Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460


70 drut vn. of druitid. drud drod m., IGT Decl. § 95 . druid f.,
§ 14 . (a) closing, shutting: ótchotar . . . do dh. ¤ na huama, PH
1014 . rofurail D. doirsi in dunaid do drud roime, RC xii
334.1 . doras do dhruid, FM v 1686.13 . a chrobh do druid,
Ériu v 98.7 . ná leig don pholl a bhéul do dhrud orm, Ps. lxix
7515 . Intrans.: da mbed na fabhruidhe gan drud ar a céile if
the eyelids do not close
, 23 K 42, 191.4 .
(b) pressing: ic drud ┐ ic dinge ┐ ic dluthughadh na slogh,
CCath. 5963 . ag drud ┐ ag dingi na n-allmurach, CF 806 . an
iomshuidhe do dhrud ┐ do dhluthucchadh fris in dunaidh,
80 FM vi 2124.10 . dia ndrud . . . i ccenn an catha, 2126.22 .
(c) approaching (intrans. with prep.): ac drud don muicc
chuici, Acall. 2230 . ar ndrud doibh risin oilen, BNnÉ 54 § 54 .
nó cu raibe deredh an lai ag drud ris, BCC § 182 . atá deireadh
m'aoise . . . ag druid rium, Ériu v 96.14 . drud re cin, Arch.
85 iii 237 § 17 . nocha dligind sé drud ré deserves not to approach
it
(i.e. his patrimony), ZCP x 50.36 .
(d) Of motion in wider sense: abair risan n-óglach drud
romhuinn ar a aghaidh, 1 Sam. ix 27 . With ó withdrawing
from, leaving: dar ndrut ōn chēilidi claen, Arch. iii 237 § 19 .
ní drud ó chéile dorinneadar, CF 338 , 489 . coimhgheisedh
5a chnám ag drud ó chéili, 643 .

1 drúth adjAlso drúith. See Loth, RC xxxviii 174 . wanton, un-
chaste: co na fil fógnam d'imarcraid do Dia icon duine d. ¤ sech
na hainmigib brúidemla, PH 7458 (ref. to drúis). planed na
ndaoine óg ndrúith (of planet Venus), 3 C 19, 284rb1 . Usually
10of women: ingen druth borrdualach, IT iii 98.8 . ní thuca in
cóil clannmair osí drūith ēdrūith (leg. ēdruith?), ZCP viii
113.1 . ar tóin mna druithi, TBC² 3600 . fer mna druithe,
Corm. Y 1018 ; O'Gr. Cat. 145.27 . mná drutha, ZCP viii
208.5 ; Tec. Corm. § 16.5 . Transf. of things: lia lāime d. ¤
15(druith, v.l.) `ein vorschneller Schleuderstein', Ält. Ir. Dicht.
ii 21 § 1 . mad iat na neoil bud etrom druith, D iv 2, 54ra13 .
Hence as subst. f. harlot, courtesan: druth .i. merdreach,
Corm. Y 473 . O'Cl. d. ¤ .i. drochduine, O'Dav. 665 .
Compd. aithechmādad drūthsotal, TBC² 1594 .

