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1 dé n t,f. Smoke,haze ,&c. n s. dé, from the Glosses (dæ,
65 Mil 57 a 10 ) up to the present day. Rhyming withclé
BB 31 b 8 ; withgné LL 199 b 47 . Seldomdiad, modelled
on the ā-stems, BB 450 b 12 .g s. diad, Mil 40 c 1 . TBC
187 . CCath. 1502 . Hy Maine 57 a 2 . FM vi 1962. 12 ;
2198. 3 . TSh. 187. 23 ; mod.id.anddéithe(Kerry).—The
5derivativedethachpoints to disyllabicdiäd. Unfortunately
I have no instance from old poetry.a s. diaid, Expulsion
187 . RC ii 396. 1 f.b. LL 110 a 12 . BB 365 b 17 . PH
2407. 7109 . MacCgl. 63. 6 . O'Dav. 632 . 1586 .diaig
TBC 5508 . Superseded by thenom.formdé FM vi 2116.
108 f.b. ; mod.déanddéith(sicW. Kerry).d s. diaid LL
124 a 41 .díaig PH 2505 .died RC iii 344. 12 =diaid.
I Smoke,fume , as opposed tolassair`flame' andteine
`fire.' It renders Lat.fumus.diaidh .i. múch smoke,
vapour P. O'C. (a)uice fumi omnis eorum elatio euan-
15escit, gl.amal arindchrin dæ ┐ asindbail as smoke perishes
and dies
Mil 57 a 10 .rothin (sc.in diabul) fochétóir amal
diaid RC ii 396. 1 f.b. Todd Lect. v 97. 11 .attáit tenti
┐ fóidit diaid in teined sair co hOsseirge, Exp. 187 .atáid
tenid cáin...cen diaid cen chiaig cen crithir, MacCgl. 63. 6 ;
20 117. 21 .dath na diad, Hy Maine 57 a 2 .amal téid de do
deightheinidh, Lib. Flav. 33 b 2. 14 .is cumair in pian
aimserda ar is fri diaid thened is casmail PH 2407 .teine
diad asmoky fire :teanndáil nó t. dhiadh, TSh. 187. 23 .
the smoke from an encampment:ragabsatar dúnad ┐
25longphort inn aidchi sin cor ba dlúim diad ┐ tened(a
standing phrase)etir chethri áthaib Ái TBC 187 .the
smoke from a volcano
:co maiged(i.e. maided)a duibdiad
┐ a lasra a huamaib ┐ a hairchelaib in tṡlébi sin(i.e.Etna)
BB 450 b 12 .the smoke from a devastated country or city:
30 dar leo is tre smúitcheo diad ┐ tre corrthair lasrach
nolaefedh in cathraigh uile, CCath. 1502 .dé is dethach
smokeandvapour :robad smúittcheo diadh ┐ dethaighe in
tír uile dia néis FM vi 2198. 3 .an dlúiṁcheo diadh ┐
dethaighe roleth óna forloisccthib, ib. vi 1962. 13 . ib. 2116.
358 f.b. dochuireadar an baile uile tre smúr dhiadh ┐
deataigh, Caith. Chong. 52. 15 . (b)a smoking fire=teine
diad:a thócbáil ┐ a chosa suas...┐ de mór fói PH 1238 .
(c)thesmokeof a fired gun:roleiccsiot dé ┐ detach a
ndubhpúdair foa súilib FM vi 2116. 8 f.b. (d) odorous
40 smokeas that ofincense :túis...athascnaid a de side iarna
hadandad i núaislib nime PH 7020 .amail diaid thúsi, ib.
7109 . (e) smoke,fumeas thesymbolofSatanand the
demons :dochonnaic sí in satan...a dhe ┐ a lasair asa
chraes ┐ asa ṡróin, Lism. L. 1409 . TLS v 74. 13 .a dé ┐ a
45lassar asa chraess ┐ asa ṡrónaib sechtair, Three Hom. 72.
30 .dochóid ass in draicc ┐ tórruma demun impe coro lín
in tempul dia díaig ┐ dia bréntur PH 2505 . (f) smokeor
fume, arising from the anger of the righteous:in dé thánic
dítsu ar thimdergad foloi side i nardda coro scáil na demna
50 LL 273 b 78 .
II Esp. thesmokefrom thehearthorhouse-fire (tellach);
hence sometimes, liketeineandtellach, as a symbol of the
house or the home.hi tellach thírmaide...nárotlosci a lassar
nárotbena a dé, MacCgl. 95. 27 .dé do thig LB 156 a 57 .
55 nocho bia i nÉirinn...teag ná treb ná ten ná de(:clé) BB
31 b 8 .co facca a dún fornocht cen diaidh cen teach cen
tenid, ib. 365 b 17 .biaidh gan diaigh Eaṁuin Uladh,
3 C 13,659. 9 .—According to old beliefs the smoke of the
hearth betrays the secrets of the house and the fate of
60its inhabitants,cf. adgníed din died(diaid LL 124 a 11 )
notheche din tich a llín nombíd co nngalur ann (┐ cech
galar nobíd and, add. LL), RC iii 344. 12 .asé sin dobeir
aithne ar galar in duine tre diaig in tigi i mbí dḟaicsin
TBC 5508 .
65 III Vapourorsteam, arising from heat:coire
airgdidi do ná tic dé ná deathach FDG 507 .de en
foulachtae the vapour of the concoction RC xii 100. 10 .
IV Haze,mistyappearance,watery vapour :siadair denn
do cach dinn: dé do loch linn lán haze from the lake of
5full waters
Four Songs 10. 8 = RC v 202. 1 .
V Agustorblastofair :dé do ghaoith a gust of wind
Dinn. P. O'C. de áith a sharp blast of wind P. O'C. ,
probably taken from O'Cl.'sde aith .i. gaoth(perhaps
meant to render the spokendéith,i.e. déh; orcf.the
10obscuredeaait, For. Foc. 120 ).
VILike Lat.anima breath, the breath as theprinciple
of life,soul :dend .i. deut estdenn a nanma .i. dé a[n]ma
i ndáinib hí .i. in anál. nó amail diaidh do theinid, O'Dav.
632 .dé den anam a little breath of life P. O'C. In this
15sense still common in the spoken language:tá an déith
as he is dead, efflata est anima, opp.tá an déith ann he is
still alive
(W. Kerry, Conn.).cuireadh go dí deireadh na
déithe é ach dochas sé airist, ordochuaidh sé go dí d. na
d. he was on the point of death but recovered(W. Kerry,
20Conn.).
VIIPROV.proprium fumi est ut ignem nuntiat
secuturum, gl.is gnáth lassar hi tiarmoracht diad flame is
customary after smoke
Mil 40 c 1 .is dorn im diaid tor
mbriathar a multitude of words is a fist round smoke
25 O'Dav. 1586 (Stokes' translation gives no sense);cf. as
dorn im dhiaidh, Buile Suibni 54. 27 .
VIIICOMP.mí-dé:is míde tucad dún tair. dorat mígne
dár menmain LL 199 b 47 .
MOD.dé,g s. diadh,déithe,v. V,VI.Obs.in Sc.
30 P. O'C. also gives the sense ` grief,sorrow,sadness .'—Cf.
dethach.

