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35 1 cas adj o, ā (a)Of haircurly, hence of personscurly-haired: noí
monga cráebacha cassa, LU 7633 (BDD).do barr bude
brass / ba cass(of Fer Diad), TBC 4071 .trí dondḟuilt chasa,
BDD² 938 .Cormac c. ¤ , Fing. R. 731 .at casa finna a forḟuilt
(of household of Créide), Acall. 797 .gilla[n]rad chass
40crodund, RC xiv 412.w .folt na n-órchlann . . . gc. ¤ , DDána
49.3 .re scéimh a slat-chúil chais, Keat. Poems 73 .Of
animalscurly-haired,-furred: c. ¤ a graig, Ériu xvi 160 § 6 .
masat cethrai cornaig cais, MU² 480 .Of treesetc. twisted,tangled: trí chrann c. ¤ , Buile S. 74.6 .in caill cais, Met. Dinds.
45 i 2.19 .Ofterrain,mountains etc.ofdense vegetation(?);
somet. translatedsteep: hi Cruachain cais, Met. Dinds. iii
464.61 .don thslēibh ch. ¤ `steep', Sc. G. St. iv 62 § 15 .i cath
Dromma caiss Corcáin, Arch. Hib. ii 93 § 16 .re slis Locha
Cuilidh cais`precipitous', Celt. Rev. iv 218.16 .Ofsea,
50 rivers etc. eddying(?): cossin Commor cuscle cass, LL 964 .
sruth cithmhear c. ¤ , `winding', Aithd. D. 61.16 .tar
cholbhadhaibh casa . . . na g-cuan, ML 46.28 .do thomhais
fhionnmhuir gcais gcoptha, Magauran 1283 .
Other applications:brat c. ¤ corcra woven, BDD² 959 .
55 t'eascaoin is c. ¤ (to a cloak), Hackett² xxxii 11 .ilar na
cúach, na cód cass elaborate(?), SR 4357 .cass cor cuirther
guth in luin, IT iii 19 § 53 `lively', Murphy Lyrics 6 .casa ┐ . . .
remra . . . amal cholamna(of serpents), Alex. 720 .ara
cuirr chais`on its curved prow' (of naval vessel), Caithr. CC
60 75 .cechaing Eochaid don chath chass`serried battle', Met.
Dinds. iv 46.61 .atāi co rind recni chaiss intricate(?) (of
metre), ZCP xi 110 § 34 (leg. chass:mass).i bfroighidh úir
chais an chluidh(of a castle), DDána 119.3 .san léibheann
ch. ¤ chlár, 10 .
65(b) In more abstract senses. Of persons:Créidne in cerd
cass skilled, LL 1344 .a choccaráin cais`intelligent', Cog.
102.21 .for a cleircib craibdech cais / for a n-occlachaibh
ernmais, Anecd. ii 33.w .co Clíodhna cais, Cog. 138.16 .dias
fhoirbhthe, choinntinneach, ch. ¤ , Tribes of Irel. 82.11 .clú
70cass(chev.), SR 7663 .ní crodh c. ¤ (of dowry), Acall. 818 .
ba hé in gnim cass perverse, SR 5973 .co ceird chaiss intricate,
RC xx 136.21 .
Adv. is cass rotibe a gen / indiu fri bile Torten, Bruchst.
92 .na celid co cass, LL 29042 .seinn co cass é .i. co lúath,
75 Cóir Anm. 165 (Cormac Cás).do chuirdís comhlonn go c. ¤
` ingeniously (?)', Keat. i 210.13 .an gaoth go garbh gclórach
gc. ¤ ` steeply ', Rel. Celt. ii 250.17 .
Equat. co muing órbuidhe . . . caissidir carra mennc[h]rot,
Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 94.7 ).caisithir casnaide a chul,
80 Auraic. 3499 .caisighthir [sn]as snāth (leg.casnath?) a
chūil, ZCP xiii 169.16 .cassithir rethe copad, LU 7252
( BDD 91 ).caisidir, 7328 (97).
