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dán n u,m. g s. dáno,dánu,dánou,dána; mod. also
55 dáin.n du. dádána LL 99 a 29 .n pl. dánai,dána(both
in Wb); mod. alsodánta.g pl. dánae,dánaand oncedán
(supported by the metre) SR 7212 . —Dim.danán,q.v.
I Agift,bestowal,endowment,present , translating Lat.
donum, donatioand glossed byascid,tindnacol,tidlaic,
60 bronntanas.dán do thabairt (do thindnacul, do dáil, do
ḟodáil) do to bestow upon.Dánin sense I is not found in
the Laws; the legal terms for gift aretidnacul,aiscid.
(a)in a material sense.dán .i. tidhnacul, Stowe Gl.
311 .dán airgid .i. maoin no aisgid airgid a gift of silver
65O'Cl. P. O'C. alali caillech dobert dán ṁbec disi hi rusc
who gave her a little present (of fruit) in a basket Lism. L.
326. 14 ,cf. Todd Lect. v 75. 7 .na draid tancatar do
adrad Críst co ndánaib examla PH 7113 .nothictis mic
Israel co ndánaib ┐ dliged┐ idpartaib don eclais sin in
5choimdhed LB 122 a 24 .dánai na hecailse gifts givento
theChurch, itsgoods :airchinnig bíte ós inchaib martra
nannaeb for dánaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi FA § 25 .
(b) in a spiritual sense. (α)agiftfrom manto God, a
spiritualoffering; often in connection withidpartor de-
10pendent onadopair: na trí dána édbras ind eclais do
Chríst .i. óige ┐ aithrigi ┐ lánamnus dligthech PH 7082 .
cura edpram dó na dána logmara sa .i. deigimrád ┐ deig-
briathra ┐ deiggnim, ib. 7115 .co nérnend na dána trédai
iris frescisciu ┐ déircc do Dia, ib. 7093 . (β)a divinegift
15to man from God or the Holy Ghost, a Christianvirtue
looked upon as anemanationfrom theHoly Ghost , usually
plural dánai.donationes secundum gratiam differentes:
is sain dán cáich, Wb 5 d 5 , 7 .sechiphé dán tra doberthar
do neuch bad fri cumtach necolso immabera, ib. 13 a 3
20(the same thought is expressed Wb 22 a 11 :in aedifica-
tionem corporis Christi(i.e.the Church):is hed dothéit
de tre ilar na ndáne).gratia habundans propter multos:
mrechtrad inna ndáne tindnagtar do chách, ib. 15 c 2 .nítat
ildáni do oenfiuretní oen dán do sochuidi, ib. 21 a 16 .na
25decad in dán doradad dó fessin acht dán á cheli, ib. 23 c 16 .
acht rocretea deacht Críst bit less ind huili dánietna huili
timne, ib. 27 b 15 .ni riat na dánu diadi aran indeb
domunde, ib. 28 c 2 .fortgellam Dia dana (: slána) De we
declare by God God's gifts
SR 3611 .dán buidech briathar
30dimbrass a grateful gift is speech without boasting Ériu ii
63 st 3 .i coṅdiulg cech dána rothídnaic Dia do sruthib
fetarlaice is dermáir in tidnacul tuc indiú dona hapstalu
PH 5450 .in spirut noem inṡorchaidius ┐ ḟoillsigius dána
┐ derritus inna ṅgním ṅdiada, ib. 8082 ;cf. in spirut noeb
35...roinṡorched dána ┐ derritiusa na ndliged ndiada don
eclais FA § 1 LB (which seems to correspond to the
passage `arfuirid derritussa ┐ fochraice écsamla nimi dona
bennachtnachaib' in the LU version).rodánaigthe a dánaib
Dé tria secht fáthaib fáthsine CZ iii 21. 42 .duine co
40ndán ndligthech ṅDé, MacCarthy 40. 17 .dánai in spirto
nóib the gifts of the Holy Ghost:doadbadar sunt ata nili
dána in spirtoetas nóindæ in spirut, Wb 12 a 11 ( 1 Cor.
xii 11 ;cf. PH 5491 infra ).tairchella híc huili dánu in
spirito, ib. 12 b 33 .tre thindnacul inna ndánæ in spirito
45do chách, ib. 21 c 2 .isé in spirut noeb sin ḟódlas a dhána
dilsi do chách PH 5491 ( 1 Cor. xii 11 ).dána examla in
spiruta noíb do thidnocul don eclais, ib. 5571 . They are
seven:uair is secht ṅdána airegda airmither don spirut
noem, ib. 8028 .hí figuir .vii. ṅdana spiritus sancti, Thes.
50 ii 254. 9 .secht ndána in spiratu naoiṁ, O'Don. Suppl.
