Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U


deccair i,adj.andsubst.Usuallydeccairin old
MSS: Ériu iv 104 2 LL. SR 5823 . LL 192 b 11 f.b. Ériu
v 221. 12 LL. Tochm. Fer. 439 . Ac. 6593 .decair LB
30 272 b 23 . RC xi 131. 4 . SG 217. 27 . Snedg. xi 3 . Rawl.
165 b 12 . CCath. 4508 . Mod. MSSdeacair.—g s. decair
SG 275. 2 f.b. Now pronounceddiŏcairwith the same
open o-sound as inbeag.SUBST. g s. decrai LU 131 b 16 .
n p. deccra LL 44 b 4 ; 201 a 13 . RDinds. § 9 .decra LL
35 30 a 34 .deacra, Ériu i 20. 8 . Mod.deacraidhe,deacraí
( Aesop ii 100 b ).a p. deacracha, Lib. Fl. ii 10 b 2. 5 .d p.
deccraib LL 152 a 3 .decraib, Fél. Gorm. Sep. 25 . Lism. L.
xxx 2 .deacraib YBL 326 b 2 . Laws v 232. 23 . Buile
Suibni § 39, l. 23 .decrachaibh, Misc. Celt. Soc. 334. 1 (early
4016th-century poem).—COMP. †deccru;decra SG 260. 32 .
Reg. San. 28. 1 , 2 f.b. deacra, Ériu i 95 § 50 . Misc. Celt.
Soc. 344. 8 . Donl. 156. 10 . MOD.deacraanddeacaire
( Paidín 14. 9 f.b. ). With-de:deacraide, TSh. 257. 26 .
Buile Suibni 54. 10 .—Deccairrhymes withlepaid, Toch. Fer.
45 439 ; LL 194 b 36 ; Ériu v 221. 12 (LL).
ORIGIN: Regularly developed from †di-accair,i.e.
privativedi + †accor(comparetaccorandcuirithir`places');
cf. decmaing,deithbir,denmne.Cf. soccair,doccair.
I Difficult,troublesome,hard ; often connected with
50 doilig,díchumung( LL 192 b 53 ) anddoccair( BB 305 a
30 ). The opposite ofassae,urussa( Donl. 418. 25 ).
(a) usually with the copula, of actions: hardtoperform ,
&c.—qui oblationes...cum difficultate reddunt .i. an dream
...réna deacair a dtabhairt uatha, TSh. 130. 2 .ba decair ┐ ba
55doilig la clannaib Néill beth oc fulang anforráin Eogain
forru LB 272 b 23 .decair dréim re Pennaibh Pó hard
to climb Benbo
RC xi 131. 4 .is decair dul i Mantribil, ib.
xix 264 § 181 .ní ḟuil ní as decra liom iná gilla do bheith
agam SG 260. 9 f.b. ib. 3 f.b. dobudh dheacra la Doṁnall
60 D. found it harder Ériu i 95 § 50 .ní budh deacra do
dhéanaṁ, Misc. Celt. Soc. 344. 8 .is uime sin is decra a
ndealughadh ón tes, Reg. San. 28. 2 f.b. —dobudh deacraide
dhó, TSh. 257. 26 .is decair dhom labhairt do lomm CMO
391 ; ib. 421 , 845 .an deacair sin do dheunadh? ní deacair
65atá se coṁfuras sin ┐ &c., Donl. 418. 25 . ib. 156. 10 ; 180. 10 ;
430. 12 ; 452. 11 ; 456. 3 , 5 f.b. OCT 27. 1 f.b. ; 28. 3 f.b.
Rom. v 7 . MOD.is d., nach d., Finck ii 87. 2 .is deacra
ná san maireachtaint a gceart a bhfus, W.K.deacair,
P. O'C. Lhuyd (deacar,deaclach sic). Sc.id.HSD. Macd.
5(b) attributively to a subst. difficult,troublesome :in gilla
decair SG 260. 3 , 5 f.b. ; 262. 6 , 11 .ní dalb decair, Rawl.
165 b 12 (chev.).foccail doccair deccair IT iii 65 .
II Hard, hard to bear,grievous ,esp. is deccair lim
I feel sorry=is doilig lim: fá doiligh ┐ fa deacair leo Goll do
10bheith san éigean sin ML 136. 21 .fosglais an buachaill an
doras...acht gér dheacair leis é though he was loth to do
so
Eachtra M. an Iol.,15. 10 .Cf.Sc. is d. leinn 'achṁasan
his reproofs are grievous to us Macd. 314 a 5 . 's d. a Chola
brí do sgeoil , HSDs.v.In Mod.-Ir.is d. liomonly means
