Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460


druim(m) n i,n. n s. Druim nAssail, LL 202a1 . Druim nDían,
Met. Dinds. i 40 . g s. dromma, Ml. 51a8 . droma, AU 721 .
drommo, Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 239.1 ); Fél. May 21 . dromo,
40 AU 728 . d s. i ndruimm , Ardm. 17a2 . a p. drummai, Ml. 26c8 .
100b2 . See Thurn. Gramm. 191 , 193 . d p. drummaib, 135d5 .
drumbaibh, AU 519 . drommaib, SR 5560 . In Mid.Ir. somet.
as n-stem: d s. dromaim, Lec. 42a18 . a p. dromand, Gild. Lor.
171 . drommand, LU 1486 . Later Mid.Ir. n a p. dromanna.
45 druim m., IGT Decl. § 41 , f., § 149 .
I back: gl. dorsum, Ir. Gl. 745 ; Ml. 44a16 , 135d5 (cf. Ps.
cxxviii 3 ). tergum, 26c8 , 44a18 ; Gild. Lor. 171 . Back of men
or animals: o lorc dromma gl. spina, Ml. 51a8 . bai Dauid 's a
druim fri fraig, SR 6053 . ní fil druim neich díb fri araile, FA
50 § 12 . cēt plagbemend dar a drúm, PH 1170 . ro cenglatar
a láma iarna druim, 2213 . berait Hectoir . . . isin Troe ┐ a
druim reme, LL 238b3 ( TTr. 1599 ). a ndromanna rompu,
Todd Nenn. 72.20 . claideb . . . iarna thaeb-druimm, TBC
5389 = iarna formna, TBC² 3276 . claideb iarna cinddruim
55 across his shoulders, 3189 . gur bris a droim dont sháthudh
sin, ZCP vi 34.32 . cia . . . frisa laefidis a n-ochta nó frisa
saefidis a ndromand (ndromanna, v.l.), CCath. 2684 . techt do
leth in droma docum na Cristaidhi to come on the C. from the
rear
, Fier. 4 . tangadar do leith a ndrumann chuca, FM iii 320 .
60 do dibraig faga a leith da druim do, TTebe 1016 . laeighi an
droma lying on the back, 23 P 10, 3a20 (med.). ar druim ech
ṅdond, MU² 442 . fráech a droma (of a boar), Fianaig. 66.19 .
dromanna (of animals served up at a feast), Met. Dinds. i 26 .
Transf. of a river (compared to a pers. carrying a burden):
65 ni beir Luimnech for a d. ¤ | marban i n-nōi ba fiú do, FM 661
= Bruchst. i 41 § 96 . ?Fig.: is and romeabaid a d. ¤ isin
domun intan dorochair Memnon the world's back was broken,
i.e. the world collapsed, BB 488a19 ( IT ii2 95.15 , Alex.). Of
a building: mur dhruim thempail dá thógbháil, IGT Decl.
70ex. 750 . d. ¤ fri lias a pent-house, shed in Laws Comm.: druim
fri lias laegh `a calf-shed ', Laws i 64.22 , 92.10 , 208.21 . im elodh
druma fri lias, 220.11 . Of eyelids: a cur ar dhruim na sūl (of
a medicament), 23 K 42, 351.5 .
II By extension back, surface (flat or convex): ar dhruim
75dhomain, Buile S. 82 . ar dhruim an domhain, TSh. 2659 .
ar druim na talmhan, Acts xvii 26 . dar druim machuire
maghtsleibhi, Grail 2387 . breth ar díabul úas druim den,
Ériu iv 136.1 (printed as n.loc. .i. tuas for neamh, L., cf.
druimden .i. in firmuiment, O'Mulc. 349 ). ar dhruim na
80huaighe, TSh. 5734 . gáir peinn di dromaib duillenn the
scratch of a pen from leaves (of a book
), Aisl. MC 197 , cf. O'Mulc.
815 , ZCP ix 167 . fa dhruim leac under a flag-stone (tombstone),
Ó Bruad. ii 130 . d. ¤ sgéith convex face of a shield (?), KMMisc.
168 .