615 ( =secht tidluice i. s. n., 23 Q 1,p. 24 b 6 ). Their
names are wisdom, intellect, counsel, vigour, knowledge,
piety and fear of God:ecna intliucht comarle nert fis
gaire gúr omon Fiadat for bith ché secht ndána Dé dún
55 CZ v 499 (stanza 4) . (γ) in a special sense,a natural
endowment,faculty,abilityortalent,ingenium .fear
creanus ... dliged ... dia tallaind tidnaic Dia do .i. isé Dia
dotidnaic na dána sin do, Laws v 20. 13 , 25 .
II Skillin applying the principles of a special science;
60 science; skill applied to thematerialorsubject-matterofart;
artistic faculty, art; especially thepoeticfaculty; the art
ofpoetry . It translates Lat.ars. Synonymseladu,fiss,sous,
airchetul.proficiebam in iudaismo, gl.ropsa airchinnech
isin dán sin I have been a leader in that science Wb 18 c 15 .
65 is ecen do neuch fosisedar dán inna grammaticcotinola inna
huili doilbthi, Thes. ii 6. 13 b 1 .badar liubair cacha dana
issinn aracal irraibe Colum Cille books of every science Fél.
198 n 2 .ni bói dán aile innte acht legend ┐ scribend
nammá quia ars ibi exceptis scriptoribus nulla habebatur
5 Lat. Lives 92. 14 .Lochru ┐ Lucat Mael ithé...roptar
auctair in dána sin inna sæbfáthsine inventores doni illius(sc.
the druidical art), ib. 2. 6 .ocht ṅdalta do æs in dána
druidechta na farrad TBC 1071 .bar sciam ┐ bar ndán
(v.l.náni) la Fiachra RC xxiv 194. 10 .tria dan ┐ fisidecht
10a athar, ib. vi 178 l. 132 (v.l.from YBL).dénaid bhar
ndána(i.e.music and dance)...Adubradar na mná nách
dignidis dán go feastais a dtuarustol, Ériu iv 178. 16 , 18 .
is dom sous matchous: a ndorigénai (sc.Brigit) do maith
.i. is dom dán .i. is dom filidecht, Thes. ii 337. 21 .bretheam
15...co ndán duis dfilidecht aigi a brehon with the skill of a
`dos' in poetry
Laws v. 92. 2 .aes cach dána núi cen
inandus (sic leg.) na nastib LL 197 a 9 ( Metr. Ds. iii 180.
168 ).mac ind ḟiled cosin dán let the poet's son take to
poetry
ib. 148 a 11 .filid oldam anroth clí cano doss mac
20már...morsesser dian dan the seven who practise poetry CZ v
499 st 7 (thebárd áinedoes not:ní fil dán lais IT iii
5. 11 , 24. 10 .ní tuiremar dán lais, ib. iii 28 ).is oendán
tegait .i. bairdne IT iii 24. 18 ,cf. ib. 6. 10 .i n(d)airib
dána(sic leg.)in oakwoods of poetry ib. iii 106. 10 .dligid
25dan dúscad dligid fis foillsigud(sicYBL) MR 94. 16 .
Gilla Aengussa O Cluman ollam Condacht re dán RC xviii
165. 9 .beanuimsi fós(says Marvan to the sgeulees)a hucht
mu dhia bar ndán díbh uili gan énrand do dhénumb ó so
amach acht aenduan namá I deprive you all of your poetic
30faculty
Oss. v 102. 18 .Ecna mac na trí ṅdea ṅdána RC
xxvi 30 , 139 .aes dána artists, esp.poets (cf. IV):is
annsin doeirgheadar aos dána an rígh do ghabháil a nduan
┐ a ndán do chách, Atl. iv 198. 15 .re haes dána dénta
duán, Acallam 587 .dá tí dano aes dána sin crích...corop
35siat a duana saṁ ┐ a dréchta gabtair ar tús i nEmain TBC
1154 .oes dana Uladh im Fercertne sin, ib. 5466 .filid ┐
aes dána ┐ aes glamtha gruaidi, ib. p. 441 n. 1 .aos dána in
ríg co rinnib, O'Mulc. 830 d . Alsoaes dán:file bard
dúanaire áos dán, Eg. Gl. 350 .Cf. SR 7212 .fer dána
40(cf. IV) (a)a man ofskill, a manversedin a certain art:
a chlaidib ríg...fogéba duit thḟer dána tigerna do diṅgbála
RC xx 12. st 19 . (b)apoet :atbertatar a chliar risin
fer ṅdána...massed bar in file,&c. , Boroma § 132. 3 .Cú
Condacht ó Dálaigh in fer dána is ḟerr dobai RC xviii 157.
4524 .ingen dána apoetess : Rawl. B 512,110 b .
