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40 1 caín adj i fine,good,fair,beautiful ,etc.Of personsetc.:Bláán
cáin Cinn Garad, Fél. Aug. 10 .C. ba cáin áge, July 6 .
a phopa ch. ¤ Conaire, BDD² 1175 .caínsi ch. ¤ corcarda lais,
675 .caín tarb(caintarb,v.l.) (of Cet), Sc. M² 15 .coīn mīlid
Ailill fri āgu, Corp. Gen. 8.13 .is cur c. ¤ ¤ cathbúadach, LU
45 8956 ( FB 71 ).it caíni for slúaig, 5531 (TBC).am c. ¤
(.i. ni ḟuil luib is chaime andú), LL 1555 .cid cáin lib in
laechrad, IT i 77.9 (Lg.).cáin cech culēn fó ṡaidh, Cáin Ad.
8 . agedchāin (: sōir), Arch. iii 307 § 15 .ingen Chuinn an
c[h]rotha caoin, ML² 810 .sé c. ¤ ceilligi carthanach, St.
50Ercuil 1025 . Of an action:is cáin didiu a n-essimthecht`fair
then is their going forth
', Thes. i 495.19 (Ardm.). ?c. ¤ forondar
a chorp hi crú, LU 8339 ( FB 24 ) (see Ped. ii 604 ). Of clothes:
fúan c. ¤ corcra, LU 8601 ( FB 45 ).ad-mestar cáircha assa
comthlachtaib cóinib, ZCP xi 85 § 39f. lend bus caoin dath,
55 ML² 513 . Of objects soft,smooth :ail chaoin cumdachta,
Ériu xiii 30.29 .im iomdhaidh thaoibh chais chaoin, 28.22 .
ag cennghail um charraic cháin, Acall. 858 .mess fás. fidh
cáin. olcc bláth`smooth' (i.e.devoid of fruit ?), SG 80.8 .
is c. ¤ cech ard, LU 3915 ( SC 43 ).ba c. ¤ ind fhidchell, TBFr.
60 90 . Of speechetc. soft,gentle :guthán c. ¤ , Ériu xviii 12 § 6 .
caoin fuigheall fri heigsi, Ériu xiii 14.3 .labhra chaoin,
DDána 13.4 .d'aitheasg chaoin, 17.15 .cómhrádh caoin
gach naoimh, Párl. na mB. 889 .ceól caoin na bhfilídhe,
1633 .ar chruit chaoin, DDána 119.29 .comhairle ch. ¤ , ML
65 6.22 .Of weatherfine,clement :sína caíni . . . gaim c. ¤ cuisnech
(oppd. tosína saiba), ZCP xi 82 § 25 . In chevilles:caoin
rath, Blathm. 4 .caoin sgel, 153 . In nn.loc..crutti Caínbili
o Ess Rúaid da n-airfitiud, LL 8816 ( TBC 1449 ).Cf. Cluain
caín, Druim caín, Caíndruim etc., Hog. Onom. Adv.co c. ¤
70cennsa, St. Ercuil 2235 .
Compar. Ailenn . . . / caīnu dūn dindgnai, Corp. Gen. 8.17 .
cainiu cach fiach, SR 2485 .cainiu fedaib, Auraic. 5550 .ba
cæine side cach fichthill, ZCP iv 35.17 v.l.Assuperl.:cáiniu
di ḟlaithib in domuin, TBC 5171 .
75 Superl. ǽ drobéssach caínem di thonemaib Heirenn,
Trip.² 1695 .Crist ba caoinemclú, Blathm. 247 .
Assubst.Of a person:caoin ó a bhfaghair fóirithin(of
a bishop), Arch. Hib. i 97 xviii .caíni U.(three harpers),
TBFr. 108 . See2 caín.
80Compds. Forms compds. with nouns, adjj. and in adverbial
sense with verbs. In composition with verbs treated as
unstressed prefix, see Thurn. Gramm. § 384 . In later lang.
such compds. treated as simple vbs.e.g. caindeifriges,
Auraic. 985 ;cainternais(sic leg.), ML 162.22 . Also used to
85form artificial compds. in etymol. glosses. Some of the
compds. included here could belong tocain.
With nouns:ar a chaonairilledh, Leb. Gab. 226.2 .bind-
ḟogur a gotha ┐ a caínurlabra, LL 7740 ( TBC 210 ).trisin
cainaisṅdíis(ref. tobene gratias agis). Wb. 12d20 .ar cháin-
bésaib im chóemchostud na fledi, MU² 211 .a gcrabhadh ┐
5a ccáoinbhesaibh, Ériu v 74.13 .cāemdūdracht, cāinbēsa,
ZCP viii 215.2 .do cech eclais bís i cāinbéscnu, Cáin Ad. 36 .
aitherrach cáinbescna daib fri Dia, Anecd. i 41.20 .ica tá
caoin bleith (of metal), O'Dav. 200 .ropo chuiscle chaenbríg,
LL 27008 .fo cháinbuide (: óenṡuidi) na ndrong, SR 6055 .
