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1 cró nOrig. prob.croë io,m. n s. cróa, Sg. 46b13 .croa, ZCP ix
453.9 .crua, viii 103.y .a s. chrao, Ériu i 214.4 .g s. crai,
Laws iii 494.11 Comm. d s. crū, Corm. Y 306 .n p. crui,
85 Laws iv 20.5 .a p. cruu(guaranteed by metre), ZCP iii
216.4 .d p. cruib, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 36.12 . Later also with
n s. crú.Cf. n p. craoithe, Leb. Gab. 32 n. 3 .c. ¤ (an eich)m.,
g s. anchraí ,n p. craí(the), IGT Decl. § 87 .c. ¤ (an eich), c. ¤
(ón chroaigheacht), c. ¤ (cáolaigh), inann ghabhaid, Cró
(Cuinn) mar sin acht gan illradh aige,ib. acht craí lána do
5láoghaibh(proscribed), ex. 1627 .
A term of very wide application, the basic meaning being
enclosure,enclosed space,fold,pen,etc. crābed .i. . . . crau
imme ar Dia, O'Mulc. 208 .crogl. [haec casula], Ir. Gl. 122 .
cro cumung, Met. Gl. Eg. 20 .cro .i. cumang, Lec. Gl. 551 .
10 M 345 .cruimt[h]er .i. crō-imbi-ter .i. crō og a māinib ┐ crō
ima imrād ┐ crō ima brēt[h]ir ┐ ima gnīm, Corm. Y 396 .
I (a) Of animals sty,stall,pen,fold :airleng for cro na
muice, O'D. 1701 (H 2.12, 8.2).c. ¤ roimh oirc(prov.), Ir.
Gl. 156.25 .orc a cru finni(letter a in pig-ogam), Auraic.
15 5675 .muc as gach crú, BNnÉ 265.35 .Cf. ocht n-anmanna
in[n]a muc . . . cro . . . ceis, deil, O'Dav. 360 .ic sádud a
crúi`in planting the stakes of her cattle-pen', Met. Dinds. iii
376.4 .deich crái gacha dorais . . . .x. loig in gach crúo, Fél.
88.20 - 21 .hūan corcra a crū asaine, Arch. iii 244 § 14 .i
20gcrú an asail, Aithd. D. 73.10 .aonchro caorach, Luc. Fid.
5678 .cro con anfaitig, Laws iii 416.6 Comm. Cf. techtu-
ghudh do breith isin fearann co cruibh ime no cen cruibh ime,
O'D. 2272 ( Rawl. B 506,23c ).crui tire do tellach, Laws iv
20.5 `to occupy separate enclosures', Celtica vi 235 =cru .i.
25ime,ut estcrui tire do theallach, O'Dav. 527 .tar chro, ┐ is
leth muna bét(h) crui fences, Laws iv 30.22 Comm.
(b) Of persons hut,cell,prison :fo chrú cacht`an imprison-
ing pen
', Met. Dinds. iv 122.9 .C. beó 'n-a crú chumung, iii
6.64 .duine do-dheachaidh fa ch. ¤ became prisoner(?),
30 Aithd. D. 51.4 .at cru, a cullaig!(said to seeker of sanctuary),
Ann. Conn. 1342.3 .ag coimhéad an chraoi 'n-a raibhe S.M.
i mbroid`the cell', Keat. iii 1524 .c. ¤ meathaigh, Mac Aingil
2460 .
(c) With gen. ofn. pr.orn. loc.(freq. in poetry):do
35chuartaigh tar c. ¤ n-Uladh`beyond the far limits', Misc. Celt.
Soc. 374.3 .c. ¤ Chrúachain Connaught , IGT Decl. ex. 1354 .
buaidh a mbiodbadh ac crú Cuind Ireland , ZCP ii 342.29
budh tréad gan bhuachaill crú Cuinn, DDána 81.14 .oighir
Chraoi Connla, Ir. Syll. Poetry 68 § 5 .ar lár croi Ia`in the
40middle of Iona
', FM iii 134.19 .
(d) Encircling bandof weapons, persons, warriors,etc.,
hencebodyguard,troop, (line of)battle: c. ¤ sleg ┐ scíath . . .
'ma ríg ṅHerend, LL 38703 .a ngúaille risin c. ¤ crann, IGT
Decl. ex. 1156 .i gcrú chleath, DDána 117.24 .saor an
45chraoi`the man who forms his circle of spears', O'Hara 2402 .
imos cuirset c. ¤ sciatrach do sciathaib órda . . . impu, Alex.
470 .muinter Í Ch. cro teand im tighearna, IT iii 92 § 136 .
do ládh c. ¤ uimpi d'ḟeraibh guard(of Christ's tomb), Ériu iv
112.11 .ina mbuaili bodba ┐ ina cro cat[h]a, CCath. 4980 .