85 III ridge, usually of elevated ground; hill: ar druim Droma
Damghaire, Ériu iv 222.12 . trí drommanna hÉrenn, D. ¤
Fingín, etc., Triads 51 . um na tri dromandaib as deach bai
a nErinn, RC xvi 165 . oc imtecht ind fhid-dromma, LU 3768
( SC § 34 ). cosna fiddromandaib Partecda, TTebe 696 . i
slebtib ┐ dromaib ┐ díthreba, Alex. 392 . tar druim Breatan,
5 Keat. iii 2283 = trans Dorsum Britaniae (a range of hills
betw. shires of Perth and Argyle), CS 713 . Common in
place-names with follg. gen., see Hog. Onom. Transf. of
ridge, crest of a wave: tógbhaid uisgeadha aigianta . . . 'na
ndromannaibh diana, TSh. 2073 . Of a sword-blade: claideb
10. . . cét nathrach n-óir iarna druim, Met. Dinds. iii 122 . Fig.
(as allegorical n.pr. m.): Druim Suithe `Ridge of science', RC
xvi 277 ( Dinds. § 160 ), cf. druimne.
Hence, in Ogham, techn. term for the ridge or solid angle
from which letters were drawn; see Auraic. 947 , 986-90 .
15 IV In prep. and adv. phrases. (a) d. ¤ ar d. ¤ one above (after)
another, in succession: secht clāir druim ar druim, Marco P.
145 . fuaras mór corp druimm ar druimm, Anecd. i 36 .
dochuaid certga C. tres na tri sciathaib druim ar druim, MR
152.16 . na techta druim ar druim uaidh, CCath. 3320 .
20 secht ccatha dóibh druim ar druim, ZCP viii 224.4 ; Ériu iv
222.17 . ionann chaoinid druim ar dhruim | eoin is ceathra,
Arch. Hib. i 84 § 14 .
(b) d. ¤ tar d. ¤ (tar ais) upside down, topsy-turvy: dorochair in
drolmach . . . dochuaid druimm dar druimm, Lat. Lives 80 =
25 druim thar ais, Lism. L. 1516 . ro chuir cend dar cend ┐
druimm dar ais miassa na monotóri, PH 4393 . an long d'impodh
druim tar ais, ZCP vi 294.20 . claochlodh, gluasacht ┐
neithe druim ar ais things topsy-turvy, Corp. Astron. 112.9 .
Backwards: do theilgis mo ráitte-se druim tar ais (= pro-
30iecisti retrorsum), TSh. 1596 .
(c) ar d. ¤ following, in succession (addition) to: co maithfidh
[Dia] do chinta duitt do torad na faisidi ar druim na torrsi,
Lib. Flav. i 21vb21 . tri gepta ar druim a cheile three gates
one behind the other
, Fl. Earls 78.31 . do bhí ar dhruim a
35dhúthchasa `in the succession to his patrimony', Misc. Celt.
Soc. 170.6 . a leanmuin ar a ndruim closely pursuing them,
Rel. Celt. ii 194.30 . go mbí Dia ar dhruim na druinge do-ní
an t-ithiomrádh, TSh. 7278 .
(d) de (do) d. ¤ on account of, by means of: do druim do
40leanna-sa, TBC p. 21 n. 5 . do druim a doirre on account of
her wrath
, Met. Dinds. iii 56 . do dhruim degretha by dint of
hard running
, SG 283.29 . ród na haithrighe de dhruim na
faoisdine, Eochairsg. 88.24 . do dhruim aontuighthe don olc
by consenting, TSh. 7030 . do dhruim coinghill upon certain
45conditions
, FM vi 2176 . Away from, off from: cuirther iad do
druim a ttire ┐ a n-uile maithesa they are driven from, iv 1018 ;
v 1338 . teilgidh do dhruim a mheanman gach bagar he casts
from his mind
, TSh. 1943 . le saothrughadh na n-ealadhan go
nach cuirfeadh bochtacht d'á ndruim iad, Keat. i 72.6 .
50(e) fo-ceird (cuirid), do-beir d. ¤ fri abandons, abjures, re-
nounces (for lit. sense cf. Ml. 44a19 ): doralsat a ndruim ro
Dia, Rawl. 79b20 . cuireas Niall . . . a dhruím riúm, KMMisc.
366.22 . cuir-si druim red' baistedh, Fier. 55 . do chuir druim
re dubhailcibh ┐ tugsad ucht ar aithrighe, Eochairsg. 103.17 .
