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dílmaine n iā, f. (dílmain) (a) licence, liberty (of acting or being
acted on in a certain way), freedom ; in strict sense of Lat.
75 licentia, corresponding to dílmain (a) that which is allowable:
d. ¤ aisndísen (gl. relationis licentia), Ml. 93d12 . Hence in
rhetoric: d. ¤ ráid .i. in lestar usci do rád (instead of: in lestar
cosin uisce), Laud 610, 92b2 . d. ¤ labartha (one of the 16
elements to be mastered in acquiring the poetic art), IT iii 29 .
80(b) freedom, detachment; exemption or immunity (from an
obligation or impost), corresponding to dílmain (b): folld. by
gen. or prep., or used absolutely: Mon. Tall. 145 . O'Dav. 726 .
file nach dron dechraighfes | sochur dochur d. ¤ | drécht cech
tíre the advantages and disadvantages of the immunities enjoyed
85by the people (?) of each territory
, ZCP iv 237 = BR 236 .
BR 80.8 . diolmaine do cios ┐ eraic, RC xii 70 § 40 . Laws ii
142 n.; 266.17 (text). dithim ┐ dilsi co dilmaine, i 210.27 .
co nd. ¤ , 258.17 . dílmaine maic di gaire a athar exemption
of a son from caring for his father
, ZCP xv 339 § 30 . nach
duine dobera a gell i ndilmaine ` absolutely' (?), Laws v 422.11 .
5( O'Dav. 725 ). As attrib.: teist Chathail F. . . . ar cech
nduni ndilmaine, LL 149b6 ( free, unattached, independent?);
In moral sense: i nd in chrāis freedom from gluttony, PH 4945 .
d. ¤ ón domun detachment from the world, ZCP iii 453 . dēes a
fail d. ¤ sloth beside (spiritual) detachment, 450.13 . Hence
10absol. freedom from occupation, leisure, idleness (influenced by
dímaíne?): ferr drochdán d. ¤ better any trade than none,
Thurn. Zu Ir. Hdschr. i 16 . tabram ar túarastail tabrum ar
ndílmuine | do Rígh na rígh let us give both our labour and our
leisure
, ZCP viii 216 . By extension i nd. ¤ idly, in vain , Celt.
15Rev. x. 26.8 .

dílmainech n o,m. (dílmaine) dílmuineach, m., IGT Decl. § 22 .
free-lance, hired soldier, mercenary, soldier: do ghabháil deisi
dilmhaineach eile dobhí fan finghail two other hirelings, AU
iii 596 . báttar a dó nó a trí do chédaibh diolmuineach ar an
20turus sin, FM vi 1882.5 . ochtar diolmaineach do Gearal-
tachaibh, v 1854 . Dabhucc diolmain . . . cenn ceitherne ┐
diolmhainech connacht, iii 602.8 . dlighidh an díolmhunach
dá nidh do bheith aige ria ndul i gcath dhó, Eochairsg. 37.22 .
i n-aghaidh dhíolmhaineach Críost (= contra milites Christi),
25 TSh. 7062 . an díolmhúinech láidir | do sciob a phríosúnach
uim cháisc a broid an chuithe (of Christ), Ó Bruad. i 22 .
diolmhanach `a souldier ', Eg. Gl. 206 .
As n.pr. applied to one of the Dillons, a Norman family
settled in Ireland: In Dilmuinioch .i. Emand . . . dhéc, ALC ii
30186 . pl. Diolmhainigh, Keat. iii 5778 .

dílmainecht n ā,f. (dílmaine) freedom (?): nech genes hi Sathairn
. . . bid mor a hordan . . . dīlmaineacht beathad dó he will have
a privileged life
(?) (`he will lead a licentious life'), ZCP x 226.12 .

