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columa(-oma,-amu,-umu) n n,f.Later alsom. colum,
60 Fél. 66.11 . Latercolamain,columan,colún m.(Lat.
columna?columen?).n s. conid hi incholumasin. . ., LB
158a50 .colamu, a39 .colamhuin dhaingion, Mac Aingil
5340 .a s. colomainmóir, LU 1923 (ICM).g s. nacolumna
medonchi, PH 6356 .d s. 'nacolamaincoimhdirigh, CCath.
65 4201 .n du. dícholomain , LL 3133 . Asm. n s. columu
tenntide, Thr. Hom. 66.3 .ancolamhuin , Parrth. Anma 5580 .
a s. incoluman , BNnÉ 71 § 122 . columainmór, § 121 .colún,
St. Ercuil 2158 .g s. ancolamain , BNnÉ 71 § 122 .incholo-
main , Fl. Earls 134.18 .incholūin , 216.25 .d s. annsa
70 cholaman , BNnÉ 71 § 122 .n p. columna, Fianaig. 88.16 .
colamna, Corm. Y 322 .colamain, O'D. 590 ( H. 3.17,447 ).
collamhuin, CRR² 29 (86.6) .Coloman, Hy Fiachr. 172.3 .
a p. colomna, TBC² 3135 .columna, PH 4125 .g p. coloman,
Fianaig. 78.5 .columan, CCath. 4776 .columa, Alex. 578 .
75 d p. colomnaib, LU 2005 ( FA 7 ).colamhnaibh,
RC xliii 16 § 9 . Note alsog p. nacCollamhnach , CRR² 19 .
(a) column,pillar,prop :atracht c. ¤ tenntide dia cind
(columna ignis), Lat. Lives 71.y .na colomna cloch filet
i ndorsib na rígráth, MU² 379 .ic columhain criadh ná a
80liubhur annálta`column of clay', CCath. 1612 .a cliath do
torrachtain ar treise, a comobair ar cuicthe, a colamain ar
dechmaidh`the uprights of a hurdle(?)' (Plummer MS notes),
O'D. 590 ( H. 3.17,447 ).c. ¤ roard . . . ┐ nocho chuirend
foscud uaithi i llo in griantairisme ṡámruta, ZCP xvii 229.24 .
85 cethir chét c. ¤ . . . oc a fulang(of a house), Alex. 578 .c. ¤
niúil i llou ┐ c. ¤ tenntigi i n-oidche, PH 1714 - 15 .sé fan
gcrois 'n-a cholamhuin(of the upright of the Cross), DDána
23.16 .colamhain,a colony(leg. column),a pillar, Eg. Gl.
144 .
Fig.(b)Of warriors,champion,defender,support , par-
5ticularly in termcolomain na Temrach(see Knott, Ériu xiv
144 ff.):na deich cēt . . . curad . . . ro bātar columna na
Temrach, Fianaig. 88.16 .do Cholomnaib na Temrach,
LL 19535 .co colomnaib Crohinni, 29164 .collamhuin
congmhála ┐ laoich goile, CRR² 29 .Ui Flannghaile ┐ O
10Tarpaigh, Coloman na Sgríne, Hy Fiachr. 172.3 .lucht
mar cholumhna Chláir Bhreagh(of the crew of the Argo),
DDána 107.35 . As territorial designation:bodhith do
thiachtain a seacht colamhnaibh ┐ i primhphortaibh na
Temhrach, RC xliii 16 § 9 .
15(c)More generally,supporter,upholder :saoglonn .i.
brithem ┐ senoir ┐ columna,ut dicitur: Saoglonn brithemh,
buan a blad, / saoglonn senōir sīr-saoglach, / saoglonn cech
rī fora dū, / ┐ saoglonn columnu, O'Mulc. 857 .saeghlonn
.i. seanoir no colomna, O'Dav. 1424 .colomnaib .i. ollum,
20 ut est, . . . columan breithem, buan a blad, O'C. 569 (H.
3.18, 284).colamhuin dhaingion dhoibhrisdi na fírinde
(of the Church), Mac Aingil 5340 .colamhain ┐ firminte na
fírinne( 1 Tim. iii 15 ), TSh. 3269 .seise suadh colamhain
cliar the support of the learned, Ó Bruad. iii 54.1 .colamain
25na heglaisi mar tá Ambrós Augustín . . ., O'Hussey TC
41.1 .
(d) Of divisions of time:colamna āis .i. aimsera āis .i.
naoidendacht ┐ macdacht, gillacht ┐ ōglachass . . ., Corm.
Y 322 .os tussu a mmo sruith can dollod. Ni handsa.
30Iar colomnaib aíse .i. iar colomnaib sé áes in duni, LL
24333 - 4 ( RC xxvi 18.32 ).

