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do-scara v(*to-scar-, Ped. ii 614 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. doscara, LU
25 4885 = TBC² 398 ; TBC² 1039 YBL. toscara, LU 5239 ,
5522 = TBC² 763 , 1039 . do-da-scara, YBL 121b11 . 3 pl.
tascrat, O'Dav. 1526 . Ipv. 3 s. [na]chib-tascrad, Wb. 22b1 .
Fut. 3 s. do-n-scera, LL 288b42 . Condit. 3 s. notaiscérad, SR
3116 . nothascérad, TTr.² 852 . Pret. 3 s. tascrais, LL 108a14 .
30 rotascair, SR 858 . With doubling of prefix, do-s-tascar, LU
1654 . 3 pl. rothascairset, TTr.² 1869 . Pass. pres. s. doscar-
thar, LU 4937 = TBC² 452 . toscarthar, O'Mulc. 573 . Pass.
pret. s. doscarad, TBC 3959 . pl. toscartha, LU 10574 . Later
treated as simple vb. with stem tascr-, trascr-, the latter
35being the established form in late Mid. and in Mod.Ir. Pass.
fut. trascērthar, PH 6063 . Pret. 1 s. rothrascrus, LL 146b45 .
Hence the back-formations impf. 3 s. dorascrad, TBC² 499
(LU); pret. 3 s. do-t-rascair, TBC² 1716 . do-s-rascair, RC
xxiii 330.2 (perh. also condarsgar, AU 891 ); pl. doroscarsuid
40(= doroscarsat), Ériu ii 3.4 ; pret. pass. dorascrad, Met.
Dinds. iii 144.13 . Also with stem tresc-: romtresgair, TBC
2368 . do threasgair , O'Gr. Cat. 571.35 . Vn. trascrad. IGT
Verbs § 95 .
I Trans. overthrows, knocks down, lays low . In lit. sense:
45 gabais A. a láim ┐ dostascar ┐ dogéni a coblige, RC ix 452 .
bec . . . nach aram-trascair dar m'aiss, TBC² 3115 (leg.
nacham-t.). benid fona maccu . . . doscara .l. macc dīb, 398 .
roscāich do bruth, brattān bec dotrascair has laid thee low,
TBC² 1716 . do bhuail in fer . . . gur thresgair go lár é, SG 278 .
50 foceird caer clis asa tabhaill . . . co rustascair dia chonair,
BB 365a37 . is minic do trascarthaidh sa sligid sin sinn le
toirnigh we were often beaten down, Maund. 257 . rotrascair
hidalu ┐ arrachtu, PH 536 . trascraid omna, O'Mulc. 809 . ni
he trascras in crand, Laws v 474 Comm. fogur gaeithe . . .
55indar lem nothascérad (sic leg.) fidbada in betha, TTr.² 852 .
gaeth notrascrad in toradh, RC xv 429 ( Dinds. 40 ). isí in
gáeth . . . rothascair na toirthe anúas, Met. Dinds. iii 182 .
cor trascair griánan Bricrend fri lár talman, FB § 25 . gaoth
mhór . . . go rothrasccar iol-chumhtaighthe ┐ teghdaisi, FM
60 986 (ii 720) . mar fhál thrasgarthar síos, Ps. lxii 3 . tairbirid
┐ trascraid dochum n-iffir[n]d comtinól na mac mallachtan,
FA § 1 . rotrascrad Lucifer de nim, MacCarthy 44 . With
extension of meaning, lays low, defeats, destroys: do-n-scera
