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dligid vOn the forms see Bergin, Jn. Celt. Stud. i 183 ff . IGT
75 Verbs § 35 . Cf. also § 18 .
In O.Ir. the general meaning is (a) is entitled to, has a right
to, is owed (as a debt), passing into the kindred sense (b)
deserves, merits . The construction is: dligim x do y I am
entitled to x (thing) from y (person); y owes me x; I deserve x
80from y ; the corresponding pass. being: dlegair x do y x is due
from y. With Lat. dative (hence Ir. DO): dlegair discipulis
orare, Wb. 26a32 . In Mid. Ir. DO was confused with and
ultimately supplanted by DE, the prep. being felt rather as =
Lat. de, cf. Thes. ii 347.41 : amal rodlecht de misero as (much
85as) was due from a poor fellow
.
I Act. (a) With DO: dligim ní duit I have a claim on you
(refers to quod . . . mihi debes), Wb. 32a20 . ní asriad do
feichemain rodligestar ní do who had a claim upon him, Ml.
36a29 . meni dlessad fhíachu do neoch unless some one . . .
owed him debts
, TBC 2988 . lind rodlecht rí Lagen do ríg Ua C.
5 ale to which the king of L. was entitled from the king of Uí C.,
Thes. ii 347.34 . Without prep. : dligsius Feradach F. possessed
it as a right
(obj. `bith'), Rawl. 116c20 ( Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 7 ).
síl . . . notlessad ríge forn `that would have a right to reign over
us
', Fél. 132.30 . iss mé dliges fiachu, BDD 70 . gébat-sa a
10tech issin ní nondligim I will take the house in requital of what
is due to me
, 73 . ní dlig laech a enecland dia mbé i n-ecmais
a arm no warrior is entitled to honour-price, TBC² 1671 . a
curathmír do Loegairiu uair iss é nondlig, FB 14 . ni dligthi
comardad fris you have no right to put yourselves on a level with
15him
, 41 . in rí ac ná bia sin uile | ni dlig āirim rigraide, Arch.
iii 223.26 . merendo pretium stupri .i. dligid si fiach a saothair
(explanation of `merdrech'), Corm. Y 140 . bargen trichat
ungae . . . dlegait in bráthair im nóin, Ériu iii 102 . ni dlig
demun dilgud, Laws i 8.23 . magh bec as na dlig giall out of
20which he is not entitled to a hostage
, 82.10 Comm. indlighid don
fechemuin . . . troscad . . . um ní nar dligustar, 88.22 Comm.
dlegait beich iii bliadan suire bees are entitled to three years
exemption
, iv 164 . cidh urrunnus nodleisead int athair don
coibche whatever share of the nuptial present the father might
25be entitled to
, 60.24 Comm. dleaghaid Muscraidi trian cach
turchairthe dochuirfead tond hi tir, Lec. 126b36 . dleaghaid
aigidh a riar guests are entitled to attention, Hy Fiachr. 40 .
dodligh Ua C. an marbadh ísin i ndioghal mharbhtha a
dearbhrathar O'C. had a right to slay (him), FM v 1770 .
30Folld. by dependent clause: di mnai . . . dlegtae a mbreith
for otrus who are entitled to sick-maintenance, Ériu xii 30 § 37 .
dligim a lethid sud do rada `I have a right to say such a thing',
RC xix 144 . ni dleagaid a ngabail a fhiadnaisi they are not
entitled to be accepted as evidence
, YBL 142a52 . dlegait flaithe
35fonuaslaicter a ngella chiefs are entitled to the redemption of
their pledges
, Laws iii 24 .
With pers. obj.: ail dún descin ríg nondlig the king who has
a claim on us
(i.e. whom we serve), Met. Dinds. ii 36 .
Absol.: sech gach baili a ndligim every stead in which I
40have rights
(?), ZCP xii 387 .
Folld. by DE: dligim dít-su .i. marbad mo chomcheili I have
a claim on thee, namely, for the slaying of my comrade
, RC iii
184 ( LL 122a46 ). atat ar commáine fair . . . dlegmait de ar
foirithin we are entitled to help from him, Hib. Min. p. 65 .
