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do-airngir (*to-air-com-gair- or to-air-in-gair-? Ped. ii 534 )
later as simple vb. tairngirid, IGT Verbs § 65 , tairrgirid.
40 Indic. pres. 3 s. duairṅgir, Ml. 106a2 , duarngir, 94a4 .
doairngair, Laws v 118 . inna hí tairngir , Ml. 50d10 . feib
tarṅgir , SR 3359 . 3 pl. duairngerat, Ml. 87b15 . dorairngerat
(sic), Tec. Corm. p. 34 .
Subj. pres. 2 s. ní thairṅgere , Tec. Corm. 38 . Fut. 3 pl. ni
45 tairṅgérat , Sg. 208b3 . (Pret. and) perf. 1 s. amal dunda-
rairgiurt-sa , Ml. 109c9 . dorairngert-sa, Anecd. ii 61 . dosrern-
gart, Fél. 66.14 . dorairngertas[s]a, PH 3783 . 2 s. durairrgirt-
siu, Ml. 74c20 . dorar[n]gertaissiu, LU 5155 = dorairngertais-
siu, TBC² 672 . dorarngartais-siu, SG 322 . 3 s. (a) dorairngert,
50 Wb. 14c32 . Ml. 46c20 ; 136c12 . TBC² 2537 . SR 289 . durairn-
gert, Wb. 5c9 . Ml. 105b11 ; 130c16 ; 126c10 ; 123c1 . dorarṅgert,
SR 1071 , 3081 , 6361 . LU 6233 . IT i 81 § 19 . do-n-rarngart,
Fianaig. 36 . dorargert, Trip. 160 = dorairngert, Trip.² 1863 .
dorairgert, FA § 2 (LU = dorairngert LB). do-s-rairgert, Hy.
55 v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 329 ). rorairngert, BB 417b36 . rotharn-
gert, SR 2789 , 3057 . feib tharngert , 6359 . rothairngert,
Met. Dinds. ii 30 . Corm. Y 698 . a nd-rotairngert , Mon. Tall.
146 . ni cain-tairrngert , Ériu v 236 . (b) dorairngir, PH 3408 .
dorarngir, 3435 . rorarngir, 3409 . rorarngair, 3144 . rotharn-
60gair, SR 3287 . rothairrngir, RC xxiv 202 ; xxxvi 262 . Keat.
iii 2508 , etc. rothergair, LL 212b12 . 3 pl. (a) amal dund-
rai[r]ngertar , Ml. 67b8 . toairngertatur, Laws i 16 . (b)
dorairngirsead, Lec. 539b7 . rotharngirset, LL 146b28 . Note
also: dorairrngertsit, RC xxii 19 n. 4 .
65 Pass. indic. pres. tarngirther, RC xxv 252(LU). tarrn-
girther, PH 3513 . Subj. impf. duairngerthe, Wb. 2c17 . (Pret.
and) perf. dorairngerad, Ml. 113d5 . SR 4828 . dorairngired,
LU 5944 . dorairngered, TBFr. 410 . dorairngred, Wb. 2c12 ;
19c5 . Death-tales 20 . SR 4828 . durairṅgred, Wb. 19b22 .
70 rotairngered, PH 6995 etc. Part. tairngirthe, Ml. 110d5 .
Vn. tairngire.
(a) promises ; gl. polliceri, Ml. 87b15 , 94a4 , Sg. 108b3 ,
promittere, Ml. 110d5 ; refers to promissio, Wb. 2c12 , Ml. 74c20 ,
113d5 , 136c12 . dorairngeart .i. do geall, Arch. iii 14 . Folld.
75by accus., vn. clause or subord. clause: rocretset dungenad
Dia aní durairngert, Ml. 123c1 . dugena . . . inna hi tairngir,
Ml. 50d10 . ar comalnad and rotairngert do anmcharait what
he had promised to his confessor
, Mon. Tall. 146 . ní thairngire
ná dotbé do not promise what you have not, Tec. Corm. 38 . cosin
80tír . . . dorairṅgered do Abram, SR 4828 . ? With dat. inf.
pron. dosnairgert immon ferann . . . promised them as regards
the territory
. . ., Rawl. 127b42 . dorairngerad dōib tuidecht
a dōire, Ml. 113d5 . dorairngired dó Findabair do t[h]abairt
dō, TBC² 1478 = LU 5944 . duarngir-som betan duthrachtaig
85a gnimai-som do Dia he promises that his deeds will be . . .,
Ml. 94a4 . dorarngert si nach ḟacfed a da céle for talmain i
n-oenfecht (i.e. she undertook, vowed), IT i 81 . dorairngred
rombad oirdnide a chland, Wb. 2c12 .