In a figurative sense in the phrasesdán ecnai,d. ¤ forbai,
d. ¤ laechdacht:maith dán egna ferr dán forba doiligh dán
laech[d]acht...mairg dianad dán laech[d]acht CZ vi 261. 30 ;
cf. LL 346 a 40 .dán ecna dogní ríg do bhocht the art of
50wisdom makes a king of a pauper
LL 346 a 35 .—PERS.:
Dán mac Osmenta Poetry, son of Scrutiny RC xxvi 30. 130 .
III Apoem,song,verse,rhyme .dán anode,poem,lay,
songorditty;hymn. gen. dáinordána P. O'C. adrad
maicc dé dán búada, Thes. ii 349. 7 .baudar amra [a]
55dana, Laws i 22 , 28 .i nduais filed....i. logh ar admolad uair
ni dlegar dib dan do chennoch, ib. v 129. 1 .érned ar
cach ṅdán as dír ┐ is dliged do reicc LL 215 a 22 .cid i
ndeochraigetar (sc.na baird)...i ndánaib ┐ grádaib ┐
anmandnuibb in poems, grades and names IT iii 5. 5 ; 24. 7 .
60 na soerbaird cid nosdeochraigethar i ngradaib. ní hansa
asa ṅdánaib forberat, ib. 6. 2 ; 24. 11 .Cid nosdeachraigetar
┐ nosæntaighedar ina ndánaib, ib. 24. 17 .do ghabháil a
nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atl. iv 198. 16 .dia seichmis
cech dia do dán CZ vi 266 st 8 .dá mbeirthea dán lat, ib
65 viii 109. 26 .is fírdliged deit dan mic rigfiled Ruirend,
MacCarthy 132 iii a .dagaiste in dána IT iii 106. 2 .is
iat sin ardaiste in dána, ib. 27 .reacfad feasda dán re
dia, 23 D 13,p. 25. 1 . Further examples Ex. xv 2 . Deut.
xxxi 19 . 2 Sam. xxii 1 . 1 Kings iv 32 . Job xxxv 10 .
5 dán do chumtach to compose a poem:conutaing duine
dán H 3. 18,53 b .conrotacht dan duib TBC 1707 Y.
dánta diaghachta psalms Donlevy 454. 17 .indán in
verse :aithghiorra an teagaisg chríosduighe a ndán, ib. v 7 ;
cf. lii 18 ; 487. 2 . dándírech the name of ametrical
10 systemused by the Irish:asé dochúm na duanta senchasa
so i ndán díreach FM v 2320. 5 .dán d., Rel. Celt. ii 297 .
34 . O'Molloy Gram. Lat. Hib. 144 .
IV An industrial pursuit of a skilled nature; acraft,
trade,business,office,calling,profession . Sometimes hardly
15distinguishable fromII. Glossed bytidnaiced Laws v 14.
23 , 26 , ib. 90. 26 ; translating Lat.professio, Sg 33 a 25 ,
ars Todd Lect. v 92 , Sg 156 b 4 , and often used syno-
nymously withcerdd( Laws i 14. 25 ; Thes. ii 293. 15 ;
RC xxvi 21 ff .) andeladu( Laws v 98 pass.).is ionann dán
20┐ ceard, Keat. 666 .dán .i. ceárd P. O'C. —dán do aittreb
to hold or possess a profession(Sg).dán do aurfognom
( RC xii 78. 13 ),d. ¤ do frithgnom( Mil 37 b 12 ; RC xii
76. 2 ),d. ¤ do dénom( Wb 27 d 10 , Laws pass. )to practise
a profession
.dánae do chongbáil( Laws v 104 ; RC
25 xii 78 )to keep up or practise several professions(only
pl. dánae).dán do ḟoglaim to learn a profession( Mil
37 b 12 ; Laws).duilgine or lóg in dáno( Laws pass. ;
Arch. iii 227. 29 )the pay of the profession.
The variousdánaewere divided intoprímdánae(dag-
30dánae) andfodánae(drochdána); compare Laws and LL
215 a 20 :lucht cech dána eter prímdán ┐ ḟodán. The
latter class included according to Laws v 108. 20ff . the
aes ciúil ┐ oirfidid oilchena monaig ┐ araid ┐ luamain ┐
comail ┐ daime ┐ creccoire ┐ cleasamnaig ┐ fuirseóire ┐
35brugedóire ┐ fodána olcheana...nísta saíre cena foleith.
While theaes ciúilthus are graded with jugglers and
buffoons, an exception is made for the harpers, thecruittiri:
cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges saíre, ib. 106. 27 . All
who practise a profession aredaernemed-persons with the
40exception of the filid ( Laws v 14 ff ), because they serve
saernemed-persons and receive payment from them. `Every
profession has itsnemed' (cach dán a nemed) and `Every
profession has its emoluments' (cach dán a duilgine) says the
Alphabet of Cuigne mac Emoin ( Arch. iii 226. 14 ; 227.