45 millsen dliges rī Caisil dib, Corm. Y 140 . nach forbech dliges
rí Locha Léin de Chorco Tri, ZCP viii 316 . corr in bass do-
dligis dind shapely the hand which we owe Thee (of the hand of
Christ), Arch. iii 243 § 23 . an rí is damhna an rígh arís | dá
mharbhnaidh dím do dhleisdis, Bk. of O'Conor Don 260a27 .
50 má dhligheann tú éinní dhe, Philemon 18 . Cf. also Luke vii
41 , xvi 5 , where the prep. used is probably de.
Folld. by ó: (of a wound) ni dligh focruic leada on fir
fodadfich is not entiled to (i.e. does not give the injured party
a right to) payment of the leech from the man who inflicts it
,
55 Ériu xii 16 § 19 . croidhe eile dhlighim uaidh, | an croidhe-si
uaim do bhris, Dánta Gr. 50.3 .
(b) deserves, merits: ni dlig digail he does not deserve punish-
ment
, Wb. 4c23 . ni dligi bennachtain, Goid. 180 . dligid ecna
airmitin, Tec. Corm. § 15 . dlegat péin ┐ damain forru, PH
60 4076 . dlegat onoir ┐ oirmitiu mor (leg. oirmitin móir?) doib
(where doib refers to subj. of verb), 1505 . dlegait tríst ar
techt ó Chríst (men) deserve a curse when they depart from
Christ
, Met. Dinds. iii 12 . ni radligiusa diultud frim i Tem-
raich, LL 51b9 . nach tuc as acht drong do dligh he brought out
65only those who deserved it
, Ériu iv 118 . ón dammain dliges
tria chomchétfaid n-imarbais, RC xxv 242 . ernifes do chách
amal dlé, 248 . is mo . . . m'indirgi inas mar dligim logad
(= quam ut veniam merear, Gen. iv 13 ), Lec. 531a31 . dlighidh
gach maith a luaighidheacht, TSh. 4875 . Folld. by DE: ni
70holc rodlecht dím do ben no evil hath thy wife deserved of me,
Met. Dinds. iii 388 . By ó: ni dlegait fiach o Dia o nach do
doniat saethar they deserve (earn) no recompense from God,
ZCP iv 389 . do dhlighis achmusán uaim, KMMisc. 346 .
II Pass. dlegair x do y (a) x is due from y; y owes x, (b) x is
75 required of, is incumbent on y (where x generally a vn. or
clause). In O.Ir. the construction is felt to be personal, as is
shown by the use of pl. form; later it comes to be impers.,
esp. in cases of type (b).
(a) ní dlegar ní duib gl. nemini quicquam debeatis, Wb. 6a24 .
80 manud dlegar ni do gl. si aliquid . . . debet, 32a18 . dlegtir
féich dúib you owe debts, 4a10 . cia no-dlestá miach óir do
cech ḟir díb though each man of them should owe a bushel of
gold
, TFerbe 31 .
With DE: ni dlegar cimbid dim c[h]iniul a captive is not due
85from my tribe
, TBC² 2142 = dom, TBC 1579 . imin mbiadh
a ndlesta in cumul de for which the c. would be due from him,
Laws ii 268 Comm. Absol.: i ndlegur no na dlegur in cin
whether the debt is due or not, Laws ii 52 Comm.
