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A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U


55 dano encl.particle, of unknown origin in spite of ZE
1005, n. 3 . Perhapsda-no,da-nu,cf. co-nu ACC 66 ,
nu, ib. 11 , and BB 318 a 33 :dā .i. da nui insein; daniu,
Cambr. (modelled ondidiu?daniu:danu=didiu:didu);
niuthe dative ofníin Mil seems a late form and should
60not be compared. It is worth noticing that in the Old-Ir.
Glosses on St. Augustinus' Enchiridion 85 a ( CZ vii 485. 6 )
Lat.denuois glossed bynuu. The oldest meaning ofdano
is that ofdenuo` anew,again ' (e.g. MT 149. 26 ). All other
meanings arose from this.
65 AOLD-IR. Usually writtendā=danoordana.
daniu Cambr. 37 d .
daneu Cambr. 38 a , 38 b .
danoin full, Wb 5 c 12 , 5 d 23 , 9 c 10 , 32 c 2 ; Mil
43 a 22 .
5 donoin full, Wb 2 d 10 , 8 d 5 , 7 d 16 .
danain full, Wb 5 c 18 . Elsewhere alwaysdāin Wb.
danau Mil 37 a 8 .
The 8th century MS Cín Dromma Snechta haddā.
BMID.-IR. Usually writtendā, as in Old-Ir., anddō.
10 danoin full, Laws i 26. 22 ; 28. 17 , 25 ; 242. 18 .
donois the usual form in the Laws; alwaysnó dono;
(nó dō); in full RC xi 446, l. 55 ; Laws i 236. 20 (cid dono);
Death-tales § 4 ; LFl. 16 a 1 . 2 .
donain full RC xi 444. 1 .
15 danain full, ScM. 17 ( IT i 105. 5 ), H 3. 18 ; TE 13 ( IT
i 127. 4 ), Eg.danasupported by the rhyme Acall. 3852 .
dāa RC xi 444. 1 f.b.
dōo Laws i 8. 1 .
denuin full RC xii 72 § 44 , Harl.;dē, ib. 86 § 93 .
20 doná FM iii 34. 3 ; 34. 14 ; 38. 10 ; 40. 6 ; 48. 11 ;
TFr. 8. 15 .
Syncopated forms:
dnoin full, Thes. ii 308. 5 (Preface to Fiacc's Hymn;
butdā 307. 4 , 9 .); ib. 325. 7 (Preface to Ultan's Hymn,
25Franc.). Laws i 112. 1 ; 220. 8 - 16 ; v 368. 9 . CC § 2 LU (v.l.
dā). TBC 3756 ( LL 86 a 37 ). LL 34 b 31 (:rempo). BB
109 a 20 ; 353 a 31 ; 296 b 51 ; 322 a 14 , 19 , 21 , 22 (most
frequent in this MS). Hib. Min. 15 (l. 51 , 58 ); 18 (458) ;
40 st 3 (Rawl.). RC xii 100. 1 ; 108. 1 (Harl.); ib. 108. 11 ;
30 92 § 122 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 58 § 12 ; 72 § 43 . CZ iii 227. 21 (Harl.);
249. 10 ; 228 § 3 ; 237 § 27 . Arch. iii 2. 5 . Anecd. iii 25. 16 .
dā=dnosupported by the rhyme, LL 8 a 39 , 144 a 9 .
dō=dnosupported by the metre, Arch. iii 297 st 60 , H. 3. 18.
dnain full: Laws i 20. 7 . RC xiii 377. 8 (H. 3. 18),v.l.
35 dā. ScM. § 19 Harl.,v.l. dā. Cog. 160. 25 . TF 148. 11 .
FM i 470. 10 f.b. ; iii 110. 17 ; 118. 1 .
d TBC(LL)2298 ; ib. p. 179 n. 3 (Stowe-MS). CZ iii
249. 25 ; 251. 4 . LFl. 26 b 1 . 43 . RC xii 66 § 33 (Harl.);
ib. 72 § 44 ; 74 § 53 ; 98 § 131 . Hib. Min. 15 (l. 53) , 18
40(l. 449) .
do RC xii 104 § 149 .
no(short `o,'cf.below;nó LL 90 a 3 = TBC 4318 ;
cf. norhyming withdó BB 297 b 42 ; writtenl- LL 55 b 27
= TBC 200 ): TBC(LL)437 , 2826 , 2835 , 2839 , 2911 ,
45 2914 , 2948 , 3167 (?), 3239 , 3647 , 3745 , 3753 , 3756 , 3885 ,
4241 , 4261 , 4305 , 4322 , 4332 , 4343 , 4355 , 4365 , 4392 ,
5018 , 6023 . CRR § 7 l. 9 ( LL 172 a 1 ), § 9 l. 8 ( 172 b 2 ),
§ 14 l. 5 , § 25 l. 6 , § 34 l. 2 , § 41 l. 4 , § 46 l. 7 , § 51 l. 11 .
LL 57 a 33 , 91 a 54 , 101 a 2 , 172 b 48 , 175 a 42 . BB 46 a
5019 , 269 b 51 , 297 b 42 (= IT iii 12 § 21 ). Laws v 368. 17
(?ar is ón no darcid inn[d]omon do duiniu).
There is no Mid.-Ir.†dni; for `dni' FM v 1552 read
didiu(dī, Aut. MS fo 87 a ).
Of the Old-Ir. formsdonoarose fromdano, asocusfrom
55 acus, under the influence of the u-shaded `n.' At the time
of the Würzburg Glosses dano was still kept distinct from
dono, the latter being used after interrogatives apparently
as an enclitic, without accent:ar cia dono, Wb 2 d 10 .
cepu dono, 7 d 16 .ce dono, 8 d 15 (cf. cid dono, Laws i 48.
6024 ; 54. 3 f.b. ).
The syncopated Mid. - Ir. formsdno, no retaining
`o' show that also in Old-Ir. the stress fell on the ultimate,
asdanostressed on the penultimate would have given Mid.-
Ir.dana. The Mid.-Ir. writingdenu( RC xii 72 § 44 ,cf.