15`I think it hard.'
III Subst. adifficulty, anembarrassment, atrouble;
hardship,distress,affliction . Often connected with such
words asainces,díchumang,doilges,duag,esbaid,imṡním,
&c.—mór decrai ┐ mór aingcessa do thabairt form LU 131
20b 16 .táthum domna bróin...bith ar lepaid na llæch is
deccair is díchumang LL 192 b 11 f.b. Mo Doe fri decraib,
Fél. Gorm. Sept. 25 .nír dligh mé méid mo muirni. féch
a Dé ár ndecuir ni, O'Gr. Cat. 347. 8 .ní bíth duag ná
deccair ar nech intan dochluined in ceol sin, Ac. 6593 ( ib.
25 6565 n. ) = SG 217. 27 . Alex. 639 .tine dá marbad dá ttáinig
a móirdheacra, Ériu i 20. 8 .me um Dhiarmuid lem
dhecrachaibh, Misc. Celt. Soc. 334. 1 ; ib. 19 .mé a ndecair
sa ndrochonóir le hesbaidh Í Eidirsceoil, 332. 1 .cidh mór
nesbaidh fuaramar is mó in decair déighenach, 334. 1 f.b.
30 truagh áṁ nach...romṁarbadh sa resíu nobheinn isin
deacair si, Buile Suibni § 20. 10 . ib. § 39. 1 , 23 .deacair (sic
leg.) ┐ doilgheas, TSh. 136. 15 . MOD.deacraí troubles
Aesop ii 100 b .
IV Hardtoaccomplish;strange,rare,wonderful, cf. V.
35 érim ndecair a wondrous course, Snedg. xi 3 (chev.).
réim ndeccair LL 201 b 41 (chev.).ná bad séim do deog
deccair, Ériu iv 104. 2 LL.Cf.Sc.is ní deacair a ta an
righ ag iarruidh, Dan. ii 11 .
V Subst. awonder, amarvel (nowobs.).deacair .i. iong-
40nadhO'Cl. P. O'C. a mbídh do dhecraibh ┐ do buadhuib
i ríghdhúinibh Éirenn, Book of Lism. 96 a . Lism. L. xxx 2
= Ferm. 24 a 1 ;cf. Anecd. ii 1. 4 .na deccra na degbúada
LL 44 b 4 .Cuan hua Lothchán...eolach i ndeccraib
hÉrenn, 152 a 3 .ceti trí deccra rostecht. fer cen chend
45air,&c., 201 a 13 .trí decra iṅganta i suidiu .i. lathrach ind
rígthaige Chormaic lathrach ind Foraid...Múr Tea, 30 a 34 .
cf. RDinds. § 9 (deccra).is do deacraib in domuin, Laws
v 232. 23 .do deacraib ríg in richid YBL 326 b 2 .ba
deccair taidbsen dia drech SR 5823 ;cf. ib. 717 .ní damna
50(sic leg.?) déine deccair, Toch. Fer. 439 .dorónsat sluaig
deccra de (= ferta), M Dinds. iii 44. 71 .gona dánaib go
ndecraib(Lec.,sic leg., :Bretnaib), Ir. Nen. 136. 3 . BB
204 b 18 .—Subst.oradj.:conárb ingnad ┐ nár decair fer
a maithiusa do ḟreccra ríg, CCath. 4508 .dobíd Buide nír
55deccair: ┐ Estiu i noenlepaid, Ériu v 221. 12 LL.as suaill
daṁna a ndeacra, Hy Fiach. 174 (not `act of wondering'
as suggested in Contr.).
VICOMPD. (a)deccar-brat ā,f.:gur scaipeadar mo
dheacarbhroid a tír nÉireann, Gadelica ii 109. 8 .dochail-
60leamair mo dheacarbhroid ar bḟírleogain, ib. 110. 15 ;v. brat.
deccar-drong ā,f.:clanna Ailella Ul. uill: uas daigerbla
decardruing LL 145 b 2 f.b. ; doubtful, as Rawl. reads
dechardruing(147 b). (a)fír-deccair:cid scél fromtha
is f. LL 194 b 36 .lán-deccair verymarvellous, agreat
65 marvel :Loch Léin is lándeacair leam: ceithri creasa na
timcheall CZ v 24 st 12 (one of the wonders of Ireland).
oen-deccair:a fagaind ón rígraidh do buar do brat do bíud:
dobéraind ar aendecair daenfear do cét do tríur CZ v 23 st 28 .
sír-deccair constant hardship,trouble :ní gnáth co
5menic nach saigthech cen sírdecair, Alex. 639 .
MOD. only usual in the sense ofIandIII.

