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dechon n o,m.Old loan-word from Lat.diaconus. It
dates back to the beginning of Christianity, as the syncope
of `a' shows (cf. lecca,scena,betha,ern- &c.). Oir.dechon
with u-timbred -chi-, hence in Mid.-Ir. regularly written
5and pron.deochain.Cf. dechoid, Mid.-Ir.deochuid
(anddechaid), with which it rhymes Fél. Oeng. May 4 :
Mochuae cain dechoid (v.l.deochaid, deochoid, dechaid):
i féil Siluaindechoin(v.l. deochain,dechain); dechor,
Mid.-Ir.deochair, with which it rhymes SR 4533 .O-stem
10in Oir.:n p. ban-dechuin deaconesses Wb 28 c 5 (oldest
inst.).Cf. a s. foracaib úasal dechon and, Lat. Lives 28. 9
(Eg. 97).farácaib intí Coemán dechon, ib. 28. 1 = Trip.
104. 14 .co dechon M., Trip. 204. 2 .n s. dechon LB 277
a 12 f.b. deochan, Trip. 8. 6 .Deocan mac Domnaill, Cog.
15 36. 10 . In MSS from the 12th century and down to Keating
thegen. deochainserves for all cases of thesing.and also
for thenom.andgen. pl.(n p. SR 4533 . LB 122 a 8 .g p.
SR 4889 ).a p. deochaine, LB. In Mod. MSS often
deocán: 1 Tim. iii 12 (n p. deócháin).drong do deocanaib,
20 Aisl. Tun. xviii 3 (early 17th century MS).deochán a
deacon P. O'C. comarli fri sacartib ┐ deochanib PH
2954 (if not =deochainib, 6012 ). In the gloss Lat. diaconus.i.
decháin, Ir. Gl. 454 (subdecháin, ib. 455 ), the mark of length
is intelligible ifdeochánwas the form used by the copyist.
25 Deochán, then, dates back to the 15th century.
By Irish grammarians partly traced back to Latin ( Laws
v 22. 11 . Ir. Gl. 454 ), partly explained as a native word:
deochain .i. dedhe .i. baithis ┐ comna. nó deocain .i. da
cain aige .i. cain re teeoir ┐ cain re nachtail, Laws v 22. 12
30 sq.(Comm.).
n s. Deochon Aed i Cúil Máine BB 112 b 38 ,cf.
Decoimet.Deocan mac Domnaill, Cog. 36. 10 .dechoin,
Fél. Oeng. May 5 v.l.,cf. Apr. 13 v.l. LL 347 g 20 f.b.
Thes. ii 309. 17 (Comm. Fiacc's Hy.).dechain, Fél. Oeng.
35 May 5 . Lat. Lives 28. 11 .deochoin, Fél. Oeng. Apr. 13 .
deochain,ib. v.l.; May 5 v.l. Laws v 22. 2 (twice in the main
text); 22. 12 Comm. Mart. Don. Mar. 3 ; Apr. 25 ; July 10 ;
Aug. 31 ; ib. p. 400 . FMA.D.1243 . ALC. A.D.1289 . Keating.
déchain(sic), Lat. Lives 21. 7 .deochán,v. supra. deachain
40in aircideachain ALCA.D.1361 .—g s. dechoin:féil Petair
dechoin, Fél. Oeng. May 4 v.l.; Apr. 17 v.l. mac Maine
dechoin, Rawl. 141 b 21 .do chúch cach decoin, Laws v
412. 16 (main text).dechain, Fél. Oeng. May 4 .deochoin,
Fél. O. Apr. 16 .deochain, ib. Jan. 14 ; May 4 v.l.; Apr. 16 v.l.;
45 Apr. 17 ; Aug. 10 .haue d. Odissi, Hy. ii 4 .fri mnái in deochain
PH 7446 . Lat. Lives 89. 17 LB.—a s. dechon, see above.
dechain, Lat. Lives 28. 9 . CCath. 1509 . PH 442 . —d s. deo-
chain:ó d. co decan, CCath. 1509 .dun deocain, Laws
v 22. 11 Comm. .—n p. bandechuin, WB 28 c 5 .deochain
50 SR 4533 . LB 122 a 8 .deocain BB 242 b 39 .—g p. deo-
chain SR 4889 . LU 5 b 1 . RC xx 38 . —a p. deochaine PH
2524 . 2732 .—d p. dechainib, ib. 6012 .-anib, 2954 .deoca-
naib, Aisl. Tun. xviii 3 .
