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crúaid i IAsadj. hard(y),harsh;stern,strict: daingen no
30cruaidhgl.durus, Ir. Gl. 674 .bidh cruaidh cuiglidhe,
Blathm. 237 .miach cruithnechta cruaid inbid hardened,
ZCP xiv 355 § 13 .in moin cruaid, Laws i 132.4 Comm.
crūaid a gal, Sc.M² 21 g .gabur . . . c. ¤ , LU 8626 ( FB 47 ).
gairid cāi crūaid den, Four Songs 8 § 2 .ticfait cruaidi
35casracha, SR 8039 .nae m-bliadhna cruaidhi coimsigh
`strict', MacCarthy 418.w .fairrci cruaidh` rough ', Leb.
Gab. 266.15 .crabaidh cruaid strict, BB 296b11 .bás
cruaidh, PBocht 12.50 .na neithi remra ┐ na neithi cruaidi,
O'Gr. Cat. 265.2 .aisgidh . . . ┐ í cruaidh, Aithd. D. 43.1 .
40 fa cruaidh an tseanmhóir hard to understand, PBocht 11.21 .
isin phrisun cruaidh, Smaointe B. Chr. 4736 .re hēudaighibh
cruaidhe garbha, Beatha S.F. 1805 .cennaighe crūaidh,
ZCP viii 208.20 .mochen daonna as cruaidh creidme,
BNnÉ 280.19 .cruaidh fa rún, DDána 117.40 .
45Transfd. meanings:gér' budh cruadh a chroidhe, RC
xxix 112.16 .ar gcairde croidhe cruaidhe, Measgra D. 22.34 .
Gramm.voiced(of sound, consonant): do-ní brígh connsuine
bhuig don chonnsuine chrúaidh, IGT Introd. § 105 .conn-
suine crúaidh no bog, § 54 (15.24) .an tan bhogthar conn-
50suine crúaidh, § 29 (10.25) .is caeli ┐ is cruaidhi inas inni eli
(of sounds), Auraic. 1481 . In phr.is (attá) c. ¤ do (for)it is
hard for
:fa cruaid d'E. eturra`E. was hard-pressed', St.
Ercuil 2003 .ar pearsanna . . . do ghlacadh da madh cruaidh
do`if he were obliged', Trans. RIA xv 87.w .atá cruaidh
55ortsa difficult for you to understand, Desid. 3635 .
Equat. cruaidhither ri crandlæm, TTebe 3364 .Compar.
nís cruaidhigl.durior, Ir. Gl. 1118 .crūaidhi indāt clocha a
cridhi, Ériu iii 29 § 2 .gá cruaidhe ceisd ? DDána 12.1 .
Adv. cu cruaid, Lat. Lives 103.17 .neach dá mbí go cruaidh
60ad chionn`one who is bold against thee', Bard. P. 20 § 9 .
IIAssubst. crúadh f. g s. cruaidhe, IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) .
crúaidh m. g s. cruadha, § 41 .crúaidh f. g s. cruadha,
cruaidhe, § 42 .tri meich . . . do cruaidh cruithnechta of
(hard)dried wheat , Laws ii 200.30 Comm. fer ler robhog ar
65ccruaidhne`myhard(verse)', Bard. P. 30.10 .dia do chruaidh
stubbornness (chev.), Aithd.D. 73.4 .do chomhshnoidh
cruaidh a chridhe, DDána 20.44 .
Usu. in meaningsteel:?conid fri c. ¤ n-aurdairc n-aister,
LU 7415 ( BDD 100 ).frisna gaibed iarann na cruaidh do
70cruaidhiph na cruinne, CCath. 5247 .cruaidh shídh na
ndealg ndoidhíolta`the steel in the peace made by the priceless
nails
', Aithd. D. 65.19 .crúaidh a gcindbeirte, IGT Decl.
ex. 615 .crúadh a ṡleighi, ex. 1084 .a chrithear do chruaidh
nimhe, Aithd. D. 46.23 .do dhearbhadh chrúaidh cheann
75choirrshleagh, O'R. Poems 2484 .cnedh ó chrúaidh gurm,
IGT Decl. ex. 1129 .a dtuagh ghualann, a gcruaidh róghlan,
E. O'Rahilly 74.50 . Transfd.sreith mholta . . . do chruaidh