(b) foretells, prophesies: is dō-suide dorairngered orgain in
dūini-sea it was foretold that he should pillage, TBFr. 410 .
5 do toircechnatar .i. rotharrnghairsetar, Laws iii 30 . feib
rotharngair a chiall chain, SR 3287 . gur tairngir Sgáthach
. . . misi do tuitim ris, TBC 3147 . tarngairit curpu do chrádh,
Acall. 7593 . do thairrngirsiod naoimh Éireann olc do theacht
ar Éirinn, Keat. iii 2513 . dorairngert ōn uraid | mairc bīas
10isin tulaig | ar cind in con cubaid it has been foretold (?) that
woe shall betide him who
. . ., TBC² 2537 (impers.?). dorarngert
cech fāith o chēin | gigned i flaith Ochtauein, SR 7523 .
tairngairset co na luga do gēbdais in mām Romanach that
none the less they would submit to the Roman yoke
, Todd Nenn.
15 72 . toairngertatur donicfad berla, Laws i 16.4 .

do-airp xsee do-airb.

do-airret, do-áirret (*to-air-reth-, Ped. ii 598 , but perh.
*to-ad-reth- or a contamination of both. See Thurn. Gramm.
p. 496 ). Later as simple vb. tár(r)thid, tair(r)thid, tarraid.
20 IGT Verbs § 16 . Indic. pres. 3 s. dusn-arrith, Trip.² 904 .
ním-farraidh, RC x 90.4 (LU). ? tairet, LL 179a1 . ? do-da-uret,
Laws iv 184.13 . Later: do-m-airthend, Im. Brain ii 293.11 .
RC x 222 § 13 . -tairthenn, RC x 222 § 13 . Fen. 226 . The
follg. are apparently either pres. or pret. 3 s.: do-n-airthe,
25 RC xiii 405 § 57 (cf. do-n-arraid, § 56 ). da thairthe, x 222.132
v.l. (doairthend, text). -táirthe, ALC i 132.7 . 3 pl. do-sn-
árthet, TBC² 195 (LU). donairthét, Trip.² 1524 . tairthet,
Wb. 27d23 (possibly = to-air-thét, see Ped. § 840.1 ). tairthit,
Alex. 1127 (-id, 491 ). 1069 . Impf. 3 s. táirthed, LU 5159 =
30 toirthead, TBC² 677 . Subj. The orig. s-subj. early fell
together both in form and meaning with that of do-airicc,
from which it is hardly to be distinguished in prose; for exx.
see do-airicc, where some of the subj. forms given may belong
to this verb. The follg. forms may be assigned to do-airret:
35 subj. pres. 3 pl. tairset, BDD 95 ; impf. 3 s. dafarsed, TBC
4255 . 3 pl. danarsitis, Ir. Texts i 12 § 37 . táirsitis, TBC² 613
(do-airicc?). Also perh. -táir in bardic verse ( Dán Dé xxvii 16 ,
L. Cl. A. Buidhe 239.62 , etc.). Later forms: pres. 3 s. go nach
tartha , ZCP viii 552.4 . Condit. 3 s. tanáirsed, BDD² 1087
40(see Gloss. s.v. do-árid).
Pret. and perf. 2 s. tarradais, LL 303b30 ( RC xiii 84 § 95 ).
3 s. do-m-árraid, LU 9361 . du-sn-arraid, AU 912 . do-t-árruigh,
TE § 9 . dafarraid, Trip.² 298 . do-s-farraidh, FM
1101 , -fairraidh, 919 , -fairidh, 430 . dosfairtestar, Alex. 789 .
45 rom-farraid , BNnÉ 301 § 4 . rosfarraigh, BB 50a22 . tarraid,
FB § 66 . -tárraid, SR 3019 . tarraigh, RC ix 468 (LU). do
tharraid , SR 4157 . dothairraich, Lec. 615b6 . rostarraig,
BB 351b20 . Note also donarthaid, O'D 111 ( H. 3.17 90 ).