Adeacon , one of the seven grades of the Church, ranking
55between the suibdechon and the sacart according to the
Breh. Laws:seacht ngráid eacalsa...suibdeochain deochain
sacart eascob, Laws v 22. 2 . The same order PH 2524 :rooird-
nestar escopu ┐ sacairt ┐ deochaine, and CZ v 499 . Fre-
quently connected withsacart:is do deochainib ┐ do
60ṡacartaib dobertís dechmada PH 6012 .sacairt ┐ deochaine
┐ sruthi na nIudaide, 2732 . ib. 2954 . Aisl. Tun. xviii 3 . —
Opp.dictatóiranddecán, CCath. 1509 . Translating Lat.
diaconus, Ir. Gl. 454 ;levita, Aisl. Tun. l.c.
COMPS.archidechon farci-deochain anarchdeacon :
65 archideochain FMA.D.1243 . ALCA.D.1289 .aircidea-
chain, ib.A.D.1361 .ban-dechon o,m. adeaconess Wb
28 c 5 ,v. supra. suib-dechon asubdeacon . Old loan =
subdiaconus: Laws v 22. 2 (v. supra).suibdeochain .i. ónní
issuibdiacunus , v 22. 11 Comm. suibdeochain...fomá-
5maigthi hé dun deocain, ib. 22. 11 Comm. pl. na deo-
chain na suibdeochain SR 4533 = LB 122 a 8 .na deocain
┐ na subdeocain ┐ na gráda ata ísliu BB 242 b 39 . sub-
diaconus.i. subdecháin, Ir. Gl. 455 .

Dechon gen. npr. Mag Glinni Dechon LL 18 a 24 , 41 .

10 dé-chongbálach adj o-ā.A literary translation of Lat.
disyllabicus: cate in focul oenchongbhalach dechongbha-
lach trechongbhalach ainmnigther ó trian BB 323 a 16 .
nach son dechongmalach dochuissin is recomrac a deach,
Arch. i 160. 15 .—Derivative ofcongbál, a literary transla-
15tion ofLat.syllaba; it occurs O'Dav. 381 :congbáil .i. sillab
(sic leg.) nach son aonchongbalach,i.e. asyllable, any
monosyllabic sound . The term dates back to the Oir.
period.

dechor n o,n.GENDER AND INFL. Oir.neut.Wb
20 dechor,dechur. Mil onlydechur. Sgdechor,-ur.n s.pre-
ceded by neuter of the article:andechor , Wb 13 c 26 . Sg
107 b 1 . 183 a 2 .anduchur (sic), Mil 115 a 2 . Followed
by neutraln-:dechur naisndissen, Mil 114 a 14 .dechor
mbindiusa, Sg 23 a 2 .d.-or netarru, 38 a 8 .d.-or nuird,
25 41 b 7 , 10 .d.-or naimsire, 146 b 15 .combed dechur eter
ṅdán ulla, ib. 45 b 19 . Referred to withed: Mil 24 d 25 .
115 a 2 . Sg 107 b 1 .n s. dechor, Wb 13 c 26 . Prisc. Cr.
62 a 3 . Sg 3 a 11 . 27 a 9 . 41 b 10 . 59 a 17 . 163 b 10 . 185 b 1 .
197 a 13 . 201 a 3 . 212 a 13 .dechur, Wb 12 c 43 . 13 c 26
30(thrice). 33 c 10 . Mil 26 b 1 . 114 a 14 .duchur, Mil 115 a 2 .
a s. dechor, Wb 7 d 10 . Sg 6 b 2 . 28 a 7 . 61 a 24 . 220 b 6 .
dechur, Wb 10 b 21 . 13 c 26 . 33 c 18 . Mil 56 b 33 . 69 a 19 .
138 c 1 .—g s. dechuir, Sg 38 a 2 . 173 a 8 . 212 a 13 .dechoir,
55 b 5 .—d s. dechur, Wb 13 b 26 . Mil 24 d 26 . 72 c 9 .dechvr,
35 Sg 205 a 3 .dechor, ib. 28 a 13 . 61 b 3 . 147 a 1 . 198 a 5 .—
d p. dechraib, Mil 125 d 7 .—MID.-IR.fem.:basí deochair
lasna fianna LU 86 b 4 f.b. Now pronounced and written
deochoirwith u-timbred ch (duchur, Mil 115 a 2 , perhaps =
deuchur). The constant spellingdechraibind p.points to
40a-timbred ch in syncopated forms (i.e.inpl.). Compare the
following rhymes from SR:sg. deochair:feochair, SR 4815 ,
6813 .deochain, 4533 .fleochaid, 7115 ; butpl. dechraib:
debthaig, 6537 .cethraib, 3007 . Rhymes like (cen)dechair:
brethaib LL 155 a 11 ; (cen)dechair: Mechair, ib. 353 a 43 ,
45point to a-timbred ch (due to the analogy of thepl.). Of
the o-inflexion no trace is left.sg. indec. deochoir,pl.