Compar. ní bo chaise a chur 'na laige`the quicker was he
laid in grave
'(?), Met. Dinds. iv 112.66 .caissi rētaibh, ZCP
85 viii 197.19 .do ṡil glaisi a gormtholaigh / nach caisi idh
urchumhail, IGT Decl. ex. 746 .
(c) Assubst. o,m.:in cass donn the curly-haired one(of
Christ), Ériu iv 118 § 34 .imdha a tigh c. ¤ a cuibhrech / ní
ḟuil glas gan dá gheimhlech knot, IGT Decl. ex. 803 . Asn.pr. m. concicher C. ¤ cluiche maith, Ériu xx 194 § 15 .C. ¤
5Clothach, Cóir Anm. 9 .
Compds. With nouns:casanfadh in mormara` whirling
storm ', CCath. 791 . ¤ bairdnename of a (type of) metre, see
IT iii 11 §§ 15ff. casbairdni ┐ duanbairdni, 6.17 . Also
casbairn f., IGT Decl. § 13 .ní ḟuil co casbairn chinn truim /
10rem lind glasnaidm ó ngébuinn, ex. 623 .trí chét ban do
chasbanntracht calma na cichloiscthi, Alex. 519 .mo
chasbraid go bhfóire(to Christ), DDána 51.8 .tricha cas
brat`napped cloaks', BR 64.9 .aon don chasbhuidhin
maisdín uaibhreach uilc, Hackett² lxv 5 .buinne faebrach
15.i. casbuin[n]e, O'Dav. 272 .tria caschairchidh (?leg.-chige),
O'C. 2164 `the quality of having curly hair', Plummer MS.
notes.Conghal caisChinn mhóir Mhaghair, DDána 113.14 .
fer co c. cluimh`with wreathed hair', CCath. 7 .ag crathudh
gach caschroinn, Magauran 3424 .casdraigen . . . ūas clethi
20. . . cacha suind`thorns', Aisl. MC 87.14 .ag cais-fhilleadh ar
na coiribh, TSh. 8108 .dremhan an caisgen tibhes, Fianaig.
16.12 `hateful laugh' (see1 cais).ag caisfhidh Dúin`knotty
wood
', Misc. Celt. Soc. 160.12 .ag cais-iompódh ar a gcean-
aibh, TSh. 7949 .fail and cassleni Senaig, LL 370b39 =
25 casol Senaich, Arch. Hib. iv 206 § 11 .bratt derg fa chaslaí,
Táin 4519 =fuan brecdercc fo casloi, TBC St. 4430 `curly
wool
', Gloss.casla .i. casló .i. olann ch., O'Cl. nochathed
caslus calaid, Rawl. 76b50 .casmhaide dóighte`burnt-up
cross stick
', E. O'Rahilly 78.116 .greit cnōsaig tre casrub[a]
30`raschen Schlag(?)', ZCP xiii 276.12 . In n. pr.:mac Lugdach
meic Casrubai, LU 5698 .cona cassnaithchib caiti twisted
threads
, CCath. 5208 . Seecasnad,-aide.casulcha foda . . .
fair(of Christ), RC viii 362.10 .
With adjj. in dvandva compds.:barr casbláith mar
35chorcair, IGT Decl. ex. 641 .folt casbude fair, LU 6294
(TBC).int ech aile ┐ sé casmongach caschǽl, TBC² 1977 .
caschōel, 2559 (cos-?).brat caschorcra, LU 7324 (BDD).
lenna casdercca, TBC 5534 .Caireand Casdub,
RC xxiv 190.6 .Clidna cennfínd casetrocht, BB 374a30 =chnes-
40sétrocht, Met. Dinds. iii 210.20 . In n. pr.m. Casmael, LL
1112 .C. cas-mer, Met. Dinds. iv 122.6 .robo chassūr crann
a gae, Rawl. 77a23 .