Deccair npr. f.:failet nói mná comassi...Sadb is Étain
...Medb is Deccair LL 201 b 14 . Probably an oldfem.of
Deccar.

10 deccamlach adj o-ā. Hard,difficult,puzzling ;deacaṁlach,
O'R. annot.; Keat. Poems. Contamination ofdeccairand
doccumlach,q.v.Similarlydeccamail, Poems of Pierce
Ferriter 60 ,cf. doccamal. Lhuyd and O'Br. also give
deaclach.Deacaṁailstill quite common in W.K. (In
15Ulster and Conn.docaṁailanddócaṁail.)

Deccar o,npr. m. Húi Deccair Dála de síl Illaind
dóib LL 316 b 28 = BB 133 b 9 (Deaccair).

deccrach adj o-ā, derivative ofdeccairin various senses:
difficult;rare,wonderful;distressful . Coupled withcoim-
20thech
,documlach.ná measdar go bhfuil mídheaṁuin
na meanmna deacrach nó dócaṁlach, Donl. 460. 17 .gur
deacrach an ní doníthear go laetheaṁail, 456. 1 f.b. Opp.
coitchenn:ónach fuilnginn bochtaine ann inntleachta
neithe deacracha coimidhtheacha (sic leg.) is uime sin dob
25áil limsa ag múiniughud na nealadhan neithi coitchinna
urusa, O'Gr. Cat. 211. 12 . hard,distressful :dés in chatha
ticimsi cugut a Chaillín fertuig: agso ort mo chomairci re
demna in domuin decraid (decraig,leg.) thy protection
against the demons of the distressful world
Fen. 166. 21
30(not =dechraig).a mic Dé is deacrach mo dál: pecdach
mé ósam maccám C ii 3,5 a .dobhíos lá ar maidin go
deacrach déarach, O'Gr. Cat. 580. 8 .mac Cuṁaill doḟulaing
mór ffeidhm ndecrach who bore many a distressful bout
ITS vii 33. 3 .Synon. doilig SG 353. 28 .
35MOD.deacrach, common in sense of troublesome,painful :
obair d., píanta deacracha. deacrach, Coneys, O'R. Dinn.

deccrach o,npr. m. mac Deccraig LL 155 b 42 .

