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derg adj o, ā. (a) Of colour, red, ruddy (used of colour of blood,
flame; also of orange or tawny hue as of ale, gold, etc.): d. ¤ gl.
luteus, Sg. 49a3 , gl. lutea, 7 . derc gl. rufus, 37a5 . flann gach
80nd. ¤ , ZCP ix 167.z . tene d. ¤ , SR 8294 . dobiur lim cóer ndeirg
do ibur, Ériu iv 134.4 . folt d. ¤ lais, LB 181a11 . fil lenid
ndeirg . . . immi, TBC² 61 . braena fola derge, Todd Nenn.
206.7 . suile derga eyes red with weeping, PH 584 . Cf. A. Ó
Dálaigh viii 10 : bríogh a guidhe 's a déar ndearg `her blood-red
85tears
' (= ardent ). Of animals: ech d. ¤ , LU 8630 ( FB 47 ). hir-
richt bó deirgi, Ériu iii 141.2 . guth gadhair dheirg, Duan.
Finn i 83.28 . mor ndamh ndearg (of stags), ib. mucca derga,
Met. Dinds. iii 150.14 . Of liquors: lind d. ¤ .i. flaith d. ¤ red ale,
Thes. ii 337 ( Hy. v 38Comm.). um chomhól ndeoch ndearg,
TD 20.55 . Cf. derglaith. Of gold: di or d. ¤ , SR 529 . dind ór
5d. ¤ , 4150 . d'ór dhearg, TD 17.36 . Of earth or clay turned up,
dug up: reilge derga (portent of the end of the world), ZCP
viii 196 § 18 . do-chífe dearg druim tar ais | . . . | gach leath
dot ghormfhaithche ghloin, | ó chomhghraifne each, Studies
1922, 411 § 11 . Cf. don taobh thiar thuaidh d'Eirinn dheirg,
10 Atlantis iv 122.z . do cherdaib in domnáin deirg `the vile rude
world's estates
', SG 51.y . Hence of persons, of ruddy com-
plexion or red-haired: oclach . . . d. ¤ = iuvenis rubicundus,
PH 7030 . ben d. ¤ cona dib braaib dercaib, IT ii2 242.17 . red
ghnúis ndeirg, TD 3.19 . Equative: deirgither losa liac, TTebe
15 479 . dergithir re corcair, Acall. 6636 v.l. brecdergithir síon
spotted with crimson like a foxglove, BDD § 97 . Compar. nir
bo dírga grís inna ind aiged (sic leg.), IT iii 298 § 34 (Cóir
Anm.). As subst.: scripthar int psailm tria dub ┐ in tituil tria
derg in red (ink or pigment), Hib. Min. 244 . derg g s. deirg,
20 d s. derg, IGT Decl. § 15 . dearg a grúaidh the red of his cheek,
ex. 1240 .
(b) Transf. red with blood; bloody, sanguinary: imatuarcat
doib combo d. ¤ cach dib di arailiu till each was red with the
other's blood
, YBL 118b17 . fuidel fir deircc di duinib of one
25red with (the blood of) men
, Ériu vii 150 § 17 . atre in rí . . . cona
chroich deirg . . . fria aiss, SR 8269 . red-handed (i.e. a shedder
of blood
): náma ┐ esgcara láime deirge do, SG 268.33 . atú mar
láimh ndeirg ag Dia God looks upon me as His foe, Dán Dé ii
30 . claidebderg red-sworded , Met. Dinds. iii 340.38 . Of a
30criminal: dul dá guin eisi (i.e. asin chill) no taidhecht d. ¤
indti red-handed , O'C. 985 ( H. 3.18 424b ). Hence of meat
bleeding, raw, fleshy (as oppd. to fat): d. ¤ cach n-om, Laws v
432.2 Comm. dergcarna ┐ saill, ii 202.19 . da mer dia d. ¤
`two fingers in the lean of it', 254.11 .
35(c) red-hot, incandescent: iarnn d. ¤ = candens ferrum, Lat.
Lives 96.1 . cloch d. ¤ a ndabhaigh fhuair, 3 C 12, 6.13 . lecca
derca fo chossaib (of hell), RC iv 252 . co slabradu derga . . .
tentigi, PH 8309 .
(d) In fig. sense, full-blooded, flushed with pride, overbear-
40ing (?): fri dīmmus nd. ¤ ndocht (one of the capital sins), ZCP
vi 271.11 . derg . . . cach n-indligthech, Laws i 54.2 Comm. ,
v 432.2 Comm.
As subst. o . d. ¤ , m., IGT Decl. § 15 . don d. ¤ redness , ex. 701 .
gan crecht . . . gan d. ¤ wound , TBC p. 387 n. 5 . pn
45In names: na trí Deirg do thig Deirg, BDD² 296 . in Derg
Drúchtach, name of Colum Cille's curach , Reeves Ad. 274.13 .
forsin Deirg Drúchtaig `the Dewy Red' (of Conall Cernach's
horse), RC iii 183.30 . dofeccai secha a gabuir .i. in Deirg
ṅdruchtaig, 184.30 .