10 atcota becdata cāinbude humility wins gratitude, Anecd.
iii 11.7 .ech gach eamhain ina caoincennas coir,
Ériu xiii 27.8 ( Laws v 62.21 Comm. ).biaidh bo fó chaoinchethair
ar anair n-iorchoraigh, xiii 25.22 `there will be a cow four
fair times
(i.e.there will be four cows)for a full melodious
15 anair' (verse dealing with the rewards due to various metres),
Meyer, Misc. Hib. 22 . ¤ -chomrac etc.see separate entries.
do-rala caínchomrád etir Coin C. ┐ Emir, MU² 136 .tré . . .
caencrabud B., Lism. L. 3330 .atcota cīall cáin-chruth,
Anecd. iii 10.18 . Mock n.pr.:Caonchruth mac Caoindhelbha,
20 ii 64.5 .fothughad a caen-daime budein, Laws v 52.17
Comm. ¤ -dúthracht etc., see separate entries.céd corn caoine-
gair, Mart. Don. xxxvi 14 .co cathair na caenḟled, Gorm.
Dec. 18 .a chaínfochell asar corp`fair wage', Wb. 15c24 .
tabraid . . . cāinforgall, Thes. ii 306.2 (Hy. i).ní raba . . . bá
25moo eneach na caonfuarascaibh ionás renown, TFrag. 178.1 .
¤ -ḟúairrech etc.see separate entries.sin chaóinfresdail ┐
fritheoladh, RC xxix 146 § 72 .nach claistear a gcaoinḟriotal
gentle speech, Hackett² xviii 39 .tria caonGhaoidheilg, Hugh
Roe² 244.7 (fo. 61a) .Maccæma Túath nDea dom ét iar mo
30caenghuide, RC xii 60 § 18 .huanaib cainimbedaib ilaigthib
gl.multiplicatis benedictionibus, Ml. 105a7 .ar chrábhadh na
caoin-léaghan do rádh`to say a prayer(?)',
Celt. Rev. x 134.12 .caín-leas, MR 160.5 .fó ṡídh ┐ fo chaoin loisi, FM
ii 1164.6 .triallais . . . caenmag, LL 15762 .naoi ccuill
35chaoinmhesa, Ériu xiii 26.20 .anruth .i. sruth cain molta
uadh, Laws iv 358.21 Comm. concertfa caenrecht for iathu
B., YBL 181a11 .act rocloor for cáinscéilsi a good account
of you
, Wb. 23b2 ,cf. b41 .fer ro scríb . . . / cáinscéla Críst
chrochthai, Fél. May 6 .rind caein-sholais Chaingcrech,
40 MR 114.2 .gan dire do chreith caoinṡrothaib, Ériu xiii 17.13 .
á caintaidlechgl.satisfactionem, Ml. 32b22 .cáinteist diib
`good testimony', Wb. 23a23 .ic tabairt chaintestusa, LB
107a24 .caintír toirthech (? cain), SR 963 .déce do caerca
caeintlachta, Leb. Gab. 30.15 .teinniu achuinscliu caíntocud,
45 LU 7385 .trí hingena berta seirc do cháinthocud, Triads
110 .iarsin chaíntoilgl.secundum bonum placitum, Wb.
20d19 .do lucht na cain toile, ITS xxix 144.2 .'na sgéith
chreidimh ┐ chaointoile, Parrth. Anma 5064 .cáintoimtiu
diib`a fair opinion of you', Wb. 23a22 .adchonncadar . . .
50isan chaentracht clerech, RC xxvi 160 § 47 .iarna cáintuistin,
SR 7999 .
With adjj. (a) Dvandva compds.:tecait cāinḟinn / corra,
ḟāilinn`fair white birds', K. and H. 18 § 27 .cāinmaith slān
/ Sīrne, Ält. ir. Dicht. i 29.27 . (b)Adjj.derived from nouns:
55 go cobhsaidh caoin-bhéasach, TSh. 1854 .do reir diancecht
cainbrethaig fair-judging, Laws iii 362.4 Comm. ambreith
Chaei Chaenbrethaig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 9.2 .Connla Caoinbhriath-
rach, Keat. iii 518 . Mockn.pr. Feli ingen Caoinchlothaigh,
Anecd. ii 64.9 .is caínchomairlechu beith i ssíd, LL 31741
60(TTr.).uo cōinchomráitech . . . na fēne re chéle, Fianaig.
