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dásacht n a,f. Madness,fury,panic. g s. dásachta
CCath. 786 .d s. dásacht, Wb 9 b 7 . 28 a 11 . Mil 34 a 21 .a s.
indásacht , Mil 20 b 7 . The noun from whichdásachtis
40probably derived has been lost in Irish. Explained as
diṡocht.ní bí i socht. nó dásocht .i. díosacht. ní bí i foisecht
acht ó loc do loc iter utmaille ┐ labra, Corm.adv . It
translates Lat.amentia, dementia, furor, rabies.
I Madness,insanity, esp. applied to insanity characterised
45by wild excitement; also (in animals)rabies, esp. of dogs
and bulls. for dásacht mad,insane .dul for dásacht
to run mad.rosngab dásacht they have gone mad.
duine do chur for dásacht to madden a person. These
phrases are used in all senses ofdásacht. Often connected
50withbaile,duible,geltacht,míchiall,mire.dásacht nó
mire, O'Dav. 628 .aṁail fear baoise nó búainghealtachta
lán do dhásacht ┐ do dheirgṁire, TSh. 167.1 .marb imorru do
dásacht an Tomrair sin bliadhain si ar nimirt do Bhrénainn
miorbhal fair TF 164. 2 ; 166. 18 .derig a menma mar
55leoman ar dasacht ac dul fo eallach RC xix 40. 7 .cuilén
con rohailed lais...a dul for duibhle ┐ dásacht uada FDG
30 (B iv 2).gabait na heilifaint for miri ┐ d. ¤ CZ i 390. 17 .
dam,tarbfordásacht a mad bull,pass.
II The condition of being possessed by a demon, the
60popular explanation of insanity.tradere huius modi Satanae
in interitum carnis ut spiritus salvus sit, gl. aliteris do
dásacht asberar a thindnacul sa is tre sodin bid slán á anim
somin die domini , Wb 9 b 7 , where `a thindnacul do
dásacht' rendersLat.`tradere Satanae'as in Wb 28 a 11 :
65Hymenaeus et Alexander quos tradidi Satanae .i.paeni-
tentiaenó do dásacht. luid demun isin errig...┐ rolín
dasacht ┐ mire in ríg cona thimthirigib uli ┐ nolabratís na
demna tria nginaib PH 746 .rothuic Partholon conid
demun rochuir in duine for dásacht PH 1986 .do ṡaigid
5in apstail arco tíssed do ṡaerad a ingine amal roṡaer in
fer bói fri dásacht reme, ib. 1992 .in foirenn roptar
cendsa artús rosóitea i lonnus iarum fri hElizár ┐ midset
conid for dásacht bói PH 6563 .
III Imprudenceordelusionapproachinginsanity,mad-
10ness,extravagant folly; translatingamentia,dementia;
syn.mí-, dí-chiall.consuetudo est hís...quos in amentiam
(gl.i.e. i ndasacht)amaritudo compellit conquæri de Deo ,
Mil 20 b 7 .roḟáitbe immorro in pobul cunnail dásacht na
foirni se ita a populo sententiae sanioris inrisa (sic leg.)
15est dementia
Todd Lect. v 92 (LB).as mór an ṁíchiall ┐
an dásacht fil forainn bheith as gach tír attír ar fúd an
doṁain gár marbhadh TF 160. 6 .is dásacht a ndogníthi
si ┐ atbar dásachtaig fén LB 212 a 10 .is dásacht ┐ ní
fellsamdacht, ib. 211 b 12 f.b.
20 IV Extravagant excitement, wilddesire;inspired frenzy,
ecstasy; translatingfuror ,Gk.μανία; syn.dreis.eos non proelii
necessitate inpelli sed solo furore raptari, gl..i. ho dasacht,
Mil 34 a 21 .baga Baccho(sic leg.) .i. ón dassacht,
O'Mulc. 117 .bach .i. dreis no d. ¤ , O'Dav. 207 .dorn idir
25dán is dásacht poetic frenzy O'Gr. Cat. 357 .baoi Uilliam
Búrc for dásacht ag leanmain an madhma. iadhaid muintir
an Chláraigh uime ┐ gabhthar leo é FM iii 498. 8 .
V Wild,ungovernable anger,frenzied rage,fury; also
afitoraccessof suchpassion;warlike rage . Often con-
30nected with such words asferg,díḟerg,innire,fíchmaire,
dechrad,dreman,mire;díscire,déine,alltacht,borba,
garba.—dreaṁan .i. dásachd mire nó míchiall, O'Cl.gor
chreathnaidhtheadar ┐ gor uaṁnaidhtheadar díosgarṡluagh
ḟear nÉireann re fúaim a ndeac[h]racht ┐ a ndásacht TBC
35 3824 Eg.is annsin lingid dassacht i Piláit then a fit of
passion seized P.