a bruth, RC xiii 440 . dias righ-miled rothascair Aeneas . . . ar
65galaib úinfir, LL 404a4 . a n-rothascair reme do sluagaib
Ulad, RC xiv 420 . co rothascairset ilmíli dona slúagaib,
TTr.² 1869 . gur trasccoir treona, MR 284 . co trascra Dia a
dá láim (an imprecation), 134 . trenfir trascairthi, 238 . cor-
thascair a seilb huile .i. a oenboin, ZCP iii 4 § 8 v.l. (R).
70 rotascrad Emain la hUltu, ZCP viii 335 . is missi rabái ar in
chirt, | cia romthrascrad is tre ḟert (Diarmait m. Cerbaill),
LL 149b27 . rotrasccrait ┐ roclaidhmit gan choigill la a
mbiodhbadhaibh, FM vi 2146 . rotascair a chomthocbáil
subdued his insurrection, SR 858 . Fig. trasgraid in tinneas na
75briogha, 3 C 19, 62vb36 . traisgeorthar a bhetha sbioradálta,
O'Hussey TC 13 .
Lowers, lets down; lets fall: do trasgradh a pupula their tents
were struck
, Fier. 185 . droichet fo ngabhait longa dimhora cen
trascradh seoil dibh without lowering sail (without their sails
80being knocked down
?), Marco P. 136 . a ghlún go talamh do
threascaradh bhiocont even a viscount would bend the knee,
Hackett xxxix 286 . do threasguir a deóra ar an dtuinn she
poured her tears
, E. O'Rahilly xvi 42 .
Doubtful cases: tascrat .i. astat . . . fer lobhas ria nadhmaim
85tascrat .i. . . . co fastaid[-er] fiadain `they bind' (?), O'Dav.
1525 (a misunderstanding? see Ped. ii 614 ). is mairg ances
a bidbaid | in n-inbaid do chora il-lén, | ní hí in chomairle
mada, | issed rodoscara in scél, LL 146b ( PRIA xix 544 ) (`that
gives rise to the tale
', p. 562 ). scuris L. in carpat ┐ tascrais
ind echraid `loosened the horses' (separated? Cf. the command
5above: fodail in n-echraid ┐ discuir in carpat), RC xiv 402
( LL 108a14 ). gidh é an sgrioptúir dosgara (dá s., MSS) `even
the Scriptures you pull to pieces
', Content. vi § 17 .
II Intrans. with AR (FOR) falls on; assails, subdues, op-
presses (?): cóeca ban tánac ille . . . do tascrad ar Faind . . . is
10dá marbad, LU 3947 ( SC § 44 ). is he firindi in rig can tra-
sc[r]ad for nech co hainbfirenach, YBL 167b38 . ? cia nom-
thoirsed ni do rath | ni foirbsi notaiscérad if ever I rose to
fortune it would not injure you
(?), SR 3116 = ní horaibsi
rotrascerad, BB 237b11 ; ní oraibse notrascéraind, LB 115a30 ;
15 notraiscerainn, YBL 286a18 . ní horaibsi traiscermid `not to
you shall we be oppressive
', Acall. 6115 . dochuaid ar ciabair
mo chiall . . . orom fadéin rothrascrus I have wrought my own
mischief
(?), LL 146b45 ( PRIA xix 544 ).

