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70 1 do-es(s)uirg v(*to-ess-org-, Ped. ii 588 ) Indic. pres. 1 s.
du-m-esurc-sa, Thes. ii 248.11 . tessurc, 249.5 . 3 s. du-n-
esairc, 248.11 . nā tessairg , Laws i 242.5 . 3 pl. du-n-escarat
(leg. -arcat), ib. doesarcat, ZCP iv 46.19 . Ipv. 2 s. nom-
thesairg-se, ZCP ii 134 § 3 . 2 pl. tesorcid, TBC² 3457 . Subj.
75 pres. 2 s. ma da-essoir `if thou except them', Wb. 17d2 (? see
Ped. ii 588 ). 3 s. (with perf. -com-) doesmairr, O'Dav. 786 .
tescomarr, 1552 . Fut. 3 s. do-da-essarr-som, Wb. 5c12 .
Cond. 2 s. donesartha, LL 283b41 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. dore-
sart, Trip.² 2401 . do-m-essart, LL 286a22 ( KMMisc. 212 ).
80With -com-: do-nn-esmart, Hy. iii 6 ( Thes. ii. 322 ). Pass.
pret. s. tescmart, Anecd. i 59 § 78 . Vn. tesargain. In Mid.Ir.
treated as a simple vb. with stem te(a)sairg-. IGT Verbs
§§ 79 , 88 .
Saves, rescues: ni thesairg trú teiched flight saves not a
85doomed (fey) man
, MR 172 . bid missericordia do-da-essarr-
som that will save them, Wb. 5c12 . do-nn-esaircfe .i. dogena
ar tesargain, Hy. iii 6 Comm. ( Thes. ii 322 ). cindus do-n-
esarta? . . . Is amlaid do-n-esairgfind-sea Críst how wouldst
thou rescue him? Thus I would rescue C.
, Fél. 152 (June 17) .
doresart a enech who had saved his honour, Trip.² 2401 . munas
5tescmar fír unless an oath deliver her, O'C. 2002 ( H. 4. 22 30 ).
o doreasairt Teamair tuathaigh Tuathal when Tuathal had
saved . . . Tara
, Lec. 40a17 . guidmit do Patraic . . . donne-
smart i mbrath, Hy. iii 6 (leg. do-nn-esmar, 3 s. subj.?).
Colum ar a throcaire | dontesmairt (leg. donn-esm.) tall,
10 Rawl. 107a30 . trócaire na Trīnōite rustesairc gan in long do
bhathadh, Fl. Earls 12 . ro-imeaglaighset cách a ēcc dé muna
tesaircthi i traitiu unless he were rescued, Leb. Gab. 196 . Folld.
by AR, ASS, DI: tessurc marb-biu ar díring I save . . . from
eructation
, Thes. ii 249 . tesairgid na neithi si nech ar ydropis
15 safeguard from dropsy, 3 C 19, 191 vb 3 . nostesairgind aire
(3 s. pres.), Aen. 1117 . tair-siu isin creit . . . ar do thesar-
cainb-sea (leg. dotesarcaind) ar andrib ilib that I may rescue
thee
, LU 3893 ( SC § 40 ). do thesruicc Dia ar nāire ē fēin,
BNnÉ 149 . ó doresairgeadh ar medhradh na murduchonn
20iat, Leb. Gab. 206 . doessairg anmain a hifurn cach arra
saves a soul out of hell, RC xv 487 (toesairg, ib. § 1 ). in lín
roléicis fot' barr, | it lir gainim maro min; | (in) lín ronescmart
as cach n-ing | at lir na rind fil a nimh whom thou hast rescued
from difficulties
(leg. do-n-escmairt?), ZCP x 47 . conid teasar-
25cain rotheasarcthe asin tenid whereby they were delivered,
Ériu v 32 . du-m-esurc-sa diangalar (leg. din galar), Thes. ii 2
48 . co nustesairced a macc do lámu na fheoldenmai,
PH 6625 .

2 do-es(s)uirg v(*dí-ess-org-, Ped. ii 588 ) smites, slays: 3 s.
30 pret. duescma[r]t gl. confūdit, Ml. 103d4 . do-reasairg conu
mo thigi, Anecd. i 50 (cf. robuaildis . . . chonu isin tig, 46.16 ).
Sheds (blood): ar ecnairc inna fola do-n-escmart erond that was
shed for us
, Otia Mers. ii 97(Scuab Chrábaid 30). Cf. Death-
tales 14 : ind fuil donescmacht (leg. donescmart) which he had
35shed
(donesmart, doescmart, Ir. Lit. 42.11 ).
Vn. díasarcain. See also tesargain.

do-esta (*to-ess-+subst. vb., Ped. ii 443 ) Indic. pres. (a) 3 s.
doesta, Ml. 35d20 ; duesta, 71c19 . testa, 65d6 , BCr. 18½d .