64.4 .a sgiath . . . chaoindealbhach, ML 112.19 .in dearc
. . . caen-dénmach beneficent, PH 5923 .cros caoindénmhach
uas a cind, FM iii 312.10 .caindénmidegl.benefica est, Ml.
25d4 (caindenminde, MS).caindéinmidi(-deimidi, MS) gl.
65 beneficam, 120b6 .amal as dund chaindénmidiugl.benefico,
33b9 .nadbi caínfoltach nibi caínfuillmech`he who is not
well qualified is not well remunerated
', Ériu xviii 47.5 ( Laws
v 112.7 ).cluithche caoínmhenmnach, Ériu v 166.56 .easbog
cáoinráidhtioch, Párl. na mB. 3794 .labrad uallach ┐
70chaintoimtenach dib fadesin`proud and self-complaisant
speech
', Ml. 31b10 . Seecaínḟúairrech.
With verbs:cáin-airlice lend graciously(?), LU 3489 ( SC
26 ).mani cáinairlither`unless thou take good heed', Wb.
5b38 .in tan na cain-biadhtar cain-scarat, Laws v 292.12 .
75 nī bo fri óigthea acher / cāinbói (.i. cáin nobíid) fri lobru
trúagu, Thes. ii 328.3 (Hy.v).la Dal Riada cainebar / . . . /
lethdeog, Anecd. i 14.15 ( SCano 478 ) (ibid).cáineperrgl.
bene dicitur, Sg. 215a3 .caínéra, LU 3489 ( SC 26 ).caoin
éranar muca mbroghtar ina muicthech, Ériu xiii 27.23 =
80 amail atbeir isin bretha nemidh cain erenar muc mbrogtar
┐ rl., O'C. 1451 ( H. 3. 18,647b )(as-ren). c. ¤ feid a rosc, LU
8342 ( FB 24 ).c. ¤ fera bodil di fodbaid ríg(rhet.), 6122 (TBC).
c. ¤ fúalaing fuither glaini sair, 8343 ( FB 24 ).inna caingnethi
gl.bene acta, Ml. 22d18 . Within-láidi, seeind-láidi.cumala
85caínógat a ngnímu`who fulfil their services well', Críth
Gabl. 485 and n .caínoís, LU 3489 ( SC 26 ) (oidid).cain
rognatha (gníid), Ml. 39a24 .cáinscríbaimm, Thes. ii 290.11 .
caínté im gaí cainte gaithe, LL 1570 (téit).cia tīasam cáin
temadar (.i. alaind), Thes. ii 299.30 (Hy. i).in-díu trá
cáin-timgarat, Lament 90.5 .inna caintinscantaigl.bene
5coepta, Ml. 131c18 .caín tintaé chucum, LU 8310 ( FB 23 ).
is caintormachtae (do-formaig), Hib. Min. 13.451 .clanda
caine caīntuismiter, ZCP xi 92 § 21 .amail bid cainullmaigthe,
Hib. Min. 13.448 .
In etymol. glosses onconas conjunction and preverb:
10 caoinberim nó caoinbritheamnaigimgl.conidbiur, O'Dav.
391 (cf. Ériu xiii 21.30 ).conamus . . . .i. . . . ro cainaimsighedh,
Laws i 48.18 Comm. conaraig . . . .i. . . . ro chain-airgestair,
v 292.14 Comm. ar na conderbathar .i. ar na caindiubarthar,
iv 196.23 Comm. (2 do-rorban?).
15In later lang. used as occas. alliterating ornamente.g. do
chogair ┐ do chaoin-chomhairligh aige féin, ML 26.14 .
With vnn.:cuile iar cainbiathad, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 52.29
( Laws ii 386.z ).a condaill .i. a caindeligud, Auraic. 1501 .
na ro cuindrigther . . . .i. na dentar do caindirech,
20 Laws i 192.8 Comm. (etymol. gl.).in chainepirtgl.benedictio, Ml.
137d6 .tosach cōru cāinepert, Anecd. iii 16.15 .is maith
bar caeineiberta, SG 350.1 . ¤ -gním, see separate entry.

2 caín Subst.use of1 caín.cáein f.(g s.andn p. -i), IGT Decl.
§ 14 . smooth finished side; esp.the outer surfaceof awall etc.:
25 madh glan an corp don taoibh thall / ball ar a chaoin níor
locht liom, Dán Dé xxvii 31 .mar chaoin mbuabhall as
bhreac fiodh / breac nuabharr gach taoibh don teagh, DDána
119.36 .a caoin amach mar mheamram, Ériu v 60.12 .caoin
gach buinne dhuinn darach, 62.3 .do teilgeadh caoin do
30chlach gcuir / don taoibh a-mach dod múraibh, Measgra D.