deccracht n ā,f., abstract ofdeccairin various senses.
Difficulty :do deacracht in bídh ┐ na dighi do slugadh,
40 O'Gr. Cat. 206. 23 .tré aidhbhsighe na nilphian sin ┐ tréna
dheacracht i bhfulang, TSh. 113. 4 .ara dheacracht a riar
because it was so difficult to rule them(sc.the poets), Keat.
1223 .re fúaim a ndeacracht ┐ a ndásacht TBC p. 547.
n. 7 (v. dechracht).deacaracht na ceiste, O'R. ann.
45 Unsearchableness ,ἀνεξερεύνησις Rom. xi 33 .deacrachd,
Lhuyd. O'R. Coneys. Dinn. MOD. usuallydeacaireacht
under the influence ofdeacair:chuir san i ndeacracht mór
me that puzzled me very much. Usually pronounced
deacaireacht(butdiocair); in W. Cork alsodiocaireacht.

50 deccraidecht n ā,f.=deccracht:doinnis do diabh-
laigheacht na cathrach ┐ a raibh de dheacraigheacht innti
ITS i 166. 16 .

décdae adj io-iā, derivative ofdeac,déc, intris-décde
tertius decimus:eadem materia est psalmi praesentis quae
55tertii decimi .i. in trisdecdi, Mil 72 c 8 .nói-décde decen-
novennalis. (a)adj. in cicul n. the decemnovenal cycle:d s. isin
c. noidecdu, Thes. ii 40. 32 .in cétbliadan don chicul
náedécdha, Tig.A.D.1045 . (b)subst. nóidécdae io,m.
circulus(κύκλος)decennovennalis. a s. -décde, Bcr. 32 a 8 .
60 -decde, Thes. ii 39. 23 .g s. -décdi, Bcr. 3 c ; 45 c 6 .-decdi,
32 b 9 .d s. -décdu, 45 c 2 .-decdu, 45 c 5 .—Cf. deichde.