65 dechum,debert) points in the same direction. Compare
also the writing doná in the FM. In poetry the accent
falls on the ultimate:
Acall. 3852 :mairg dadhair don luing dana.
nachasainic Tonn Chlidna.
5The syncopated form is often used in poetry for the con-
venience of the metre. It appears in several poems
ascribed to poets of the 11th and 12th centuries,e.g.
LL 144 a 9 :Almon rathuit artús dā (dnoleg.)
i nEtail ra Troiano.
10(a poem by Giolla an Choimdhedh Ua Cormaic of the early
12th century).
LL 8 a 39 :anmand tri mac Nemid dā (dnoleg.)
Luach Cessarni ┐ Luachro.
(poem by Tanaidhe Ua Maoilchonaire †1136;v.l. no BB
15 46 a 19 ).
LL 34 b 31 :i ndáil fer talman sund dno
[labrad](cf. l. 43 )lá is aidchi rempo.
(poem by Cúán O'Lothcháin †1024).
Further in a 10th-century poem from Rawl. 1 a 1 , Hib.
20Min. 40 st 3 :
fuilriud már guin dóine dno
ocus plág for pecthacho.
in Fingen mac Flainn's poem on the Fir Arddae from
the middle of the 9th century, Arch. iii 297 st 60 :
25 ní mandingentar dnodóibsium
dál ndrong ndelech.
and Imr. Máiledúinst188 :
atchitis dno (sic leg.) triasan tor sin forsin dorus
atreab nálaind &c.
30This brings us back to the time of the Codex Sangallensis;
whence it follows thatdno, though not occurring in any
MS older than the LU, belongs to the Old-Ir. period.—
Nowas developed from dno in Mid.-Ir. time. It seems
impossible to fix the date of this development accurately.
35The appearance of `no' in old poetry, as BB 46 a 19 , 297 b 42 ,
is no test, as no might be a late substitute fordno. The
fact that the earliest instances occur in the LL points to the
12th century. In Mid.-Ir. MSSdā,dno, andnogo hand
in hand. The spoken form wasdno, laterno; but the
40traditional writingdālingered on for centuries in the MSS.
Nois found in MSS from the early 13th to the 15th
century, when it became obsolete. The FM writedoná,
dana,dna, purely literary forms. In the Annals of Ulster
the particle does not in any form occur after the year 1204
45( AU ii 242. 2 ).
In Mid.-Ir. no syntactical distinction is made between
dā,dno,dna, andno. The particle is never placed at the
head of the sentence, but can, apart from this, occupy
almost any position within it. It follows stressed and
50unstressed words, and appears particularly often after
emphasising particles, a circumstance which contributed
to the syncope of the first syllable. It gives a certain
emphasis to the accented word immediately preceding.
The following is a synopsis of the most common positions
55of the particle:
(1)asbeir daniu ind apstol, Cambr. 37 d. torchratar no
muinter Fintain LL 91 a 54 .bemmini dano, Wb 9 c 10 .
mathidsom dano MT 138. 26 .dogénsa no CRR § 9 . (2)
abi mogasi dano, Wb 27 c 17 .(is) maith dano, ib. 33 a 5 .
60 bat roumal dano in fer sin MT 159. 2 .is ferr dano lais,
ní haurcuil dano laisMT. (3)issí dano, Wb 19 b 12 .
issed dano MT 136. 13 et pass. cipé no TBC 200 . (4)
(a)uait no CRR § 7 .dóib no TBC 3239 . (b)is samlid
dano, Wb 21 b 2 .etrunni dano, ib. 12 b 12 .forthusom no
65 LL 172 b 48 .uaimse no TBC 4305 . (5)is annsin dano
tanccatar BDD 151. 7 .intan dano, ib. § 162 .on uair
dano ronuc, Laws i 18. 11 . (6)a forbi tra dano MT 128.
7 . (7) after a noun in all cases except the vocative:
nom. in hilur dano asberr a rind hi roṡoithe, Sg 73 a 11 .
5 gabtha díberg dano la suide BDD § 41 .Diarmait dano
abb ĺa lais MT 153. 17 .acc. nicodoes mír feolai dano MT
129. 22 .gen. cend Ferchon Longsig no LL 80 a 44 .
bóisom ic fechadh a bhráthar no TBC 3885 .dat. do díb
lethaib no LL 175 a 42 .da saigid no TBC 4261 .
10 Dā,no(&c.) is a particle mainly employed in principal
clauses, though both in Old- and Mid.-Ir. it also appears in
secondary ones. Already in Old-Ir. often =didiu,trá. In
Mid.-Ir. MSS the interchange betweendā,dī,tra, andimorro
is quite common;cf.Windisch's note IT Glossary 467 .
15 dā LL 316 b 28 =dī BB 133 b 9 . Particularly common
isseddī=issed dā,nó dī=nó dō.
I adv Also,further, inaddition,besides,as well,too , as a
further point or circumstance tending in the same direction.
Often withocus,iarum,iartain,béus,olchenae, opp.cétamus
20 MT 136. 23 .
AIn the apodosis or main clause, preceded by a
subordinate clause expressing:
(a) comparison :amal gnís tra Crístin iustis...is samlid
dā gniith demunin filiís defidentiae thus, too, worketh the
25Devil in f.d.
Wb 21 b 2 .amal as hiress ronóib Abracham
nitat gnīma rechto issí dā robnóibsi it also has sanctified
you
ib. 19 b 12 .amal bete som i nimpudiu inna brithem-
nacte bemmini dano,ib. 9 c 10 .amal durígni inna gnímu
sechmadachtai dugéna dā innahí tairngir hisa todochide,
30 Mil 50 d 10 .amal it dá lebur fichet it dí litir fichet dā, ib.
2 d 2 .Cf. ib. 69 b 3 .amal as messe dudaforsat inna dúli
is me dā bæras mes firian foraib, ib. 94 b 7 .amal nách
forcenn libuir...ní forcenn libuir dā, Hib. Min. 22. 6 .Cf.
also:amal file oentid eter baullu coirp duini conroib óintu
35etrunni dā hore ammi corp Críst, Wb 12 b 12 .