56.11 .do chaoin uaighfidh re t'eascaoin, 132 .siridh c. ¤ in
maighi, Lism. L. 2895 .fót fírinde . . . intan adberad firindi
do-chuireadh a chain súas, Folklore iv 483 ( Edinburgh
Dinds. § 64 ).in fer atbered gaí . . . / ós chaín in ḟóit, Met.
35Dinds. iv 168.22 .deargaidh chaoin seanMhuighe Sléacht /
sgeamhghaire chéacht re taoibh dtrácht, Magauran 1661 .
fri leth C. c. ¤ in tsléibe / . . . is a hescaín . . . / fri leth M.,
Met. Dinds. iii 308.77 . Of hair:dath an chróigh ar caoin a
trillse, Magauran 3098 .caoin asurface,rind , Eg. Gl. 142 .
40Of skin,membrane ,etc.:an cain uachtarrach . . . no in cain
iachtarach, O'C. 305 ( H. 3. 18,167 ).in cain ichtarach, O'D.
834 ( H. 3. 17,595 ).bidh in sicne . . . a leanmain don chain
meadhonaigh, Ir. Texts v 4.12 . See Ériu xii 130 - 31 (BCrólige).
Fig. a dhealbh Mhíchíl . . . / cuir dá-ríribh riom do chaoin
45 grant me thy full favour, Aithd. D. 97.37 .an fhuil ríogh re
raibhe a heasgaoin / . . . do chuir caoin a ratha rú, PBocht
10.22 .cuin bhias i (? = a) gcaoin ré chéile`when shall
they unite
?' Dán Dé xi 3 .nach bia ar gcaoin-ne re a chéile,
DDána 7.16 .is ródhall gach aon nách tuig / gur is-tigh atá
50do chaoin, Measgra D. 27.48 .firchain fáilti a hearty welcome,
TFerbe 83 .

caínbarrach x etc.seecaínḟúairrech,etc.

caince nAlsocaínc(h)e. If Murphy's emendation ofn s. caincinn,
K. and H. 26 to caīnciu(Lyrics 8.26) is correct perh.n ,f.
55with oblique cases in-nn. The divergent forms and meanings
may indicate several distinct words. O'Rahilly, Measgra D.
i suggests borrowing from We.caincand discusses the forms.
For the treatment of-nc(h)-see also Ó Máille, ZCP ix 345 .
(a) strainofmusic,melody :c. ¤ corr / doní tonn trom Tulcha
60leis, Acall. 861 `a woeful melody', SG ii 122 .ceól nó c. ¤ , ITS
xxiv 100.25 .laoch na gcon na gcrot na gcaoinceadh(ccaoineadh,
ccoíncheadh, MSS), Hackett² xxx 111 .brugh fa ba
lia . . . fa chóirighthibh ceólchaire ar chaoince(coinnce,
coínnte,chaoincidh, MSS), 233 .dáin a's caoínche chláir
65Mídhe, Hard. ii 228.y .
(b)some kind ofsong-bird :caincinn gestlach, K. and H.
18.26 (emended tocaīnciu, Murphy Lyrics 8.26 . See above).
ceól caoince, Measgra D. 39.23 (caoínce,cainche, MSS).ní
chodail in chaoínche bhras, Duan. Finn i 84 § 13 .gébhthor
70dhó . . . / . . . / roinn ṡaora . . . / go ngothaibh cáola cáoin-
cheann`shall be chanted . . . noble stanzas . . . with the clear
notes of the c.
', Ériu ix 168 § 43 .da choinchinn ó Chorraiffe,
Duan. Finn i 20 § 11 (dí chaoínce v.l.,iii 20 ).ceól do caoíncheann
(sic leg.), ii 372 § 12 and Gloss.
75(c) Perh. bough,branch (basic meaning of We.cainc.Cf.
Mod.Ir.caincín(large) nose) in:adracht O. ┐ do chuir in
caincinn frithroisc for a lorg co nach facad nech a longphurt
. . . é, Acall. 2327 (chainchinn,cairchi v.ll.).leigfidhear
Caoinche ar do lorg, Duan. Finn. i 84 § 10 . ?Cf. n. pr.
80 Cass Corach mac Caincinne, Acall. Index.
Meaning doubtful:fogabar . . . in ingen ina cotlad ┐ a
gnus amal am ch. ¤ , Vita Br. 1 (O'Brien, Ir. Hist. Stud. i 346
suggests reading:amal áin cainche`like the playing of a
melody
': am, however, may be simply dittography of first
85syll. ofamal).

caincech adj o, ā(caince). Alsocaínchech. musical :an comhcheól
cainceach, Dhá Sgéal Art. 275 .a ndíoghail do chuir
chaoinchigh`in revenge for thy musical note', Studies 1919,
612 § 10 .