(b) dlegar dom I am bound to, ought to; absol. it is due,
right, necessary: dlegair domsa precept do cách gl. debitor sum,
5 Wb. 1b8 . dlegair do comalnad ind huili rechto gl. debitor est
universae legis faciendae, 20a12 . dlegair doib ministrare gl.
debent m., 7a8 ; 13a17 . dlegair do neuch attlugud buide do Dia
gl. debiti est, Ml. 55a7 . a coic cach lae d'fhiss . . . dlegair do
cach intliuchtach, SR 262 . ised dlegur don aite in marcuigucht
10do munadh dho, Laws ii 156 Comm. ised dlegair don rig
cuindrech cáich, PH 4099 . mar dlegar don cleir in chuing,
Hy Fiachr. 240 . go ndleaghair dhúinn bheith i n-oirchill ar
an éag, TSh. 886 . With depend. clause: dlegair do flaithaib
donimairget cach dib it is incumbent on princes to levy, Laws
15 iii 20 . dlegar don rig nach derna fell, YBL 168a15 . Absol.: ni
dlegar accubur inna ndrochgnimae, Ml. 90d11 . dlegair ón con-
dib inducbal do Dia aní as inducbal dia muntair, 90b13 . dlegtair
samaisci móra bale na bít tairb heifers must needs be big where
there are no bulls
, IT i 72 . nico dlegar tuaslucud for feoil
20 there should be no relaxation as regards meat, Mon. Tall. § 51 .
dia peccaige i nDia dleghar a chlochad, PH 2749 . do foill-
siugud in neich dlegair do dénum hi tempul Dé, 4533 . ni
dligther snámh a mhúnadh dhóibh muna raibhe uisce a
comhfochruibe there is no obligation to teach, Laws ii 156
25Comm. ní dlegar coindmed do dénum . . . forru, BColm. 64 .
ní dleaghair cion staire do thabhairt ar a scríbhinn, Keat. i 56 .
dleagur an fual do toghairm isna tedmannaibh so, 23 P 10,
29a33 . Perf. (esp. in chevilles): feib rodlecht as was due, SR
1301 . fuair a aidid, mar rodlecht, Met. Dinds. iii 6 . ruc uan
30degrand mar rodlecht, LL 153b15 . iar n-imarbus doib nir
dlecht, Lec. 533a32 .
Folld. by DE: dlegair duin (nó dín) dul do'n glan-rúin, PH
5216 . mna delbda . . . a ndermat ni dlegar dím, LL 137a12 .
ni dlegur de a foirithin he is not bound to give him relief, Laws
35 ii 58 . airlisi . . . ni dleghar de dire `is not entitled (amenable?)
to a fine
', 70.25 (III (c) ?). dlegair de a crod uile do breith ind it
is required of him to bring
, iv 20 Comm. cach comaithech asa
tir dotroich, dlegar de a glanad, Corm. Y 1082 . ni dlegar dím
acht oen-ailgis isind lo sa I am not bound to grant more than
40one request
, RC iii 179 . dlegar dínn ar n-imcaissin do thimor-
cain, PH 6869 . is ed dlegar dib-sium co rocharut he-sium,
4098 . do chinn tslōighidh nāch dlecht diobh to which they were
not bound
, ZCP viii 116 (dlecht?). ni dlegar dim gāi do rād,
Lec. 84b15 . malairt do dligheadh dínne the exchange I should
45have made
, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiii 3 . ní dleaghair díom scéala do
thabhairt duit-se, Keat. ii 6347 . a mharbhnadh ní díom
dlíghear | ním ollamh re oirfideadh, Ó Bruad. ii 150 .
With AR, ó: dlegar ar in dar[a] fer ni dlegar on alaile it is
required of
, Laws ii 272.22 Comm. In follg. cases there is an
50ellipse: erlam grind [is] manach min . . . combrugaid is
deorad De | uadaib dlegar apdaine it is from these that the
office of abbot should be filled
, ZCP xii 385 = gabthar, Wortk.
212 ; cf. ZCP ix 470.7 . is o Muscraidi dlegar ollam i Caisel
dogres, Lec. 126b41 .
55 III In Mid. Ir. dligid is often used in act. voice in sense
ought, is bound to, owes , a meaning developed from above use
of passive, but which is implicit in some cases (esp. in neg.
sentences) which strictly belong to I: ní dlig comraind
curadmír the champion's bit is not entitled to division (i.e.
60should not be divided
), FB 68 . trí dorchae ná dlegat mná do
imthecht into which women have no right to go, Triads 100 .
dligid óg eladha it is the part of a young man (to acquire)
learning
, ZCP vi 261 . hiteat sin lín dath dligius cach cochull
oiffrind ann, LB 108a62 .