50 dorinedh cro gaile imon airdrig, Ériu viii 40.18 . ?crai
mialata, BB 378b20 =crumlata, KZ xxxiii 83.22 .a bharr
c. ¤ `O lord of battle', Aithd. D. 20.17 .Cf. c. ¤ aingel . . . oc
anorugud a anma, LB 275a54 (onórugud, SG 59.23 ).
(e) Miscellaneous exx. with attrib. gen.:dos-ratais i c. ¤
55bidbad iat you left them at the mercy of enemies, MU² 884 .
c. ¤ bodba (bodbda ?), RC xiii 114 § 156 .Cf. is crú fechta (.i.
badb) modcernae, LU 8904 .Cf. cru fechto .i. badb, Corm.
Y 308 .crúḟechta .i. bodba, O'Dav. 375 .cru .i. badb,
fechta .i. cath . . . cairbidhib crúfechta, H 3.18,61b10 .
60 c. ¤ búada precinct(of Temair), Met. Dinds. i 28.20 .Cathir
Chroind c. ¤ buada, LL 3540 .focresa cro comairle ┐ cindti
`a meeting for council', Ériu viii 56.9 .i gcomhdháil ndruadh
chraoi gcorma in a ring round ale(?), Hackett² xvii 39 .c. ¤
cotaig ┐ oentad`covenant and union', RC xiii 72 § 75 .c. ¤ cadat
65┐ caradraidh, xxix 138.30 . ?cro cuil im Chellach i foss,
O'Mulc. 208 .c. ¤ cummaiscof metres using features belonging
to different structures (Murphy Metrics 77 ):cro cumaisc etir
randaigecht mbicc ┐ casbairdni(i.e.73+ 72), IT iii 68 § 9 .
cro cummaisc etir randaigecht moir ┐ casbairdne(i.e.72+
70 71 ), § 7 .lethidir c. ¤ dernann dil`the hollow', Ériu iv 96.1 .
Cf. an c. ¤ Logo, RC xii 78 § 69 prob. `some hut or other
enclosure in which Lugh put his winnings',n. ethais corp
crín c. ¤ péne`fold of torment', Im. Brain 46 .
In n. loc.sruith shenoir Chraoi Caoimhghin, FM ii 1020.z
75`St. Kevin's kitchen', n.
(f) socket,hoop(of lance),eye(ofneedle)etc.: sleg . . . co
fethan óir impi o irlond co c. ¤ , LU 10665 .líathga mór co
tríchait semmand trina c. ¤ , Táin 4488 .lán a glacc . . . da
hindsma ┐ da c. ¤ (of spear), Acall. 4922 . ?c. ¤ trí rinne bodb
80moslinge, SG 409.10 = FM i 302.x .gearr do bháoi an
cróisin gan chrann, IGT Decl. ex. 577 .co tarla cach snáthat
díb hi c. ¤ araili, LU 8858 ( FB 65 ).c. ¤ snáthaiti, 4882 (TBC).
im snathait, .i. set int snaith ina cro, Laws i 152.30 Comm.
dul tré ch. ¤ shnáthaide, Mk. x 25 .
85(g) Perh. in phrasega c. ¤ (if this not to be referred to1
crú
) tentforwound,surgical probe, laterunhealed wound
(so C. O'Rahilly, Éigse ix 183 - 6 ):gorbo lána tairchlasa
┐ eittrigi in talman dá ḟulib ┐ dá gáeib c. ¤ `with his blood
and tents from his wounds
', Táin 4793 .marb in Dagda
do gai ch. ¤ , LL 1428 .go ffuair bás do ghaíbh c. ¤ na ngon
5doradadh fair`of the virulence of the wounds', FM vi 2058.4 .
Fig. gái ch. ¤ na genmnaidechta (gáithe c. ¤ ,v.l.), Acall. 3815 .
do ghaoibh c. ¤ na seanlocht`bloody shafts', PBocht 10.6 .do
gaoibh cro an urchair`deadly darts', Leb. Gab. 166.11 .do
éag . . . do gháibh c. ¤ an urchair`the bloody missiles', Keat. i
10222.3 .
(h) horse-shoe;hoof(?): cróagl.ungula, Sg. 46b13 .cuma
lee cip crua dosnessa, ZCP viii 103.y .fót . . . fóa cruib, LU
8662 ( FB 49 ).co torchratar . . . xxx. cach cruí dó(of
Liath Macha), LL 14054 .docuridar in t-ech fót mór da díb
15croib, 13343 .aithsceinm a cruib [e]ach, Laws v 156.15 =
crobaib, iii 262.22 Comm. fo[l]liucht crui gach eich`mark
of the hoof
', RC ix 466.9 .ic fosughud a crua . . . iarnaidhe fo
cosaib a n-ec[h]radh, CCath. 4642 .ag cur cru`shoeing a
horse
', Ann. Conn. 1384.13 .cu c. ¤ an eich, IGT Decl. ex. 1626 .
