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85 cataigid v(cotut) grows stiff,stiffens :ro cruadhaigh ┐ ro cátaigh
(catuig, cadaigh, caidigh,v.ll.) a corp`grew hard and stiff',
CCath. 2202 .ro cruadhaigh ┐ ro chataigh a folt, 418 .Vn.
do crúadugadh ┐ do chaitiugud a drol, 5219 .

catair xseecatar.

catalcda xseecathlac.

5 catán n o,m.(catt):toimhelaidh carna an c. ¤ ` kitten ', Leb. Gab.
46.20 .Cf. caittíne.

catar n(Lat.quattuor). Form and decl.variable.catáeir,
catóir f., IGT Decl. § 13 . quarter, (one of)setoffour: ui.
huaire i cadar, ceitri cadair i llaithi, MR 108.10 . c. ¤ a quatuor
10libris.i. cetharliber in tsoscēl, Corm. Y 248 .cros ┐ cloc ┐
catur .i. soiscēla, Cáin Ad. 44.20 .seadh i carghus ná i catóir
(: óil),quarter-tense, IGT Decl. ex. 609 .aimsir caitairech,
BCC 118.25 .cred far ith se feoil sa cataír`in the time of ember
abstinence
', 118.36 .a vhigledhuibh ┐ a gCata[o]iribh,
15 Celtica i 219.347 (see Gloss.).vigledha ┐ Cataoirecha Tímpir
do throsgadh, 228.621 .Cf. Trosgadh na hAnmanglossed
Cataoir thimpire, Donl. 116 . Hence fast,timeoffast :cataoir
sunn do-ní gach neach / oidhche Chásg`keep fast on Easter-
eve
', Aithd. D. 75.26 .a catairib na naem`on the vigils of the
20saints
', O'Gr. Cat. 318.28 .is eir [féile m]airc féin atá a
catair, 32 .eagla briste cátaoir, Measgra D. 83.1 . See alsos. cotur.

catat xseecotut.

catecht xseecedacht.