50Compds. (a) Of colour, in sense (a) above. With adjs.
¤ buide reddish yellow: taraill a lám leiss in gipni ndergbudi,
TBC² 1879 . ¤ chorcra crimson: dí gáe d., Ériu iv 102 § 43 .
¤ lethan broad and red: claideb . . . d. ¤ , TBC² 2341 . ¤ ruad:
dairedha dergruadha do slegaib ` rud-red ', CCath. 5345 .
55 dragún dearg-ruadh, TSh. 7856 . With adjs. derived from
subst.: ¤ dathach red-hued: Lomna druth d., LL 48b18 . ¤ órda:
drochte . . . dergórdai, SR 476 . cosna delbaib dergórdaib, 4360 .
With subst.: ¤ ainech red-face (as sobriquet): Maeldúin d.,
Rawl. 144g42 . ¤ chodal red (i.e. tanned) hide: curach nua co
60ndergchodail, RC x 84.5 . ¤ derc: scéo mnáib dergdercaib
with eyes red (from weeping), ZCP iii 256.15 . ¤ ibar red yew:
cét ndabach ṅdergibair, LL 51a22 . ¤ lasad: luinech . . . 'na
láim ar derglassad glittering like a red flame, LL 120a44 . a dhá
shúil ar d. ina chenn, SG 295.14 . ¤ lasair red flame: g s. doigh
65derglasrach, ZCP viii 212 § 60 . ¤ loscad: ag dearg-losgadh,
TSh. 6627 . ¤ ór (see Études Celt. iv 314 ): rond derc-óir, LU
3273 ( SC § 7 ). ¤ rót: a threabh . . . na ndearg-ród red clay
roads , Ir. Monthly 1919, 456 § 8 ( DDána 97 ). ¤ scé red haw-
thorn: imar cráibred ndergscíach, TBC² 1953 = ṅdercscíath,
70 TBC 2617 . ¤ theine: i carput dergthened, SR 7136 . ¤ thes:
d. fola, Ériu ii 102 § 12 . ¤ uma red bronze, copper: scieth . . .
co mbocoidibh derccuma, TBC 5477 .
(b) In sense (b) above. ¤ apad `red warning', guilt incurred
by entertaining a fugitive criminal: deargabadh .i. biathadh
75iar ndenamh cinadh, H. 3.18, 271.4 ; O'Don. Suppl. (oppd. to
bán-a., q.v.). ¤ ár bloody slaughter , SR 5648 . LL 375b27 . ¤ béim
a blow that draws blood, Laws iv 364.22 . ¤ ḟine family group
that has been guilty of
`fingal', O'Don. Suppl. derggfine issede
cruess, Laws iv 284.10 . deirgfine .i. indiḟíní fíngalach, 286.10
80Comm. ? ¤ ḟochor: dergfochuru do tuit i ndilsi, O'C. 881
( H. 3.18 394b ). ¤ martra red martyrdom (involving death):
dercmartre, Thes. ii 246.31 (Cambr. Hom.). irlam fri derg-
martrai, ZCP iii 29 § 9 . Bloody death, slaughter (in general):
ilar nderggmartra dogni (of Cú Chulaind), ZCP ix 122.y .
85 derccmartra ┐ dortadh fola, FM vi 2178.5 . ¤ ruathar a bloody
onset: dergruathur, TBC 4344 .
(c) As a mere intensive. ¤ dásachtach raging mad , O'Gr.
Cat. 269.14 . ¤ lomnocht stark naked , TBC 4253 . TSh. 3674 .
¤ maith, LL 128b34 . ¤ náma a bitter foe: iar ṁbádud a ndergná-
mat, SR 4036 . do dergnamait, 6368 . amail dergnamait,
5 CCath. 5164 . ¤ náimdenas fierce enmity: dobudh créachta gan
dúnadh a ndeargnaimhdeanas, ML 30.2 . ¤ thruag: rotoccbadh
an cenn . . . ina scath dhearccthruagh do Ghaoidhealaibh `a
spectacle of intense pity
', FM 1172 (iii 4.6) .
Cf. further: dergfilliud erred náir, LU 9290 and : derg-
10indledhaidh errid nair, BB 248a16 (both names of one of Cú
Chulaind's feats). ¤ mír `red morsel'. Apparently technical
name for property illegally acquired. See Laws v 430 - 4 .
amail deirgmir, 434.10 Comm. cach manach . . . dosli disli
do eclais a aicsi lee samlaid manup dergmir, O'C. 871 ( H.
153.18 , 391b ). deirgmireanda, Laws v 430.22 (.i. mirenda omha
indligthecha, 432.1 Comm. ).