dech adj indecl. deg Wb 23 a 3 . 31 a 6 (in both cases
before the verb as a verbal particle and only slightly
accented;deg-asmad-(génatar)and not due todag, as
65 Thurneysen Handb. 227 suggests).deich Tig.A.D.648 .
techwith unaspirated d after the cop.as, Mil 37 d 3 .
73 a 10 .—Old- and Mid.-Ir. sup. ofmaith good. In Mid.-Ir.
gradually superseded byferr, the constantv.l.ofdechin
late MSS. Analog.dechu, Alex. 57 (LB).deachaO'R.
5—dech .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 315 . Arch. i 62 no. 115 . O'D.
Suppl.death .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 76 (if not =deagh).
deach .i. fearr. ba dheach .i. ba fearr, O'Cl.is deich .i. is
fearr H 3. 18 p. 530 .—Rhymes withech, Anecd. iii 56.
12 .—Traced toGk.δίκαιος:dechgraece deceos iustus ,
10 O'Mulc. 303 .
AIn the sense of thesuperlative.(1) in apposition to a
subst.:Eo Rossa...dech duilib díriuch dronchrand best of
creatures
RDind. § 160 . (2) predicatively in principal
clauses:is dech a llécud ammain mani ni aithriged it is best
15to
MT 128. 5 .dech dó (viz.do ríg) fosta cen ḟeirg, Tec.
Corm. 1. 2 . (3) predicatively in relative clauses. (a)aire
échta is deach, Laws ii 152. 1 f.b. ib. 280. 19 .leth is deach
the best half, ib. v 78. 9 .ind ḟir as dech i nÉire FB § 19 .
(b)followed by a genitive or its equivalent(di):anastech
20tíre ised dorat dam, Mil 37 d 3 .ised as dech na riaglae,
Ériu i 193. 1 .anas dech dagóc fer ṅHérenn TBC 441 .do
neoch as dech engnomma bái díb TBC 1675 Y.—ise læch
is dech di ócaib domain SC § 13 .in áge is deach don ḟine
the best chief of the tribe Laws v 502. 21 .sét is deach díb, ib.
25 242. 11 .anas dech di ócaib Ulad TBC 441 .isé is deach
díbsin uile FDG 495 . (c) withdo:it isbest for .cid as dech
do mnáib CZ viii 113. 5 .cid is dech do chléirech LB 260
b 62 .cid is dech do ríg, Tec. Corm. § 1 .ised as dech dó foss
occa MT 159. 6 . (d) withla: deemsthebest , often =is ferr
30la prefers: ised insin astech latsu adopair dait, Mil 73 a 10 .
laech bas dech lib do Ultaib FB § 13 .an robo dech leo
dona trí cóictaib ingen, ib. § 54 .isí cethern is dech la ríg
Temra CF 73. 25 .cia lán bá deach lais FDG 732 YBL
(v.l. budh ferr lais). (e) asdech+ verb:laech as dech fil
35la Ultu FB § 9 .gaiscedach as dech fil díb hé, § 14 .in
cúicedach is dech búi i nHérind TBC 1618 .fáith is d. ¤ búi
i nÉri, Arch. iii 3. 13 . TBC 1104 Y; ib. 1297 . FDG 46 .
Superl.ofmad+ verb (cf.C):hiress innaní as deg roch-
reitset hi Críst, Wb 31 a 6 (positive †madrochreitset).inní
40is dech reithes uad, Laws iii 294. 3 f.b. cliar Augustín...
dech nochartais tredan, Fél. Oeng. Nov. 16 (v.l. dóig,dáig).
Looser is the connection with the verb in the foll. instances:
anas dech dorala i Cruachain, Toch. Fer. 384 .rí as dech
tánic in ndomon BDD § 39 .isí oiged (= aided) as deachu
45dothaed ríg, Alex. 57 . ib. 56 . Frequent in the phrase
Fib (amail) as dech+ verb:fib as deg ropriched, Wb 23 a 3 .
eclais Dé...bíd a cert for leth feib as dech robái, Fél. Oeng.
4. 10 .feibh as dech atsaitar dilsi, Ériu ii 4 n. 46 .feib
as dech atchuas LL 147 a 16 .coro ícthar friss feib as
50dech atberat fir Héirenn TBC 1613. 1622 .feib as deach
rocuṁdaighedh feathal a nÉrinn FM ii 1156. 12 .—tucusa
cor ┐ coibchi duit amail as dech téit do mnái TBC 44 . ib.
2041 .donug amail is dech, Anecd. iii 56. 12 .amal is
deach rotarclumad cech fled riam, Alex. 54 .
55 BIn the sense of the comparative and followed byoldás,
indás:ní rogab Albain ríg is deach oldás Domnall Brecc
FDG 455 YBL (v.l. as fearr, Stowe MSS).ní rabatar
ceitherna ríg Temrach ní ba deach ina occu side YBL
325 a 25 . This usage arose through analogy withferr.
60 COir.dech mad+ verb =dech+ verb (A e supra),
superlativeofmad+ verb (mad-bocht,mad-búi,mad-génair
&c.). This idiom has been concluded from the following
instances:caite téchta prímgeine...cach fermac arosloice
broind a máthar iar cétmuintir cóir cona coibsenaib réir
65a nanmcharat dech mo lesaigther eclais, Laws iii 38. 10
(Sench. Mór, main text)..i. is deg mo lesaiges in eclais...
.i. as dech lesaiges eclais, ib. 38. 22 (Comm.).—Ragallach
mac Úatach gaeta dé muin geleich: Muirenn deich moro-
chich (.i. rocaín) Cathal deich modereich, Tig.A.D.648
5(Oir. Poem, disyll.deäc,neët).—is tri ḟír flatha cach tlachta
dia nime dech marómnaiter LL 293 b 18 . The Mid.-Ir.
equivalent ofmad-ismo-(ma-):mogénair, ormon-:mon-
génair LU 36 b 7 ; BB 479 a 29 ;ní mandernais LL 268 b 43 .
The latter occurs in the Four Masters version of the poem
10quoted above:M. dechmon ro cich C. dechmon derich
FM i 260. 4 .
adj dech fri bestor mostdistinguishedin:na hollumain
┐ anis deach fri cech ndán olchena FDG 25 .