Forms like tarthaid, RC xv 426 , tarthaigh, Im. Brain i 66.11 ,
50 69.25 , may be presents of simple vb., cf. the later s-pret.
taurthais, TBC 1241 (do-tuit?). tarthis, Cóir Anm. 70 .
táirthis, RC xiii 106 (LL). táirthidhis, Keat. ii 2334 . 1 pl.
tairtemar, TBC² 2482 . tarthamair, ZCP xii 384.6 . tárthamar,
Acall. 2911 . 3 pl. donarthatar, Trip.² 1608 . do-n-arthetar,
55 LL 406b1 . du-sn-arthaiter, FM vi 2332 . do-airtetar, Lism. L.
522 . dofárthetar, TBC 2489 . dofairthetar, TBC² 1835 .
tarthatar, TBC 677 . AU 961 . tárthetar, TTr.² 722 . tartatar,
Aen. 1021 . tarthadar, FM v 1358 . tairthedar, ii 830 . PH
1913 . conid [t]airthiter , AU 946 . gu tairredar , CCath. 2404 .
60 Pass. pres. doairrither, Laws iv 140.y . tarrthaitear, IT iii
198.11 . i tairthither , LL 14b10 = tarthither, BB 42a23 .
tarthithear, Lec. 571a28 . Subj. pres. mana tarrustar , Laws iv
244.1 ; ii 180 , 288 , 62.3 . ge notairister , 182 (?). nár tarrustar ,
Duan. Finn i 55.29 . Impf. ní tharrastá , TTr.² 181 . co tarusta ,
65 Laws v 328 , cf. ii 90.5 . da taraisdea , iii 100.6 . Fut. tarrustar
`shall be overtaken', FM 825 (poem). Condit. -tairistea, Laws
iii 528.8 . Pret. and perf. tarras, LU 3121 . tarrus (passim).
rotharrus, Ériu i 102 § 59 . tarrthus, Aen. 649 . tarrthas, FM
vi 2010 . tairtes, ii 792.1 . pl. co tarrassa , Rawl. B 503, 39a
70(Plummer MS. notes).
Exx. of simple vb. tarraid (from pret.?). Indic. pres. 1 s.
tárruim (sic leg.?), KMMisc. 366.26 . Subj. pres. 1 s. no co
tarar-sa , TTebe 2764 . Pret. 1 s. tarrusa, Acall. 5233 . ? 2 s.
tarrais, 5533 (doradais, tathradais, v.l.). 3 s. do tharr , Rel.
75Celt. ii 192.11 . 1 pl. do tharramar , Duan. Finn i 90.16 .
2 pl. tarabhair-si, RC xxix 112 § 8 . 3 pl. tárratar, Fianaig.
91.11 . tarradar, Misc. Celt. Soc. 340.4 . gu tairredar , CCath.
2404 . ní tháirsiot , Hugh Roe 150.23 . conus-táirsetar, FM ii
1042 . Pass. -ttarustar, FM i 26.3 .
80For vn. see tárrachtain.
I As trans. vb. (a) overtakes, comes up with, comes upon
unawares, catches: araile laech . . . domárraid-si, LU 9361 .
do-airthend Cuculaind in Mórrigan, RC x 222 . dolluid Mider
. . . rosfarraid dara n-ése, Met. Dinds. iii 42 . ni tharra-sum
85Patraic, Lism. L. 193 . dosfairtestar ┐ rongeoguin, Alex. 789 .
donarthatar tri druíd oc Raith R., Trip.² 1606 . conus
táirsetar Goill oc Fiondabhair, FM 1133 (ii 1042) . dosn-árthet
ocht fichit oss n-allaid and, TBC² 195(LU). co tairthed C. inn
urchur dolléced asa thailm riasú rísad talmain would catch the
missile
, 1512 (LU). Often in hostile sense attacks, falls on:
5 domfarraid (leg. don-) iarum A. co fiacail fidbi ina eton, YBL
205b35 . a tri dodnairthet (sic leg.) occo; huaill ┐ dimus ┐
ferc three things assail him in pursuit of it (i.e. truth), ZCP iii
450.26 . ? masa log othrusa theit do doarthenn cach ni
dachuaid seacha, O'Don. 2309 ( Rawl. B 506, 31a ) = Ériu xii
1034.10 . Of events, disasters, etc., comes upon, befalls: cid
do-t-árruigh? what has happened to thee?, TE § 9 . dafarraid
galar sickness seized him, Trip.² 298 . condastárraid tess, SR
3019 . co mbad i llius libsi danarsitis ec that he should die,
Ir. Texts i 12 § 37 . a ndo doraid tarraid Coinculainn all the
15misfortune that had befallen C.
