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1 díles adj o,ā (pl. dílsi, -e, dísle) (dí- + les). Also dílis (somet. =
15 -ius). Lit. `excluded from remedy' (see Críth Gabl. pp. 83 - 84 ).
I Legal senses. (a) forfeited to (DO); given over (to), set apart
(for); belonging by imprescriptible right, not subject to claim:
diles tochur do fir puirt `what is cast ashore is the property of
the owner of the shore
', Laws iii 424.13 . Cf. murchuirthe dílse,
20 Tec. Corm. § 1.27 . dilis do ceilib ┐ dia comorbuib seoit
turcluide . . . acht frisḟognat a flaithe, Laws ii 262.1 . is dilus
trian na set iar necaibh na flatha don ceili a third of the `seoit'
become the property of the client
, 14 . it dilsi dō seoit a mec (of
the father of a `mac ingor'), iii 58.3 . fer fodgaib frith mbech
25hi rud . . . is diles do suidiu, `it is his own lawful property', iv
194.25 . a leath naill is diles (i.e. when a fraudulent contract
has been knowingly entered into), iii 6.26 . ní diles ni do berar
ar uathbas, iv 268.25 . ni dileas ni gen airilliud without something
in return
(?), 58.1 . secht taburta la Feine . . . ata dilsim
30. . . duas teachta do file which are most usually beyond recall (?),
212.2 and 17 Comm. is dilis cia tartaigtar doib i n-a coibce is
theirs by right
(of women whose marriage has been dissolved),
292.18 . Also in non-legal texts: in Bethfáge . . . bale bec . . .
d. ¤ do gres do shacartaib (viculus sacerdotum), PH 4426 . na
35drochdóine atta dílsi dá cech ulc given over to, 4191 . saoilter
le gach gadaidhe | nach dilios nech sa cruine, ZCP i 121.17 .
Used attributively of landed property: tucsat Túath Dé,
digraiss deilm, | ferand d. ¤ ar degseinm `land in fee', Met.
Dinds. iii 438.6 . fead trichad cét Muirthemne dobói d'ḟeronn
40dílis aicce ind-Ulltaib, Ériu i 126.11 . mar dhúthaigh dhílis
`his property for ever', Keat. iii 5043 . flaitheas Dé, is dúthaigh
dhíleas do, TSh. 7145 . As subst. Flann Cathrach dár gealladh
do dhíleas (addressed to Cathair Dhúin Iasc) perpetual possession ,
Keat. Poems 1529 .
45(b) With ó forfeited by, irrecoverable by: seoit uil itir sochaide
andsin, ┐ in ti ro rec a cuit de is dilus uad he (of property held
in common), Laws iv 56.12 (Comm.) . is lais in athair a oenfer
in coibchi sin ┐ is dilus in ben dono on ti dia tabar `the woman
is forfeited by the person by whom it is given
', 60.22 Comm. ni
50fetatar sil Cuind ar mad leo (sc. in tír) is aire nar bo diles
uaithib fri re trir handed over by them (?), i 68.30 Comm. am
dílessa uadsom afec[ht]sa (a fega, LL) `I am lost to him now',
RC viii 62.4 . ? an carragc-sa . . . nī d. ¤ hí ō ríg Fer Tulach `it is
their own special property, free from the King of F.
' ( Corr.
55 p. 140 ), BColm. 52.20 .
(c) not liable to penalty, immune from legal consequences:
d. ¤ cach rochóem, indles cach ndíchóem damage to any very
precious article is immune from liability, to any ordinary
article involves liability
, Críth Gabl. 222 . d. ¤ a osolggud di
60maich to open it (sc. an enclosure) from the outside does not
involve liability
, 210 . conid dileas a marbad . . . iar nelod cirt,
Laws iv 180.9 Comm. oghdilius cach nanrachtaigh .i. is slán
in gataide do marbad i n-uair dénma na foghla, O'Gr. Cat.
79.14 . anocht as dīleas mo ṡlad | ō nach maireann mac í
65Néill, KMMisc. 354.3 . Note also: secht mna ada dilsi ina
frithigib (classes of women injured through their own misconduct,
and who therefore cannot sue for compensation),
Laws v 272 . ro disligheadh na daoíne | ní maith druim ré
céd-aoíghe | ba hí breth na mbrethiomh nglan | a mbeth
70diolus fa na (leg. fa a) ndiultadh (i.e. their deaths need not be
compensated for owing to their own wrong action), Duan.
Finn i 18 § 25 .