PH 2818 .tanic Astriages...┐ in uliṡacart
aroen fris ┐ demnu oca nimluad ┐ siat for mire ┐ dásacht
PH 2160 (cf. II).goro líon dfeircc ┐ dinnire gur bhó súaill
ná deachaidh for dásacht FM vi 2360.5 .go ngabhann
40fearg ┐ dásacht an líaigh ris antan bhíos ag diultadh an
neith budh maith dhó do ghlacadh, TSh. 229. 15 .dásacht
fergaa strengthenedferg:do coṁdhaingnigheadh dásacht
tfeirge orm a Dhé, TSh. 116. 28 (=is orumsa choṁnuigheas
do dhibhḟearg,BedelPs. 88. 8 ).doghabh d. ¤ feirge é,
45 Keat. 1064 .cor go bhfillidh an tighearna óna dhásacht
feirge ┐ go ttaisbeanuidh grása dhuitsi,BedelDeut. xiii 17 .
dásacht , O'Mulc. 216 ,for dásachtach.
VI Harshness,roughness,hardness,inconsiderateness ; the
opposite ofcennsa,trócaire,truaige. non parcit medicus
50ut parcat saevit ut misereatur.i. ní choigleann an líaigh go
gcoigleadh. gabhaidh dásacht é go ndearnadh trócaire nó
go ngabhadh trúaighe é, TSh. 229. 11 . dásachd rough-
ness HSD.
VII Asuddenandexcessive feelingofalarm,panic,fear,
55 terror ; often connected withdibla,duible,sceóin(a
sudden fright
),uathbas.go ro memaid do graidib Gaedel
scréoin (sic) ┐ sceimnig diallaib ┐ dásacht(v.l.fordophar ┐
for dásacht, Stowe) TBC 3824 .rofostad ésein (sc.Dubdiad)
ic dola ar dibla ┐ ar dásacht re huathbas in forgaim sin
60 MR 200. 14 .raghabh dásacht fairenn díobh ┐ aseadh tanga-
ttur dionnsoighidh puible Maoilseachlainn. andar leo rab
iad a muinntir féin TF 148. 11 .re mét in deinmni ┐ in
dásachta búi forro ic déirgi na cathrach, CCath. 786 .cor
cuirset Connachta a nár...┐ con ndechatar drem ar
65dásacht díb some of them fled in a panic RC xviii 161. 33 .
co ndeachadar (na heich) ar d. ¤ SG 68. 12 .ba machtnadh
mór ná diccsidís aes uirṁeta ┐ aradha for dreimne ┐ dásacht
la coistecht frissna caismertaibh catha FM vi 2130. 10 .
dairigh me dásacht ghránṁar éigin is pairithis bháis im
5chnáma sim cheadfadh CMO 949 .
MOD.Obs., but given in most mod. dictionaries : Lhuyd,
Coneys, O'R. Dinn. HSD. Macd.

dásachtach o-ā,adj.deriv. fromdásacht: mad,insane,
furious ;subst. m. amadman,lunatic ;f. amadwoman.—
10 g s. m. dásachtaig,dásachtaid(Munster spelling), Laws i 44.
1 f.b. ; 268. 3 .a s. f. dásachtaig, Laws ii 406. 20 ;dásach-
taid, 356. 28 .d s. f. dásachtaig LL 189a6 .n pl. m. dássactig
Wb 12 d 36 (adj.) ; Laws iii 10. 18 (subst.).dásachtacha
ML 138. 32 . PH 1820 (adj.).voc. pl. dasachtaich Wb
15 19 b 3 .d pl.anddu. dásachtacha(adj.) LU 80 a 32 .
MR 226. 7 .—COMP.-dásachtchu, Mil 60 b 2 .ADV. co
dásachtach.—It translatesLat.insanus, insensatus.
I Mad,insane .nonne dicent quod insanitis, gl.ished
asbérat it dássactig in dóine hísiu, Wb 12 d 36 .O insensati
20Galatae, gl.dasachtaich, Wb 19 b 3 .óir tairrngidh sé go
dásachtach like a madman Bedel2 Kings ix 20 . — mad,
abnormallyfurious,rabid :dam dásachtach a mad
(furious) bull, a mad stag,tarb dásachtach a mad bull.
is andsin imidrubart forsin sluag amail rotharb ndasachtach
25dia tabar drochbéim, Ériu v 240 l. 149 .tanic Achil fó
ṡluag na Moesiánda amal tarb nd. ¤ (ndasachacht,MS) dia
t. d., TTr. 729 .romgebsea ferg iarsin ┐ dongní daṁ
dassachtach dím BB 454 b 38 .trí caoga daṁ d. ¤ ITS vii
15. 10 . Transf.maic Feidilmid daim dasachtaich, Rawl.
30 152 a 33 .bó dásachtach a rabid cow:bennachais in
mboin ndasachtaig ┐ ba cennuis iarsin amal chæirig, Lism.