columan,-nach xseecóilín(ech),columa.

columda xseecolomda.

columnat n(columa)littlepillar :c. ¤ gl.columnella, Sg. 48a7 .

35 colún xseecoluma.

colúr n o,m.(Engl.culver). Alsoculbur. pigeon :mar
chuilm nó cholúir neimhfheargacha, Trompa na bhF. 4153 .
Ag ithi a dineir .i. tri culbur ┐ buidel d'fhin,
ZCP vi 283.24 .

40 1 com- prepositionalprefix in composition with verbs, nouns
and adjj. Thurn. Gramm. 502.4 . Bergin, Ériu xiv 153 .
In verbs in pretonic positioncon-(con-icc,con-gaib), with
inf. pron.cotam-,cot-,conid-,etc.( Thurn. Gramm. 257 - 8 ,
503 ). See alsos. 5 con-.
45Under the accent the treatment is as follows. Before
vowels and r, l, ncom,cum(under infl. of follg. sound)
(comadas,comerchloithe,comimmaircide(earliercoímm-
<com-imm-, see below),comocus s.v. com(ḟ)ocus,comrád,
comlann,comnart,cumsanad).com-imm-givescoímm-
50( Thurn. Gramm. 112 , 502 ) (coímchloud,coímthecht s.v.
coimitecht). Before bcom(combach), before d, gcon
(condalb,coindelg,congab,congnam. Note later lenition
of g incoingell,coingleccand the artificialcomglennin
Ml.). Before t, c co, cu with voicing of follg. plosive (cotach,
55 cotarsnae,coitreb,cocad,cocur,coicéile,coicert,cutrummae.
Note the artificialcomchlantein Sg.). Before s co (cosmail,
cosnam). Before f (earlier *w) co (cóir), latercob cub
(cobair,cobodail,cubaid,cubus,cobfolaid,cobfuil). Before
m cu (cuman), latercum,com(cummasc,commess).
60Laterco(i)mis used as the general form before all initials
(see exx. undercoim-,com-), both the m and a follg. initial
c p t d g r l n f s being lenited. Before b, m the older pro-
cedure is retained, mb ultimately falling together with mm
to give m(m). But where the elements in a compd. remain
65clear and in late formations -mb- (-mmb-, mhmb-, -mbb-
-mhbh-) is usually retained (combádud,combág,combáid,
combráithres,combroid). So also somet. mhm (mhmh)
for mm (commaídem,commaídid,commám).
In the early language the neutral quality of final -m was
70retained before palatals (comnart,congnam,cosnam, with
re-compositioncomnert,comgním.Cf. coicéile comchéile,
comlann comlán comlín). Palatalization is later regular in
this position (coimchrith coimescar). Wherecomwas
itself modified palatalization came in earlier (coicert,
75 cuitbiud,cuindchid,cuimrech etc.).
In old verbal compounds (con-dieig,con-icc) the semantic
function ofcom canas a rule only be conjectured. In
later formations with verbs (coimlenaid) and with adjj.
comhas theadverbialforce of together,mutually,equally ,
80with nouns theadjectivalforce of mutual,equal . The last-
mentioned are frequent ing s.with adjectival function
(comchenél), the typecomnart strong being rare. In all
late compds.commay function as a mere intensive prefix
greatly,very,completely,great,complete etc. Frequently
85the prefix serves merely to provide an alliterating word.
For com with adjj. forming the equative see2 com-.