II General senses. (a) belonging, own, proper, appropriate:
ni pa díless duit aní hitái `that in which thou art will not
75belong to thee
', Wb. 5b38 . in derbchland, is dilis do Pátraic
ó chomḟuilidecht, Trip.² 718 (= propria est consanguinitate,
Lat. Lives 38 ). ina ḟolaid d. ¤ (= in propria substantia), Lat.
Lives 97.13 . Aed . . . ainm dīles Chumin, Fél. clxix 1 (i.e. A.
was C.'s own name). ainmnigestár cach fer fo leith cona
80anmaim diles fein, RC ix 490 . ised logh flatha nime | do
chach a cridhe diless, Ériu ii 228.2 . eneclann, arindi clantar
i n-inc[h]aib duine do neoch bess dīleas do bēodil ┐ marbdile
belonging, Corm. Y 531 . mac diles Diabuil (of Cain), SR 1964 .
rosgab cess | dia fechtaib o tir d. ¤ from their own land, 3446 .
85 Iessé cen dimess díth, | ba athair d. ¤ Dauíd, 5712 . ainm dílis
gacha druimmni, Anecd. i 33 § 61 . ní gonfaitis mac a rríg
dílis fodessin, TBC 707 . laarg do righ ┐ d'filidh, crochet do
sai litri . . . dorecmaig a dligedh diles do chach, IT iii 188 § 10 .
conérne in rí . . . | ar cech dán a míad d. ¤ , Met. Dinds. iii 20.264 .
inna berlu shaindilius `in its own several tongue', Ériu ii 142
5§ 156 . tairm . . . na n-uili uisci ac tuitim . . . ina n-inadaibh
disli féin arís, RC xxviii 310 § 2 . ó a mbailtibh bunadh ┐ ó
a n-árasaibh dísle, ML 102.5 . figuir ḟirdíles in chon sin, Alex.
434 . sollamain diles in athar nemda (i.e. Easter), PH 3608 .
brighi disle in leighis `the proper virtue of the medicine', O'Gr.
10Cat. 234.13 . as e a mitald diles in t-iarand ┐ a la diles an
Mairt (of those born under Mars), 24 B 3, 102.29 . tabartar
gach leighius ina cás diles fen let each remedy be applied in its
own appropriate case
, 3 C 19, 76ra3 . tré nar gcoirthibh dísle
féin own, TSh. 5932 . dá mbeith gant eagh ndíleas aige, 5711 .
15Contrasted with coitchenn: ata cuid da chomharthadhaibh
so coitchionn ┐ cuid eile diles special (of fever symptoms),
3 C 19, 19vby . is diles an t-uisci cedna a n-aigid na fiabrus
nger appropriate, 23 O 23, 30b37 . cailleach diles a true
(genuine) nun
, Lib. Flav. ii 17vb8 . aisneis d. ¤ cen fhigurdacht
20`a genuine narrative free from allegory', PH 5653 . fa roinn d. ¤
diongmála correct , BNnÉ 258.12 .
(b) permissible, lawful, prudent (?): is diles don duine in
n-ám bias a chorp a ngill ris biad bec beras ó ghorta in tráth-
sin he, a buain do duine chonaich, PH 7548 . Eoin aca sen-
25moir nar d. ¤ d'Irúaith ben posda a derbrathar do bheth aici,
3 B 22, 97a3 ; cf. ZCP vi 289.17 . ni biadh sil na comarbadha
dilsi dia n-es lawful heirs, ZCP iv 390 . ni dílios duinn a dhul
leisan mac so `it would be unwise for us', Ériu v 170.114 . ni
diles an aithrigi do cur ar cairdi, 3 B 22, 29b7 . ni oil cumachta
30ac nech ar indtind an breitheman do claenad on cert acht a
breith mar bus d. ¤ , 3 B 22, 32a12 . ní dilis na neithed ata a
n-agaid na trocairi do iarraid, 24b2 .
(c) Of people faithful, loyal, true, trustworthy: nīr uindes dáe
ba dīlse .i. nī facas duine ba tairise, ZCP v 489 § 12 (B. na f.).
35 a baruna dísle, Fier. § 69 . im beth diles tairise dib, IT ii2
126.120 . air an bhainphriunnsa dar chóir d'E. a bheith d. ¤ ,
Rel. Celt. ii 170.24 . is díleas inn dá gach fhior, DDána 101.32 .
ag congmháil na bréithre dísle (the faithful word), Titus i 9 .
aithin dona daoinibh dísle iad (= Lat. fidelis), Eochairsg.