, IT i 299 . nirsam óg; tarrad
mór rí ar gach rótt I have overtaken (i.e. outlived) many kings,
Fen. 224 . doneoch tharradais do rígaib of all the kings thou
hast come across
, LL 303b30 = RC xiii 84 , Lism. L. p. 306 .
fri cuimne seanchad indraice do[no] doairrither in ime by the
20memory of respectable antiquaries by whom the fence is over-
taken
(= in whose time the fence was erected), Laws iv 140
Comm. (cf. Plummer, Ériu viii 129 ). ma[d] gell bes airde
ináit a fe[i]ch ┐ foiche De donairrtet, O'Don. 122 ( H. 3.17
101 ) = ┐ foichid De dia tharrachtain, O'C. 2691 ( Eg. 88,
25 59 (60)a ). tarraid me Eri ar da mag I have seen Ireland with
but two plains
, Fen. 270 . an ttárthaidh tú no ar cuimhin leat
leithéad na maidne anae? did you ever experience . . . the like of
yestermorn?
, Celt. Rev. x 138 . Note also: conid a mmárb tar-
raid talmain fell dead to the ground, LU 9093 ( FB § 84 ). rí is ferr
30tarraid talam, YBL 121a41 . riasiu táirset talmain, BDD 95 .
(b) reaches, comes to: gonach tartha int aitheach int áth ar
tús romam, ZCP viii 552 , cf. TBC 1878 . tarthaigh T. tempall
Cille C., Im. Brain i 66 .
(c) catches, seizes, grasps: tarras-[s]a in darna congna de ┐
35tarraid D. in congna aile, Acall. 2915 . tarraid C. cruadlann
a claidim etarbuas, MR 300 . tairthit a fidbaco ┐ gabait a
soighid, Aen. 1127 . tarraidh a láimh leathga robói for al-
chuing, Buile S. 142 . tarraid a sciath for sdúadhlerg a
dhruma girded on, Fianaig. 84 . tarraid gac[h] fer a n-arma ┐
40a n-ededh aca, Celt. Rev. iv 10 . Cf. also: ní mó tarrthus cenn
furre no for in gaeth it was no more possible to get hold of her
than of the wind
, Aen. 649 . ní tháirsiot greim forro they did
not come up with them
, Hugh Roe 150 . Catches, captures:
do-m-airthend línaigi Cairill (said by a salmon), Im. Brain ii
45293 . is 'na lín tarras hí (of Lí Ban the mermaid), LU 3121
( SG 237 ). co tarrus e ittir (sic leg.) na bú ┐ an lorcc, FM 1094
(ii 946). cin co tarrustar in cintuch though the delinquent be
not apprehended
, Laws ii 288 Comm. Cf. PH 8117 : ní tharraid
in animm as in curp ann sin (subj. slóg mór na ndemna). Note
50also: tárraid Fertái bóeghal gona forsin rí[g]fénidh seized
an opportunity of wounding
, Fianaig. 96 .
(d) finds: ni tharraid in t-ór ar n-impod he did not find the
gold on his return
(?), Lism. L. 193 . romudaigh . . . i tarraid
da bur muintir ann such of your people as he found there,
55 CCath. 5155 . co nā tarras acht a cnáma lomma only their
bare bones remained (lit. were found
), BDD App. 156 . a n-áes
in-ob-tarras the age ye have attained (lit. in which ye have been
found
), RC x 64 .
(e) gets, attains to, secures (common in case of simple vb.
60 tarraid, etc.): for deich treib tarraid a reir he acquired rule
(obedience to his will) over ten tribes
, SR 6535 . a cūic fichet dib
tarthatar raind, inna cūic fichet aile ni tharthatar raind,
Ériu iii 140 . na cūic cétfatha triassa tarrthaitear in fis
through which knowledge is obtained, IT iii 198 . araba ina
65tairtemar dā deigchleamnas what we have gained by his becoming
our son-in-law
, TBC² 2482 (YBL) = araba a ttaramoir-ne,
ZCP x 282 . dot' tharbha ní thárrasa | cuid ghiolla
an eich don gheirrfhiadh I never got as much of your favour as
the horseboy gets of the hare
, Dánta Gr. 61.15 . tnúth ré dtárr-
70thus do ṡochar jealousy of the rewards I have got, Content. ix 28 .
