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2 dánaigiud u,m.laterdánugud,vn.of2 dánaigidir:
nír dlig Domnall dánugud ar dubloinges mór Medba D.
ought not to have braved
Celt. Rev. iv 212 st 2 (Glenmasan
MS).dánaghadh agrowing boldordaring; togrow bold
5ordaring P. O'C. dánughudh, Dinn.

dánaigthe adj io-iā,pc.of1 dánaigidir.nephatdanigthi,
gl.inremuneratos, Mil 56 b 10 .

Dánaïm pn name of the river Tanais(mod. Don ):co
sruthDanaïm , Rawl. 76 b 19 =Danaeím BB 8 a 45 .

10 Danais pn id. ó Sléib Imáí...co sruth Danis LL 142 a 43 .
SeeDanoe.

danál n danálach=donál,donálach,q.v.

dánamail adj i, derivative fromdánae(assainemailfrom
sain). Bold .mór ndrong ndhánai ndheigḟear ndhánamail
15ro hellachtai and, Alex. 132 . —Obs.

dánán n o,m. diminutive ofdán:munusculum.i.danán,
Sg 46 a 11 .

†dánanas n u,m. Boldness,courage :a Dáiri co
ndananas BR 194. 13 v.l.(p. 285). Insufficiently supported.

20 Danann I g s. npr. m.;nom.probably†Danu:mac
Danann Deirg, Rawl. 158. 6 .mac Danann meic Bratha,
ib. 158. 49 .mac Danaand meic Brathu BB 155 c 1 .Cf.
Holder,Dano(n).
II Danann,Danonn;Donann,DononnCMT;Danann
25(:and) BB 35 b 18 . 36 a 3 . (:fonn) Misc. Celt. Soc. 364. 8 .
In Tuath De Danann, the fourth colony in Ireland, the
conquerors of the Firbolgs, CMT.go trí Deo Danonn
CMT § 83 .na trí dée Danann, Keating i 216. 8 .Dá
Chích Danann, two mountains in the barony of Magunihy
30and County of Kerry,v.O'Don. Suppl.:is ón Danann
fá ṁáthair don triar so (i.e.Brian, Iucharbha, Iuchar)
gairthear Dá Chích Dhanann don dá chnoc bhfuil i Luachair
Dheaghaidh i nDeas Ṁuṁan, Keating i 214. 93 . The
Irish themselves saw in Danann anom. pr. fem.:adeirid
35drong re seanchus gurab ón tríar mac rug Danann inghean
Dealbhaoith...gairthear Tuatha Dé Danann, Keating i 214.
1 sq. Cf. RC xvii 101 . Another explanation of the name
in Keating i 216. 11 sq.Danann is frequently omitted:
tuaid-dei, etir tuaith-deu (-de), la tuaid-dei CMT § 9 , §14 ,
40 24 , 36 .tuatha De, etir tuatha Dea, de thuaith (thuathaib)
Dei (Dea), ib. 8. 121 ; 53. 122 .tuatha Dea, Cóir A. § 149 .
III Danann, Mid.-Ir.nom.of II.Danand bantúathach
LL 137 a 18 .Donand mathair na ndea, 10 b 26 . BB
33 a 32 .D. ¤ ingen Delbaith, 283 a 13 .D. ¤ bandrúi, 283 a 21 .
45 Keating i 214. 1 ; 216. 3 .dat. Danann, ib. 214. 94 ; but
Danainn 216. 1 .gen. Danainne: in the place-nameDá
Chich Danainnein Co. Kerry,v. Hogan 324 b .bas
Danaindi, Lec. 358 a 34 .bás Danoinne, MacCarthy 292.
3 f.b.