(b) condition :acht robæquies et tranquilitas regibus
bieid dā dúnni a ndede sin, Wb 28 a 23 .dóecastar i mbí
hinun folud bís indib ┐ a cétnide. mad inun is óinrann dā
if it be the same it is also one part(of speech), Sg 188 a 6 .
40 madh tochus cin innrucus nama ┐ maith do dénum de as
letheineclund dono beos, Laws i 54. 3 f.b. Cf.also Wb
14 d 24 :intí dia ndílgidsi dalugubsa dā, where a relative
clause takes the place of a conditional one.
(c) time :o adcuaid...a ndorigeni Dia airriu de maid
45asbeir iarum dā arandathidisom di maith, Wb 21 d 11 .ho
imrordai nech didiu isind [ḟ]recdairc...in tairsitiu adchí
dolbthai dā iarum he also afterwards feigns it Pr. Cr.
64 a 1 .
(d) causeorreason :hore...adib cretmich infectsa
50cretmech dā for cland, Wb 10 a 6 .huare techtas nerta is
cóir dā iarum cobsaide oc díten a muntairai, Mil 85 a 4 .
(e) concession :v. V (a).
BIn principal clauses repeating the verb of the preceding
clause, with or without `ocus'; also,again . Type:dorochair
55Laimidon...dorochratar dā forgla ríg ┐ taísech na Troiana,
Aen. 18 .
(a) cop.:ishé som doradchiúir ┐ ishé dā as taidcricc it
is he also that is the ransom
Wb 2 b 9 .ished ón immurgu
as fíretis fír dā esséirgeomnium post sé , ib. 13 b 23 .is
60oc frecur céill dæ atáa (sc.mo chland) is occa dā attósa, ib.
29 d 6 .ropo do Dáil Chonchobair dosom ┐ rop ed dā do
máthair Brigte, Thes. ii 325. 4 .is misiu ém dorat...is me
dō rothairmisc TE § 13 Eg.ropa cridiscél dam cédamus
...ropo cridiscél dam dā...┐... MT 136. 23 .ba hamnus
65muirn na curud...amnus d an tarneuch ruboi and RC xii
98. 17 ;cf. Ériu v 238. 5 .conid desin...is de dno hence
also
RC xii 106 § 162 .indligid don fechemain apad...
indligid dō don bidbaid a élod sum im dliged, Laws i 114. 20 .
isé rothomais ótha esca co gréin...isé dō rothomais,&c. , ib.
5 28. 11 , 14 .
(b) subst. verb:cach genitiu dichoisin ataat indib in dí
chéill se sís. atá dā hi `sui,' Sg 209 b 29 .bátar Ulaid oc
ól i taig F....bái dā ben ind F. oc airiuc don tṡluag IT i 67.
l. 3 .atá...atá dā RC xiii 458 § 56 .ar atát foruis...atá dō
10forus, Laws ii 128. 19 .dáig atát na .uii. Mani...┐ atúsa
com thegluch no TBC 437 .atá limsa for M. buaid cluaisse.
ata limsa dā for M. A. buaid rodeirc BDD § 48 .
(c) other verbs:ut Paulus ait...ocus asbeir daniu ind
apostol, Cambr. 37d .rohucad airechas inna Rómæ co
15Constantinopoil. rucad dā a ainmm, Sg 174 a 1 .Cf. ib.
73 a 12 (in hilur dā=is in h.d).rodelb iartin dluma in
talman...rodelb dō na hocht ngaetha...rodelb dona datha
na ngaeth, Laws i 26. 27 , 30 ; 28. 5 .dorimchell (v.l.
rothairmcheall) rígusciu Hérend ria matain...toróchell (v.l.
20dorarmchell) dā prímlocha Hérend r.m. before morning he
had also travelled to the chief lakes of Erin
BDD § 155 ;
ib. § 95 .tarlaic...dosléicimse dā IT i 101. 16 .sadais ind
snáthaid fo thrí inda dernaind co toltnadar na trí srotha
folæ asind láim...saididsiom dā ind snáthat...co tultatar dā,
25 &c. ,he thrusts again the needle into her hand MT 149. 26 .
dorad M. ocht fichtiu bo don Choimdhigh. dorat dā baile
ic Drochat Átha AU ii 130. 8 ;cf.also 130. 6 .asbert...
asbert dā RC xi 450. 130 .dogníth side na harma...dogníth
dō L. soer na crondo...dugníth dno C. cerd na semonn RC xii
3092. 1 f.b. , 94. 4 .ícais an gilde den indel cétnæ...ícais d
an gille d.i.c., ib. 68. 7 .focres forrai dno dus&c....focres
forra d dus... ib. 72 § 44 .dorochratar a trí comlín leo ┐
torchratar no muinter F. LL 91 a 54 .issed atberat som
...asberat dā, ib. 125 b = Ériu v 212. 2 .is amlaid tánic
35som...is amlaid tánic in Mane Andoe no TBC 2826 .atbert
cend cach ḟir díb bara lííc ┐ atbert cend Ferchon Longsig
no bar lííc, ib. 2914 .táncatar rempo...et tánic no Fiacho,
ib. 2948 .rachúaid dóib...dachuaid dóib no,&c. , ib. 3239 .
Cf.also ib. 4299 - 4322 ; 2911 .atraacht C....atraacht trian
40slóig Ulad laisium no CRR § 34 1. 2 ; ib. § 9 (rogniad...
daronait dā).adorcradar som ┐ torcramar dō and we too are
fallen
Acall. 3174 .Cf. ib. 3399 (dō).roíarfacht didiu di
araile cidh dorala dó...roḟiarfacht dā dḟir aile in cétna, Cóir
Anm. p. 320. 6 f.b. genfidh ón ḟir sin ┐ ót ingin siu rígradh
45na hEtaile ┐ genfidh dō uaidib airdrigh na huili domun, Aen.
