uilc do
80denum, Aen. 697 . duthracht marbtha, Laws i 242 Comm.
aní nā roich lām cid acht | is écen dam a dútracht I must needs
desire it
, LU 3936 ( SC § 44 ).
In phrase is d. ¤ limm (folld. by vn. or subord. clause) I
desire, long for: ni écen . . . ach[t] is dúdract lib, Wb. 3b21 .
85 is d. ¤ linni a dénum dúib we desire that you should do it, 16d3 .
is d. ¤ leusom atlugud buide they desire to return thanks, Ml.
33b3 . cén co tísam dútracht lind, LU 4001 ( SC § 45 ) `I wish
that I were not going away
', Dillon p. 45. nōimh na cceithre
raithe | dutracht lim a nguidhe, Ériu i 226 . ger bo duthracht
leo calma do denamh, CF 848 . ni ba d. ¤ leis do thuttim-siu,
5 TBC 4307 . co nár bo dúthrach (sic) leó eterdeilig[ud] etarru,
TTr.² 501 . ?ní du[th]raic lium do marbadh, ZCP vi 101 . ba
duthracht leo gea dofaethaisté-su, TBC 4342 , cf. 4363 , 4390 .
d. ¤ lais di co ronasta Brigit he desired of her that B. should be
pledged
, Hy. v 54 Comm.
10(b) devotion, esp. of worship or prayer: combad duthracht
fordúnad (for dunad, MS.) in salm gl. ut devotio carmen con-
cluderet, Ml. 120c6 , cf. 90a14 . dosgnit d. ¤ n-ataigh forsan
cCoimdhe, BNnÉ 324 . oc dénam a dtráth ┐ a nduthrachta
do Día, SG 54 . ag radh a trath ┐ ag denamh a duthrachta
15do Día, BCC § 221 . ag radh a duthrachta saying his prayers,
§ 247 . See Ériu xviii 2 .
(c) devotion (to), zeal (on behalf of), good services , generally
in phrase dogní d. ¤ do: in tslat échtach arrachta | dam ac
dénamh dúthrachta, Misc. Celt. Soc. 336 . déana damhsa do
20dhúthrocht, 3 C 13, 969.14 . i ndíol an dúthrachta doghní an
duine ḟíréanda do Dhia, TSh. 10887 . nach diongnadh do
Chorc d. ¤ `that he would not have said all he could for C.', Con-
tent. xiii 10 , cf. iii 29 . cain-duthracht Sepherus do Alax., BB
494a27 . ceathrar ar ḟichit a lāndām (sc. of the `ollamh') for
25feacht feili . . . Deichneobar for feili fleadaib .i. duthracht do
rig, Lec. 339b2 . d. ¤ Moga Ruith do Simon (name of a poem or
metre), IT iii 109 , cf. Ms. Mat. 272 , 402 . Hence in general
eagerness, zeal, goodwill, readiness to serve: trí fáilti coirm-
thige: immed ┐ d. ¤ ┐ elathó, Triads 225 . maille ré dúthrachd,
30 Rom. ii 8 . gu madh móide dhiongnus sibh dúthrachd,
2 Pet. i 10 .
(d) free-will offering: duthracht co tighnacul | do t[h]abairt
uadh, ZCP viii 215 . fricell .i. duthracht bid doberer do chill,
O'Mulc. 593 . foirenn díb co n-almsanaib ┐ co nduthrachtaib,
35 Lism. L. 2033 . mac clerech . . . dalta do Brigit teig co nduth-
rachtaib dissi, LL 283b15 , cf. Fél. p. 64 . ba lá Cairbri an
talam arna tabairt do Chonull G. a nduthracht, BCC § 133 .