Thes. ii 33.19 . a ndudesta , Wb. 1a9 , 23d17 . a ndodesta ,
40 26d8 . a ndudæsta , 14a33 . (b) 3 s. nistesbi, Im. Brain § 62 .
With -ro-: manid tesarbi , Wb. 28d31 . (c) (With infl. of
benaid) do-easban . . . doesbun, Laws ii 276 . -tesban, Críth
Gabl. 169 . pl. tesbanat, Wb. 11d11 . ní tesbanat , Pcr. 65a2 .
Impf. 3 s. nicon tesbad , Hy. v 88 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ar na tesaib ,
45 Laws v 312 . dod-essaib, ZCP xvi 274 § 6 . 3 pl. cu tesbat ,
BCr. 3c . Perf. 3 s. tesarb, Wb. 17d2 . tesarbae, Ml. 34c16 .
nocho tesarba , Ériu i 41.11 . Vn. tesbaid, testáil.
In Mid.Ir. the stem tesb- develops as a simple vb., pres. 3 s.
a teasband , Laws v 70 . tesbaid, ib. doesbuidh, i 60 , SR 6814 .
50 tesbus (rel.), Laws v 170 Comm. Fut. 3 s. noco teseba , LU
3510 . noco tesseba , LL 293b3 . In addition the pres. 3 s. form
testa is used as pret. and perf. (esp. in sense ( has) died ) and
develops a corresponding 3 pl. testatar ( Trip.² 1445 ). Cf.
2 testaigid. IGT Verbs §§ 10 , 83 .
55(a) is absent, wanting, lacking , generally used in third pers.
only, folld. by DE (rarely ASS or ó) of the whole from wh.
someth. is lacking; by AR (FOR), ó of pers. who lacks (rarely
dat. inf. pron. or DO). Gl. abesse, Ml. 34c16 , 35d20 , 65d6 .
deesse, Wb. 14a33 , 23d17 , 25a30 , 26d8 ; Ml. 71c19 . aní dodesta
60di chomalnad cæsta Crist, Wb. 26d8 . a ndudesta di far foirb-
thetu, 23d17 . a nduesta (andæsta, v.l.) dia ais-som, Trip.²
1168 . doformastar deit a ndotesta dit nirt, LU 3345 ( SC § 13 ).
ataat aige ┐ mucca la Laigniu. A testa desin mairfider dúib
if they are not enough, more shall be killed for you, IT i 100 .
65 a teasband de foltaib cāich, teasbaid dia cātaid what is de-
fective in a man's qualifications is defective in his dignity
, Laws
v 70 . cid bec cid mor teasbus de be the defect small or great,
iii 4 Comm. ni tesda dia nert, cia rothesda dia saith his strength
was not lessened, though his appetite was
, BNnÉ 300 . roairim
70na herranda ┐ ni thesta ní dib, Lat. Lives 69 . mo ṡaoghal
lēicc mar as áil le Dia, | ēnrēd de ni theisteoba, | tuilled air
nocha bia, ZCP iii 302 . nad desta ní du (= de?) digail that
naught of punishment is lacking
, Ml. 94c10 . a testá dom íc-sa,
cuin rombía uait-siu? when shall I have what is still lacking of
75my cure?
(do = de? but perh. sense is what is wanted for my
cure
), TE 11 ( IT i 125 ; LU 10750 ). aní testá do chomláinius
a cuirp, RC xxv 238 ( LU 2552 ). testa ní do shuim na bethadh
so the end of this biography is wanting, SG 49 . manid tesarbi
ní di maith assa gnímaib, Wb. 28d31 . cæca ingen do-nestao
80a hEmuin, Comp. Con C. 7 Eg. ( IT i 140 ). tom-esta bo mo
mic I have lost my son's cow, RC x 222 . inab-testa-si tesbuid
a hEmuin? are you missing anything (lit. any want) from E.?
IT i 144 . dāil de for Niall Cailli dodanesfa (.i. Temair), ZCP
xii 234 . nís-tesbi nach mlass no savour is lacking to them, Im.
85Brain 62 . ní theseba do slondu[d]-su don tír-se this land shall
never be without thy name
, RC xvi 79 ( Dinds. 127 ). ríg
Themra dia tesband tnú exempt from envy, LL 131b35 .
tesbanat boill airiu members are wanting to them, Wb. 11d11 ,
cf. 12b5 , 14a33 . is lāneneclann tesbus aire he loses full e.,
Laws v 170 Comm. nicon tessēba maith airi he shall lack no
5good thing
, ZCP xi 81 . testatar a eich airi his horses were
missing
, Trip.² 1445 = Lat. Lives 17 . mairg hEriu ara
testá woe to Ireland that has lost him! RC xiii 444 ( LL 289a42 ).