1519 .dochoncadar arna rindad fuath na Trai. rorindad
and dō dealb in chatha...┐ rorindad ind dō amal rochathaig
P., ib. 312 ; further exx. 256 . 326 . 477 . 568 . 1780 .gaeth
mór...rothrasccair railghi. rothrasccair doná sé fichit
50crann i nDoire C. C. FM iii 38. 10 . AU ii 192. 8 (dō).
CIn principal clauses introducing a new predicate with
or without `ocus.'
(a) the sentence introduces an additional action or
condition of the subject of the preceding clause, the subjects
55being the same:robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forro
leusom ┐ roptar inducbaidiu de dā apud Deum, Mil 47 a 17 .
dobir cros dit sailiu for óchtar do chinn ┐ dogní a tóirand
sa dā .U. fort chiunn, Thes. ii 249. 4 .rochúm [Día]
in firmaimint imacuairt uime (sc.in talam)...rodelb dō iartin
60dluma in talman, Laws i 26. 25 .in mét dona fuil ó
thalmain coruice suide (sc.in firmamint) issed dono fuil ó
thalmain sís co fudomain ifirn, ib. i 28. 18 .rofiarfaig
iarum don corrguinech dús cia cumang gonanacair...
imcomaircidh dno den deogbori... RC xii 82. 1 .Amenicán
65imráidim ┐ dno cóin innláidim, Arch. iii 2. 3 .
(b)dāintroducing a new subject and a new verb. The
sense ofdābecomes more emphatic, the statement being
strongly marked as additional to what has been said before:
further,besides,moreover .cum manu sapere plena fuerit
5.i. norapere fit in aliis libris┐ ismanusdā bís indib, Mil
36 b 2 .inna aithissi dombeirtis som fornni batir athissi
dā daitsiu a Dæ, ib. 90 d 17 ; ib. 40 a 15 .dagnítis dā int
Ṡabindai aní sin, Sg 28 a 10 .sed etiam in accentibus,gl.
biid dā comaitecht ceneuil do chenéul i naiccendaib, ib. 75
10a 7 .is and ba hadaig for feraib Uloth. feraid snechtae
már foroib dā(dnoLU) CC § 2 , ib. § 31. 4 .ní déntar ceth
crosfigill...etar dí nodlaic. mathid som (i.e.Maelruain) dā
and salmu aurnaigthe do chetal MT 138. 26 .canir dā
biad fri aitherruch aidchi lúoin. cantir dā salm aurnaigthi
15aidchi ndomnaich...fogní dā ailli mési laissom (i.e.Maelrúain)
aidchi lúoin, ib. 131. 6 - 9 .is ferr laisiom dā he thinks it
better, moreover
ib. 161. 29 .is ferr dā lais, ib. 147. 27 ;
similarly:is aurchail lais dā, 164. 14 .ni haurch. d.l.
143. 18 ; 161. 26 ;cf.also the common phrasesissed dā
20is chóir (is maith, is dóig) la (or issed i. c. lais dā), ib. 134.
11 , 16 ; 148. 8 ; 161. 21 . Other exx. 136. 13 ; 143. 2 , 3 ;
161. 13 .—fochairt iarom for tech nand ... imarnic dō fri
oclaig naile RC xi 4461. 50 .birt roth leis ond óclaich...
dobert dono uball dó, ib. 4461. 55 .ar ba fáith si dā she
25was also a prophetess
ib. 4481. 81 .inor aodhar imbe ised
dē uchtlebar, ib. xii 86 § 93 ;cf. 72. 19 .ronaisceatar
fomoraig a cíos for Érinn...dobretha d na trénfiræ a
foghnam dou, ib. 64. 1 .┐ atrubairt dā in fer cétna riss and
moreover the same man said
BDD p. 152 .dorónsat
30baindea muiridhi dia longaib ┐ roiadh dō mórṡluagh na R.
do leith tíri, Aen. 2348 .dorala dō olc ele and moreover,
another evil happened
, ib. 484 .loisccthear Slicceach leo.
romarbad dana mac Corbmaic FM iii 362. 9 .tucsat
ár for gallaibh...domilltea dō Laigin leo AU ii 164. 7 ;
35 130. 8 .
D Often in the sense of `too' (`also') immediately after
nouns and pronouns (or emphasising particles): domini,
quod iustum est seruis praestáte...et uos dominum habetis
in caelo .i. abi moga si dā atá for coimdiu i nnim ye, too,
40are servants
Wb 27 c 17 .cid sisi dā ronfitid ni, 15 c 28 .si totum corpus oculus, ubi auditus, gl.bid corp són dā
that, too, will be body, 12 a 27 ,cf. són dā, 18 d 2 , 25 c 11 .
duber som ainm fíno dun pláig duber[r] for nech( 77 d 3 )...
duber ainm fína dusuidiu dā he gives the name of wine to
45that too
Mil 77 d 4 .uetustissimi...`plerus plera plerum'
(solebant proferre), gl.robói són dā leo this, too, they had
Sg 75 b 4 .ruc som fuil ṁbic uaimse no from me, too TBC
4305 , 4318 (nó).corocherddainse no mo búraig ferge that
I too may
LL 176 b 26 ( CRR § 41. 4 ).dober comermitin
50féid fris fessin ┐ fri deacht maic dā do dóinacht mac, Mil
127 d 10 - 11 .cum Clemente .i. dalte Petir. rachomalnastar
sede dā he, too, had fulfilled it Wb 24 a 37 .Conchobar
dā (v.l.dō) hissuidiu inna charput...eirrid Uloth olchenae
inna carptib...Bricriu dā (v.l.dō) leo CC § 1 .birt macc.
55laír dā (v.l.dō) bói i ndorus in tige trogais dá lurchuire,
ib. § 3 .in pendit...a dénam doa macc accus a sétig dā
do pennait that his wife also should do penance MT
163. 18 .Diarmait dā lais, ib. 153. 17 .atá i rriagailib
ailibh dā cosmailius fitta in other rules also, 156. 17 ;
60 138. 36 ; 151. 6 .gid iat Greic nomtairsidh romuirfidis
me. Troianaig dō ad buidin bidbudh dam the Trojans,
too, are a multitude hostile to me
Aen. 458 . —In phrases
like the following:isin chath sin dno robenad a láṁ
de Nuadaid RC xii 58 § 11 , the particle goes with the
65preceding noun (pronoun) and may be rendered bysame.
bói cath for Scathaig isind aimsir sin dō fri tuathu eile
at that time also, at that same time ib. xi 448. 4 f.b.
is inntisin dō táinic hEoan in that same year AU ii 192.