? do-scart(a) v= do-foscart(a): to[s]cart F. Cormac a flaith
20Temra, ZCP viii 314.8 . doscartsat . . . as hi hi tir nOsairge,
Y Cymm. xiv 114 § 13 .

doscartha adj(scaraid) inseparable , P. O'C. do brigh go bhfuilid
fuil ┐ feoil, daonnacht ┐ diadhacht ar Slánuightheora do-
sgartha ó chéile, Donl. 246 . ó dheaghchroidhe uiriseal
25dhosgartha steadfast (?), Luc. Fid. 3 .

do-sceinn v(to-scenn-. See ZCP xxiv 234 - 5 ) springs, starts,
bounds: dodath scenn toscen, Thes. ii 248.5 , see Ped. ii 617 .
dosgenn for lár an tighe, RC xiv 452 . toscenn Cúchulaind
cuice, 453 . dosceinn, xii 29.26 , 31.1 . dosceinn cnead cúmhad
30ana cridhe, ZCP xiii 173 . do-scind . . . in gabar fo gairm M.,
Fing. R. 873 . Trans.: co tarscenset Mumain i n-aimsir Mac
Aililla Óloim invaded (?), SG ii 457 (perh. a different compd.).

do-scé(u)lai v(*to-sceul-, Ped. ii 617 ) Indic. pres. 1 s. doscéu-
laim, Sg. 145b2 . 3 s. dusceulai, Ml. 68d12 , 102a22 . dosceulai,
35 Thes. ii 39.29 . tosceuli, 25 . ni toscelai , BVn. 56 ( Thes. ii 35 ).
ni tosceli , BCr. 32b7 ( Thes. ii 18 ). Subj. pres. 3 s. dusceula,
Ml. 95c4 . 3 pl. dussceulat, 83b8 . Fut. 1 s. dusceulub, Ml.
59a2 . 3 pl. nachat-toscelfat, 107c11 . Part. taiscéltae. Vn.
taiscélad. Later as simple vb. taiscélaid.
40(a) finds out, ascertains: gl. experiri, Sg. 145b2 , and con-
stantly in Ml.; explorare, Ml. 68c10 . Later oft. with added
notion of finding out secretly, spying: ar na taiscelad nech dib
eter a biad-som do blassacht so that none of them might find
out his food to taste it
, RC viii 54 ( LL 115b2 ). ité cetnai
45thorscelsat epert techta isna sidhe, BB 34b43 . batar carta-
naigh . . . imoroile . . . o rotaiscelsat airrdhe ┐ innethem
cechtar n-ae uaidhibh, Leb. Gab. 224 . is mor do guasachtaibh
catha ┐ comluinn rotaiscelsubair maille frim you have ex-
perienced
, CCath. p. 46 n. 1 .
50(b) makes known, discloses, reveals: is ingen Iepte cetato-
sceoil ingena oc duchann la Ebru ó dingnu do dingna who first
made known (introduced) (the custom of) maidens chanting

(cf. Judges xi 37 , 38 ), O'Mulc. 213 . is accu ro taiscelad ar tús
cíchi ban do nochtad, LL 13765 . Eocha Feidlech . . . ceta-
55toscel fedli do comrac la cethrai, 298 . iarnnberla . . . ar a
duibe in belrae ┐ ar a dorchatae . . . co nāch erasa taisscelad
ind it is not easy to communicate (?) anything in it, Corm. Y
755 = taiscélad trit-sin, LB. Cf. in fil ni asa toirscelta dliged
. . . athgabala, O'C. 784 ( H. 3.18 367a ). (morituros victurosque
60prosentiens atque denuncians) an uair taisgeltus (= taisgēlus)
┐ foillsigios na daoine do gheibh beatha, 24 P 22, 5.11 . gach
ni innarbtar ōn corp, dlighinn tuarascbail taisgelta na
hesláinte do beth leis symptoms for diagnosis, 23 P 10, 27b5
(see taiscélad). an drong dheaghfhear nach dtréigead ┐ nách
65dtaisgéladh a dtighearna who would not abandon or betray,
ML 86 .

? doscich: ind d. ¤ furbaide ferr cach fer fuirri, Thurn. zu Ir.
Hdschr. 52 § 24 (disgich, v.l.).

doscrúdaigthe adj(scrútaigid) inscrutable: [atá] croidhe an rígh
70doscrúdaigh[the], Prov. xxv 3 .

do-scuich v(*to-scuich-? Cf. do-foscaig) moves: slige . . .
doscuchad charpat sech araile, Corm. 38.26 (or leg. do scu-
chad , vn. of scuichid?) = doscuet, Corm. Y 1082 (see téit).
bai marcach ic airimrim a eich is tilaig: doscuiched dochum na
75hairechta, nolinged uadib, RC viii 50 . doscuicsed (doscuichsit,
v.l.) don tír, RC ix 462 .

? do-sechethar v(*to-sech-): tonda mara morglan[a] | [is] grian
rodatoicsetar (rodotoicsitur, v.l.) `that pursued him', RC xvii
175 ( Tig. 621 poem).

80 doṡechna adj(sechna) unavoidable: re dethbirius dosechnu (sic
leg.), Laws v 206.16 .