1 cath n u,m. IGT Decl. § 95 . (a) battle,fight :fo béesad fir
25téte do ch. ¤ , Wb. 9a3 .in chathogl.proelii, Ml. 34a20 .amal
dunem-side nech iarna chúl hi c. ¤ `behind him in battle', 112a5 .
fon ch. ¤ gl.sub Marte, Sg. 44a1 .dochum in chathai,
Cáin Ad. 17 .fuil fearthar a c. ¤ , Laws v 142.9 .d'ēt chatho`through
seeking a battle
', Ériu xvi 146.4 .glond catha comramaig,
30 LU 8957 ( FB 71 ).cuimling móir ┐ catha etir Ulta ┐ Un
Neill, Lat. Lives 19.9 .nocha comhain cath fiora battle does
not spare men
(prov.), Hugh Roe² 186.6 .amail ch. ¤ sulagl.
palpetratione(leg. palpebratione), Ériu iv 182.x .catha, ┐
urtha, ┐ irgala(of types of stories), Laws i 46.4 Comm. Of
35individual battles:cath Muigi Tuirend, Airne F. 187 .i c. ¤
Aird Ladrainn, MacCarthy 156.z .Cath Moigi Slecht . . . ainm
in katha-sin, Ann. Conn. 1256.7 . InCath Cathardha(title
of text), CCath. p. 2 .Ofspiritual warfare: teannobthor c. ¤
ar an chloinn temptation, Magauran 2217 .go gceanglam ar
40gcorp san gcath, Aithd. D. 80.43 .
As descr.gen.:ciṅg catha, Fél. Aug. 24 .ina cipi . . . catha,
St. Ercuil 1513 .lán do chonfadh catha, TSh. 1073 .d'écin
catha ná comlaind, MU² 172 .gan fhíor catha ag C. he fought
against odds
, Aithd. D. 33.22 .cen līn catha imbi sufficient
45to do battle
, TBC² 335 (seelín).míl catha, Fél. Ep. 275 .róe
catha=c. ¤ :re catha`a battle of war', Laws v 300.x .gnúsi
námat i rói chatha, Tec. Corm. 9 . See1 cró.
In phrases:cid cia ar ar cuirestar ceist in catha whoever
was worried about the outcome of the battle
, MR 166.14 .ar
50cor cestu (cesta,v.l.) an morcatha dim, CCath. 3784 .c. ¤ fri
x battle against x(somet. withVn.force):oc c. ¤ fri diabul
`in fighting against', Wb. 23d8 .c. ¤ fri Demon détlae, Fél.
Prol. 242 .co ticfat do chath fri A., PH 7279 . With vbs. of
offering, giving, winning, losingetc. :for diabal ro brisis c. ¤ ,
55 Ériu xix 15 § 13 .robris c. ¤ . . . for demun, PH 4732 .conboing
catha cróchombág, LU 8352 ( FB 24 ).indiu cuirthir in c. ¤ ,
3661 ( SC 32 ).tabairt catha do Assarib, Ml. 34c11 .maní
dene chathu oc ditin do thuathe, 37c15 .gniid cathu, LU
3415 ( SC 18 ).ita in c. ¤ oca ferthain, 3664 ( 33 ).do f[h]resdal
60c[h]atha do C[h]onn, ML² 198 .du frithteirissem in chatho
gl.ad resistendum, Ml. 83a11 .do fhuacgra catha fair, St.
Ercuil 1653 .mebaid c. ¤ ria Sīl C. . . . for Coin-Corb, Corp.
Gen. 27.23 . Seemaidid,maidm,roínid.gidh roimhe do-
chuaidh an cath though he won the battle, Aithd. D. 33.22 .
65(b) troop,battalion :tinol catha, LU 3367 ( SC 15 ).flaith
fri Nīall ro chathu clói, Hail Brigit 21 .is na cathaibgl.
in acie, Lor. Gild. 23 .ciṅgset inna c. ¤ co fí, LL 336 .ba cain
géim a chatha company, Fél. Prol. 139 .c. ¤ do lucht na catrach
group, BB 414b34 .na seacht ccatha boí san fFéin, Duan.
70Finn ii lvii 29 .c. ¤ Aodha Find . . . / gibe díbh gebhus righe
family, BNnÉ 258.w .tréanaingil Dé i gcathaibh iata,
Hackett² xxxii 103 . More specifically:tri ch. ¤ ┐ .x. cét ar
fichit cét cach catha, RC xvii 416.26 (Tig.).trí catha na
Gnáithḟéine, ┐ trí mhíle san ch. ¤ , Keat. ii 5155 .
75Of animalsetc.:secht cat[h]a deg do bochrudh(captured
cattle), AU ii 506.20 .in cath crumh the army of worms,
Aithd. D. 80.27 .
V. freq. in composition, with nouns in sense martial,
warlike,military , with adjj. (inbattle, as regardsfighting ),
80and with adjj. derived from nouns. Somet. tautological
( ¤ imairecc, ¤ irgal), and freq. as alliterating prefix. A few
permanent compds. ( ¤ barr, ¤ ḟeis(seecathais), ? ¤ ḟer, ¤ réimm
( ¤ ech),etc.) are given as separate entries.
With nouns:go ro chinned . . . a cath-oirbert`valour in
85battle
', MR 114.y .coras croith asa cathurlaind, LL 31787