40 14.15 . is díleas Dia, TSh. 263 = atá Día fírinneach, 1 Cor.
x 13 . turnaethe dísle, TSh. 7145 . an roba disle . . . do
shaighdiuiribh `most loyal', FM vi 2060.1 .
(d) sure, confident, reliable: nach dlighid bheith roidhíleas
dá naomhthacht ná dá n-ionnracus féin, TSh. 3515 . is é
45gnáth-smuaineadh an bháis chorpardha tearmann is dísle
againn dár ndídean ar bhás na hanma, 7654 . is iomdha fós
comhartha dileas d'á dhearbhadh gurab í ár n-Eagluisne an
Naomh-Eagluís chatoilice, Eochairsg. 2.10 .
(e) Of objects perh. firm, strong (usually alliterating): go
50cnappib dilsi deligthi, TBC 5337 ; cf. Acall. 5808 v.l. ropa
daṅgen in dindgna ┐ rapa d. ¤ in dénta, LL 227a30 ( TTr. 739 ).
co n-amdabaigh do scíathaib delighti disli, Acall. 5159 v.l.
léibeanna disle daingne dlúithe, Atlantis iv 178.1 .
Compar. is disliu detsiu . . . quam ildis `belongs rather to
55thee than to them
', Mon. Tall. 160 § 77 . cad fá bud disli don ré
eclipsis do chur ar an ngréin iná do Uenir, O'Gr. Cat. 247.31 .
Superl. dilsim, Laws v 212.2 (see above).
Adv.: asse inad na ndeamhun co dilius an t-inadh sin (of
the body) properly , Lib. Flav. ii 16vb15 . go díleas (= pro-
60prie), Keat. ii 5866 . tuigter na heaslaintidhe so go dilius trid
an bhfual exclusively, particularly , 23 K 42, 140.4 . oir ní
dilis gradaiges nech anní nach fuil aici truly , 3 B 22, 14a20 . ag
labairt go d. ¤ properly speaking, 3 C 19, 23ra20 .

2 díles (subst.use of 1 díles) (a) private property, possession: ni
65bíd nach diles ic neoch díb nemo ibi sibi quicquam proprium
habebat, Lat. Lives 92 (= RC ii 392 ). mórán do daeinib . . . do
rec a ferann ┐ a selba ┐ a n-oigrechta ┐ do-beridis a luach dona
hapsalaibh da tabairt don coitcenn ┐ ni lamdais fein diles
neich do beth aca acht an coitcenn oir is as do-geibdis a riach-
70tanus a les uile, 3 B 22, 26av . ní bíodh d. ¤ etir acca acht
inneoch dogheibhedh dobeiredh do bochtaib . . . , SG 19 ;
similarly RC xii 340 : tri cét manuch gun nach (sic leg.) diles
ag nech dib; Anecd. v 5 (= Alex. 935 ): ni gaibem forba nach
diles isin bith. Temair Breg . . . d. ¤ Néill, Ériu iv 92 . diles gac
75enduine a eidhrecht, RIA MSS. Series i 51 . ro gaib a righi
do dhiles co brath do féin ┐ dá chloind, Todd Nenn. 192 .
comad le fein do dilius an ferann do idbair dhó, Lism. L. 980 .
(b) possession: do bhronn bith-d. ¤ na Midhe do Hugo is da
ṡliocht 'n-a dhiaidh, Keat. iii 5399 .
80(c) property, characteristic function: ase as dilius don luibh
so (Germander) oibriughadh a n-aghaidh easlainte na seilge,
23 K 42, 383.13 . Of symptoms preceding crisis: madh follus
comurtha in dileghtha rompa so, ┐ a ngluasacht do ueith la
diles in ḟaoithighthi, criochnuighter in faoithiugad cum
85maithesa, 3 C 19, 271vb25 .
Contrasted with ruidles on one hand and coitchenn on the
other (gramm.): caiti ruidhles ┐ diles ┐ coitchend indles isna
deachaibh? Ruidhles doib a n-anmand fein do rad friu amal
ata dialt. Diles doib dialt do radh fri cach n-ai dibh air is
dialt duformaidh gach n-ae dib for araili. Coitchend doib
5deich do radh fri cach dib. Indleas do dhialt immorro deach
duna seacht ndeachaib ele do radh fris, air ní fil alt and,
Auraic. 773 . See also 833 , 841 , 848 .