4529 ). Highest among theaes dánorank thesaír`carpenters,'
gobainn`smiths,'umaidi`braziers,'cerdda`gold-smiths,'
legi`doctors,'breithemain`brehons,' anddruid`druids'
( Laws v 90. 19 ). Other professionals mentioned in the
Laws are theailtiri(probably a subdivision ofsaír),
50 cairemain`shoemakers, leathern-bottle makers,'círmairi
`combers,'geibich`cloth-figurers,'iascairi`fishermen,'
nascairi`chain-makers,'rindaigi`engravers,'tornóiri
`turners,'tuathait`shield-coverers,'v. Laws v 106 ff . To
these may be added from other texts thesenchaidi`historians,'
55the grammarians, the chess-players, thelucht cumachtai
`folk of might' (including thecorrguinig,tuathaig`sorcerers,'
ammaiti`wizards'), thearaid`charioteers,'selgairi
`hunters,'deogbairi`cupbearers,'&c.,cf. RC xii 76 ff .
88 ff . But farmers of land exercise nodán; in the Tecosca
60Cormaic LL 375 c 20 dánis used in opposition toorbae
`tilling land.'
The Laws make a distinction betweendánae inunna
the various branches or subdivisions of one and the same
profession
, anddánae écsamlai different professions, as
65is evident from the following passages:cethri dána inunda
aigi he has four parallel professions(viz.the building of
sea-ships, barques, canoes and vessels), v 104. 7 .fer
congeb trede .i. trí dána inanna aigi .i. durtech ┐ muilinn ┐
ibroracht, v 104. 21 .fer congeb dede .i. fer congbus dá
5dán examla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht smithwork and gold-
work
v 104. 18 .fer congeb ceatharda .i. cethra dána
éxamla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht ailtirecht ┐ gebidecht smithwork
and goldwork, carpentry and cloth-figuring
ib. v
104. 30 .dia mbeth dána éxamla aice beith eneclann
10cacha dána dib H 3. 18,p. 126 . O'D. Suppl. Salutat uos Lucas medicus, gl. dicit hícainm dáno
dorigéni i tossug, Wb 27 d 10 .alia a professionibus .i. hua
ḟóisitnib inna ṅdáne frisgniat ┐ ataimet, Sg 33 a 25 .ut
mechannicus .i. arindí atreba in dán sin. ind ḟiss asberar
15 michanicé , ib. 33 a 26 , 27 . grammaticus.i. airindí atreba
in dán inna litredachte, ib. 33 a 28 .dual dán, Laws v 104 .
artium vero nomina.i. dana .i. anmman araḟóimtar di danaib
ut doctor de doctrina , Sg 156 b 4 . quos multa peritia facit
ab eiusdem artis consortibus eminere.i. sainred neulais leu
20isin dan frisgníat sech cách fodglein olchene, Mil 37 b 12 .
cechtar nathar fria saindan, bíth a menmasam fri seilgg mu
menma céin im saincheirdd, Thes. ii 293. 14 .maith la
cechtar nár a dán, ib. 294. 2 .isé a prímdán budein filidecht,
Laws v 12. 17 .is saer cid cách creanus a suíre dia dán, iv
2514. 28 .in cách...cendaigis saeiri dó dun dán bís aigi
amail atá in gaba, v 14. 30 ;cf. ib. 20. 14 , 22 , 33 .is feardi
in fear sin na dána sin do cindemain aigi that man is the
better of chancing upon these professions
, v 20. 28 .cethri
ba do ar gach ndán four cows for each profession, v 104. 8 .
30 in dán is uaisli dib, ib. 104. 22 .dá prímdán do beith aigi
i fotha .i. clochsairsi ┐ crannsairsi ┐ in dana dan as uaisli
dib do beith aigi i fotha .i. damliag ┐ duirrtech, v 92. 2 f.b.
fégad arna dánaib eile, v 94. 3 .in dúil chinntech doberar
dontí aca ndéntar in dán .i. lóg in dána, v 266. 12 .seisid
35doben allógh gacha dána dib, ib. 94. 4 .Cf. sesid do asna
dánaib eli, v 104. 25 .saer daer dagdána dáig fogniat ┐
fogníter free, unfree are the good arts, because they serve and
are served
, v 96. 10 , 13 .in oiret bes (sc.in dalta) ica
ḟoglaim .i. ic dénum a dána dligthig(apparently =while he
40is learning his lawful profession
, thoughdán do dénum
usually means to exercise a profession), v 96. 24 .a étail
dána uile...┐ cédtuilleam a dána the entire profits of his pro-
fession and the first earnings of his profession
, v 96. 28 .dia
congba dá dán díb if he unites (keeps up) two of these arts,
45 v 106. 8 , 15 .ni ḟuil nach ní doib ara ndán nothing is due
to them in right of their profession
, v 106. 25 .ma feraind
fuair ara dán hé, ib. iii 50. 3 .ara dhán no ara leginn no
ara filidecht, ib. 50. 6 .mad étail brethemnasa no filidechta
no nach dána olcena, iii 50. 4 .a dualgus a dána in right
50of his profession
, v 108. 16 , 17 , 36 .nach dán asrubartamar
dliges saire, v 108. 1 .gan a dán, 108. 2 , 7 .intí aca mbia
aendán the person who has one profession, v 108. 13 .intí
ca mbed dána ilarda, ib. 14 .ildána(n pl.), ib. 16 .damad
hé dán dliged na fine if it was the lawful profession of the
55tribe
, iii 50. 10 .