dílmaines n m. (dílmaine) (a) compact, agreement: indiu thuccad
35dilmainius aigthige (leg. aigthide) co cairdemail iter da rigda
in Choimded .i. iter nem ┐ talam, Todd Lect. vi 51 .
(b) freedom (of speech): ro iarr . . . diolmainius labhartha do
tabhairt dó, TFrag. 170.y . noco ragaib nech ceill for a
dilmainus ann lost all hope of freedom, BB 491b8 . Cf. Alex. 37 .
40(c) warfare: ní fhuil acht díolmhaineas i mbeathaidh an
duine (= militia est vita hominis), TSh. 2780 . mor . . . do
ghniom dílmhuintis, ALC ii 426.26 .

dílmainetu n t (dílmaine) freedom (from liability): dilmaineto,
inann ┐ libertas .i. saire, O'C. 262 ( H. 3.18 151 ). issed is
45bunad do dilmainiataid do radh fris, O'C. 1430 (641a).

dílmainid v(dílmain) makes lawful, allows: ní dílmuinnistair
Dia do dainibh . . ., O'C. 2241 ( Eg. 88, 17 (18)c ).

dílmainigidir v(dílmain) (a) is free, unoccupied: rondilmainaig-
set (gl. (videantur) vocasse, leg. vacasse), Ml. 76a8 .
50(b) permits, grants, forfeits: nech dilmuiniges a gell tar cenn
neich ┐ danic aithrige de ría trise, O'Dav. 725 (cf. Laws v
422.11 ). sed in termana ro dilmainighther fuirre, O'C. 835
( H. 3.18 382a ).

dílmainiugud vn. of dílmainigidir act of conferring immunity,
55 legitimating, making valid: secht rudarta . . . ┐ cumscaigter
a nd. ¤ , Laws v 314.y Comm.

? dílocht: n iar ndenamh a choibhsion gan díolocht fri a anm-
chairdibh `without reserve ', FM vi 2296 . Hugh Roe 324 .

dílochtaigthe adj(lochtaigid) faultless: díllochtaigthe .i. cen
60locht, Thes. ii 351.32 . d. ¤ .i. ni etar a loctugud, 33 .

dílogad x= dílgud: ní far chóir díloghadh dúin, IGT Verbs ex.
988 (§ 118) .

díloiscther xsee do-loisc.