20 deithfear gleó um chráoithibh dá ccur, Bard. Synt. Tr.
8.x .craidhthi aga cur fo chursunaibh, ZCP vi 29.4 .sínfidh
tú . . . / crú re ngliaidh nar fhoghain d'each, O'Hara 1016 .
II hereditary property,inheritance :D. co lín c. ¤ , Trip.² 392 .
cislir rann fil for crū ? Ériu i 214.14 .isna hībh crōaibh aile,
25 215.11 .confoglaither cin iar ndibad ┐ croaibh, O'D. 548
( H. 3. 17,436 ).daer gabla no crai, Laws v 518.18 Comm. nī
crō co cōiccir fo cosmailius clīaro, Ériu i 215.y .do chunchid
roith croi for Aed . . . .i. delg nos facbad cech rig di aroile,
LB 238cb23 .re c. ¤ a shean`steading', Ériu xvi 133 § 24 .
30 DDána 74.60 .ní īarfaig Ēogan mo ch. ¤ `wergeld', Ériu xx
192 § 7 .a shéd craí na dheaghaidh dhuit, IGT Decl. ex.
1629 .re taisgidh is c. ¤ carad(of a harp) `relic', Magauran
886 .tairgid cairt ar c. ¤ a cinid`land of their family', Ériu iv
224.23 . ?im chrú nochar fhuirigh aonarc, Measgra D.
35 61.111 (in sense (a), Ed.). Note alsocrui`cattle', Laws i
214.25 , 298.15 Comm. ,crai, iv 26.11 , 12 etc.
In follg. exx. wd. is of doubtful application and/or mean-
ing):turthughadh craoi, Ériu xiii 23.24 .fuidir goible,
fuidir chrui find-gol`fratricidal fuidir', Laws v 360.16 .og na
40bi fer craidh, O'C. 2546 ( Eg. 88,45 (46)d ).ni acair nad
caemclai o croib in forais, Laws i 102.y `sheds'. ?lan . . . di
cormaim no as co cro(?) . . . lan di as cen cro(?), O'D. 936
( H. 3. 17,658 ).trian a cruib glaisne containers(?), Stud. in E.
Ir. Law 36.12 .bid croa na trī forus(of saint), ZCP ix
45453.9 .is cro timorgne cach aighnedha a arach fri comus
n-æi, xii 364.7 .tri cro in tuile(of waves), BB 374a11 (cf.
Dinds. 45 ).is ed rosaigh inn ardrígh asin cruid, Ériu i 215.3 .
rachoidh sí c. ¤ tar comhaidh(untranslated), O'Hara 4105 .cro
Grigair gan rath nā rabh (sic leg.) / da minaigh cath 'ga
50chosnamh, Arch. iii 245 § 25 ` house ', Aithd. D. 49.25 .is crō
dá sét .i. coimhét, ZCP v 486 § 7 (B. na f.).in c. ¤ caem(of
willow tree), SG 245.25 .ni thiaghaid feacht nó sluaigheadh
acht ar chródh`for pay', BR 96.26 (crod?).
Compds. With nouns. ?croaithlich torgi fiann, ZCP viii
55306.21 .ar chróbhothaibh bochtán`hovels', Keat. i 54.11 .
in crobuaile cat[h]a`fold of battle', CCath. 5378 .'na gcró-
bhuaile chumhaing(of hell), TSh. 6696 .i ngonaib ┐ i
crobuillib baís(1 crú?), LL 12785 .cróichíor chruinn a déad,
Hackett² iv 22 .crō-c[h]līat[h], Corm. Y 371 .conboing
60catha cróchombág, LU 8352 ( FB 24 ).ag cróinnsmadh a
ccraoisech fitting out their spears, Hugh Roe² 224.2 .sin
chro-inse (: millsi), Rawl. 164a54 .gus in gcrōmhainnir
chatha, Celtica i 117.125 .crotacra . . . .i. tagra . . . do-
ghnither i cro airechta, Cóic Con. Fug. 60 § 144 n.4 .beit it
65chróthreibh coitechta`populous household', BR² 158.6 . With
adjj.drud re roibhthibh, cúilte cróbhodhbhdha warlike(?),
DDána 83.8 .caór catha crobuilnig, ZCP viii 306.15 .a
ṡlegha crannremra cródhaingne, Acall. 1553 .a dhá chraoi-
sigh . . . chró-fhairsinge, ML 112.21 .ech . . . coelchos cále-
70than (leg.crua-) broad-hoofed, LU 8665 ( FB 50 ) =crua-
lethon, Eg. ( IT i 278 n. 18 ).dá craísigh . . . cróremra,
CF² 681 .fr isrengad cucu na crusighi crothuilli open-
socketed
(?), BFermoy 77b24 . In n. loc.Cathir Chróḟind,
Met. Dinds. i 28.20 .