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cáin n i,f.Later also with dental and velar inflection. Note
alsog s. cānae, Cáin Ad. 48 . IGT Decl. § 201 .n p. cánanda,
ibid. g p. cánann, ex. 2162 . See Ped. i 193 , O'Brien, Celtica
85 iii 172 .
Law,regulation,rule;fine,tax,tribute.Precise legal
significance difficult to define. Appar. regarded as statute
law (a law imposed by a king, perh. by an over-king) or by
the church ( Ériu xii 69 , Ir. Hist. Stud. xiii 101 - 3 ) in contrast
toaurradus customary law.It is always more severe than
5the latter, ZCP xiv 339 . See Cóic Con. Fug. pp. 65 - 66 . Frequ.
glossed byríagail( Laws ii 222.3 Comm. etc.). The wider
meaningwritten lawundoubtedly derived from the numerous
monastic ordinances issued in the 8th cent., Thurn. ZCP
xviii 396 . By annalists appar. equated withlex(see
10 AU Ann. 733 , 736 , 766 and Indexs.v.Law).
(a) lawas asystem, set ofregulations :c. ¤ a canoine .i.regula ,
O'Mulc. 200 .cis lir cain i tir, na bi imaclaid la Feine? Laws
v 480.8 .ro suigideadh (?leg.for-suidigthea) na cana so o
tosach domain, 480.22 .ata[a]t .iii. cáini (caine, MS.) nad
15chumgat comarbai do chumscuchud`there are three rules
(servitudes) which heirs are not capable of changingi.e.three
types of servitude to which one's land may become subject
by adversative prescription
', Ériu xvii 68 § 9 and note.c. ¤
cach uisci thairidne .i. riagail inn uisce . . ., § 8 .comdire
20cach fri aroile i nnos chana, BCrólige 5 and note.it cetheora
arag . . . fris-tobngiter na ceithri aur[r]athais: athgabail fri
brat[h]a Cai, giall fri cain,etc., Bürgschaft 75.16 .adarbetar
a cain ┐ rechtgi echtca sin, O'Mulc. 368 . Of the regulation for
exacting satisfaction for injury (see (b) below):techta cana
25caich la derbfine .i. dliged na riagla tobaig caich, Ir. Recht
34 § 36 .fer cána the cáin lawyer:ca heiric bhias i nguairiu-
ga[dh] cána, uair nar innis fer cána éiric inn i c. ¤ , O'D. 873
( H. 3. 17,c. 626 ). In phr.luige cána, see1 luige. Contrasted
withaurradus(see above):deithbirugh[ad] itir c. ¤ ┐ urradus
30(one of the qualifications of a brehon), O'D. 925 ( H. 3. 17,
657 ).diablad coirpdire urradais sin, ┐ a da cutruma in
diablad corpdire cana, Cóic Con. Fug. 38 § 51 .is doib do
r[or]macht cain do cach duine da fuil airem eneclainne ar
cumalaib i n-urradus, 50 § 97 .noco nfuilit ree nanta re
35athgabhala cána amhuil atá re athghabhála urradhuis, O'D.
621 ( H. 3. 17,c. 461 ) (see further underaurradus). Distin-
guished fromcairde:imdích dliged a chéle cintaib cuir, c. ¤ ,
cairddi[u] co neoch atallen`he defends the rights of his clients
in regard to liabilities arising from contract, written law and
40treaty
(?)', Críth Gabl. 340 and note.muna tabri c. ¤ no cairde,
BCrólige 43 and note.deichniubar aice ac denum cana ┐
cairde(of theaire désa), O'C. 2057 (H 4.22, 64a).issed . . .
doberar do . . . ar a chain, ar a chairde, ar a rechtnge, Laws
v 520. 5 . See further undercairde.