50 danar n o,m.g s. danair.n p. danair.g p. danar(danair
LL 192 a 23 (:samain); Cog. 152. 1 ; Acall. 5655 ).d p.
danaraib.a p. danaru( LL 183 a 26 ; TF 132. 20 ),danara;
danair( TF 132. 15 ). Often wrongly associated withfer
and writtendanḟer, pl. danḟir,dainḟir(e.g. TF 158. 6 ;
55 Keating iii 2455 , 2932 ; Coneys). Thepl. danairrenders
Norsedanir`Danes'; thesg. danaris modelled on the
o-stems.
I ADane, a man fromDenmark, adubgallor `dark
foreigner' as opposed to afindgallorlochlannach`a
60 Norwegian'; alsodub-danarunder the influence ofdub-
galanddub-geinnti; butfind-danardoes not occur. The
pl. Danairis never used for `Denmark ' (cf. Danmairg).
Othersynon. danmarcach(anmarcach),daunites(aunites).
—In the Annals of Ulster, which offer only three instances,
65 danarappears for the first time under the year 985; then
it appears once in the SR and in various early Mid.-Ir.
texts from the LL and YBL. In all probability the name
became fixed about the middle of the 10th century; it is later
than the synonymousdubgallanddubgeinnti(first occur-
5rence AUA.D.850 ).—na danair do thuidecht i nairer Dáil
Riatai...I Coluim Cille do arcain do danaraibh AUA.D.985 .
FM ii 718. 14 , 17 .lasna danaraib FM ii 718. 6 .ár mór
forsna danaraib rooirg I, AUA.D.986 . FM ii 720.3 .Danair
=Daunites:dream díbh asedh adberdís conid lochlannaig
10dá ffurtacht sam dream oile conid daunites .i. danair TF
116. 5 .isin aimsir si tangattur aunites .i. na dainḟir,
ib. 158. 6 .Danair=Dublochlannaig:do ghabháil
bharántais Dainḟear nó Dubhlochlonnach, Keat. 2932 .
Danair opp. Lochlannaig, Normainnig:lochlanduigh
15danair normainigh ┐ frangcaigh, Mac Firbis 423 k .
roforuaislig long na ndanar long na lochlannach ┐ marbaid
na danair lucht loinge na lochlannach. lengait a naoinḟeacht
uile na danair i ccenn na lochlannach...tugsat na danair
longa na lochlannach leo go port. ragabsat tra na danair
20arsain mná...na lochlannach TF 116. 13 .rathionolsat dá
thoísech loingsi na lochlonn slóigh móra a naighidh na
ndanar, ib. 118. 1 f.b. eidir danaru ┐ lochlannaigh, ib. 120.
5 .etir dhanaru ┐ ghaoidealu, ib. 132. 20 .táinig Zain
leithrí na lochlann dingrim na ndanar, ib. 122. 5 .tiaghaid
25na danair for longphort na lochlann, ib. 122. 15 .tainic
Cerbhall reiṁe dionnsoighidh na lochlann go slógh mór
danar ┐ gaoidheal, ib. 132. 1 .echtarchinedaigh....i. loch-
lannaigh ┐ danair do inredh na hErenn, ib. 226. 7 .is risna
danaraibh doronsad na gaoidhil sin uair ba lugh ba caraid
30dóibh iad ionáid na lochlonnaigh, ib. 234. 14 .as cian
na rosaighsiod danair ná lochlannaigh orra, ib. 230. 13 .
dergár na ndanar ┐ na lochlannach, ib. 232. 11 . Further
examples from TF:n pl. danair 116. 11 , 16 ; 120. 1 , 6 ; 122.
12 , 27 ; 124. 8 , 10 ; 130. 10 , 20 ; 132. 10 ; 172. 10 .g pl.
35 danar 118. 1 ; 122. 7 , 27 ; 228. 6 , 12 ; 230. 20 .d pl. dona
danaraib 122. 8 , 22 ; 130. 23 .forsnadanaraib 120. 6 .
risna d. 122. 14 ; 234. 8 .umna d. 124. 7 .a pl. danair
132. 15 .dochraiti mór fa feraibh hÉrenn ó lochlannchaib
┐ ó danaraibh dulgib dúrchridechaib LL 309 a 3 (cf. Cog.
40 2. 3 ).mór dimned raḟulṅgetar fir hErenn ó lochlanchaib
┐ o danaraib, ib. 309 a 11 ( Cog. 222. 5 ).míle láoch do
dhubhdhanaroibh dána a thousand bold black Danes ALC
i 4. 17 .conadh .vi. catha coṁmóra coiṁlíon na ndanar
(sic leg.), ib. 6. 4 .loṅgas...hic saigid for cach gním ṅgarg |
45danair a tírib Danmarg SR 2380 .Brian...ba galar garg
ort la droṅg ṅdanar ṅDanmarg LL 133 a 1 f.b. dofaeth
Brian mac Ceindeittigh...a bas hi ccath na ndanar, Anecd.
ii 21. 1 f.b. da bliadain damsa iarsin i rigi for danaraib
in kingship over Danes(orvikings) RC xxiv 414. 1 f.b.