With follg. vn.: sul tarraid a n-etrāin torchratar ocht cét
díb before they could be separated, TBC 4580 . ní tharraid
etargaire, co romarbait a ndis intercession was of no avail,
LL 30b15 = ní tarrus ædarghaire (a e.?), RC xv 281 ( Dinds.
75 i § 14 ) = ní tharthus a edargaire, BB 350a27 . go nach dtárr-
thas anacal nā imdeaguil ar na hairdrioghaibh sin no pro-
tection was to be had against those kings
, MR 86 . Note also:
tarraidh secht mbliadna . . . C. reigned seven years, BB 47b10 .
tarraigh O. . . . fichit bliadan, Lec. 621a39 . Cf. tarraid F. . . . .
80re ré coic mbliadan . . . ar mag Ailig, Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 23 .
(f) visits, avenges (an offence) on (with AR, FOR): no co tarar-
sa ar na Tiauandib crechta . . . mo chuirp till I avenge my
wounds on the Thebans
, TTebe 2764 . mani tharrastá co
luath, ní tharrastá co bráth if it were not avenged speedily it
85would never be avenged
, TTr.² 181 . gach olc darónsat tarras
orra, Cog. 116.4 . tren tarras air on rioghain stern vengeance
overtook him from the queen
, Duan. Finn i 32 . So also in Laws
Comm. : cach ni roghabh . . . is a cin fair, mana tarrustar for
a fine unless (the offence) be charged on his `fine', Laws iv 244 . madh
codhnach fuachnuighes fris . . . dia tarrustar fair, ní ícand int
5aite frisin athair if a responsible adult attacks him (the foster-
child) . . . if he is punished the foster-father does not pay damages
to the father
, ii 180 . Note also: tarrus forro siar ┐ soir | in-
deochad ubaill Adaim was visited upon, Lec. 84a27 .
(g) With árach lays, imposes a pledge, bond (on): tárratar in
10dias [s]in arach comraic ┐ comlainn ar a céli pledged themselves
to fight each other
, Fianaig. 92 . tarrus arach orum-sa uime sin
a pledge has been laid on me to that effect, Ériu iii 154 . táirthis
[Moling] bæth n-araig fair laid a deluding bond on him
(alluding to the promise exacted by M. from Finnachta for
15the remission of the Borama), RC xiii 106 . See maeth.
II Intrans. comes up, arrives (but perh. originally with
infixed pron.): dofárthetar dā mac B. . . . ┐ rodgonat, TBC
2489 = dofáirthetar, TBC² 1835 LU. dofarraid leo . . . coruc
caerig dia cháireib, SR 5715 . contarthatar coin altai co
20romarbsad an inilt, Toch. Becfola 176 (Ir. MSS. Ser. i). co
tarraid debaid iter Aedan mac G. ┐ int Aed mac A. a quarrel
arose
, YBL 126a14 . Usually with prepp. AR, FOR, DO, I comes
up with, overtakes, falls upon: tarthetar sluaig in tíre forru,
TTr.² 722 . tarthemar-ne air, Acall. 2911 . uair na tarraidh
25fair since he could not come up with him, Aen. 3146 . . . . do
tharaid ar chath curad chanced upon (was involved in) a
contest
(?), Todd Nenn. lxix . amal tarraigh don ḟidbuith sin
when he reached that wood, RC ix 468 (LU). dotharraid teidm
duairc dóib, SR 4157 . dos-farraigh ingnad anaithnigh doibh
30isin forais, Grail 3392 . mór tarraidh don teguscc riogh, |
dīden cōra, cosg feilgnīomh much falls (pertains) to a king's
training
, ZCP ii 350 . uair tarras-[s]a dot muintirus since I
have attained to thy fellowship
, Acall. 4118 . co tarraidh colg-
dés in chlaidhimh . . . 'na cloigenn lodged in his skull, MR 298 .
35See further Celtica iii 267-8 .
See 1 and 2 tarrthaigid.