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A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U

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65 2 do poss. adj. 2 s. Before consonants. (a) do (usual form at
all periods). (b) du. Freq. in O.Ir., esp. Ml. (87b3 , 89a2 , 92b1
etc.). Also Ardm. (18b1 , 178b2 ). (c) to, Ml. 45c7 (cf. tortachtae
= to ḟort., 108a1 ). 45d3 . Thes. ii 250 , 255 , 281 . (d) Other
forms: tho, SR 6019 . thu, Ml. 44c20 . da, Thes. ii 249 . di,
70 LL 224a12 . Before vowels (a) do (du), in O.Ir. only: do im-
chomarc, Wb. 31d18 ; 32a29 ; 29d13 . Ml. 30b5 ; 66b3 . Mon.
Tall. 134 . (b) t, th: usual at all periods before vowels and ḟ
(freq. also ṡ). In later lang. freq. h.
With prepositions. After ar, iar, cen, imm, oc, tar as above
75(but see also next paragraph): ar do chrochad, SR 7797 . iar
do glanchéil, 1582 . im du chenn, Thes. ii 249 . im do chlaind,
SR 1878 . dar th'airmitein, SR 6320 . ar th'eseirge, 7798 . oc
du molad-su, Ml. 81a1 . cen du chumachtae-siu, 50a6 . After
co n-, de, do, fo, for, fri, i n-, la, ó, tre, the form t is as a rule
80used, and coalesces with the prep. giving the forms cot, dit,
dot, fot, fort, frit, it, lat (let), ót, trét (trít, triat); somet. also
in Mid. Ir. immot, occot (for im do, oc do): cut seitche, Wb.
10a29 . dit sailiu, Thes. ii 249 . dit nirt, SC § 13 . dot muintir,
Wb. 32a1 . dot accallaim-siu, SC § 13 . fot lámaib, SR 6368 .
85 fot huagréir, 6362 . frit menmain, 3808 . fort glonnaib, 6009
(but: for do chommorgeib, 6010 . for do [ṡ]nádud, Hy. vi 24 ).
it dúilib, Wb. 32c6 . at thír, Buile S. p. 54 . lat feirg, lat
bruth, SR 4794 . ot mórchoimsib, 1746 (but: o do Dia, 1536 ).
triat mígníom, triat immarbos, 1484 . iccotócrad (= iccot t.),
TE § 9 (Eg.). immut táeb, TBC 4073 = imod thoeb, TBC²
5 2714 . Cf. also: rit chell (= frit), TE § 10Eg.; rot chlaind
(= frit), SR 2039 ; for teched riat bráthair, 2926 . See 1 t, 2 t.
Thy, of thee , representing (a) the possessive adj. and sub-
jective gen.: cen tabairt domsa to fortachte thy aid, Ml.
55a19 . roratha duit do (du, v.l.) guidi thy prayers have been
10granted thee
, Hy. ii 50 . for do [ṡ]nádud dún let us be under thy
protection
, Hy. vi 24 . suidig th'imcaisin fix thy gaze, SR 2115 .
(b) With vbl. abstracts most usually objective gen.: ac du
guidiu-siu, a dæ beseeching thee, Ml. 22a5 . du frecur cheill siu
to worship Thee, 106d3 . do foraithmet remembrance of thee,
15 135d1 . dogénsa to ḟortacht (leg. t'ḟ.) I will aid thee, SR 3824 .
nochan úain damh t'agalloimh to speak with thee, Buile S.
§ 29 .
Like mo (q.v.) freq. in hypocoristics, see KZ xxxii 182 ,
Études Celt. ii 254 . To Channu, Thes. ii 281 (cf. Do-chonna,
20 AU 797 , etc.). To Cummi, ib. Ternohc (= T'Ernóc), 289 (cf.
M'Ernooc, 281 ); Togiallóc, Cáin Ad. § 28 ; Dobécoc, AU 689 ;
Dodímóc, 747 ; Documai, ib.; Docutu, 837 ; Dosenchiarocc,
ib.; Taedóc, Mart. Don. July 13 ; Dabhaotóc, July 22 . Often
written du-: Duchanna, AU 705 . Duchonna, 725 . Dudubtae
25(gen.), 813 = Dubhtae, FM 809 . Du Dubae, Trip.² 1753 .
Dulassi (gen.), AU 750 = Dulaisi, FM 746 (Molaise).