dílse nlater also dísle iā, f. (díles) dísle, dílse, f., IGT Decl. § 3 .
65 Abstr. Nouns § 46 . that which is proper to, inherent in, due or
belonging to, hence
(a) propriety (i.e. fitness, peculiar applicability, to), passing
into notion of appropriation; ownership, possession (of), right
over (freq. with obj. gen. and prep. DO of appropriator or
70owner): asagnintar as nduine . . . intan asmberar uirgilius
assagnintar assin doacaldmaiche tre dilsi, Sg. 29a3 . dilse
cimbeto a captive's due, Thes. i 484 . cach biad cona dilsi,
cona somilsi, cona slāine . . . (sei) eigenes (nicht gestohlen),
ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ( Laws ii 232 ). fiach . . . cona focal ┐ a dilsi ┐
75a dilmaine, Bürgschaft 15 § 51a . athgabāil sēt con-imcloī
dilsi (.i. a. gabur imin set ┐ imar claechlo a dilsi . . .) distress
from `seds' which have changed ownership
, Laws i 246 . frithe
fairge . . . a dilse uile d'fir frithe sea-waifs become the property
of the finder
, v 334 Comm. a dilsi do lucht in feruinn cusa
80tárlu é (of a sea-waif), i 204 . rucus tuinede la fer n-ecoir . . .
[Ba] deithbir ar nī bbuī dīlse na aititiu la fer for n-ecrad right
of possession
, ZCP xv 346 § 37 ( Rawl. 113b20 ). corosgáid A.
im dilsi in maige sin do ┐ moa ainm fair entreated them to give
him the right of ownership of that plain
, Dinds. 69 . tabair-se
85dilse mo chríche féin damsa, SG 321 . dobreath . . . saer dilsi
Muigi mac nErce do is da cloind co brath, Lec. 270a36
asbert M. nach tuc disli a fearaind acht do C. nama (imdillsi,
v.l.), Ériu viii 175 . dorat Écubu lándílsi na hingine dó full
possession of the maiden
, TTr.² 1891 . dorat a ogdilsi fein cona
uile maithius dó, RC xii 332 . baile biataigh do iodhbairt don
5C. . . . it iad slāna na hoghdhilsi go brath, Cadhla Ua D. etc. ,
`sureties of that perpetual gift
', FM 1176 . Isell C. do cennac ar
dilse do Cormac . . . ó h. Flaithnen was purchased in per-
petuity by C. from Ua F.
, CS 1089 . co dardad dilsi fērgleithe
co ceann mbliadna, Laws iv 130 . Almu . . . do lecun do ar
10dilsi, RC ii 90 ( LU 3198 ). dilsi fogla ┐ airgni cathrach na
hE. . . . do tabairt do dona hectrandaib the right to plunder and
destroy the cities
, CCath. 762 .
Hence with subj. gen. property, right, claim: tanic atuaid
. . . do thabairt dilsi Gormlaithe ar ecin ō Lagnib, LL 52b15 .
15 freedom, right over one's own actions, emancipation (?): bean
nā fuil ac fir ┐ do nā tucad a dilsi, Laws iii 292. 20 Comm. do-
rónsam dílsi chennaig frit: latsu 'na rucais linde 'na rucsam
we made an appropriation of exchange (i.e. a transference
in perpetuity), thine what thou didst take; ours what we took
,
20 PH 3217 . feibh mar fuaras dílse an sgéil, | dobhérad díbse
a n-iul the truth of the story, O'Gr. Cat. 540 . tenn do denam
dind ni as ten . . . is dechned iar ndilsi sin genuinely (?), RC
xx 152 . ní dechned iar ṅdilsi tormach sillaibe, 150 . dotuit
i ndilsi: dorochair i ndilsi di conid nomen di pudicitia `it
25has fallen into propriety to her
' (i.e. become her special name),
Sg. 29a8 . anni nognathaigheth cāch . . . dorochair i ndilsi do,
Hib. Min. 168 . direnar in fer uadaib uile, no do rochrathar
uile i ndilsi they have all fallen into the right (of compensation),
Laws iv 178.21 .
30(b) forfeiture . This meaning arises out of (a) in cases where
a transference of property is implied, the ownership being
forfeited by one of the contracting parties. The follg. instances
from Laws illustrate the transition ( ó being used of party
which loses, and DO of that which gains possession): mad ro
35achtaig cin ar ┐ ro hairedh, is dilsi in air cona ṡīl, Laws iv 132 .
biaidh dilsi cacha athgabala do eclais and the possession of
(right over) every such distraint goes to the church (i.e. is forfeited