2 dé: nmentioned assynonymouswithdeichenanddál,
For. Foc. 13 :dé is deichen gach dál dleacht.Division
(Stokes). Probably identical with3 deand taken from
35 ACC § 11 :déde .i. indara raind.

3 dé conjcase-form of1 día,q.v.

4 dé nin exclamation,v. 2 día.

5 dé conjinco dé,fri dé,&c.,v. 1 día.

6 dé numcpd.-form of two ,q.v.Superseded bydá-
40in Mid.-Ir.

7 dé n=dead,q.v.

dea conj co dea, O'Don. Suppl. =co dé,v. 1 día.

†dea: n drúchta dea .i. ith ┐ blichtut Scoti dicunt
drúchta dea Dromma Ceta, Corm. 451 Y. Corm. Tr. 57 .
45 drúchta déa, O'Cl.

1 Dea npr. m. n s. Dea:Dea mac Degann(Degad leg.,
cf. DedaidLL), RDinds. § 40. 1 (so also LL, BB).g s.
Dé:Bec mac Dé mic Gnoe, Mart. Don. Oct. 12 .De:
Bec mac De druad mic Gnoe LL 347 c 48 , 55 . BB 216 a 44
50 mac Deátho, Deḟatho,i.e. Dé ḟátho,v. †Deáith.Mac
Saiglend mic De mic Labrada LL 326 e 16 f.b. —In Mid.-
Ir. confused withDeda,gen. Dedad(Dedhadh),Daig,gen.
Dego,Dead(g s.) andDeae:Dea mac Degana quoInber
nDeda, RDinds. § 40. 1 .

55 2 Dea,Deae pn g s.in the following names:Inber
nDeae i Crích Cualann i Laignib, the estuary of Aba
Deae immediately below Arklow.Aba Deaeriver, flows
through Glenn nDeae.Glenn nDeaeearlier name of
Glenn Dá Locho.Loch Deae.
60FORMS:Deaae:Cell Dara do orgain do gentib ó Inbir
Deaae AUA.D.835 .Deae:co Inber Deae, Trip. i 32.
11 ( Eg. 93 ).Dee: in portum apud nós clarum qui uocatur
Hostium Dee dilata est , Arm. 2 b 2 .Inber nDee i Crích
Cualand, Hy Maine 147 b .Deaa:do gallaib Inbhir Deaa
65 FMA.D.835 .Dea(the usual form): Trip. 30. 17 ;oc Inbiur
Dea i Crích Laigen, ib. 34. 18 .co hInber nDea i Crích
Laigen, ii 448. 5 . LB 26 a 14 f.b. Aband Dea ┐ Inber ṅDea
LL 159 a 5 f.b. Aba Dea, Hy Maine 147 b 2 .De:Inber
nDe, Lism. 4 a . Hogan 458 a .—Confused withDeda,gen.
5 Dedad:Inber Dedadi Crích Cualann BB 370 b 30 .
Inbhear Deaghaidh, Keat.
By the Irish themselves wrongly associated withDea,
npr. m.:Dea mac Degad a quoInber nDeda i Crích
Cualann, RDinds. § 40. 1 .Garman Glas mac Dedadcuius
10frater eratDeaa quoAband Dea ┐ Inber ṅDea i Crích
Cualann LL 159 a 5 f.b. Dea mac Dedhadha quoInber
nDea a Crích Chualand, Stowe D. 2. 2,27 a .Deawas
the name of the river;cf. Ban-dea, name of the Shannon,
Arm. 11 b 1 ;Dub-dea`Nigra Dea' (River Dee in Scotland),
15 Thes. ii 279. 6 . It seems identical with Ptolemy'sDēvā,
the river Dee in Scotland. Ptolemy'sΔηούας ποταμο
ἐκβολαίmay render an Ir.Inber nDee,Inber nAbann Dee.
Gen. Dēvāscompared with Arm.Deeshows that in the
2nd century the Irish substitution of-āsby-iāsinfem.
20 ā-stems had not yet taken place.—Cf. PictetRC ii 2 .
Holder 1273 .