†dechrai,dat. dechraib.n s. dechoir LL 170 a 29 .dechair SR
1255 . 1330 (if notgen.). 7947 . Rawl. 46 b .deccair, CCath.
2051 .deochoir, Hib. Min. 17. 5 .deochair LU 86 b 4.f.b. LL
50 189 b 59 . SR 1251 . Laws ii 200. 12 .deocair BB 319 b 5 .
deoch-, Hib. Min. 8 l. 267 ; 9 l. 291 . LB 111 a 39 .—a s.
dechair LL 353 a 43 . 155 a 11 .deochoir, Otia i 116 .deoch-
air LL 10 b 40 .deoch- LB 111 a 13 .—d s. deochair LL
157 b 2 . SR 1278 . —d p. dechraib SR 3007 . 6537 . 7261 .
55ORIGIN: A cpd. ofdĕ-andcor,vn.ofcuirithir, a neuter
likedechor. The distinction made betweendí-chorandde-
chorpoints todis-as the origin ofde-,v.prep.de(Origin).
SENSES:Deochair .i. dealugad, Lec. Gl. 265 .deachair
.i. dealughadh. ar nach deachradh .i. nach dealaigheadh, O'Cl.
60 deochair .i. eidirdheiliughadh, ib.deachair .i. dearsgugadh.
dealbh an chruim dór do dheachair .i. do dearsgaich,ib.
(Synon. derscugud CCath. 2051 v.l.).
I The condition of beingdifferent;difference,dissimilarity,
diversity. Also a point in which thingsdiffer . In the
65Glosses frequently translatingLat.differentia( Mil 24 d 25 . Sg
6 b 2 . 23 a 2 . 28 a 7 . 28 a 13 . 41 b 7 . 55 b 5 . 61 b 3 . 185 b 1 .
197 a 13 . 212 a 13 ),Lat.distinctio( Wb 12 c 43 ),Lat.diuersitas
( Mil 26 b 1 ), and referring toLat.diuersus( Sg 38 a 8 . 147 a 1 ),
Lat.discernere( Sg 26 b 8 ),Lat.alternatio. Often joined toailidetu,
5 cumscugud,(eter)derscnugudand the like. The objects or
persons compared are introduced byeter(by gen. SR 1330 .
LB 111 a 39 ), the thing or person compared with byfri
(Mid.-Ir.la LB 111 a 39 ), the point of comparison is put
in gen., very seldom introduced byi n-( Wb 12 c 43 ). (a)
10usually of things and abstracts:differentia, gl.dechor, Sg
212 a 13 . 197 a 13 . ib. 3 a 11 . 26 b 8 . 107 b 1 . 201 a 3 . Mil
115 a 2 .co fessed dechoir na pian, Otia i 116 (same phrase
Wb 13 c 26 ).d. ¤ eter: a ndechur feil ettarru, Wb 33 b 18 .
d. ¤ eter corpu nemdi ┐ corpu talmandi ┐ d. ¤ etur corpu nemdi
15immanetar &c. (six times), ib. 13 c 26 .tadbat d. ¤ fil eter
lánamnas ┐ ógi, 10 b 21 .etir deacht ┐ dóinacht, Mil 26 b 1
(transl.Lat.diuersitas). Mil 24 d 25 . 56 b 33 . 72 c 9 . Sg 38 a 8 .
45 b 19 . 163 b 10 . 173 a 8 . 185 b 1 .conroib ailidetu ┐
dechor etir in dí sillaib, 59 a 17 .Lat.indifferenter, gl.ní bi d. ¤ eter
20diall nanmann ┐pronominum , 27 a 9 .—cati dechoir etir in
argumaint ┐ in titail, Hib. Min. 8. 264 . ib. 17. 5 ; 9. 21 .
Laws ii 200. 12 . Rawl. 46 b . SR 7947 .ba sí d. ¤ lasna
fianna etir orgain ┐ maidm LU 86 b 4 f.b. = H 3.18,531 .
—dechor + fri:ar ní fil ní frisa mbed a ndechor, Sg 183 a 2 .