chorcra ar gceirdeine, Aithd.D. 46.11 . Attrib.g s. sa mbró
crúaidhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1156 .mír cruadha . . . ar gurt
80gabhaidh(of a warrior), FM v 1602.6 .a mhír chruadha
`thou piece of steel', O'Hara 2926 .a mhír cruadha dár
fháomh Íle, Sc. G. St. iv 144 § 31 .tinne cruadha(a chief),
FM v 1292.20 .
Compds. Frequ. in alliteration. With nouns:diar cobair
85ar cruadhag`hard battle', Gorm. Aug. 30 .cruaidh-bhéim
trasgartha, MR 274.1 .is mi-cinelta cruadbeil(of horse),
Celtica ii 42.136 .dā cruadh-buillib, ML² 1732 .tar
crūadchaircib gered`hard rocks', Aisl. MC 85.20 .tanic
immach . . . ina chrúadchippi chatha, LL 32757 ( TTr. 1967 ).
a cruadhchorpus Gaodhailgi, H 3.18,157.13 .cruadhcosaige,
5┐ haitt glun(disease of horses), Celtica ii 34.45 .fuasgail
sinn as an g-cruadh-chás, Oss. iv 276.16 .fochicher achruad-
chasra, SR 8205 .ech . . . círdub crúaidchend(asadj.),
LU 8665 ( FB 49 ).frifúrad . . . / . . . nacruadchorad, SR 5886 .
luind cendach corr cruadeigme, Ériu vii 197.z .clann Chraith
10chrodha i gcruaidh-fheirg-bheirt`in deeds of fierce anger',
Content. xxix 23 .Coire mac Cruadhgabann, Anecd. ii
55.18 .riacruadgail nacórad, SR 6911 .cernach caur
cruaidgniad, Corp. Gen. 9.8 .corp crist . . . / forraolangair
cruadhgubha`severe lamentation', Blathm. 66 .co cethra
15uvullmellaibh . . . cruaidhiarainn, CCath. 5268 .dronga
ar nár cheisd cruadhlaoighe`hard poems', Irish Review
1913, 595 § 9 .cait[h]chressa ic a cruaidhletradh, CCath.
6083 .cruaidrī, Corp. Gen. 9.16 .crúaidhrinn chaoil-
ṡnáithaide, Buile S. 10.12 . ?iar catha cruaidriss, Corp.
20Gen. 2.35 .
With adjj.:cruadhbhog caismirteach(of sound), Hackett²
xxxiii 5 .fri cernu crúadchassa, LU 7424 ` stiffly-twisted(?)',
BDD² Gloss .imdho cridhe cruaidhetaidh (: edaigh),
Reeves Ad. 286 .cloidim cru[a]idgher curata, Aen. 1954 .
25 cona cennaibh . . . cruaidrinnai[g]the hard-pointed, CCath.
5460 .
With adjj. derived from nouns:a cath Gabra cruadh-
airmigh, Acall. 4019 .ada cloitine cruaidhbeimnecha(sic
leg.), RC xi 30.10 .i mbíd cruind-ḟer crúad-buillech`stern-
30 smiting', Met. Dinds. iii 226.20 .in bhuide Chonaill chruaid-
chnedaig, SG 21.17 .resin cothucud . . . cruad craidech,
Cog. 192.8 .in cunndais cruadcuisech`hard-spirited', ZCP
vi 273.16 .ar na ccur chuige go crúadhchúiseach=hardly
bestead
, Is. viii 21 .cruadh-chūiseach in bhar ccreideamh
35 tenacious, Mac Aingil 6311 .maic Sailt chláraig crúaid-
íachtaig`hard-groaning', Met. Dinds. iv 248.16 .talum . . .
cruadlasrach, IT i 190.33 (FA).ná bithí . . . cruádmhuineul-
ach, Deut. x 16 .
With vbs.crúadh-cenglaidh an olann dábar n-aighthibh,
40 Cóir Anm. 245 (388.14) .in chuirp ra chrúadchlaidbius
which I mangled cruelly, Táin 3393 .co rachruad-chrithnaig-
seatar snaitheda saignen tened, TTebe 280 .ra crúaidgéraigit
a claidib, LL 31920 .docrechtnaigheadh ┐ docruaidh-
ghonadh, Ériu v 102.1 .