cipe dán ara corat[h]ar neuch láiṁ ised as dech dó foss
occa, Mon. Tallaght 159. 6 .cid hé mo dán though that
be my craft
FB § 92 ,cf.Strachan CZ iii 422 .ni hé mo
dan dogrés atát dána lim chena FB § 93 .a gillai forcitail
60(a mmo sruith) cia dán dognísiu RC xxvi 20 § 54 , 22 § 70 .
oc dénum a dána H 3. 17,col. 175 .cia dan frisag[n]eie
al sei ar ni teid nech cin dan i Temruig RC xii 76. 2
(comparení théiged [don fleidi.e.fleid Temrach]...duine
cen dán, Ériu iv 124. 12 ).abair ... an fil les oeinfer
65codogabai ina danu sæ ule, ib. 78. 9 .na huili dano arufognot
det muntir si atát les ule a oenor conedh fer cacha danai
ule ei, ib. 78. 13 .bo suí cach dáno é, ib. 78. 24 .ruaicill
Lug cach ar uair dib fria ndanoib, ib. 92. 13 .bid furside
cech dán, ib. xxvi 36 § 185 .fer sotal im gáis im dán im
5thocad, Tec. Corm. § 32 .romeasc cách ar dan a chéle
IT iii 187 § 7 (= MS. Mat. 511. 24 . BB 261 a 25 ).ro
hordaigheadh cách díb fora dhan díleas, ib.ferr dán
orbba a trade or profession is better than farming LL
345 c 20 .rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib,
10 &c. TBC 997 .rocóraidhid iarum cách fo grádaib ┐ i
ndanaib ┐ i ndligemnus, Ériu v 234. 9 .na hollumain ┐
anis deach fri cech ndán olchena FDG 25 .an dán cétna
dóib sund, Betha Colm. 20. 23 .dober Colmán dó hi fus
in dán cena cétna, ib. 74. 23 . Here also O'Mulc. 222 :
15 cerdgraece cires .i. manus undecernach .i. buaidh lám
dicitur. ar cach dán dogniat lámae is cerd dongairther .i.
lámdae because every craft, exercised by the hands, is called
`cerd.'

dán ciúil the profession of the `áes ciúil.' cruit isé
20aendán ciúil indsein dliges sairi, Laws v 106. 27 .aes dáno
(pl. aesa dána FB § 12 ).i. in lucht aca mbí in dán,
Laws v 98. 6 .Thepractisersof aprofession, people of any
tradeorart (other than farmers of land) =aes cerdd,
Laws iv 316. 25 ,aes tidnaicthe, ib. v 14. 23 , 26 ,aes eladan,
25 v 90. 28 , though v 98. 11 a distinction is made between
`aes dána' and `aes borb eladan.' Opp.aes trebtha,
Cóir A. § 149 .tarrcomlad cach aes dána la hÉrind co
tarfen cách a cheird fia Patraic, Laws i 14. 25 .aithgabáil
cach aes (sic) dána, ii 118. 21 .breithem bes tualaing
30fuigell frisind aes ndána, v 98. 1 .duilgine cach aesa dána
adroilli duilgine, v 264. 15 .formna láth ngaili Ulad arcena
┐ a maccæm ┐ a næsa dána FB § 12 (p. 258. 13) .
rofáid C. filedu ┐ áes dána ┐ drúdi Ulad dia saigid...
rotriall som dano in næs ndána do marbad SC § 48 .
35 aragarud...oes danu Erionn RC xii 84 § 85 .degníth lesin
oes ndanou indsen, ib. § 86 .den oes dana, ib. § 124 .do
ḟiledaib ┐ aes dána TBC 2708 .aes cacha dáno, Laws v
14. 18 .rodeiligsid arís æs cacha dána fria aroili IT iii
187 § 7 ( MS. Mat. 511. 26 )aes cacha dáno olchenae
40 the practisers of every profession in general:daerneimead
imorro aes gacha dána olchena, Laws v 14. 17 .daernemed
tra saeir ┐ gobaind ┐ umaide ┐ cerda ┐ legi ┐ breithemain
┐ druid ┐ aes cacha dána olchena, ib. v 90. 21 (gl..i. lucht
cacho tidnaicthi uili cena ┐ na fodhán). iter eclais ┐ tuaith
45┐ aos gacho dána olchena CZ viii 111. 21 .doescarṡluag ┐
oes dímain ┐ oes cecha dána olchena LB 116 a 27 ,cf.