25 ib. 38 a 2 .ní écen d. ¤ fri céssad, Pr. Cr. 62 a 3 .dechor+i n-:
Lat.distinctionem sonituum, gl.mani bée d. ¤ isin tsenmuim, Wb
12 c 43 .dechor+ gen.:d. ¤ nuird, Sg 41 b 7 , 10 .d. ¤ ceníuil,
61 a 24 . ib. 6 b 2 . 23 a 2 . 220 b 6 .d. ¤ naisndissen, Mil
114 a 14 . lēgo lĕgo dīco dĭco: ata dechor naimsire hi
30suidib la cumscugud coibedne a difference of quantity(sic
transf.), Sg 146 b 15 .d. ¤ delbha, CCath. 2051 . (b) of
persons:d. ¤ tadbat som itir dóini ┐ idlu, Mil 138 c 1 .ní
biad d. ¤ etir firu sídi ┐ doene olchena LL 170 a 29 .dá
óclach...ní bí d. ¤ ná eterderrsgnugud delbha etarru, CCath.
35 2051 .
II The action ofdistinguishingordiscriminating; a
distinction,discrimination .rogabad do d. ¤ etir deacht ┐
dóinacht maicc, Mil 24 d 26 .do d. ¤ úirt, Wb 13 b 26 . differen-
tiæ causa.i. do d. ¤ etir anmann inna crann ┐ anmmann a
40toraid, Sg 61 b 3 . ib. 147 a 1 .do d. ¤ fri alaili, 198 a 5 .fri
prænominaaili, 28 a 1 . opp.confusio, 205 a 3 .dobér in
nubull duit do deochair maith ┐ uilcc SR 1278 . —differentiae
causa .i. ar dechor etir,&c., Sg 28 a 7 ..i. ar accuis dechoir,
55 b 5 . 212 a 13 .—deochair eter maith is olc SR 1251 .
45 1255 . 1330 . MacCarthy 54. 6 .d. ¤ maithiusa la hulc, ib.
54. 27 .d. ¤ do dénom to make a difference or distinction:
mógi sidi uili do Dia acht dorigénsat in descipuil d. ¤ etarru,
Wb 7 d 10 .—cen dechur without distinction, glossing
Lat.indifferenter, Mil 69 a 19 .cen dechair LL 155 a 11 .
50 353 a 43.
III Analteration, achange , transl. Lat.alternatio. Syn.
cumscugud.admiratio diuinae potentiae in alternationibus
trancellitatis atque procellarum .i. isnaib ildechraib ón,
Mil 125 d 7 .
55 IV Distinction,excellence,eminence .atchuala ríg co
ṅgus glan i fus for tír Tuadmuman: clí co ndeochair
chuchta cain LL 157 b 2 . Closely related to I,cf. Wb
33 c 10 :de Melchisedech de Christo .i. a dechur fri sacartu
fetarlicce.
60 VInstances from SR not mentioned above. (a)d p.
dechraib:dá macc déc...Iacoib húi Abaráim cona dechraib
in cach threib cona cethraib máthrechaib each with his
special tribe
, SR 3007 .iar ṅdechraib doib díni dé: debthaig
immon nárdríge after their separation(viz.the eleven
65tribes under Ispas from the tribe of Judah)they fought
for the high-kingship, 6537 .rí roeirn...cosmailius co
sainigud...do híascaib snáit i srothaib do dechraib gotha
na nén ┐ a crotha comthrén variety, 7261 . (b)sg. deochair:
na fográid ann (sc.isin tabernacuil) fria ndeochair: na
5deochain na suibdeochain: fri annad caindle gním cert
fri tairbe fri timthirecht at their various occupations, 4533 .
deochair tria blait, 4815 .Dauid ba bibdu rechta...dḟis
trialla deochair dochath Fiadu fris feochair fergach, 6863 .
bái tart for túaith nIsrahél. ní relic deochair Dia dil broen
10fleochaid dóib do noebnim, 7115 .ticfa fleochud fuilide
asind níul...truag deochair diar cuirib ne línfaid inn huili
ṅdomon, perh.a woeful change or difference, 8031 .—Other
instances:Eochaid...delbas deochair a degrand LL 10 b 40
(deabhas d. a ndeadh rand BB 33 b 25 .).deochair álainn
15aturo na ndís brec sróin bil SG 90. 15 . Fél. Oeng. Apr. 13
v.l.—itiat so tra na togla .i. Trechúairt(v.l. Treochair,
Anecd. ii 45. 16 )Tigi Lir...┐ Deochair(v.l. Deoair, Harl.
Anecd. l.c. )Tige Cathbath, LL 189 b 59 (meaning obscure,
the tale being lost;Treochairif right points to a cpd. with
20 de-`two'). As todechraib BB 204 b 18 , Ir. Nenn. 136. 3 ,
seedeccair.