45 crúaide n iā,f.(crúaid)an chruaide, IGT Abstr. Nouns § 61 .
hardness,harshness :lór a chrúade(chev.), LL 3231 .uaisli a
fhola ┐ cruaidi a c[h]raidhi, ML² 388 .maoidhidh sí chrua-
idhe a crábhaidh`austerity', Aithd. D. 11.10 . ?cōili ┐
crōidhi, ZCP iii 454.7 (crōche` bloodthirstiness (?)', Celtica
50 viii 74 § 33 ).

crúaidín n o,m.(crúaid). Asn. pr.of Cú Chulainn's sword:in
Cruaidin Coiditcheann .i. claideb Conculainn, IT iii 199.x .
nochtais in Cruadín Catutchend .i. a chlaideb`the Hardhead
Steeling
', RC xiv 410.2 . 420.21 .dom Chrúadín, MU² 887 .

55 cruaitech: n fan crabadh ┐ fan c. ¤ donidh se air féin` hardships ',
BCC 446.19 .Cf. crúaid.

crual xseecroibel.

crúan n o, [n.?]name of amaterialused inornament, us.
transl.red enamel (perh. same wd. ascrón,q.v.):cruan .i.
60gne don tsencerdacht, [ut est] a n-all crua[i]n .i. in derg,
O'Dav. 555 .mac L. . . . las' ceta dernait gai ┐ cruen i
nherinn, LL 320b50 .cathbarr . . . arna ecur de ch. ¤ ┐ chris-
taill`red enamel', Táin 3256 .dabhuch . . . do chruan ḟlatha,
Acall. 810 .imm chruan imm glain imm charrmocul, Alex.
65 84 .ní maithni (maichni) nā chruan cen luadi, Corp. Gen.
28.24 (seeM 47.31).srían crúain, Críth Gabl. 196 . ? Of
Deity:arc. ¤ ṅgrinn ar clithcomnart, SR 5686 . Asn. pr.
Cnamrad ┐ Cruan(horses), Dinds. 144 .
?a cutruma cedna for in faithche oco ro haidhbredh ara
70ḟuatach a cruan uair nar bo lais, O'C. 1990 (H 4.22,25).
Compds. With nouns. ?cruanbhla dofuairged an iomhus,
Ériu xiii 26.28 .caor[a] . . . crúandatha cuilinn` blood-red ',
Buile S. 130.21 .Cf. cruanatha, RC xi 25.22 .cross cruan-
moithni, Trip.² 943 .cona trí coectaib srían crúanmaithne
75friu, BDD² 466 (cruanmaith, LU 6912 ) =cruan .i. gel ┐
maíthne .i. dergut est: chaecait n-all cruanmh[a]ithnech
riú, Ériu xiii 68 § 84 . With adjj.re somaisi . . . na cathbarr
cruan-cumhtaighthi enamelled , CCath. 4988 .corrc[h]ath-
bharr círach crúandathach`coloured with red enamel', 5262 .
80 forsinchaindelbrau cruanderg, SR 4342 .gus in crislait . . .
cruan-eagarthi, MR 300.7 . ?glére crúanmaith cech comráid
(: úargaib), SR 7110 .

crúanata adj io, iā(crúan)withred enamelling :sithbe crēda
crūanatai dathālaind(in description of a chariot), TBC²
85 2560 `adorned with red enamel', Faraday. ZCP x 298.x =
cruanatha, 298.18 .