di daoscarsluag ┐ daos cecha dánæ olchenæ RC xii 104. 2 .
cóicedaig Érenn...┐ a rígu ┐ a toísig ┐ a nócthigernn ┐ a
namsaid ┐ oes cacha dána gnáthaig ┐ ingnáthaig olchena
50 FDG 158 .aes dánae,aes dán(pl.) =aes dáno;cf.
dér as g pl. Fél. Epil. 400 .cen aes ṅdán SR 7212 ,cf.
aos dán poets Eg. Gl. 350 .ceth ind táos dánae ol
Máolrúin in gobui[n]d ind tsáoir ┐reliqui , Mon. Tall.
135. 30 . For the use of thepl.compare thesynonymous
55 áes cerdd.fer dáno a member of the aes dáno,a pro-
fessional man
:mad fer dána, Laws iii 48. 18 ; in a spec.
sensea poet,v. II. Idiomatically in asseverations:dar mo
dán by my craft (profession):d. m. d. is luag noragad duid
ar sin do dénum, Anecd. i 46. 6 .Cf. fo mo cheirdd LU
60 75 b 30 ( TBC² 1685 ).
V Aprofessionas represented by its practisers col-
lectively; the members of a trade as a body.cach dán
dogní aicdi flatha no ecalsa all craftsmen who make the
manufactures of a chief or a church
Laws iv 332. 1 .dán
65cimbedaprobably= captives,prisoners (if not corrupt for
damna cimbeda, seedamnae I (b)):gabtar na fir ┐ ná gontar
iter dáig nimmó ná dán cimbeda rothoegat TBC 5120 .
That the sense is a concrete one and Windisch's transla-
tion wrong is proved by TBC 5122 :Conchobar gan a guin
5do gabáil ┐ dán cimbeda do dénam dona deich cét ar ḟichit
cét bátar na ḟarrad.
VI Anoccupation,function,business; anallotted task .
dán .i. obair, Lec. Gl. 446 , St. Gl. 59 , 330 .cumal .i. ben
bís oc bleth brón ar isé dán na mban ṅdáer riasiu darónta
10na muilind for this was the business of bondwomen Cormac
s.v. cumal ; Zeuss² 245 .trí dána dobertsat slóg na Galia
fair úir do tarradh ┐ muighi a fedhaib ┐ scáileadh murgabla
srotha Ligir three tasks the people of G. imposed upon him
RC xv 434. 26 , wheredán=obair l. 29 below (┐ adaigestar
15obair naile do thabairt fair).tri dán tucsat for R. LL
196 a 36 .olc or sí do dan bith oc buadred na Hérenn
LU 53 b 8 (Tuc. Ind. na nD.).trí eoin aregda isin chathair
...┐ a menma ina ndúlemain tria bithu issé sin a ndan
FA § 7 .bid hé mo dán iter drungu démnu...beth icot
20mallachad sa PH 8263 . Hardly in Mon. Tall. 133. 10 :
asrubart M. nibu móo dan lais arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli;
the translation given seems impossible.
VII To give inpayment; apayment (cf. dawn bwyd
payments in kindin the Welsh Laws).dan .i. icut estco
25hiar nde mis rodantar frit no r[o]dana .i. cidh riut icar cidh
tu icas, O'Dav. 693 . So in Alexander 382 :rotustuillset
fo chísaib ┐ bés ┐ dán ┐ dliged dóib, if it is complete
(the line ends withfo chísaib ┐; something might have been
dropped at the beginning of the new line). It recalls the
30passage TBC 997 , containingdánin the sense of pro-
fession :rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib ┐
uaslecht ┐ cáinbésaib.
VIIIPHRASES. (a)is dán do:bá dán dosom intan ba
holc a menma noslocad indala súil conna roched corr inna
35cind it was his custom(?) SC § 5 .ar is do is dán tidhnocol
for to him `belongs to make presents(O'Don.) BR 192. 14 .
gottí an tairrngeartaigh dar dhán sí asa hairmbertaibh
diompádh who is allotted toTadhg O'Huiginn (R.I.A.
