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dechmad, old derivative ofdeich, Gaul.petru-decameto-,
CIL xiii 2494 . Holder 980 .
I o-ā,adj. Tenth . Always before its subst. and preceded
35by the article:sin dechmaid lá SR 6327 .in deachmadh
bliadain flaithiusa Tibhir, MacCarthy 282. 10 f.b. isin
dechmad bliadain a ríge, 298. 13 . ib. 290. 2 , 14 .foglaim
na dechmaide bliadna IT iii 54 § 99 .in d. ¤ aithne PH
7764 .decima ostensio:in d. ¤ taidbsi, 6720 .in d. ¤ grád,
40 7160 .isin d. ¤ chaipdel, 7456 .an deachṁadh coṁartha aran
mbás, TSh. 51. 3 .—With ellipse of subst. and omission of
article:dechmad grád talman, MCgl. 51. 11 (cf. nói ṅgrád
nime ┐ in dechmad grád talman LL 45 b 34 ).—Now under
the influence ofdeichpronounced with slender ch (th = h):
45 deichṁeadh, deithiú, W.M.;cf. Rev. xi 13 :an deichṁeadh
cuid don chathair.Thus also Sc.deicheaṁ, HSD. Macd.
II Subst.,ā,f. (a)aspaceoften days dechma, Laws ii
106. 2 .dechmu, ib. i 262. 5 ; 264. 11 .dechmud, i 264. 12 .
Acc.fornom.:deachmuid, ii 90. 20 .—Frequently in the
50Laws =anad dechmaide a stay of ten days( Laws i 80. 32 ).
One of the four periods (uidi) for notice of Law:arinní robdur
cethri uidi robátar for furógru dlige aon ┐ treisi cúicthe
┐ dechmu, i 262. 5 .n s. d. ¤ fri rudrad, i 78. 14 .fri rurud, ii
90. 20 .adfogarar dechmu do feine fiachaig...ar as dech-
55mud fri saigid, i 264. 11 ; ii 106. 2 .—g s. leth na decmaidi
v 68. 5 .re ré ndechmaide, iii 532. 17 . ib. i 192. 12 f.b. ;
v 66. 4 f.b. co iar ndechmaide, v 306. 9 .a s. cid arná
segat cúicthe nó dechmad, i 236. 12 .co dechmaid=co
cenn ndechmaide; conár fastur doib cu dechmuid, ii 48. 4 .
60 O'Dav. 950 . —d s.fordechmaid, Laws i 152. 1 .is díles iar
ndechmaid, ii 310. 8 f.b. ib. v 308. 3 .d p. direnar i teora dechmadaib,
v 394. 8 . Law-terms :anad dechmaide a stay
or delay of ten days
:dechmad .i. a. d., i 80. 32 ; 192. 13
f.b. ; 236. 20 .a. d. ar cach nathgabáil gabar de, i 200. 30 .
65O'D. Suppl.apad dechmaide a legal notice of ten days,
1262. 22 .abad teora dechmad, iv 2. 20 .athgabál dechmaide
distressof ten days:a. húine ┐ aile...┐ d., i 208. 2 ;
ib. 192. 10 ; 210. 22 .—íc ar dechmaid, Cáin Ad. 38 .airḟuacra
decmaidi, Hib. Min. 66. 6 .nosbiathaim co cenn dechmaide
5 IT i 141. 26 (CC). CZ v 503. 16 .—Obs.
(b)one of ten equal parts, atenth . (1) In a general
sense:cathir dronoll...mét don domonn a dechmad SR
344 .masé dechmad a ḟeraind tucustair in duine amach,
Laws v 38. 10 .tabar dechmad in ḟiadhuigh dún, Ac.
10 919 .gabais dechmaid cechtar nái (viz. na mbairgen) ┐
benais dechmaid in tóchta...fil dechmaid sund ar MacC.,
MCgl. 23. 12 sq.; ib. 23. 16 , 18 (g s. dechmaide); 25. 4 .
deachṁadh na deachṁadha, Lev. x 38 . Sc.deicheaṁ:
bheir mi d. dhuit I will give you a tenth part Macd.