10 .sluaghadh la M...┐ is foran sluaghadh sin dā
5romarbadh hua hInneirghi, ib. 128. 9 .isin bliadain sin
dō táinic mórgaith adhbuil, ib. 192. 5 .is annsin dā
tánccatar dá prímmucaid Eterxel fón doiri at the same time
BDD p. 151. 7 . —Compare also Wb 6 b 25 :omnes enim
stabimus ante tribunal Dei, gl.aratá brithem and cenutsu
10.i.deus. ishé side dā as éola and, wheredāseems to
emphasise the reference toDeus.
EOften in enumerations without a verb; espec. in the
Laws and in the Annals (to introduce a new entry).
cethruimi fair ar sellcecht...cethruime dona...cethruimi
15dono, Laws i 242. 12 .lethchumul dno ó fethemuin...
lethchumul dno ó bidbuid...cumul dno...┐ cumul dno...,
ib. i 220. 8 - 16 .impudh Uladh dā for Ua L....crech dō leo
for Uib Bresail AU ii 146. 17 .crech la Nial...crech eile
dō, ib. i 582. 13 .maidm for Connachta ria feraibh Breifne.
20maidm dana re Connachta for f. B., ib. i 520. 14 .sloghadh
la M...sloghad dā la D., ii 82. 4 ; 88. 18 ; 128. 12 ; 186.
21 .ithé mo thrí indroscc. giallnai do Scathaig...muinterus
dā frimsa dadaich,&c. RC xi 450 l. 127 . FB § 28 .Cf.the
12 times repeated `cia cléirech dā' BColm. 102. 15 - 103. 11 .
25 F ní (ná, nách)...dano nor...either, like Germ.`auch
nicht.' ní lour in bendachad...ní lour dano in nebmal-
dachad auch geniigt nicht nicht zu fluchen Wb 5 d 23 .ar
ní cumuing side dā imfogbaidetid ná lánamnas manip tol
apud mulierem, 9 d 18 .nihil enim intulimus in hunc
30mundum, haud dubium quod nec auferre quid possimus .i.
ní béram ass dā, 29 b 15 .et uos, domini, eadem facite
illís .i. nachiberpid si dā ibar cumachtu, 22 d 6 ;cf. 3 a 14 ,
9 d 5 .amal nad frescat bás inna cethrai ní bí dā cida
fresciso in báis etir lasna dóini so, Mil 69 b 3 .ní díltai dā
35(sc.Priscianus) in cétbuid nísin leugnet auch nicht Sg
201 b 10 . Compare RC xii 68 § 36 . MT 129. 22 ; 131. 22 ;
143. 15 ; 145. 19 ; 160. 4 .
G nó dano, nó dono, nó dno( BB 323 b 7 . Laws i
112. 1 ),nó no( BB 35 b 7 ) = emphasisednó, often inter-
40changing with simple `nó.' or,or else .Synon. nó didiu,
Fél. Oeng. 2. 13 . PH 7082 .nach dú immurgu inimfogni
fri foxlid nó fritobarthid dā wherever it is construed with
the ablative or dative
Mil 27 c 10 .nó dō (v.l.nó itái.e.
ita), Arch. iii 293. 16 . Very common in the Laws to
45introduce a new and different opinion.dogabar eneclann
do neoch a dualgus a dhána...┐ nocha faghbar a dualgus
a chinn...nó dō go fathar eneclann dó a dualgus a dhána
┐ in chinn aga nderna uirrned, Laws i 62. 2 f.b. senchus
dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō a `sen'
50fil ann is ónní is sensus, ib. 34. 28 ; ib. 36. 2 ; 40. 7 ; 68. 5
f.b. ; 96. 17 : 106. 35 ; 108. 5 ; 112. 1 ; 128. 17 ; 130. 7
f.b. ; 188. 7 ; 228. 9 ; 250. 4 (no dō cena); 274. 1 ; 296. 1 ;
ii 22. 18 ; iv 8. 10 ; 12. 20 ; 256. 8 f.b. —Aedh Uaridnach
.i. uara idna tigdís dó...nó A. Fúaridhnach...nó dā uara
55tigdís dó, Cóir A. § 121 ; ib. § 142 et pass. PH 5719. 5720 .
5654 (dō).
H ocus danooften only an emphasised `ocus':rupu
accubur leu etergne mu chumachti ┐ rusmbói dā, Wb 33 a
11 .ocus dō fon cóir cétna cidh adultrus dogneth, Laws
60 i 56. 8 f.b. aile dano:ainm naild dō din tibroid sin
Loch Luibe RC xii 96 § 126 .Imroll aile B. E. ainm aile
do no TBC 2835 .
I amlaid dano thus, thusalso :is samlid dā, Wb 12
c 46 . pronomenhi foirciunn indib. robu samlid dā robói
65`modi huius ' hi tosuch, Sg 203 b 5 .is amlaid dō
doroimsi in ferta, Arch. iii 30 § 83 .sic dō, Laws i 114. 28 ;
ii 244. 14 .
Jin secondary clauses:is torbach du popul flaith
firian leu .i. amal as ṁmaith dund flaith fessin dā, Mil 90
5b 11 .adcondairc...nombíth forcleith leo dā for tabairt a
coibsen MT 135. 19 .curo ícuit in cin dō, Laws i 60. 11 ,
&c. madeadh asbersa...madead asber dono , ib. i 8. 1 .