23 L 17,f. 576 § 12 )=dá mbed i ndán.Cf. VIII (b).
40(b)i ndán(do) destinedto,in storefor; espec.
destinedbyfate,fated,allotted ; phoneticallyi nán. Synon.
i cinniud, i tairngiriu.—Only in connection withatáor
dorala. The phrase does not appear in the Glosses, and
the earliest instances collected here are taken from the
45YBL and the LB.Dánused independently in the sense
fate,destiny , is not common in Irish, though this meaning is
frequently given by modern lexicographers (dán .i. cineaṁain
P. O'C. ,cf.Coneys, O'R., Dinn. ). A late instance is
quotedVIII (a). It occurs, however, in spoken Gaelic:is
50duilich cur an aghaidh dàin to oppose fate is difficult
( Macd. Gael. Dict. i 310 a ); but as a rule in Gaelic
also it depends oni n-(ma tha e 'n dàn dhoṁ a bhi
beò).robai i ndán ┐ i tairngire in aided úd diar mbreith
doréir faistine in druad was fated and foretold RC xxiv 280
55§ 19 (YBL).aspert in sruith [fri]usuṁ imthecht uair ní
hannsut boi i ndan [do]ibh eserghi, ib. xiv 58 § 72 (Book of
Fermoy;v.l. nách ann rocinnedh doib a neiséirge).mata
a ndán duit, ib. xxiii 420. 28 (YBL; comparel. 24 :do bi i
tairngiri dam).ma rocollit riam a gessi rocollit innocht .i.
60boi a ndán a coll for their breaking was fated MacCgl. 15.
13 (LB).na nethe aurdhalta bis a cinded ┐ a ndan doib,
Fenagh 38. 17 .ag déunaṁ réiṁḟiadhnuise airna neithib
dobhí a ndán do Chríosd dḟulang RC vii 359. 10 ( 1 Pet. 11 ).
noco tí an ridiri da fuil a ndán an pócc do thabairt CZ ii 24.
6528 .ca fis nach da cloidhem féin atá a ndán a marbadh
who knows that it is not by his own sword he is destined to
die
ib. vi 103. 7 .cip hé for talmain...dia da i nndán a
fúaslocod(sc. inna cest), ib. iv 234. 1 f.b. a beith i ndán
dam bás dagbáil in lá dá gebthasu bás, Cog. 172. 8 .ní
5fhuil a ndán do bás dḟaghail nó go mbuailtear trí buillidhe
don luirgḟearrsaid atá aige air, Oss. iii 120. 6 .fothrugadh
luaidhe ar do chind sa óir dobhi a n[d]an do thiachtain
annso, Ériu iii 164. 3 f.b. dobhaoi a ndán...tocht do ṡluaigh
go hiathṁaigh (sic leg.) nAdhair, Hugh Roe 198. 17 .gach
10ainiarsma da mbí i ndán dó féin ó thosach a gheineaṁna
go síorraidhe tre ṡaoghal na saoghal, TSh. 72. 18 . Further
instances Acall. 6876 . Misc. Celt. Soc. 150. 23 . SG 65.
45 ; 234. 5 . RC xiii 222. 39 . Aen. 84 , 93 . Gadelica ii 93 .
8. OCL 6 . Buile S. § 76. 2 .—The following examples do
15not involve the sense of fate or destiny:na cóicedaig
archena do ṡuidiugad amail robuí a ndán do chách FDG
203 .do Luaighni atá i ndán in tres, Fian. 68. 11 .dobh-
raith cách uili den láiṁ go bfuil caphair a ndán dí, Ériu
vi 128. 6 f.b. tárla a ndán di teagṁáil aran gcuid don
20ṁachaire noch fa le Boas it was her hap Ruth ii 3 .
(c)beith doendán i cenn opposetogether, be on the
same side against; the same asbeith doenláim i cenn, as
is evident from the passage LB 140 a 15 :co ndernsat
caratrad do beth doeṅdán i cend Aristobuil...o rabtar
25oentadaig dénlaim i cend A.&c. Developed from senseIV.
MOD.dán(Connaught alsonán,nnán, abstracted from
i ndán),gen. dáin(dána obs.),n pl. dáinanddánta,d pl.
usuallydánaibh,asong. fear dáin apoet :is mór an fear
dáin docheapadh é(Kerry).i ndán(withtá) fated, in
30 store ; alsoable to:níl tú i ndán anacht id ṡuidhe( Finck ii
99. 6 );cf. Acall. 2396 :ní raibhi a ndán dúinne a marbad
we could not kill it(sc.the monster). In the sense ofI-II,
IV,V,VI,VII,VIII (a)and(c),dánis now obsolete, and in the
sense ofIIIwords likeamrán,dúan,laoidhare now more
35usual.

Dán o,npr. m.Script.Son of Jacob. Rhymes with
lán SR 5141 .Lebáin (: Dáin) 5185 .n s. Dán SR 2997 .
5522 . 6623 . 6811 . BB 5 b 41 .g s.usually likenom.:treb
Dán daigerdeirg SR 5178. 5329 .Samson...do threib Dan,
40 Lec. 358 b 51 . BB 5 b 38 .do ócaib treibi Dán, Ériu v 150.
90 ;but co treib Dain, ib. 154. 141 and SR 5185 .