do-seinn v(*to-senn-, Ped. ii 625 ) Ipv. 3 s. toibned, Ml. 44a13 .
Indic. pres. 3 s. doseinn, ZCP ii 97 § 62 . 3 pl. du-m-sennat,
Ml. 39c28 . dossennat, LU 3786 ( SC § 36 ). Impf. 3 s. dusein-
85ned, Ml. 41d10 . Subj. pres. 1 s. cu dusésa , Ml. 61c16 . Impf.
1 s. dusesáinn (leg. -sésainn), Ml. 41c5 . Fut. 1 s. dosifius, RC
xii 90 § 107 . 3 s. dossib, LU 10678 ( IT i 131 ). dosiph, ZCP ix
452.15 . 3 pl. dosēset, TBC² 3088 . Pret. 3 s. a ndu-ndasepfainn ,
Ml. 36d17 . dosephain (dosefain, v.l.), Hy. v 57 .
3 pl. dosefnatar, Hy. v 62 . tafnetar, 60 . Perf. 3 pl. (perh.
5back-formations from stem toibn-, taifn-, see below): do-t-roiphnetar,
BDD § 166 = dod-repnadar, BDD² 1515 (see
p. 118). do-m-roipnitar, LU 3867 ( SC § 38 ). do-s-roiffnetar,
LL 146a26 . do-r-raiffnetar, 285a7 .
Pass. pres. s. dosennar, ZCP xi 97 § 62 . pl. dosennaiter,
10 viii 103.22 . Impf. s. lasse dusente , Ml. 142b4 . Subj. impf. s.
do-t-ṡéstae, Ériu i 200.9 . Pret. pl. tosessa, LU 6748 ( BDD
§ 26 ) (dosesa, v.l.).
Later treated as a simple vb. with stem (a) toibn- (toipn-,
toifn-). Perf. 3 s. rothoibnestar (rotobnestar, v.l.), Thes. ii
15341.31 . pl. rotóipniset, 342.35 . Pass. pres. (with ro-) rotoifnethar,
Hugh Roe 134.28 . Subj. impf. pl. rotoifnithi, FM
vi 2216.11 . Pret. rotoifneadh, 2130.19 . ? toibnide, Lec. 77a15 .
(b) tafn-: Indic. pres. 3 s. tafnid, PH 2587 . Impf. 3 s.
rotafnitis, Cog. 180.18 . Condit. 3 pl. rothaféntais, TTr.² 1467 .
20 Perf. 3 s. rothafind, SR 6405 . rotafuind, RC xvii 19.24 (Tig.).
ro-s-tafaind, PH 2532 . rothafonn, TTr.² 1523 . do thathfainn ,
Keat. ii 719 , 3590 . tafnis, TFerbe 492 . 3 pl. rothaffniset, 317 .
Pass. fut. taphnifider, Lib. Flav. i 31rb . Perf. rotafned,
TFerbe 338 .
25(c) taifn- (taibn-, taipn-) Pret. 3 s. taifnes, CCath. 194 .
3 pl. rotaifnitar, Thes. ii 342.35 . Pass. perf. ro-s-taifnit,
PH 7223 . rotaipnedh, CCath. 5769 .
Vn. tafann. IGT Verbs § 54 . See 2 taifnigid.
Pursues, drives, hunts: gl. persequi, Ml. 36d17 , 39c28 , 41c5 ,
30 d10 , 44a13 , 61c16 , 142b4 . Of animals: dosennat secht n-aige
(sic leg.) do Raith Cruachan, ZCP iv 34 ( TBFr. 58 ). dossib in
rí inna heonu, IT i 131 . doseset a n-eti, TBC² 3088 . nír taibnither
lat cloénmíla Cerna, RC xxii 391 ( BDD app. 14 ), cf.
BDD § 26 . marbaidh ┐ taifnidh trét imda na caerach, SG
35 397 . Of persons: lúatha coin dotroiphnetar, BDD § 166 . amal
tofunn dotséstae as though it were a pursuit with which thou
wert pursued
, Ériu i 200 (dotesta testa, v.l.). rothafonn na
Mirmedónda remi, TTr.² 1523 . inti rothafaind Gulla ar dus
who first routed the foreigners, Cog. 66 . rotoifneadh Goill tar
40a n-aiss, FM vi 2130 . dosiph (dosip, v.l.) echtranno a hinsib,
ZCP ix 452 . robris C. secht catha for na D. . . . co rotafuind
asa thír, RC xvii 19 . gur thathfainn as an Easpáinn iad,
Keat. ii 719 . ní rotoifniti as a ffoirb ndilis, FM vi 2216 . go
rostafainn ó a thír, i 114 . taifnes slúogh Bretan uadh, CCath.
45 194 . gur thafainn Magdalena . . . seacht ndeamhna uaithe
féin, TSh. 8782 . rotaipnedh socraite Poimp don muigh,
CCath. 5769 . In wider sense: da foltaib . . . rothafaind in
goeth cugaind which the wind drove, Cog. 182 . for na critrib
. . . rotafnitis rigmilid Clanni L. a hinnib . . . na claidium, 180 .
50 Fig. tafnid in recht n-atharda drives out the law, PH 2587 .
ro-s-tafaind a n-ires-sin dispelled their faith, 2532 .
In later lang. barks, yelps: taifnid re n-a mbeul, Ps. lix 7 .
taifnedís amhuil madradh, 14 .