II Therefore,then,accordingly,itaque, et ita, igitur
both in principal and secondary clauses, drawing a conclusion
10from what has been said before. By the Irish
themselves translated byergo, igitur, ita (locus ergo, locus
igitur, sic igitur, no ita( Arch. iii 293. 16 ) =loc dā, amlaid
dā, nó dā). Common in the Glosses, esp. with imperative
and in prohibitions, but rare in all Mid.-Ir. MSS.— (a) si
15autem spiritu facta carnis mortificaueritis uiuetis, gl.ní bo
líach dā a marbad killing them therefore were not regrettable
Wb 4 a 12 .is irlam ind anim do thuil Dée. todiusgadar
dana ind anim do dénum maith let the soul, then, be roused
to do good
ib. 5 c 18 .similiter et uir sui corporis non
20habet potestatem sed mulier, gl.nách móided dā in fer
infechtso hi cumachtu, 9 d 18 .do óis anfoirbthiu tra
asrobrad insin. ná bad anfoirbthi si dā arnáp,&c.,be ye
not imperfect, then, lest
, 12 d 26 .ní derlaichta a pecdæ
doib acht duratad dígal forru. cenotad maic si raith dā
25ma imroimsid ní dílgibther duib, 33 b 8 . Further exx.
from Wb:9 b 10 . 11 b 4 . 13 a 4 . 15 a 5 . 19 d 21 . 28 b 17 .
—interrogemus igitur:imchomarcam dā, Mil 18 a 1 .—
vetustissimi tamen et `altera utra' et alterum utrum'
solebant proferre, gl.daeltais dā foa dá nóg inna genitin
30 they used to decline it then according to its two integrals in
its genitive
Sg 75 b 3 .Setum pro Zethum, gl.biid dā
sethvsproz. Sethus then is for Z. ib. 184 a 1 .derbaid
cenél dā i suidib aní remitatét what precedes them, then,
certifies the gender in them
, 197 b 5 .Cf.further 38 b 8 .—
35 ní diṅgne su mo lessa afechtsa. is ferr let in fer ucut
toenur. biat marb so dā (v.l.dna) limsa RC xiii 377. 8 .
(b) in a weakened senseutpote, nempe, nimirum; vide-
licet;namely, to wit, that is to say, introducing an explana-
tion or conclusion, like German`nämlich.' non enim per
40legem promisio facta est Abrachae aut semeni eius ut heres
esset mundi sed per iustitiam fidei, gl..i. dorairngred dā
rombad oirdnide a chlandut `in semine tuorl.'( Gen.
xxii 18 )it had been foretold, then, that his children would
be distinguished
Wb 2 c 12 .ut et ipsi misericordiam
45consequantur, gl.bidmisericordiadano dodaessarsom nípa
meritum intan creitfite it will be misericordia then that will
save them when they shall believe: it will not be m.
ib.
5 c 12 .Dei aedificatio estis secundum gratiam Dei quae
data est mihi, gl. Pelagius: non secundum meam uirtutem
50.i. is per gratiamcotofutaincsi dā it is p. g. that he upbuilds
you then
, 8 c 16 .Dei et adorent eum omnes angili .i. it les
dano indaingil, 32 c 2 .dico...quod idolum sit aliquid?
.i. ní ní dā in tídol the idol, then, is not anything, 11 b 11 .
Further instances: 10 b 19 . 12 d 12 . 12 d 21 (in secondary
55clause:arna tomontis dā). 13 a 30 . 16 d 3 (?). 25 a 29 .
27 c 34 . 29 a 28 . 29 d 1 .
Here also Laws i 74. 9 f.b. :in uime rocuiris tech
andso ara tabhairt uait fecht naill? in uainn tucadh dō
ar sé was it from us, then, it was taken? and Death-tales
60 26. 3 :ticed Celtchar da tír ar Ulaid. ticed dā ar Con-
chobar let him come then.
IIIVery common in progressive description or narrative,
indicating temporal and logical sequence: then,accordingly,
so,upon which,thereupon,now . This usage arose fromI,
65the original sense ` further,again ' being still perceptible.
(a) type:perge ad Columbam. dochóid ón dā`go
to Columba
' (said Satan).So he went MT 154. 17 .ercc
co Comgald co ruccæ breith fort. dochóid som ón dā,
ib. 154. 9 .fó duit cia nocotailtea. lasodain dona luig
5Fergus ina charpat ┐ contuil`it would be well for you to
take a sleep.' So Fergus went into his chariot and slept
,
Laws i 72. 22 .telcar (sic leg.) issin tech hí. tánicc si dā
issin tech BDD p. 155. 9 .rotficbam co port i mbia
innocht...dotaet dā reompa (v.l.téit iarom), ib. § 40 Eg.
10 raráidsetar fir Hērend ri Tamun étgud Ailella do gabáil
immi...ragabastarsom no étgud nAilella immi TBC 2839
( LL 79 b 30 ).raráidset...ri Mac Roth techta go Slíab
Ḟúait...táinic Mac Roth reme no go S.F., ib. 4241 .asmbert
Domnall nadmbai fóisitiu forcoitil Conculaind conrissed
15Scathaig bói fri hAlpai anair. nalotar dā...tar Alpai
RC xi 444 l. 34 .asbert fris búi glend már ara chind.
oentsét coel tairis...luid dō in sét sin nísin, ib. 446 l. 60 .
Cf.also:rofaoidh días do thaisccéladh forna slóghaibh...
dochódar sidhe dni (sic) go mbattar i ttréchumaiscc na
20slógh FM v 1552. 1 f.b.
(b)indicating progression in general.dothaet Conaire
do saigid a harm...┐ gabaid glés nimberta a arm forsna
díberga...tofuitet dā sé chét lais BDD § 143 .bátar trí ríg
...oca urnaide seom...conacces som dō rout forsa mbátar
25 then he was seen ib. § 14 .dolluid (sc.Derbforgaill) anair
irricht dá géise ┐ a hinailt co mbátar for Loch Cuan.
amail robói dā Cuchulainn ┐ Lugaid laa and conaccatar na
heonu, Ériu v 208. 3 .dosrat a sním mór slóig na nG.
umman ní sin ┐ rotimairgit dā maithi na nG. cusan rí
30imon caingin sin, ib. 146. 6 .dorragab som iarum ind
praind iterum. robói si dā for suidiu co cend mbliadna
MT 149. 24 , 29 .rucad iarum do muliund Ratha Cathair
fa dí ┐ foremthes a bleith and...dochuaid dā timthirid
Brigdi in tres fecht then B.'s servant went a third time
35 Thes. ii 335. 33 .scaraid dā Bricriu friu iar sodain
FB § 11 .ó dochóid tar Alpi ba brónach do díth a choiceli
anais dana desuidiu ó roairigestar RC xi 444. 1 f.b. ib. 444.