ní testa ní ar in fleid acht bō, ZCP vii 305 . ni testa ní fuirri
acht soas, RC xv 456 ( Dinds. 59 ). ní thesta máin . . . for in
10sáir sin, Met. Dinds. iii 288 . ité . . . in coica ingen testa foraibsi,
ZCP v 502 . ní thesta forru int ṡollsi, IT i 22 . cain teasbann
teim essgal . . . .i. is taithnemach doesbann dorchatu esgail[e]
na daille form, ZCP iii 224 , cf. LB 241a73 . fechtus ann testa
fín on aiffriund, Lat. Lives 110 . doesbuidh biadh ó gach gradh,
15 Laws i 60 Comm. dosmuain E. nach testa do threigib righ-
achta uadha that he lacked no qualification for royalty, St.
Ercuil 967 . airet robui mac Muire hi corp . . . indar ra muintir
nime | nocho tesarba úada (uadaibh, MS.) that he was not
absent from them
, Ériu i 41 . creidemh, dóthchas ┐ grádh . . .
20gibé ó tteisdeoba énchuid díob-so whosoever shall lack any of
these
, O'Hussey TC 13 . uatha trá ní theasdadar | oirbheart
gaisgidh ┐ glóir, Content. x 16 .
Esp. in computation where a number is indicated by sub-
traction from a larger one: inge acht dī óenbliadain ni thesta
25dom thrī fichtib I am three-score years save two, Arch. iii 312 .
testai trian don mīliu itam co forcenn . . . testotar secht
mbliadna dot soegol-sai tar esse na halgese one-third of the
thousand years . . . has still to expire, . . . seven years of your
life have still to run after the wish
, ZCP ix 449 . mac an Iarla A.
30tesda tri sechtmhuine gan a bheith i n-aois a bhliadhna was
within three weeks of being a year old
, FM vi 2358 . Often in
parenthetical construction, almost as adv.: do fhágaibh cuid
leith-bhliadhna teasda dhi left half a year's portion of it (his
history) incomplete
, Keat. i 76 . nói mīs lána . . . is oen-lá tes-
35baid di fichit nineteen days, SR 6814 . da bliadain desbaid
(teasda, v.l.) du dā fichet thirty-eight years, Cog. 140 . dotuit
a railic . . . cūic bliadna tesbann di dia cét it was within five
years of a hundred
, ZCP ix 455 .
(b) is over, has ended, has perished: testa mo neart, ZCP vi
40263 . teasda mo sheal my day is over, Caithr. CC § 42 . asin
Libur Budi testo asin carcar i nArd Macha which has been
lost from the prison
, LU 2921 = teasda, Hy Fiachr. 318 .
teasda léigheand Ereann and the learning of Ireland has
perished with him
, FM ii 752 . di Ultaib a bunadus cid tes-
45robai a threbad though his family (dwelling) had disappeared
(from Ulster)
, YBL 179b32 (? = acht bá a n-easboi doib, RC
vi 174 `though he was absent from there'). Of time: teasda
fiche bliadhain bhuan ó chath Caeimh Eirne had passed since,
Misc. Celt. Soc. 164 . Esp. of persons, dies, died (testa generally
50used as pret. or perf.); cf. co n-erbailt (.i. testaig), Arch. iii 182 .
in mair Airnelach . . . nó in tesda Líban mo ben? SG 354 . ar
neach testos ┐ ar neach bis beo, 23 P 10, 13a32 . gid edh an
úair testaid síad, | rioghradh anffann Atha Liacc, BNnÉ 171 .
iar n-adhnacol na foirne doesta uatha día ndeaghdhaoinibh,
55 Leb. Gab. 262 . díth an daghdhuine doesda annsin, Hugh Roe
226 . deich mbliadna ar cheithre fichtibh a aois an tan thesta,
FM i 168 . inad a raibhe sí 'n-a comhnaidhe ┐ in-a tesda sí,
Maund. 85 . do gob galar rig hErenn, co testa a ndūn a buime,
RC xvi 144 ( Dinds. 136 ). isin seachtmad bliadain dec . . .
60testa Patraic, YBL 140b52 . da bliadain iar ngein Crist teasdo
Cuculaind, MacCarthy 304 . mōr segaind sær-bēsach . . . testa
and, BB 432a37 . is annsin testátar Castor ┐ Pulluic, TTr.²
576 . co n-er(ar)bhailt A. i nport . . . no gomadh air muir
notheastad, BB 39a54 (cf. Lec. 567b20 : no cumad ar muir
65 rotheisteobad , condit. for subj.). testeobait na hingina . . . ┐
dob ferr dūin cinn (sic, leg. sinn?) fen do thestail na iadsan do
dul d'ēg, Fier. 139 . do testuidir moran dona paganachaib
annsin, 215 (testaigid?).
(c) is required, exacted : rotesta cind imon cenn, Ériu v 246 .