3 do Verbal particle originating in O.Ir. representative of
dí- and to- in deut. forms of verbal compds. (see Thurn.
Gramm. §§ 831 , 855 ). In Mid. and Mod. Ir. progressively
30replacing no with impf. and cond., and ro with perf. See
Ó Catháin, ZCP xix 14 ff . In later lang. (but not in bardic
verse. see IGT Introd. § 73 ) vowel freq. elided before follg. vowel
or ḟ (see Ó Catháin 18 ff. ): do-tharistis, PH 6184 . do-lemfad,
602 . do dīogheōlthaoi, Feis TC 409 . do rachuind-si, St.
35Ercuil 1848 . do ghabhdaois, TD 7.18 . d'fedfaidis, St. Ercuil
1563 . do dílsig, SR 1225 . do goiredh, TBC 2260 . do-marb se,
PH 7484 . do oir, DDána 93.52 . d'ainic, St. Ercuil 2557 . do
fhortamhlaigh, 337 . d'fagamair-ne, 2315 . In later lang. also
as rel. particle, see Éigse v 63 - 4 .

40 do- du- prefix with pejorative or negative meaning used with
nouns, adjj., participles, and verbals of necessity. On the
variation do- du-, see Thurn. Gramm. § 365 . In earliest
compds. do- depalatalizes follg. initial, e.g. dolus, doraid. In
later lang. the opposite is the case, e.g. doitheagasg. Lenites
45follg. initial: dochor, dochraid, doithcech (toicthech), etc.
Exceptionally dobrón with unlenited b (but perh. dub + brón).
Before b usually dom-, the unlenited b being eventually
assimilated to the m (dombisech, dombinne, domblas,
dombolad, dombuidech, dombuilech). This m may have
50originated in cases where b goes back to an etymological m.
Cf. similar treatment after dí- (1 dí-). Most frequently used
with nouns to form adjectival compds. in which o-stems and
ā-stems usually take i- inflexion: doáirim (áram), dobeóil
(bél), dochenéuil (cenél), daidbir (adbar), etc. As a number of
55these compds. were indistinguishable from the gen. sg. of a
noun preceded by do- they are treated in the later language
simply as attributive genitives: drechta dana dofuiling,
ZCP vi 46.4 . drong do dhaoinibh doitheaguisg, TSh. 554
(see Bergin, Ériu xii 229 ). Common with vnn.: dodingbála,
60 dodíla (díl), doḟaicsena, doimmthechta, etc. The usage with
u-stems varies: dochraid and dochrud (cruth). Nouns used
with do- to form nominal compds. suffer no change of
inflexion: dobás, dobert, doleiges (leiges; always doleigis
incurable), dúalaig (álaig), dolus, doṡolus, dobés and dobus
65(bés), domenma, donaidm, etc. With adjj., participles, and
verbals of necessity: dobíadach, dobuidech, doithcech
(toicthech), doerráidech, dothengthach, dombuilech (bailech),
doléir, doraid (réid), doáirmithe, doaisnéisi, dochreitte,
doguitte, domesta, etc.
70 Cf. 2 so.

1 dó xsee 4 dá.

2 dó Prep. DO with 3 s. m. and n. pron. to him, it , hence
stereotyped with force of adv. thither (but often folld. by
words expressing the destination): do .i. chuige; dho dhuit .i.
75chuige duit, O'Cl. tiagait dó, conlotar issin less, LU 11041
( Imr. Brain i 56 ). lotar dó, FB 66 . lotar dó co tech Dare,
TBC 98 . Commonly with ellipse of vb. and followed by do
(rarely ré n-) and pers. pron. usually to express loosely motion
onwards or away (= Eng. off, away); the destination may or
80may not be named: dó duit do tig, a L. off with thee home,
SC § 20 . do duit . . . il-longphort fer nErend, TBC 1893
(= colla, TBC² 1523 ). dó duit-si connice, TBC 1418 (erigh-si
cuice, v.l.). tó duit-siu connici sain, 90 . to rouind duit-siu
on with thee before us, 1159 . MR 178 . do damsa go Fíngin
85 away with me (bear me away) to F., TBC 4290 . dó rūn co tech
Conaill, LL 110a40 ( RC xiv 418 = dó romaind, 422 ).