1 . TBC 2298 .dochótar immurro uile iarsin co Telaig
hUa nD. co ndernsatar ossad mbliadna ┐ fir Muman.
40dodeochaid dō Domnall ar fút Connacht dia thig where-
upon D. went home
AU i 90. 23 .táinic Murchad cu
nUlltaib cucu ┐ tucsat taelcad doib. romebaid dō for
Gallaib, ib. i 192. 15 ; 138. 18 , 19 .
(c)introducing a new event or indicating transition to
45an entirely new subject:now, nowas to,as for .as ar
chenél cruche adrímther in coicsath. filus trechenélae
martre daneu adrímiter ar chruich now there are,&c.,
Cambr. 38a . ib. 38b .ba cara do Patraic hé (sc.Dubthach)
...luid dā Patraic fecht co tech in Dubthaig sin now P.
50once went to that D.'s house
Thes. ii 307. 9 .nó is
Brenainn dorigne in nimmun sa...locus ergo mare tempus
ueroDiarmata. tánic dā B. co Brigit now B. came to
Brigit
ib. 324. 21 . ib. 324. 1 .intan dā robói Macc Cecht
fora áltaib isind ármaig conaccai in mnái sechae now when
55M. C. was lying wounded on the battlefield
BDD § 162 (the
preceding four paragraphs do not deal with M. C.). ib.
§ 163 , §165 . RC xii 108. 1 .cid Tuath Dei Dononn d
derochratar go már isin chath now as for the T. D. D. they
lost many men in the battle
ib. 58 § 12 ; ib. 66 § 3 ; 74 § 53 ;
60 108. 1 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 92 § 123 ; 72 § 44 ; 100. 1 ; 104 § 149 ;
102. 11 .isé dō cétní rotheip Dia asin maisi .i. in talam
now the first thing which God separated from the mass was
the earth
Laws i 26. 22 (at the head of a new paragraph).
dia té dō bidbuid i ndeaguid a athgabála tar crích now if
65the defendant
,&c., ib. i 220. 19 . ib. 18. 11 ; 28. 23 . In the
following exx. from the MT dā stands at the beginning of
an entirely new passage:mad doairle sale dā ind láim oc
praind imberar usci leosom iarum now if spittle falls on a
man's hand
, 142. 14 .intí dā arbir bith oss nallaid...non
5manducat,&c. ,as to him that eats the flesh of a wild deer,
he must not eat (any other flesh until the Easter following)
,
146. 8 ; ib. 128. 1 , 7 ; 156. 23 ; 160. 15 ; 162. 8 . Very
common is the following type:teclaim ubald dā dia
domnaich...ní fogni leusom now as to gathering of apples
10on a Sunday, it is not allowed amongst them
ib. 145. 17 .
gille dā nó timtirid ní hécen aithrigi di suidiu as for a
servant
, 142. 1 .aos tróg dā nád ebat amail cách now as
to invalids
, 147. 19 ; so also 153. 3 ; 161. 1 ; 162. 1 .
Mane Mathramail dā .iv. fichit déc fo churp a ndíbergae
15 as for M. M. BDD § 42 .filedha dana robátar isin indsi
si...nicon bíth lóg enech la cach fer díb noberedh gubreth
now as to the poets, not a man of them had honourprice
who passed false judgment
Laws i 24. 28 .in file dō
cunnuid forcruid duaisi...as a letheineclunn dígbus uime,
20 ib. 58. 17 ;cf. ib. 62. 11 f.b. ; 30. 14 ; 22. 11 ; iv 50. 1 ;
v 368. 9 .—Cf.also:araile ancarae robui hi Cluaoin maic
Naois...hé dā hi luibri galar now he was infirm with disease
MT 155. 5 .slógad la Domnall i nUlltaib. Ulaid dō i
Craib telcha i llongport AU ii 62. 8 . Here also the
25common phraseloc dā as to the place(of the hymn),it was:
loc dno Duma ṅGobla, Thes. ii 308. 5 , by the Irish them-
selves rendered by `locus ergo (igitur),' ib. 324. 20 .
IVIn commentaries, glosses, or explanatory notes repeat-
ing the word or phrase which is to be commented on. Syn.
30 tra, didiu( Cóir A. § 225 , 226 ; RC xi 442. 18 ; BColm. § 6 ).
┐ Raith Guthaird a loc, comm.:Raith Guthaird dō is airi
atberur as to R. G. it is so called &c., Laws i 2. 8 .senchus
dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō is óní is
sensus ciall, ib. 34. 26 .Colmán macc Daráne. Colmán
35mac Daríne dō .i. siur máthar do Cholmán Dairíne, Fél.
Oeng. p. 172. 31 .Mo Senoc Mughna dā .i. M. darbile
mór,&c. , ib. 258. 15 .Luighith dna .i. Hith robo lughu na
athair, Celt. Misc. 2. 1 .Daire Fine dā .i. duar ḟine, Cóir
Anm. § 68 . Also in parenthetic remarks:Fiacc Sleibte
40dorónai in nimun sa do Patraic. in Fiac sin dā mac
eside meic Ercha now that F. was son of Mac E. Thes.
ii 307. 2 .Cf. BDD p. 153. 16 . RC xii 108 § 163 . BB 318
b 34 .