With adjj. derived from nouns:hua Cuind cassherlaich
curly-locked, Fing. R. 668 .dá ech . . . cassmongaig cass-
45chairchig, LU 8594 `manes and tails curled' (Henderson), FB
45 .Casciabach, .i. rechtaire in rig, MR 22.7 .moṅg cas-
drumnech barrbuide wavy and curly, IT iii 472.121 .ulcha
crutach casdualach(of Hector), BB 427a34 .cendard casset-
nach (étan), IT iii 246.80 .E. . . . mac Ailella Casfiaclaich,
50 Corp. Gen. 129.28 .bratt caslongach corcra(cf. 2 longach),
ZCP xiii 170.33 .corn-ḟolt caslonnrach, Gwynn Cat. p. 335 .
mor ceand caistrillsech with curly tresses, Alex. 133 .
?docamḟolang casbhuarote (: nglasḟuarote), IT iii 92 § 139 .

? 2 cas: ind mar cham c. ¤ (: ernbas), Met. Dinds. iii 90.23 .

55 1 cás n m.(Engl. or Rom. loanword).c. ¤ m.,g s. cáis,cása, IGT
Decl. § 38 . (a) case,matter,circumstance :sa ch. ¤ sin`in this
matter
', Content. xiv 14 .a ccásuibh āirighthe, Desid. 764 .
san cc. ¤ -sa, 1115 .a gc. ¤ ar bioth in any case, 1 Thess. iii 5 .
In theolog. contexts in more limited sense:nach dleghar a
60esccaine acht fo trí cásaibh for three reasons, BNnÉ 261.6 .
na cáis ┐ na peacuidh in nách éidir leis absolóid do thabhairt,
Mac Aingil 4571 .cáis easbuig nó Pápa . . . (.i. pecadh 'sa
sgaoiledh atá ar cumas an easbuig nó an Phápa amháin),
4429 .chum absolóidi d'fhagháil sna cásuibh bhíos orra,
65 Rial. S.F. 1851 . In legal sense:a n-anann dá ch. ¤ 'n-a chionn
the case against it, Dán Dé xxiii 20 .i gc. ¤ coirtheach a criminal
case
, Content. ix 16 .do cuireadh [é] i gclí lér gc. ¤ for us,
A. Ó Dálaigh xxix 4 .ní id ch. ¤ féine fuair tusa / buain béime
`it was not in your own behalf', Content. xxiv 22 . With
70qual. gen.dá dteagmhadh c. ¤ anman ann if the soul were
concerned therein
, DDána 3.11 .c. ¤ cogair, 48.24 .atá c. ¤
comhairle im chinn a matter for (taking) counsel, hence
predicament , O'Gr. Cat. 482.29 .ní c. ¤ comhairle`no matter
for debate
', PBocht 19.25 .i cas comairle moire, PH 2805 .
75 ní chuir sinn i gc. ¤ chumhaidh / go bás chinn Ó gConchubhair
a state of sorrow, DDána 86.4 .a gc. ¤ fearainn`on a question
of land
', Hy Maine 160.32 .c. ¤ oinigh, Aithd. D. 60.33 .i c. ¤
co in the case that:tairreonguidh sin . . . tú do chum grádha
Dé . . . a cc. ¤ nách beadh agud roimhe sin, Mac Aingil 1869 .
80 a gc. ¤ go tteigéumhadh sin eatorra, Rial. S.F. 542 Note also:
a cc. ¤ . . . is dearbh so that . . . it is certain, Párl. na mB. 395 .
(b) disadvantageous circumstance,plight,straits,predica-
ment; later alsosorrow,grief: da chumhga cās,however strait
the plight
, ZCP xii 383.5 .ní rabusa a c. ¤ nā a cruoig riam a
85comór ┐ atāim anois, vi 39.24 .mar do fhóir tú a chroch an
c. ¤ -sa, Dán Dé iii 31 .beag c. ¤ toighe acht an teagh-sain(i.e.
hell), TSh. 1956 .a chlann i gc. ¤ a gcuiridh in danger of not
being invited
, Aithd. D. 59.9 .mór mío-rath as mana cáis
omen of trouble, Gleanings 19 § 34 .do chosg a ccása plight,
RSClára 65b .cuig cáis is mhó le Muire, DDána 16.1 . As
5descr. gen.:ár dhá chneas-doigh chridhe cháis, Keat. Poems
1071 `sad' Gloss.beart cháis cogadh tighearna`a sad affair',
Aithd. D. 60.1 .