15 325 a . (2) In a specal sense after the introduction of
Christianity, translating Lat.decima(pl.Lat.decimae:dech-
mada):the tithes of the Church. haec decima.i. dech-
madh, Ir. Gl. 43 . According to the Brehon Laws the laity
was obliged to paydechmadandprimiti(primitiae) to the
20clergy.n p. dechmada ┐ primiti ┐ almsana, Laws i 50. 27 .
dán do eclais .i. dechmada ┐ primite ┐ rl., iii 18. 26 .na
dechmada, v 450. 23 .a p. isé (viz. in flaith) dobeir primidi
┐ dechmada ┐ almsana don eclais, v 12. 28 .d p. do
dechmadaib ┐ primittib, v 266. 11 ; 122. 21 .g p. fuas-
25lugad dechmad, v 450. 15 .—for dánaib ┐ dechmadaib na
hecailsi LU 30 a 27 = FA § 25 .ní dligid dechmaidiu, O'D.
Suppl. from LB.tug F. a roga feraind do Chormac...
tuc dano a deachmadh do BB 234 a 4 .quasi anni nostri
decimas damus
: doberum...mar bad dechmad ár mbliadna
30 PH 4936 . ib. 4939 - 40 .is do deochainib ┐ do ṡacartaib
dobertís dechmada ┐ prímite ic áes rechta decimae et
primitiae
, 6012 .a p. dechmadu a máine, 4172 .érnaid
dechmada na nuli filet ocaib do ḟulang na neclais, 7251 .
Gadelica ii 123. 2 .d. dérniudordo díl pay tithes PH
35 7251 .sná díol deachṁugha ar aonchor, Gadelica ii 128
l. 618 . Donl. 144. 25 . Rel. Celt. ii 278 st 16 (deacbhuidh).
d. do glaccad receive tithes:anúair ghlacfuid na lebhítigh
dechmadha, Neh. x 38 .doghlacas an deachṁadh, Hebr.
vii 9 . —Instances from the Bible:n s. deachmadh, Lev. xxvii
4032 , ib. x 38 .pl. bhur ndeachmadha, Deut. xii 11 .d s.
deachṁuidh, Lev. xxvii 31 .g s. gabáildeachṁuidh , Deut.
xxvi 12 .g. na deachṁuidhe, ib. dechṁadh na dechmadha,
Lev. x 38 . (3)Of anytributeto the clergy, no matter
how big or how small:tucsat cúiced Laigen trian a clainde
45┐ trian a nindmais do naem Pátraic conid Cnoc na Dech-
maide ainm in chnuic sin ósin anall, Ac. 4825 . —The sense
`ten things, articles or animals' which is given in O'D. Suppl.
appears to have no support (one would expect †décadeor
†deichde).
50MOD.v. I,II (b ). Lhuyd. Coneys. O'R. Dinn. Sc.
deachaṁ: thug e dha d. de gach ní , Gen. xiv 20 . HSD.
Macd. Phon.deicho, O'R. ann.—Hencedeachṁuighim
(vn. deachṁughudh)I pay tithes;deachṁughaim id.O'R.
deachṁaich , HSD. deicheaṁaich , Macd.

55 dechmadach adj o-ā, deriv. of prec. Paying tithes :ba
dechmadhach ba primidech pay tithes and first-fruits YBL
412 e 17 .

†dechmaing, adj dechmaic hard,difficult,unable :.i.
neaṁchumusachO'R. (deachṁaing).Cf.thev.l. dechmaic
60in two MSS, Fél. Oeng. Ep. 172 . The formation is quite
possible (cf. dí-chumaing,sochmachta), but is not sufficiently
supported. Seedecmaing.

dechnabar n ten persons=deichnebor,q.v.

dechnad n u, laterā.A certainmetre . Its price was
65five cows, BB 306 a 38 . Probablyneuter:dechnad mbec
IT iii 40. 25 ; 24. 25 ; 25. 17 ; 40. 17 (all from BB). ib.
40. 17 (Laud 610).dechnad mbrecht, 24. 26 ; 25. 20 (BB).
d. ¤ mbrechtfelesach, 9. 6 , 10 , 12 (H. 2. 12, TCD). Wrongly
do deach- mbreacht 25. 20 (BB). But in the same MSS the
5eclipsis is frequently also omitted:d. ¤ bec, 28. 15 ; 74. 1
(BB). 6. 21 ; 74. 1 (H. 2. 12).d. ¤ brecht, 28. 15 (BB). 6.