45Note further (from non-legal texts):is hí . . . cāin robūi . . .
la Bretna: in biodba inna chinaid do neoch forsesed a chāin
nō forūasnadfad a chāin, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.3 ).
ní duaichnid is í in ch. ¤ ro mebaid and in tan ro gabad for
loscad in tíre, BDD² 243 .hi ṅgíallnae nár choillet ith na
50blicht i nHérind tara ch. ¤ téchtae, 921 .ar febus na cána ┐
in tṡída, 607 (of prosperous reign).is coll geisi ┐ cána dam-sa
inní sin(the Paschal fire), Trip.² 448 .cia chollit araile in
cánaid sea, LB 203b56 .ní dlig laech a enecland dia mbé i
n-écmais a arm. conid c. ¤ midlaig no ndlig fon samail sin
55 law applying in the case of the m.(?), LU 6156 (TBC).ro
leasaiged . . . fo chain lesaighthi, RC xliii 114 § 120 .c. ¤
dilguda i.e.(Christian) doctrine of forgiveness, LU 9747 .
foclaim rim chain is rim chubus / . . . na roaerus duine remhe
by my troth, IT iii 86 § 89 .do fhregair in sámaid sin / a
60cánaib is a caingnibh, SG 69.18 .ón lá do cailleadh do ch. ¤
when Thy law was broken(of the offence of Adam), Dán Dé
xxviii 17 . In phrasedo-gní c. ¤ fri makes a law regarding:
dogēna cāin fri banscāla, Arch. iii 231.20 .
In names of particular laws or titles of tracts:is a Senchas
65Mar ro airletha na cetheora cano:— cain iarraid, cain
saerraith, cain aicillne, cain lanamnussa techta,
Laws i 40.21 .cain lanamna, ii 342 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 2 ).c. ¤
aigillne, ZCP xiv 338 ff. cain airlicthe, Laws v 370.9 .cain
dornn cliath, 474.13 .i. riagail na cleithi donither o'n durn,
70in cathcliath, 476.16 Comm. cain ona, 368.9 .cain othrusa
`rule of nursing', BCrólige 25 .amail atberr a Cain techta
bered darba, O'Dav. 629 =beridh darbha, muchaidh ainb-
ḟios,etc., Ériu xiii 39.12 .in cain einech, 13.14 .ite na filidh
do-bongad cain n-enech, 23 . Ineccles. contexts:at éat so
75ceithri cána Erenn .i. cain Patraic gan [n]a chleirchiu do
marbad, ┐ caín Adamnáin gan [n]a mna do marbad, Cain
Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, ┐ Cain domnaig can toirimtecht
etir, Fél. 210.31 ( Keat. iii 1705 ).forus chano Patricii hi
Cruachnibh la Dubdaleithi`promulgation of the law of P.',
80 AU i 258.5 (782).is i so tra in Cain Patraic, Laws i 18.1 .
cutruma cumal cana Padraicc ┐ cumal cana Cormaic, O'C.
577 ( H. 3. 18,287 ).cain fuithribe, Laws iii 60.4 Comm.
rith cana Patraic . . . r. c. ¤ Diarmada . . . r. c. ¤ boileachta
. . . r. c. ¤ Adamnain, O'C. 2132 (H 4.22, 87b).mad iar gc. ¤
85Adamhnain, O'D. 673 ( H. 3. 17,493b )i.e.if the suit is brought
under the law of A. (as oppd. tomad iar gc. ¤ i.e.ordinary
law), Plummer MS. notes.conid sí cētchāin lāithir for nimh
┐ for talmain Cāin Adomnāin, Cáin Ad. 21 .brithimain
cānae Adomnān, 37 .bendacht . . . for anmain Adamnán
. . . / rolā cāin forsna clanna, Thes. ii 306.4 (Hy. i).crannaig
5cana Darí ┐ Moling, O'C. 343 ( H. 3. 18,191 ).ni fil dithach .i.
cain Dari .i. cain boslechta dia mbe tuarasdal cana Patraic
ag nech, 2577 ( Eg. 88,48 (49)d ).C. ¤ Domnaig, title of tract
on the observation of Sunday, Anecd. iii 21 = Ériu xx 151 .
(b) legal due,tribute : commotatio martirum
10Petir ┐ Poil ┐ Phatraiccad legem perficiendam i.e.to exact the `cáin',
AU i 188.12 (see furtherIndexs.v. law ).conid desin dliges
Ciaran cana coidcenda fo Erinn, YBL 171b12 .oc denamh a
chana levying his tribute, Anecd. ii 12.13 .fo chánaibh Chiar-
áin, FM ii 1096.8 .maor cána Adhamhnáin, 620.20 . LU 9376 .
