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dechon n o,m.Old loan-word from Lat.diaconus. It
dates back to the beginning of Christianity, as the syncope
of `a' shows (cf. lecca,scena,betha,ern- &c.). Oir.dechon
with u-timbred -chi-, hence in Mid.-Ir. regularly written
5and pron.deochain.Cf. dechoid, Mid.-Ir.deochuid
(anddechaid), with which it rhymes Fél. Oeng. May 4 :
Mochuae cain dechoid (v.l.deochaid, deochoid, dechaid):
i féil Siluaindechoin(v.l. deochain,dechain); dechor,
Mid.-Ir.deochair, with which it rhymes SR 4533 .O-stem
10in Oir.:n p. ban-dechuin deaconesses Wb 28 c 5 (oldest
inst.).Cf. a s. foracaib úasal dechon and, Lat. Lives 28. 9
(Eg. 97).farácaib intí Coemán dechon, ib. 28. 1 = Trip.
104. 14 .co dechon M., Trip. 204. 2 .n s. dechon LB 277
a 12 f.b. deochan, Trip. 8. 6 .Deocan mac Domnaill, Cog.
15 36. 10 . In MSS from the 12th century and down to Keating
thegen. deochainserves for all cases of thesing.and also
for thenom.andgen. pl.(n p. SR 4533 . LB 122 a 8 .g p.
SR 4889 ).a p. deochaine, LB. In Mod. MSS often
deocán: 1 Tim. iii 12 (n p. deócháin).drong do deocanaib,
20 Aisl. Tun. xviii 3 (early 17th century MS).deochán a
deacon P. O'C. comarli fri sacartib ┐ deochanib PH
2954 (if not =deochainib, 6012 ). In the gloss Lat. diaconus.i.
decháin, Ir. Gl. 454 (subdecháin, ib. 455 ), the mark of length
is intelligible ifdeochánwas the form used by the copyist.
25 Deochán, then, dates back to the 15th century.
By Irish grammarians partly traced back to Latin ( Laws
v 22. 11 . Ir. Gl. 454 ), partly explained as a native word:
deochain .i. dedhe .i. baithis ┐ comna. nó deocain .i. da
cain aige .i. cain re teeoir ┐ cain re nachtail, Laws v 22. 12
30 sq.(Comm.).
n s. Deochon Aed i Cúil Máine BB 112 b 38 ,cf.
Decoimet.Deocan mac Domnaill, Cog. 36. 10 .dechoin,
Fél. Oeng. May 5 v.l.,cf. Apr. 13 v.l. LL 347 g 20 f.b.
Thes. ii 309. 17 (Comm. Fiacc's Hy.).dechain, Fél. Oeng.
35 May 5 . Lat. Lives 28. 11 .deochoin, Fél. Oeng. Apr. 13 .
deochain,ib. v.l.; May 5 v.l. Laws v 22. 2 (twice in the main
text); 22. 12 Comm. Mart. Don. Mar. 3 ; Apr. 25 ; July 10 ;
Aug. 31 ; ib. p. 400 . FMA.D.1243 . ALC. A.D.1289 . Keating.
déchain(sic), Lat. Lives 21. 7 .deochán,v. supra. deachain
40in aircideachain ALCA.D.1361 .—g s. dechoin:féil Petair
dechoin, Fél. Oeng. May 4 v.l.; Apr. 17 v.l. mac Maine
dechoin, Rawl. 141 b 21 .do chúch cach decoin, Laws v
412. 16 (main text).dechain, Fél. Oeng. May 4 .deochoin,
Fél. O. Apr. 16 .deochain, ib. Jan. 14 ; May 4 v.l.; Apr. 16 v.l.;
45 Apr. 17 ; Aug. 10 .haue d. Odissi, Hy. ii 4 .fri mnái in deochain
PH 7446 . Lat. Lives 89. 17 LB.—a s. dechon, see above.
dechain, Lat. Lives 28. 9 . CCath. 1509 . PH 442 . —d s. deo-
chain:ó d. co decan, CCath. 1509 .dun deocain, Laws
v 22. 11 Comm. .—n p. bandechuin, WB 28 c 5 .deochain
50 SR 4533 . LB 122 a 8 .deocain BB 242 b 39 .—g p. deo-
chain SR 4889 . LU 5 b 1 . RC xx 38 . —a p. deochaine PH
2524 . 2732 .—d p. dechainib, ib. 6012 .-anib, 2954 .deoca-
naib, Aisl. Tun. xviii 3 .
Adeacon , one of the seven grades of the Church, ranking
55between the suibdechon and the sacart according to the
Breh. Laws:seacht ngráid eacalsa...suibdeochain deochain
sacart eascob, Laws v 22. 2 . The same order PH 2524 :rooird-
nestar escopu ┐ sacairt ┐ deochaine, and CZ v 499 . Fre-
quently connected withsacart:is do deochainib ┐ do
60ṡacartaib dobertís dechmada PH 6012 .sacairt ┐ deochaine
┐ sruthi na nIudaide, 2732 . ib. 2954 . Aisl. Tun. xviii 3 . —
Opp.dictatóiranddecán, CCath. 1509 . Translating Lat.
diaconus, Ir. Gl. 454 ;levita, Aisl. Tun. l.c.
COMPS.archidechon farci-deochain anarchdeacon :
65 archideochain FMA.D.1243 . ALCA.D.1289 .aircidea-
chain, ib.A.D.1361 .ban-dechon o,m. adeaconess Wb
28 c 5 ,v. supra. suib-dechon asubdeacon . Old loan =
subdiaconus: Laws v 22. 2 (v. supra).suibdeochain .i. ónní
issuibdiacunus , v 22. 11 Comm. suibdeochain...fomá-
5maigthi hé dun deocain, ib. 22. 11 Comm. pl. na deo-
chain na suibdeochain SR 4533 = LB 122 a 8 .na deocain
┐ na subdeocain ┐ na gráda ata ísliu BB 242 b 39 . sub-
diaconus.i. subdecháin, Ir. Gl. 455 .