1 dana num(danaeonly O'Mulc. 294 ,v. 3 danae). Two .
The quantity of -a- is uncertain. In CCath. 2239 and LU
89 a 5 it is marked as long; but in both cases the mark of
45length might be due to association with thesynonymous
; in the latter case all the other MSS, including YBL,
omit the mark of length.Danais mainly used in connection
with the article, which, as is the case beforedáin
Old-Ir., always takes the form in:indana ,dat. don
50 dana =in dá,don díb(don dá). Likedáit is placed
immediately before the noun (which is put in the dual), and
followed by the genitive of the tens of the numerals (in
dana fichet déc).—Probably from †dá n-ái;cechtar in dána
for oldercechtar nái. For theadj.sense comp.indarna=
55OIr.indala nái.
All examples collected below have been taken from
MSS not older than the early 15th century with the
exception of the one from LU. The Glosses contain no
instances ofdana; but it appears several times in the
60commentaries to the Brehon Laws, though Atkinson does
not mention it in his vocabulary. The way in which it is
written in the Law-MSS proves that it was but seldom
understood by the copyists. In all probability the word
belonged to the late Old-Ir. and the early Mid.-Ir. periods.
65The instances can be divided into three groups:
(a) indana+ subst. depend as a genetivus partitivus on
a precedingcechtarde,nechtarde. This usage predominates
in the Laws:dá fodein....i. dian urtrom ┐ dian iartrom.
colpthach sé screpall ar cach fodein cechtarde in dana
5fodein a colpach of six screpalls for each `fodian' of the two
`fodian's'
Laws v 60. 4 . To this head belongs the misjudged
phrasenechtardae(cechtardae)in dana imbed sin
either (each) of the two parties, bothin the commentaries to
the Senchus Mór, corresponding to thenechtar(cechtar,
10 aile)da lína of the main text. díleas do cechtar da lína
cia rochaithe cia tormala cechtar da lína ar araile .i. is
díleas do cechtarde in dana imad sin, Laws ii 342. 9 .ní
bi cor cor nechtar da lína sech araile .i. noco cunnrad
cundrad nechtarde in dana imad sin sech a céile, ib. ii 358.
1515 .mad aile da lína .i. mad nechtarde in dana imad
sin, ii 366. 14 (cf. 394. 20 ). So also 362. 13 ; 380. 14 ;
394. 20 . Noteworthy is ii 374. 11 with itscechtarde in
da imat(cf. cechtar in da rann, Sg 74 b 5 ). Forcechtarde
in da nadimat sain, ii 378. 14 readc. in dana imat s.The
20readingnechtar in da nannat sin, ii 317. 7 and 318. 18 , is
accounted for by the common misreading ofimasnn.
Ib. ii 326. 17 ,inatis to be restored toimat.
(b) indanaindependent ofnechtardae,cechtardae:ite
in da fasachaib .i. is iat in dana fis (sic leg.) ogsa nos
25foirichnigend uili, Laws i 230. 1 Comm. .clochsairsi ┐
crannsairsi ┐ in dana dan as uaisli dib....i. damliag ┐
duirrthech, ib. v 92. 1 f.b.Comm..Bechuill ┐ Danand dil:
marbh in dana bantúathaigh BB 35 b 4 = Lec. 562 a 38 ; but
the prose-version LL 9 b 27 hasna dí b. in dana cenn BB
30 8 a 15 =na dá cenn, Rawl. 76 a .cath a ndrochadur in dana
Dubán, Lec. 591 a 31 .Eremón ┐ Earannan in dana ṡósar.
in da ṡindser imorro..., ib. 539 b 30 .slighe cumang do
longaib etir in dana bernuidh sin, CCath. 1341 .nóbídis in
dána (v.l.na da) athair ic debhaid imon aencorp, ib. 2239 ,
35 doriachtadur in dana rígh (v.l.in dá rig sin), Acall. 3134 ,
Lism.tucsam in dana nech sin dḞinn, ib. 256 .is maith
dḟuasclais in dana cheist sein, ib. 6143 .na léic uait in
dana bocht SG i 20. 22 (16th century MS).biadhtair aici
in dana bocht, ib. 20. 29 .tuccat dá fichet déc each do M.
40o Brian ┐ ní rabi don dana fichet déc bai aroen re M. nech
&c. , Cog. 132. 9 (v.l. don dá ḟichet décc).
(c)danapreceded by a possessive pronoun of the3 sg.:
gai laiss...foriarnd fair...cethri traigid eter a dá | na [o]g
imfáebair LL 89 a 5 = BDD 75. 9 (§ 87) .v.l.:a dana
45ogh imthaebuirYBL.a di nuag des nimfaebuir H. a da
naug i., St. a da nug i., Eg.
There is no certain instance ofdanain a substantival
sense;cf. danae.