15 fó óenmám ┐ fo chís ┐ fo ch. ¤ , LL 116 .commeít a ḟeraind . . .
gan ch. ¤ . . . gan ecendáil, 10073 ( TBC 3029 ).tucadh . . . a
chana dligid do C. . . . nai fichit bo . . ., RC xliii 12 § 5 .co
tuc caín esti, RC xvii 402.10 (Tig.).co nderna . . . c. ¤ for
cach tūeth, ZCP viii 316.20 .fer cāna a tributary(?), xv 336
20§ 28 .c. ¤ ar na cnoibh tax on nuts, Aithd. D. 1.24 .ní cíos
a-mháin ar Mumhain / bhíos acht c. ¤ Í Chonchubhair, 7.12 .
tug iomad maoine ┐ mórchánach as(of Armagh),
Keat. iii 2974 .ó initt go caisg gan c. ¤ / acht madh páin ┐ bioror
`without (receiving) tribute save only bread and cress', ZCP
25 i 64 § 105 .ní thabair cóir ina gcána / cóir Danair dá rádha
rú, IGT Decl. ex. 2163 .fáoigfidh leth a gcos ad chána / dá
mbeth cros gach ágha d'fir, ex. 49 .c. ¤ , dubhchíos no custum,
Ezra vii 24 .fuagraim oruibh cain bhrisde focal penalty
fine for breaking one's word
, Luc. Fid. 4341 . Atonement
30(esp. of Christ's a. for Adam's sin): emenda.i. c. ¤ , Ir. Gl.
98 .crann díola croinn na cána, Aithd. D. 88.3 .an té do
choill an gcánaigh, A. Ó Dálaigh xiii 1 .ag so dhuit, a Dhia
. . . / . . . an chalann 'n-a cánaigh féin, DDána 62.13 .íc
ruibh do chuid don chánaidh / d'ḟuil Ádhaim duid a Dhúilimh,
35 IGT Decl. ex. 2164 . Note also:mar ch. ¤ an pheacaidh, Donl.
348.23 .
In phrasecen ch. ¤ (cheville):na ceil orm innis cen chain /
ca lín dofaeth dom deslaim, RC xxiii 420.9 .can ch. ¤ , LL 4381 .
Cf. cain .i. cainte, O'C. 94 ( H. 3. 18,66 ).

40 1 caín adj i fine,good,fair,beautiful ,etc.Of personsetc.:Bláán
cáin Cinn Garad, Fél. Aug. 10 .C. ba cáin áge, July 6 .
a phopa ch. ¤ Conaire, BDD² 1175 .caínsi ch. ¤ corcarda lais,
675 .caín tarb(caintarb,v.l.) (of Cet), Sc. M² 15 .coīn mīlid
Ailill fri āgu, Corp. Gen. 8.13 .is cur c. ¤ ¤ cathbúadach, LU
45 8956 ( FB 71 ).it caíni for slúaig, 5531 (TBC).am c. ¤
(.i. ni ḟuil luib is chaime andú), LL 1555 .cid cáin lib in
laechrad, IT i 77.9 (Lg.).cáin cech culēn fó ṡaidh, Cáin Ad.
8 . agedchāin (: sōir), Arch. iii 307 § 15 .ingen Chuinn an
c[h]rotha caoin, ML² 810 .sé c. ¤ ceilligi carthanach, St.
50Ercuil 1025 . Of an action:is cáin didiu a n-essimthecht`fair
then is their going forth
', Thes. i 495.19 (Ardm.). ?c. ¤ forondar
a chorp hi crú, LU 8339 ( FB 24 ) (see Ped. ii 604 ). Of clothes:
fúan c. ¤ corcra, LU 8601 ( FB 45 ).ad-mestar cáircha assa
comthlachtaib cóinib, ZCP xi 85 § 39f. lend bus caoin dath,
55 ML² 513 . Of objects soft,smooth :ail chaoin cumdachta,
Ériu xiii 30.29 .im iomdhaidh thaoibh chais chaoin, 28.22 .
ag cennghail um charraic cháin, Acall. 858 .mess fás. fidh
cáin. olcc bláth`smooth' (i.e.devoid of fruit ?), SG 80.8 .
is c. ¤ cech ard, LU 3915 ( SC 43 ).ba c. ¤ ind fhidchell, TBFr.