(TTr.).a chatharm catha, LU 6425 (TBC).clú i ccaith-
bhearnaibh` battle-gaps ', O'Hara 3400 .Conchobur caid
cathbernaid, Rawl. 165b32 .caithbili Cruacan(of a king),
ZCP ii 336.9 .Cathbuadha Conroi(name of tale), Anecd.
ii 43 § 3 . Of crozier of Colm Cille:bachall C.C. . . . adberas
5Cathbhuaidh fria, TFrag. 230.6 .ra leiced a chathbuali . . .
dó i cath na ṅGréc he was given a wide berth(?), LL 32298
( TTr. 1486 ).sithithir slegh . . . airde cach cathbuailedh,
TBC 5601 `compact body of troops', TBC St. Gloss.do
reblaing . . . i n-a chathcharpat serda, LU 6479 (TBC).
10 hi caithfheis ┐ hi ccathchongraim battle-gear ,
Hugh Roe² 264.26 .Conchobar cath-chingid, Met. Dinds. iv 126.38 .
?cathclái gelbdai, SR 4227 .soí frit churad cathchlessu,
LL 13781 .amal bid tre ermúru no tre cathcliathagl.ut per
propugnacula, Goid. 65.4 .sé cét elefinnte cona cathc[h]-
15liathaib foraib lán d'ócaib(of howdahs), Alex. 568 .cath-
cliatha aidbli umaide . . . do diden a corp`cuirasses', TTebe
1434 .mac Cāirthinn in cathcobair, Corp. Gen. 9.47 .hi
cathchomlond, BDD² 810 .cathchoscradh re nD. . . . for
A.`destructive battle', AU i 270.13 .ro gabastár a chathcriss
20curad taris(of Cú Chulainn), LU 6415 (TBC).tréad an
chathchraoi-se Criomhthainn, Measgra D. 54.80 `of this
embattled land
', Gloss.trena chathétedh, Cóir Anm. 200 .
fer i cathfochrus bruit deirg, TBC² 71 `in abattle-girdle (?)',
Faraday.ac sirgairm ┐ ag cathgairm a mic, TTebe 3588 .dog-nitea
25cliatha cathghaisccedh, Anecd. ii 25 § 6 .Nīall is Dathī co
ccathgoil, ZCP viii 109.3 .cath-garrdha coraigthi do curadaib,
MR 224.11 .in gach caith-ghliaidh, Leb. Gab. 208.25 .
A. nar' clói chathgreim` battle-might ', Gorm. June 16 .feis
fōit ind ōic inda cathgreimim co matuin sleep under arms,
30 Corm. Y 245 .meic Morna in cathgrinde, Acall. 2153 `battle-
phalanx
', Gloss.cathimairecc itir da ua Cernaigh battle-
encounter , AU i 247.5 .a[c] cur na c. ¤ asa cathlaithrechaib
`positions', Ériu viii 38.23 .tri cathluain glana,
Anecd. ii 61.y .cathluirech dluith drolach, CCath. 5211 .na cruadh-celmaini
35cliatha cathmaitti (maidid, maidm)` battle-rout ', 4313 .
mo chathmerge cenand battle-standard , LL 18597 .S. cathmīl
cōemḟata, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 2 .CathnianeposGuaire,
AU i 274.5 .cunach dernat C. a catharcuin, Caithr. CC 46 .
cathrī crāides / crīcha, Corp. Gen. 2.43 .āeris trī cētu /
40cathrōe battlefield , 56 .rob tu mo cathsciath, rob tu mo
cloidem, Ériu ii 89 § 5 . ?fri cathslait cairi comlain, SR
3258 .cathṡluaig, Acall. 5429 v.l. da cathuaithne . . . iar-
naidhi, TBC p. 817 .
With adjj.:soighde cathalaind(leg. -aille), TTebe 3808 .
45 in cath-amra(subst.) `the famous fighter', Met. Dinds. ii
64.2 .lasna Collu cathchalma, Trip. 536 § 30 .lēo . . . /
cathchob(b)ur fond of battle(?), Corp. Gen. 8.12 .slán do
chlainn cathgloin Ceallaig of the bright battalions,
ZCP viii 230 § 16 .in mír don Choin chath-labhair` battle-boasting ',
50 Met. Dinds. iv 180.15 .cathlabhar .i. do labhradh a cc. ¤ , O'Cl.
fir na cerda cath-mire`martial', Met. Dinds. iii 272.28 .ic
Cumull chath-mór, ii 74.32 .
With adjj. derived from nouns:clanna . . . cath-airbear-
tacha` warlike ', MR 118.18 .curaid caín . . . cath-
55búadach, LU 3913 ( SC 42 ).fo chích curad / crēchtaig cath-
būadaig, Sc.M² 15 .an cathbuadhach(assubst.), Blathm. 257 .cath-
chorach cruaidrī skilled(?) inbattle , Corp. Gen. 9.49 .cathmiled
. . . cathchoscrach victorious , LL 13469 .mac cathlínmar
Cumaill`of many battalions', Fianaig. 78.11 .C. cath
60merggech, IT iii 82.1 .
With vb.:do shíl Chuinn, roscath-métaig`that made it
great by war
', Met. Dinds. iv 208.80 .