50(YBL; the anachronism is noteworthy).cath for danaru
i nDaire Chalggaig Danesorforeigners LL 183 a 26 (list
of battles).biaid orra nert danar ind the power of the
Danes
(orthe vikings) shall be over them for it Fenagh
220. 21 .is iad aicme táinig ann an tráth soin .i. dainḟir
55ón Dánia .i.Denmarke , Keating iii 2455 . —Ambiguous:co
dún danair Dublinde, Acall. 5655 .danair Puirt Lairge,
Ériu i 78 § 2 .
II Avikingin general; syn.gall.rotincell senCiaran
in scél cétna .i. danair fo thrí do gabáil Érenn, Cog. 10. 19 .
60 ragell dÉrinn co fa thrí dáma danar dubloṅgsi LL 309 b 8
( Cog. 225 a 4 f.b. ).is in phurt ua dóigh dḟaghail a longaibh
do danaruibh(says Enna to Conall Gulban; the anachronism
is to be noted)by the vikings(orDanes) Fen. 404. 2 .
táisig loingsi ┐ inarbthaig ┐ danair iarthair Eorpa uli in
65dias sin(sc. BrodorandAmlaib, sons of the king of Norway)
the chiefs of the vikings of all the west of Europe Cog.
52. 1 =goill iarthair Eorpa FM ii 772. 9 (dealing with the
same event).drong na ndanar do scaipeadh thar sáile
(of Brian Boruṁa) ITS iii 164 l. 64 .
5 III Astrangerwithin a territory, aforeignerin general;
sometimesSynon.withdeórad.duine eisidhe(sc.Owny
O'More)....dobhen urlaṁas a atharda a los a láṁa a
dornaibh danar ┐ deóradh FM vi 2178. 19(A.D. 1600).an
fer rob ḟerr oinech ┐ bá mó cendairrc ┐ cointinn re galloib
10┐ re danaraibh ima duthaid with the English and all
foreigners
ALC i 489. 26 .ní tháinic ó Brian Boruṁa
anuas fer is mó dodhíthaig do danuraibh anás AU ii 554. 6
(A.D. 1375; ofDonnchadh Caemanach Mac Murchadha).
corp in danair nar bu diu. maraid fon charn adcísiu(of
15Noah's son Bith who died at Sliab Betha soon after his
arrival in Ireland,cf. RC xvi 154 sq. ) BB 397 b 37 ; ib. 1 .
26 , he is calleddeorad:atchiu lecht deorad du céin.
Here also LL 137 b 27 :Lifi ben Deltbunni...mac side
Druchta in danair,cf. RDinds. 12 .
20 IVOften, likegall, applied to Englishmen :ticfa
graifnech Cruachna díth danar co dédla the bold destroyer
of the English
Fenagh 280. 14 (probably referring to
Turlough, son of Aedh O'Connor, who died A.D. 1244).
dícerthar na danair the Englishmen will be expelled, ib. 282.
2523 .díth ar danaraib, ib. 374. 17 .gur thuit Brían Binne
hAbhaidh a gcath Dhúin re danaruibh so that B. fell by the
English
Misc. Celt. Soc. 156 l. 126 (of Brian O'Néill,
†1260;cf.Ann. of Clonmacnoise A.D. 1260: Hugh O'Connor
went to assist Brian against the English).attcuas immorro
30do dhanaraibh Duibhlinne adhbhchlos ┐ erdhercas an ṁic
sin, Hugh Roe 2. 3 f.b.
V In depreciatory sense acruelandferocious foreigner
orbarbarian, arobber,pirate,bandit ; often connected with
allmarach,díberggach,innarbthach;synon. anmarggach.
35It is probable but not certain that this sense arose on
Irish ground, although a similar development of meaning
has taken place also in Old NorseBrjótr berg-dana`the
oppressor of the giants
' (therísir) occurs in the Snorris
Edda(i 882. 2 ; Hýmk. 17 ) as an epitheton of Thórr, and
40 Snorris Edda i 298. 2 ,flóðrifs Danirapplies to therísir.fer díthláith-
righ danar ┐ díbhergach ┐ innarptha allmurach ┐ echtair-
chineoil a hÉrinn the extirpator of bandits and marauders
ALC i 582. 20(A.D. 1316).torchair .xc. danar dibergach
sacsanach ┐ lochlannach aroen friu, Cog. 206. 13 .fiche
45cét danar dian dolig dibercach durcraideach do anmar-
gachaib, ib. 152. 4 .ní baí danar no díbergach don fichit
cét sin can lúrig, ib. 152. 7 . Here perhaps Metr. Dinds.
ii 46. 16 :Dairbre mac Ligmuine irlaime im debaid danair
readiest in savage conflict(Gwynn).
50MOD.danar,g s.andn pl. danair,aDane, anystrangeror
cruel foreigner P. O'C.