V However , (a) in concluding sentences after a preceding
45concessive secondary clause. Syn.camaiph.cia fudama in
firián ní du imnedaib hisin biuth frecndairc sóirfithir dā in
céin naili dā(onedāis superfluous, but both positions are
allowed)he shall, however, be delivered the other time
Mil 68 d 14 .ciasu du Duaid adfiadar isin titul immeairc
50són dā Ezechiæ though it is to D. that it is ascribed in the
title, it is suitable, however, to E.
ib. 72 d 9 . Withcamaiph:
ciasidruburt frit tuas `alter utra'...robói camaiph la arsaidi
`altera utra,' Sg 75 b 2 .
(b) however,but ; the addition introduced bydāis
55opposed to what precedes:intan conucbad in nél nobíth
immun aírcmigrabant filii Israhelhisuidiu. intan dā
nunanad in nél hísin nogaibtis som dúnad hisuidiu when,
however, that cloud used to rest
Mil 83 a 4 .aimrit imorro
Dairíne clannmar dō Sanct a siur but her sister S. was
60prolific
Fél. Oeng. p. 172 § 31 .co fil in firmamint na
trénbrat gemnaide im talmain co trí nimib ┐ co trí nime
impi. in .vii.mad imorro rocertad i trí nimib. ní hé dō sin
sosad aingel this last, however, is not the habitation of the
angels
Laws i 30. 2 .benaid M. C. a chend dond ala fir
65...robói dā infer aile oc élúd ass the other man, however,
was fleeing forth BDD § 157 .issed as cóir...arnáchad-
fercaigthersu (sc.frit gilla). manatfercaichther frit gilla dā
if, however, you are angry with your servant MT 142. 9 .
mani chaithea dā feoil if, however, he does not eat flesh
5 ib. 146. 14 ; ib. 159. 38 .bói N. oga uothras ┐ dobreth láim
nargait foair lioa D.; nír uo maith d liaa mac sium this,
however, did not please his son
RC xii 66. 4 f.b. táinic
hEoan cona ritirib co Machaire Conaille co ndernsat
airgthi ann. táinic dō Murchadh hua C. cucu but M. came
10up with them
AU ii 192. 12 (v.l. táinic imurro); similarly
ib. 192. 17 . Same usage FM iii 40. 6 ;táinic Iohn...do
orccain Dál A. tucc doná C. deabhaidh dosoṁ but C. gave
battle to him
; 34. 3 (doná); 34. 14 (doná); 110. 3 f.b.
(dna); 118. 1 (dna).
15 VIIn a weakened sense with interrogatives.ut quid
autem...pro impis mortus est, gl.ar cia dono, Wb 2 d 10 .
aut in nomine Pauli babtizati estis?gl.cepu dono adrad
dæ do thabirt do Pool in chruth sin, ib. 7 d 16 .omnia
enim uestra sunt, gl.ce dono rigne occo. it lib huili, ib.
20 8 d 15 .cid dā dotbératsu chucci, ScM. § 16 .ní fritsa oI
sí rodálusa itir. cid tu dana icim dáil why then TE § 13 Eg.
ut est`ar is fo gnímaib midither Dia for duine' cid dono
arnáb fo gnímaib no mesemnaighther duine for araile for
innus sin, Laws i 48. 24 ,cf. ib. 54. 3 f.b. —After concessive
25 cia,cid(like Ger. `auch' in `wer auch komme, was auch
erfolge'):cia focherta dā a srúb ar gesce folilsad BDD
§ 38 .cipé no ná tic ticfasu fessin TBC 200 .acht ciat-
beram ni andso no tæit nech dḟarcsin maigi Mide, ib. 5018 .
gid ed dō but nevertheless Aen. 413 .
30 VIIVarious usages. (a)rofetarsa is foirbthe do hires
so. ba toich deit dā ar ba foirbthe hires do máthar, Wb
29 d 3 .ní fil amain tra Bresi ol sé. ba fír ón dno ní bói
acht meth foairi sim ond uair sin RC xii 70. 14 . (b) even ?
tamquam famulus, gl.rubu fer som muintire maith dā dul
35humal he had been a man of the household. Good is even
(also) a humble position
, Wb 33 a 5 . (c)aṅgo dā is
deithbir daitsiu a Ingceoil BDD § 80 ; ib. § 90 (twice),
§ 102 h ;angó dā § 105 . (d)intan imorro rofuidi Feinius
a dá deiscipul sechtmoget do foglum na nilbérla fon doman
40Cae dna isé rosiacht co Eigipt, Laws i 20. 7 . I have no
further examples of this usage.

Danoe pn the riverTanais :Eóraip. muir ina timchell
atuaid aniar aniardess aness anair ┐ sruth Danoe anairthuaid
LL 136 a 29 = Rawl. 78 b 17 (sruth Danai).atuaid anair
45is aness atá in muir imma mórchness. nosdedland sruth
Danai aniar muir Méoit ┐ muir Torrian LL 135 a 43
(description of Asia).

dan-smacht n tyranny Dinn. , orig.sway of the Danes
`Dana-veldi' as in Keat. Poems 1365 :táinig dansmacht
50Gall...ar Inis Fáil;dan- cpd. form ofdanar,cf. dan-loinges.
Not =d'annsmacht.

dant. nA literary word borrowed from W.dant.g p.
dant. I Atooth :cia delb hi fil Lucifer,gl.delb pésti
dianad ainm Prothimeon .i. cét cenn fuirri ┐ cét dant cach
55cinn CZ iv 235 st 10 ( Eg. 1782 ).
II Amouth :dant .i. bélut esta sé aile madant-
daimther , O'Dav. 678 (six others if it be a tooth that is
given
, Stokes); but the passage is not clear.
III Abit,morsel,piece :dant .i. mír nó greim, O'Cl.
60Lhuyd.dant a bit, morsel, or mouthful P. O'C. O'R. Macd.
(all from O'Cl.). Due to a wrong inference from the com-
pounddant-mír.Obs.—Cf. daintech,dantmír.

Dant o,npr. m.Abbot of Emly in the County of
Tipperary (†A.D. 660).gen. Daint:ConainnneposDaint
65abb Imlecho Ibair [defunctus est] AU i 116. 9 .Conaing
ua Daint décc FM i 270. 5 .Hua Donait FM ii 592. 3 is
a different name,cf. mac Donit AU 799 .