21 (H. 2. 12).d. ¤ debrechta, 9. 16 (H. 2. 12). 40. 22 (Laud).
d. ¤ dobrechta, 6. 22 (H. 2. 12).d. ¤ gairet, MacCarthy 130 h
(BB). In BB frequently treated as afem.:g s. breccad
10decnaidi móiri, 73. 14 , 35 ; 75. 12 (butdeach- móir, 24. 34 ;
25. 6 BB.d. ¤ máir, 7. 6 .d. ¤ brichtfelesaig, 9. 9 , H 2. 12).d s.
fordeach-móir , 7. 32 .a ndeach-móir, 8. 30 (butindech-
mór , 26. 8 BB; 8. 7 , H. 2. 12.dondeach-breacht , 25. 25
BB).a s. fridech-mbic , 27. 2 f.b. ; 28. 4 .
15INFLEXION:n s. dechnad IT iii 106. 11 (lethdechnad, ib.
13 ) LL; 40. 25 BB; 39. 19 Laud; 6. 20 ; 73. 7 (lethdechnad,
6. 21 ; 8. 9 ), H 2. 12 .decnad, 6. 21 (thrice), H 2. 12 .deachnad,
39. 19 BB.deacnad, 24. 24 BB.dechnaidfrequent in BB
and Laud: 40. 3 (lethdechnaid); 40. 8 , 17 , 22 Laud. 40. 17 ;
20 73. 7 , 14 BB.deacnaid, 24. 26 , 29 BB. Abbreviated:
dechn-, 25. 20 ; 28. 15 ; MacCarthy 130 h , BB. 6. 22 , H 2.
12.deachn-, 25. 1 , 2 , 10 , 17 , 23 , 24 BB.decn-, 73. 7 ; 74. 1
BB. 6. 21 , H 2. 12 .dech-, 28. 15 BB. 6. 22 ; 8. 5 , 6 ; 9. 6 ,
10 , 12 , 16 ; 73. 14 ; 74. 1 , H. 2. 12.deach-, 24. 25 , 35 BB.
25g s. dechnadha BB 306 a 38 .dá chenél dechnada móir,
39. 20 Laud.dechnada máir, 7. 6 , H. 2. 12.láncuibdi dech-
brichtfelesaig, 9. 9 , H. 2. 12.dá chenél deach- móir, 24. 34
BB.deliugud deach- móir, 25. 6 BB.dechnaidi:decnaidi
móiri, 73. 35 BB.decn-i móiri, 73. 36 BB.decn-i
30cumaisc, 75. 12 BB. Here also 73. 24 :brecad dech- mór
.i. inso(móri leg.), H. 2. 12.d s. dechnad:i ndech- már,
8. 7 , 8 , H. 2. 12.i ndeach- mór, 26. 8 BB.don deach-
breacht, 25. 20 , 25 BB.deachn-, 25. 6 , 12 BB.fem. dech-
naid: don deacnaid, 25. 26 BB.a ndeach- móir, 8. 30 BB.
35fordeach- móir, 7. 32 BB.a s. dechnad m.,dechnaid f.:
amail deachn- cumaisc, 25. 21 BB.fri dech- mbicc, 27.
2 f.b. ; 28. 4 BB.n p. dechnada:it dechnada uile, 22. 16 ,
H 2. 12, BB.na deachnada so, 7. 26 BB.d p. dechnadaib:
dona dechnadaib, 73. 6 ; 78. 7 BB.
40ORIGIN:Gen. dechnada(neverdechanta) points to a
cpd.;cf.theu- stemscétnad,setnad(occasionally eclipsing
likedechnad:cétnad nimrinn IT iii 53 § 97 n. 1 .c. naisi, ib.
§ 98 .setnad mbecc, ib. 20. 13 ). The original meaning of
dechnadbeing obscure, no certain etymology can yet be
45given. Possibly a cpd. ofdeach`verse-foot,&c.' withnath
.i. ainm coitchenn dona huilib aistib, Corm. (u- stem: LL
386 a 8 . BB 302 b 4 . 303 b 42 , and probablymasc.).Dech-
cpd. form ofdeächasern-ofiarn.
The metrical treatises in BB mention no less than thirteen
50metres of this name,v. IT iii p. 173 .—COMPD.carr-dechnad,
leth-d. ¤ ,med-d. ¤ ,snéd-d. ¤ ,v. IT iii p. 172 sq. —Obs.