to it
), v 256 Comm. is dilsi a fiach uad `he forfeits the debt' (lit.
`it is forfeiture of his debts'), i 114 Comm. dilsi a gill on thi
40dobeir a geall his pledge is forfeited (lit. the forfeiture of his
pledge) by the man who
. . . v 188 . dilsi a fiach ōn fir doghni an
acra, 310 Comm. When land is seized unlawfully: cach ní
berar do techtugadh a dilsi dfir bunaidh, iii 148 . dilsi n-airme
`forfeiture of the stock', iii 148 . d. ¤ in ratha, ii 270 . dilsi a
45cotach frithgnuma on adaltraidh, 366 . mleth díchmairc i
mmuiliunn mrugḟir, cóic séoit ┐ dílse mine melar díchmairc,
Críth Gabl. 239 . trí diubarta forsná íada d. ¤ `on which forfei-
ture does not close
', Triads 149 . lánd. ¤ do cach láim la fíachu
`full forfeiture for every hand with fines' (? one of the duties of
50a ruler), Tec. Corm. § 2 . druim risna drochgráduib, dílsi
gach acabair renunciation of all desire, ZCP viii 215 . imba ar
ndilsi co n-ar claind a mainche duit shall it be forfeiture of
ourselves with our children into your service
? Anecd. i 41 .
nech imrét ech i ndomnach, dílsi a eich his horse is forfeit,
55 Ériu ii 204 . a caīrich do dīlsi hi llomrad glassenguirt na
rīgna (judgement of Lugaid m. Con), ZCP viii 311 . Note: ni
teiged bem i [n]dilsi na [i] ndilmaine uad in vain, TTebe
2526 .
(c) security, pledge, warrant: tucad Pátraic inna dilsi, RC
60 xxxvi 264 ( Rawl. 86a3 ). cach fiach co dísli, cach disli i láim
rātha, Arch. iii 227 . cach altrom co d. ¤ , cach d. ¤ co rún, 228 .
nói ngrad nimi . . . is iat dilsi lúagi lemmthair | dúani Crim-
thain `they are the securities of the price vouchsafed for C.'s
poem
', Ms. Mat. 491 = LL 45b35 (or pl. of díles?). dodechaid
65Osraighe i ndilsi fri Leth Cuinn entered into suretyship for
(`allegiance with'), AU 858 . rígh Osraighe do bheith i nd. ¤ fri
L. C., FM 857 . dobersa dō . . . ┐ doberar Caelaind Craibtheach
fris na dilsi I will give him (land) and C.C. shall be surety to him
for it
(?), YBL 174b39 . ata C. a ndilsi fris fein ┐ fri a ḟearand,
70 44 . ceithre báis breithe: a breith i ngó, a breith cen dílse . . .
(.i. faoi omhan gan árach), Triads 244 .
(d) loyalty, fidelity (cf. díles loyal), common in later lit.:
issed is dóennacht, dílsi ┐ diute, tua ┐ trebaire, LL 294a34 .
d'fiachaib ar Dh. umhla is dísle do choimhéad do R. to be
75obedient and faithful to R.
, Keat. iii 5116 . ni raibhe dísle ag
duine d'eis Chumhail d'Fionn, 3 B 14, 39 . ní fríth . . . neach
. . . do rinne dísle dhoiséin, 41 . ní chomhall sí d. ¤ dhamh, A.
Ó Dálaigh xxx 3 . i n-aghaidh mo dh. ¤ dhuid | m'faghail is
tríbhse tánuig, TD 14.147 . ar derbdilsi a thinōil ┐ ar lān-mēt
80a maicne on account of the loyalty of his assembly, BB 426bz .
iar ttabhairt . . . chánóine Patraig dhóibh im dilsi dhó having
pledged their loyalty to him on Canóin P.
, FM 1196 . go mbí
fearg Dé rinn tré pheacadh an tsinnsir nó go bhfaghthar linn
d. ¤ , TSh. 4084 . a ró d. ¤ ag díon gach ḟir, Content. xxx 2 .
85(e) security, safety: da bhfaghadh arthrach fria himluchtadh
┐ dilsi fria dul ┐ fria techt security to come and go (?), Caithr.
CC § 61 . geallaidh disle no ionniollus (= securitatem pollice-
tur), 24 P 22, 142 . dísli Dé fuair ré a uaisle peace of God (?),
3 C 13, 939 . fágbhaidh cnuas d'ísle san ḟiodhbhaidh | nár
dhísle thuas d'iomdhaidh éoin that there was no safety above
5for the bird's resting place (lit. that it was not safety
, cf. 22.6 ),
TD 29. 120 .
(f) The follg. exx. perh. belong to a different word, cf.
IGT Decl. p. 39.8 : gan ingin righ . . . dho lamhachtain druine
nā dhilsi nā dheghlāmhda `to work embroidery or to practise
10charity
(?)', Caithr. CC § 3 . co faccadar na tri hingena ac
denam a ndruinechais (a ndruine ┐ a ndísle ┐ a ndeghláma,
Fr.), Acall. 7321 .