L. 100 . Three Hom. 8. 26 .ech dásachtach a mad horse,
a fierce horse
:for dá nechaib diana dremna dásachtacha
LU 80 a 32 . METAPH.is truagh an daille ┐ an dorchadas
35doiléir dásachtach...thig don ṁeasgán ṁearbhaill úd(i.e.
do choir na drúise), TSh. 154. 3 .
Subst.(a)dásachtach o,m. Amadman,lunatic,
onepossessedby a demon, one upon whom the magic wisp
has been thrown(dásachtach .i. fo tabar dlái fulla, Laws ii
4046. 3 ; iii 12. 3 ) ; translatingLat.insanusand often connected
with such words asbailedach,báith,dochonn,drúth,mer,
óinmit.cuibrech dasachtaid securing a madman Laws i
268. 3 .ní bí in dásachtach fri æicṅdach (sic leg.) ar ní
irmadadar, Wb 28 a 21 .ní gaibther athgabáil drúith ná
45dásachtaidh ná oin ná oinmiti ná haimbil, Laws ii 44. 1 f.b.
lánamnas genaig mer nó dasachtach fri drúth nó dásachtaig,
ib. 406. 19 .lánamnus genaige .i. doníther tre gen og mear
nó dasachtach fri drúith nó dasachtaid, 356. 28 .báith
bailedaig drúith dochuinn dasachtaig, iii 10. 18 .boí dá-
50sachtach isin tsléib nooirced na cuitechta quidam insanus
Lism. L. 1528 . Todd L. v 80. 2 . Also of animals.—(b)
dásachtach ā,f. Amadwoman, afemale lunatic :frí
dasachtaig,-aid, Laws ii 406. 20 ; 356. 28 ,v.above.cethrar
do dháinib galair...duine abrachtach ┐ dásachtach ┐ dall ┐
55clam, Todd Lect. v 26. 6 . Lism. L. 1440 quattuor aegrotae
...energumena.roinaitcestar spirut deamnata i naraile
sruthmáthair...rogab in dasachtach sin for taircetal, CCath.
1060 . —A mad cow, a cow possessed by a demon:dástaigther
immon ṁboin co romarb .v. bú aile .i. demon dochuaid inti.
60dodiussaig som dano na bú ┐ ícais in ndássachtaig, Trip.
12. 29 .
IITransf. ofone who behaves like alunatic, a wildly
foolishorimprudentperson; emphasisedér-dásachtach;
translatingLat.amens:sed nequaquam eritis tam amentes ut,
65 &c. , gl..i. ǽrdasachtaig, Mil 18 a 13 .a Ner lái uait na
dóine dásachtacha so put away from you these fools(viz.
Peter and Paul) PH 1820 .atbar dásachtaig fén iarsinni
nat bí do réir Dé LB 212 a 10 .
III Beside oneself with anger, furious, violent; con-
5nected withallta,borb,dian,díscir,dreman,fíchmar,
garb.Synon.withdreaman, For. Foc. 110 .Dauid dian
dássachtach SR 5890 .in duine dian d. ¤ , ib. 6236 .dá-
sachtach (dásachtMS)borb díscir deanacht garb fíochṁar
allta, Eg. Gl. 216 .ag dianasgnaṁ dona dúrṡlógaibh
10dásachtacha dochum Doṁnaill MR 226. 7 .rachoṁḟaic-
sigsetar cách dá chéile co díchéill ┐ co d. ¤ , TTr. 594 .
echlach side diandreman d. ¤ dona dígair debthach YBL
177 a 9 .badb díscir dian denmnetach d. ¤ dúr duabsech, Cog.
174. 7 ; ib. 158. 9 .trí deichneabhair dhiana dhásachtacha
15dhá ḟóirithin ML 138. 32 .is borb dásachtach aneolach cech
duine ón gentligecht PH 720 .a dhuine buirb dasachtaidh,
LFl. 17 b 1. 8 .dá lenṁoin go díscir d. ¤ , 23 E 26 p. 286. 27 .
dám d. ¤ RC xxii 45. 4 (probably subst.).—METAPH.co
creitt uraird dírig drésachtaich dasachtaigh LL 189 a 6
20(descr. of Cuchulainn's chariot)....air na bhrosdughadh ┐
air na ghríosughadh le tuile dhásachtaig an drochṡompla,
Donl. xviii 23 .Cf. RC xix 138. 6 .
IVIn a good sense:filled withenthusiasm,spirited :
urduil ind éin déin dásachtaigh risi ráiter in dreollan CZ vi
25284. 22 .
V Extravagantlypresumptuous :má thig duine go
dásachtach ara choṁarsain dá ṁarbhadh le ceilg,Bedel
Ex. xxi 14 .dásachdach presumptuous, Lhuyd.
COMPS.:derg-d. ¤ ,dian-d. ¤ ,er-dásachtach.
30 Obs., but given in most mod. Ir. and Sc. dict.