With copula:is c. ¤ (do, for, ar x) it is difficult (for x):ní c. ¤
gan a cairsi ar ḟiadhain / nír ḟás tairsi fíaghail fós, IGT Decl.
10 ex. 606 .an fuath cé gur mór / a chlódh ní budh c. ¤ , Dánta
Gr. 90.10 .sgol ar Caitilín ní c. ¤ `she need not doubt the poets'
good will
', O'Hara 2685 .nī bud c. ¤ oruin-ni`we should be in
no strait
', Fianaig. 74.1 .ní c. ¤ dóibh dol ó a ndúthaigh,
O'Hara 2699 .ní c. ¤ dúinn dénamh tapaidh`it is easy for me
15to be brave
', Studies 1918, 618 § 10 .is c. ¤ la troubles,disturbs :
ní c. ¤ linn do shluaigh nó hairm, Duan. Finn i 78.y .ní hé
an céidchion budh c. ¤ linn, Aithd. D. 71.7 .ní c. ¤ leis na
ceathra dūilibh / seachna grás does not bother, Dán Dé xix
4 .a bhfuair mé do dhochar pian / níor ch. ¤ rium riamh gus
20a-nocht, Dánta Gr. 53.8 .
Withattá:tucc leis gach ní do bhái 'na ch. ¤ orra which
they were in need of
, BNnÉ 61 § 80 .(attá) i cc. ¤ (fo) is perplexed,
in difficulty (about
):oidhre Dé i gc. ¤ far gcobhair`hesitated',
Aithd. D. 64.7 .fada é i gc. ¤ fan gcánadh, DDána 48.9 .meise
25i gc. ¤ , Aithd. D. 6.40 .mo ghalar i gc. ¤ do chuaidh(of love),
Dánta Gr. 65.2 . Note also:a-tám a cc. ¤ eidir dhá chomhairle
on the horns of a dilemma, DDána 70.1 .i gc. ¤ é eidir dhá
eolas, PBocht 10.36 .
(c) In phr.c. ¤ i n- interestin,heedof,attentionto:'n-a
30maoinibh ní mór a gc. ¤ `set little store', O'Hara 1862 .gan
ch. ¤ a gcliaroibh interest in poets, 3889 .bheith gan choirce
. . . / ní ionnta do bhí ar gcáisne, Dánta Gr. 6.11 .c. ¤ nā
suim . . . a n-énní, Desid. 685 .gan ro ch. ¤ do bheith agad
'nar fhíor nó brég a n-abartha without being greatly concerned
35whether
. . . , Mac Aingil 3265 . Withcuirid:c. ¤ do budh
chuirthe san sdair`this fact is to be noted', PBocht 27.30 .cia an
neach a gc. ¤ budh cuirthe/ dá ndeach le bás mbeannaighthe?
`for whom should we feel uncertainty?' Studies 1918, 282 § 16 .
cuirim i gc. ¤ uile iad(of seven capital sins), DDána 25A. 4 .
40 ní chuirfinn i gc. ¤ ar n-olc I would think nothing of my mis-
fortune, Dánta Gr. 33.11 . With difft. construction:lúb i
séadaibh nach cuir c. ¤ a maiden who does not set her heart on
treasure
, Ó Bruad. iii 190.18 .nī chuirim cās ionnta I don't
worry about them
, Parrth. Anma 6396 .an drong . . . nach
45cuireann c. ¤ an fírinne nō bréug, 2390 .
Cuirid i c. ¤ (with noun clause) supposes :cuiredh a cc. ¤ . . . .
go bhfuil a bhflaithemhnas a measg na naomh(of Christian
at prayer), Parrth. Anma 3534 .cuirem a gc. ¤ . . . go madh
éidir, Mac Aingil 6202 .