55 gur chuireadar Romhánaigh druim ré teacht had refused to
come
, Keat. ii 6093 . druim re hIosa . . . tucc ant ōglach,
ZCP xii 381.4 . tucsat . . . a ndruim fri daeine (i.e. have died),
vi 265 § 19 . nā tabrad a druim fria Ríg, BColm. 100.20 .
Similarly d. ¤ láime, see lám. With vb. omitted: druim re
60deman he shunned the devil, Arch. iii 306 § 5 . aged re Dia,
druim re mnai, § 8 . druim re díomus, BNnÉ 282.30 . ba
druim re saegul leisan ḟein giving up hope of life, CF 631 .
eacht go ndeacha druim re béas `contrary to good manners',
Ó Bruad. ii 44 . cūis droma ris gach nduine, 3 C 13, 833.9 .
65 a druimm fri sognímaib! thou who turnest thy back on good
deeds
, PH 8227 . a druim re seisi, IT iii 93 .
Compds. (a) With adj. ¤ derg: díglaib demnib drumdergaib,
SR 5656 . secht [m]bliadna déc druimderga years of slaugh-
ter
(?), Lec. 51a15 . ¤ dil: fon talmain d., 3 C 12, 192.16 .
70 ¤ lethan broadbacked: ech drúimlethan, FB § 47 . damh
druim-leathan, Ériu viii 139.18 . ¤ remor (of a pig), Fianaig.
54.19 . Loch Munremuir | dremuin dromremuir daingin,
LL 7a6 .
(b) With subst. ¤ den, O'Mulc. 349 , see II above. ¤ iall a strap
75passed over the back (top) of something:
of a caul, Oss. iii. 126 ,
128 . ¤ lerg: for druimleirg in talman, TFerbe 86 . ¤ lethar
` back-leather ', CCath. 5207 , 5227 . ¤ lia: dromlia tombstone ,
Ó Bruad. ii 114 . ¤ lorg keel: fo drumlorgaibh na long, CCath.
2167 . a ndrumluirg in curaig, RC ix 472.2 . Of part of a
80 diadem: ceithri bennc[h]obair uasu. Drumlorga don tinni
corintecda eatarru . . . co ndeilb nat[h]rac[h] for in drumluirg
sin (a ridge of metal connecting the spikelets of the crown),
CCath. 5291 . ¤ lorga id.: o drumlorgain co drum[ṡ]lait (of
Noah's Ark), SR 2454 . fot a drumlargan, 2464 . ¤ rith (mod.)
85 hasty retreat, Ó Bruad. iii 154 . ? ¤ scoilt. As n.pr. gen. co trī
macaib Dromscailt mic D., TBC² 3030 . ¤ scríbinn (mod.)
`superscription', envoy (of a poem), Ó Bruad. ii 226 . ¤ script
id., iii 28 . ¤ ṡelg ` back-spleen ': in druimṡeilg (gl. dorsum), Gild.
Lor. 172 . ¤ ṡlat: co drum[ṡ]lait ridge-beam (of Noah's Ark, cf.
MacCarthy 14 ), SR 2454 . Of the cornice of an altar (?): deil
5telchinni . . . fri torgbáil na drumslaite, 4272 , 4277 , 4283 , cf.
LB 120b and Exod. xxx 4 . co tuidmib na drumslaite (of the
Tabernacle? But perh. of the altar, cf. Numb. iv 26 ), 4892 =
dromṡlati, LB 123a37 . ¤ thimchell, of the raised rim of a
shield, Aen. 1959 .
10(c) With vb., in purely locative sense: doidi arna ndruim-
gerradh `arms . . . shortened to the back' (hands slashed on the
back
?), CF 733 . dóide dromghonta, TSh. 6614 . ón ngairm do
dhruimléanuigh na dreama sin crippled , Ó Bruad. iii 22 .