65(a) Of moral or legal obligation ought, is bound to, must; in
late texts the condit. is often used of moral obligation (cf. Fr.
il devrait): an t-ollamh cuinghes gach ní . . . dligidh a bhron-
dadh amhail chuinghes, ZCP viii 109 § 3 . ni dlig ollamh
ainbfeile, § 2 . cecha marbt[h]ar diobh . . . dlighid a íoc rí
70Temrach the king of T. is bound to pay for him, 116 . dligid
na righ . . . besa . . . do mhūna da gclannuibh, Ériu v 132 .
dlighidh seanchaid seneolus na n-airdrigh d'aisneis, MR 96 .
dligid eascob oirned crismad coisercad, Lec. 341a49 . dligid
in fili gorob feallsam the f. ought to be a philosopher, 313a25 .
75 ní sinne dlighus Eireannaigh do chabair, CF 241 . dlighidh
eól ar uile chumhachtuibh connsuineadh he should have
knowledge of
, IGT Introd. 2 . ós ann dhlighim biad (bead,
MSS.) dod réir since it is my duty, I will obey you, Content.
xiv 5 . gurab eadh do dhlighfidís smuaineadh, TSh. 153 . go
80ndligheann sé a choguas do bheith glan aige he ought to have
a clear conscience
, Eochairsg. 36 . níor dhlighis mo dhíon you
were not bound to protect me
, A. Ó Dálaigh xxvii 8 . gan rún
bréige . . . do dlighfeadh triath Banbha breagh ought to be
without
, Bk. of O'Conor Don, 255bz . Of logical necessity:
85 laidaightur an teas nádúrdha acu . . . dá réir sin dlighid bheth
meta consequently they are necessarily timid (of inhabitants of
hot countries), 24 P 3, 172.14 . ca dobheir gach uili allus ar
bíth co ndlighenn sé blais sailti do bheth air why must all
perspiration have a salty taste
, 173.24 .
(b) Impers. construction: is aire sin nach dlig a lecud ass it
5is not right to release him
, PH 2817 . da marbad De gin cor
dlig though it was not right, Arch. iii 245 . Breaga ┐ Cuailgne
. . . ni dlig a ndearmad, Lec. 356b8 . cūisi eile rothógbattur ar
aird as a ndleisiod a mharbhadh for which he ought to be killed,
TFrag. 170 . is maith do dlisfidh a n-ulc do denam, uair is
10adbul a n-ecoiri it would be quite right to do them injury,
TTebe 2628 v.l. (amae dlestis, text).
(c) Owes, with DO of creditor: dligid cech rí réil | ēric Nēill
ón Nás every king of N. owes Niall's eric, KMMisc. 272 . cert
cech ríg . . . do chlannaib Neill . . . acht triar ni (ná, v.l.) dlig
15cert, 260 . dlestis sin onoir ndeolaid duit they would owe thee,
Fen. 358 . an gradh do dhlighmíd d'ar gcomharsain, Donl. 80 .
Similarly in pass., O.Ir. dlegar x do y x is due from (owed by) y
coming to mean x is due to y: im cert cach fenneda .i. cach set
dlegar don fennid, Laws i 206 . dlegar d'Ultaib (dlegait
20Ulaid, LL) tabach gēill it is the right of the Ulstermen to levy,
KMMisc. 272 . dlegair do lind locha Léin | athchomarc, Met.
Dinds. iii 260 . dleaghair do shluagh shíol Luighdheach |
sreathnughadh cath sluagh Muimhneach, Keat. iii 3074
(poem). Rarely with DE: nach airlisi . . . ni dleghar de dire
25`every "arlis"-enclosure . . . is not entitled to a fine' (?), Laws ii
70 (II (b) ?). ag seo in glacc-sa a nguin do glaicci, | a maic De, mar
dlegar dit as is due to Thee, Arch. iii 243 § 24 (construction due
to rhyme with ícc?).