20 2 drúth n o,m. Subst. use of 1 drúth. Later also drúith; in
oblique cases somet. confused with druí.
I (a) professional jester or buffoon: d. ¤ , fidchellach, fuirseóir
(in the household of Tara), Met. Dinds. i 26.165 . rom altsa
. . . eter erredaib ┐ ánrathaib, eter drúthaib ┐ drudib, LU
25 10281 , cf. ZCP iii 235 . do druith, do oblaire, Laws i 156.31 .
.x. ndruith .x. ndeogbaire, TBC² 1372 . druith ┐ deogbairi . . .
ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.23 . na cornairi ┐ na druith, IT ii
180.2 . Find ua Baiscni, is dó ropad druth Lomna Midlag,
Corm. Y 1018 . Darera .i. druith Meic Con, Lec. 361b50 . Húa
30M. . . . rigdruth Erenn, RC xxiv 50 § 7 . amal druth ic
furséoracht (of David dancing before the Ark), SR 6684 . tri
druíth remib co mindaib argdidib, TBFr. 38 . géim drúith
`a jester's shout', RC xxiv 54 § 16 . The d. ¤ somet. exercised
the functions of a satirist: fáitte Medb na drúith ┐ na glámma
35ar cend Fhir Diad, TBC 3017 . a tri druid (drude, LU; leg.
drúith?) dénma glám ngér, ZCP iii 262.30 . na secht ndruith
dia rinnad ┐ dia ndressad, Lec. 34b40 . mac an drúith al-los
ghlamh ngéar, 3 C 13, 923.18 . There was an inferior class of
drúith who were vagrants , often spoken of with disapproval
40in relig. lit.: donaib druthaib = cléir aesa ceirdd = praecones,
Trip.² 2382 ff . drúith ┐ gobaind ┐ cáinti (forbidden to travel
on Sundays), Ériu ii 208 § 31 . na druithi ┐ na cainti ┐ na
crosanaigh (among the damned), RC xxviii 318 § 30 ; ZCP
viii 208.5 .
45(b) In later lit. somet. poet, learned man (prob. through
confusion with druí): Murchadh Hua C. primdruith ┐ prim-
ollom Condacht, RC xvii 406.29 (Tig.) = FM 1067 (file, v.l.,
see note K). an dall Ua C. ríghdruth Ereann `royal poet',
FM 1166 . druth Aedha cecinit, 866 .
50 II In Laws imbecile, person not responsible for his actions:
druith dochuinn dasachtaig (classed among `fuidhir' tenants),
Laws iii 10.18 ; cf. Comm. 12.1 , where the d. ¤ is said to be `co rath'
(i.e. able to be of some use?), oppd. to: dochuinn .i. mir cen
rath no mic beca. Distinguished from gaeth (a normal sane
55person) and fer lethcuind (a half-witted person), iii 156.18 f.
fer turgaire druith is é asren a cinaid the man who incites an
imbecile pays for his guilt
, iii 156.4 . cor druith no mire
(invalid contracts), i 52.1 . ni gabter athgabail druith na
dasachtaidh, ii 44.27 . druth .i. oinmit . . . cen fiach fair ina
60chintaib, Corm. Y 472 . orba drúith the inheritance of an
imbecile
, Triads 205 . ní cria di ṡecht mbáethaib file la Féne
.i. . . . di drúth, di dásachtach, Tec. Corm. § 19 . Equated
with amatán fool , O'Dav. 518 . d. ¤ .i. oinmhid, O'Cl. As
ā,f. of a female imbecile: lanamnus genaige, Stud. in E. Ir.
65Law 16 .i. donither tre gean og mear no dasachtach fri druith
no dasachtaid, Laws ii 356.28 Comm. = fri dru[i]th no
dasachtaig, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 74 .
Hence Corm. Y 875 , druith gach mer, cf. Ériu ix 47.20 .
Compds. (a) With adj. ¤ bennach : m. Trichim Druthbennaig,
70 ZCP viii 334.11 (for possible meaning of sobriquet cf. Corr-
crechda .i. ainm do cnoc bis a n-étan na n-amatán . . . is é
aithni in druith in corr-c. do beith ina étan, O'Dav. 518 ).
(b) With subst. ¤ cathmíl: iar marbad a druithchathmil[ed]
jester and soldier, Fianaig. 34.7 . Druthnia, n.pr. m., LL
75 190b43 ; Rawl. 155b52 , 157.48 (Druith-). ZCP viii 332.31 .

drúthacht n ā,f. (2 drúth) buffoonery: Lonma (sic) fri druthacht,
SG ii 496.30 . Lomna Druth fri druthacht, Lec. 466b10 .

drúthán n o,m. (2 drúth) little jester, little fool: di heis d. ¤ Dāríni,
Fianaig. 34.9 . daréis drútháin Dárine, RC xiii 460 ( SG 317 .
80 16 ). ? As n.pr. m. hinc venit Mug Ruith de tegosg delbai doin
Druithain meic hui Dremain, Lec. 269b45 .

drúthlach n(1 drúth) cuckold (?): fer mna druithe druthlach
la féne foircthi, Corm. Y 1018 . druthlaech (same passage),
O'Don. 953 - 4 ( H. 3.17 666 -7). druthlach, O'C. 1586 (N.
8535.5). 2238 ( Eg. 88, 17ab ). drulach, 2480 ( Eg. 88, 39aa ).

du- see 4 do-.