druim(m)chlae n(cf. druimmchlí) drumchla m., IGT Decl. § 2
15(39.16). (a) roof (and related meanings): druimmchlae gl.
lacunar, Sg. 50a19 . isin druimmchlae, ib. pl. do ébuirnn ┐
d'aebind . . . dorónta na tige fothraicthi ┐ is dib ro dlúta na
drumchla , Alex. 594 . fo cláradu ┐ dromclai ┐ ochtaige . . . na
taige cláraidh, TTr.² 1867 . ic dlúthad a drumchla deck (of
20a ship), LL 219a2 ( TTr. 137 ). ic snam-ascnam na tonn don
drumcla dar aile crest , CCath. 2103 . drumcla n-eich back ,
ZCP viii 103 (B. na f.?). mor ndromcla ndeglaech ro daingin-
tuairgit crown (of head) (?), CCath. 6018 .
(b) raised surface, ridge: ar dromchladh nglan ttealach,
25 Ériu v 56.75 . don fhir ca mbíd drumchladh uaine (i.e. the
lord of Tulach Óg), BR 36 . do dromchladh na Bóirne benn-
ghairbhe, FM vi 2102.10 . drumchla mín Muman, Ériu iv 222 ;
Anecd. ii 23 . drumchla in muigi, IGT Decl. ex. 100 . drumchla
secht slighthedh an elevation where seven roads meet (?), ex. 27 .
30 Of swelling surface of sea: Drumchla Dilend (name given to
Boyne betw. Ireland and Scotland), Met. Dinds. iii 28 ; Keat.
Poems 31 . drumchla dígaind dílend in betha (fig. of a de-
liverer), LL 230b8 ( TTr. 979 ). tar drumcla na haibéise, SG
353.39 . ar dromchladh an chuain, 3 C 13, 717.9 . drumchla .i.
35mullach tighe tulcha no fairrge, O'Cl.
(c) Fig. summit, pinnacle, acme: la Pátraic, la Giric, la
Laisren . . . la Beoc . . . leo drumchla cach ráithi (i.e. the
principal festival in each season), Fél. 212.38 , cf. Ériu v
102.21 . aiste drumchla dāna (of a metre, `der Firstbalken der
40Metren der Kunst
', Thurn. Zu Ir. Hdschr. 74 ), LL 38a21 .
dromchla a ro-thuirsi, 3 C 12, 311.13 . Of persons: an dromcla
gacha dāna, CCath. 4493 . dromchla Eireann dar dá muir,
FM 919 (poem).

druim(m)chlí n(druimm + clí) = druimchlae: druimmchli gl.
45 laquear, Sg. 64a6 , 54a19 . asrei fer dib in damdabaig tís cosin
usce ┐ asrei fer aile in sliss, fer aile in drumclí top, cover , LB
278a46 . Fig.: Ua M. drumchli eccna Ua Maine, FM iv 1148
(title of the head of a lay college, Mann. and Cust. ii 84 ,
O'Don. Suppl. ).

50 druimne n(druimm) (a) back: duibithir d. ¤ daeil, BDD § 2 , cf.
TBC 5550 (St.), SG 251.18 . fria druimni dúile, ZCP iv 33.1 .
for drumni daim, RC xxvi 28 § 112 . ní hécosmail aicnedh |
dá eoch 's d'fior a dh. ¤ his horse and him who backs him, O'Gr.
Cat. 488.7 . crios do dhruimnibh an mhíl mhóir, Duan. Finn.
55 22.5 . Transf. of a stone cross: do cheathra d. ¤ donna | leathna
cuibhdhe codroma sides (faces), DDána 65.6 . ocht nd. ¤ cacha
flesci (of a rod used for Ogham inscriptions, cf. druimm), ZCP
xiii 373.29 (but perh. in meaning sides ).
(b) elevation, ridge, hill: d. ¤ a ndergthar gái (of Arran Isle),
60 Acall. 341 . oen telach . . . nó nói ndrumni, Fél. 158.10 = nóe
ndromanna, 9 ; .ix. nd. ¤ , Fél.² cvii . im na trib druimnib . . . .i.
Druim Classaigh, etc., Lec. 30b4 . buidhni bar[r]chasa |
druimni duarcusa `stern ridges' (of serried ranks?), Buile S.
100.4 . In n.loc. (for Druim) D. ¤ Breg, ZCP iii 241 § 38 . See
65 Hog. Onom. Extended applications: ós druimnib daire top
of a wood
, Met. Dinds. iii 270 . co mbói in loch fo luimnib de |
ina druimnib ridges, wavelets , 272 . ri rán rodluig riasin
slúag | a druimni dogba dubrúad (of Red Sea?), SR 4046 . Of
raised metal-work, etc.: claidem . . . cona mindruimnib
70mineccair do snāth óir imma urdorn, CCath. 4690 , cf.
KMMisc. 170 § 12 . dergbocoit . . . co tuaghdruimnibh airgid
fair, IT iii 186.5 .
(c) Fig. uses: Cuchuimne | rolēgh suithe co d. ¤ | a l-leith
n-aill . . . rolēici C. read knowledge up to the ridge (i.e. half-way
75through
), AU 746 ; cf. FM 742 , ZCP vi 2 . condaróis iar téchtu |
inna dréchtu imm d. ¤ until thou hast reached the end of thy
studies
, Im. Brain i 52.22 . d. ¤ súithe ` summit of learning ',
name given to certain metres forming part of the last year's
course for a bardic pupil, see Thurn. IT iii 119 . druimní suithe
80. . . atat da ernail furre, 96 § 150 . druimmne súidhe, 31 ; cf.
64 § 131 , 96 § 151 . Of a person: Crimthan . . . drumne dor
milib (leg. d'órmílib?) molta, LL 45a22 , Ms. Mat. 484 , RC
xxxvi 262 § 1 .

druimnech adj o,ā (druimne) (a) Of manufactured articles, esp.
85made of gold, and also of wrought gold itself, perh. ribbed,
ridged, embossed: cuing d. ¤ dronargda, FB § 45 ; § 47 ; cuing
drumnech dronōrda, IT i 310.29 (` curved, arched ', O'Curry,
quoted Wind. Wtb., but the early Irish two-horse yoke was
straight; prob. of raised metal-work which ran along it, cf.
epithets dron-argda, ¤ órda). ina chathaīr druimnig dergōir
5(of High Priest's chair), SR 4516 . la cuach nd. ¤ nderg-oir,
6388 . fail d. ¤ dergoir, Acall. 4469 . slabrad d. ¤ dergóir, 6199 .
fuan . . . cona chimais drumnig dergg-óir, LL 237b16 ( TTr.
1531 ). sciath d. ¤ , SG 263.27 . tresin ndeirg ndruimnig (name
of a shield), MR 152.17 . sleg drumnech with ridges running
10along the shaft
(?), TBC 4316 ; LL 244a17 ( TTr. 2030 ); BDD
§ 76 . sleg tredruimnech ` three-ridged ', § 97 ; TBC² 2343 . sé
mīli slegh sē-druimnech, ZCP xiii 12.10 . lia cloichi coic-
druimneach (of a pillar-stone at Uisnech having five sides,
one facing each province), Ériu iv 152 § 32 . treabh na n-
15aolchloch ndruineach (ndruimnech, v.l.; having angles, i.e.
hewn ?), Ó Bruad. i 118 .
Of wrought gold: dergór druimne(i)ch, Anecd. i 71 § 189 , cf.
ZCP xi 160 . gaei d'ór d. ¤ dír, ZCP xii 245 § 19 . srian óir druim-
nig, SG 242.30 . hetach indtlaissi . . . do derg-or d. ¤ , LL 402b19 .
20(b) Of unworked materials, natural objects, etc.: rogníd do
derg-ibur drumnech . . . iarna dlugu (of timber for a house),
LL 181b5 . tuighi d. ¤ (`ridgy thatch', SG), Acall. 787 . derccain
donna drumnecha, RC xvi 278 . pónaire druimneach, IGT
Decl. ex. 130 . dresa dilgnecha druimnecha, RC xxvi 160 § 46 .
25 Of places, uneven, hilly: Dermag d. ¤ , Met. Dinds. i 40.23 . in
domun d. ¤ , ZCP viii 195 § 1 . ocon maigin muiredruimnig `an
der hochgratigen (?) Stätte
', Bruchst. i 17 ( IT iii 12.6 ).
Of hair, wavy, undulating (?): folt . . . druimneach, TBC²
3146 ; ZCP ii 337.20 . mong casdrumnech, TFerbe 121 . fine
30Chais na ccūl ndruimneach, 3 C 13, 670.4 . cruit Bhriain an
bhairr druimnig, 16 . Transf. of pers.: ria nDomnall ndrum-
nech `ringletted D.', Arch. Hib. ii 59 § 14 .