60 90 . Of speechetc. soft,gentle :guthán c. ¤ , Ériu xviii 12 § 6 .
caoin fuigheall fri heigsi, Ériu xiii 14.3 .labhra chaoin,
DDána 13.4 .d'aitheasg chaoin, 17.15 .cómhrádh caoin
gach naoimh, Párl. na mB. 889 .ceól caoin na bhfilídhe,
1633 .ar chruit chaoin, DDána 119.29 .comhairle ch. ¤ , ML
65 6.22 .Of weatherfine,clement :sína caíni . . . gaim c. ¤ cuisnech
(oppd. tosína saiba), ZCP xi 82 § 25 . In chevilles:caoin
rath, Blathm. 4 .caoin sgel, 153 . In nn.loc..crutti Caínbili
o Ess Rúaid da n-airfitiud, LL 8816 ( TBC 1449 ).Cf. Cluain
caín, Druim caín, Caíndruim etc., Hog. Onom. Adv.co c. ¤
70cennsa, St. Ercuil 2235 .
Compar. Ailenn . . . / caīnu dūn dindgnai, Corp. Gen. 8.17 .
cainiu cach fiach, SR 2485 .cainiu fedaib, Auraic. 5550 .ba
cæine side cach fichthill, ZCP iv 35.17 v.l.Assuperl.:cáiniu
di ḟlaithib in domuin, TBC 5171 .
75 Superl. ǽ drobéssach caínem di thonemaib Heirenn,
Trip.² 1695 .Crist ba caoinemclú, Blathm. 247 .
Assubst.Of a person:caoin ó a bhfaghair fóirithin(of
a bishop), Arch. Hib. i 97 xviii .caíni U.(three harpers),
TBFr. 108 . See2 caín.
80Compds. Forms compds. with nouns, adjj. and in adverbial
sense with verbs. In composition with verbs treated as
unstressed prefix, see Thurn. Gramm. § 384 . In later lang.
such compds. treated as simple vbs.e.g. caindeifriges,
Auraic. 985 ;cainternais(sic leg.), ML 162.22 . Also used to
85form artificial compds. in etymol. glosses. Some of the
compds. included here could belong tocain.
With nouns:ar a chaonairilledh, Leb. Gab. 226.2 .bind-
ḟogur a gotha ┐ a caínurlabra, LL 7740 ( TBC 210 ).trisin
cainaisṅdíis(ref. tobene gratias agis). Wb. 12d20 .ar cháin-
bésaib im chóemchostud na fledi, MU² 211 .a gcrabhadh ┐
5a ccáoinbhesaibh, Ériu v 74.13 .cāemdūdracht, cāinbēsa,
ZCP viii 215.2 .do cech eclais bís i cāinbéscnu, Cáin Ad. 36 .
aitherrach cáinbescna daib fri Dia, Anecd. i 41.20 .ica tá
caoin bleith (of metal), O'Dav. 200 .ropo chuiscle chaenbríg,
LL 27008 .fo cháinbuide (: óenṡuidi) na ndrong, SR 6055 .
10 atcota becdata cāinbude humility wins gratitude, Anecd.
iii 11.7 .ech gach eamhain ina caoincennas coir,
Ériu xiii 27.8 ( Laws v 62.21 Comm. ).biaidh bo fó chaoinchethair
ar anair n-iorchoraigh, xiii 25.22 `there will be a cow four
fair times
(i.e.there will be four cows)for a full melodious
15 anair' (verse dealing with the rewards due to various metres),
Meyer, Misc. Hib. 22 . ¤ -chomrac etc.see separate entries.
do-rala caínchomrád etir Coin C. ┐ Emir, MU² 136 .tré . . .
caencrabud B., Lism. L. 3330 .atcota cīall cáin-chruth,
Anecd. iii 10.18 . Mock n.pr.:Caonchruth mac Caoindhelbha,
20 ii 64.5 .fothughad a caen-daime budein, Laws v 52.17
Comm. ¤ -dúthracht etc., see separate entries.céd corn caoine-
gair, Mart. Don. xxxvi 14 .co cathair na caenḟled, Gorm.
Dec. 18 .a chaínfochell asar corp`fair wage', Wb. 15c24 .
tabraid . . . cāinforgall, Thes. ii 306.2 (Hy. i).ní raba . . . bá
25moo eneach na caonfuarascaibh ionás renown, TFrag. 178.1 .
¤ -ḟúairrech etc.see separate entries.sin chaóinfresdail ┐
fritheoladh, RC xxix 146 § 72 .nach claistear a gcaoinḟriotal
gentle speech, Hackett² xviii 39 .tria caonGhaoidheilg, Hugh
Roe² 244.7 (fo. 61a) .Maccæma Túath nDea dom ét iar mo
30caenghuide, RC xii 60 § 18 .huanaib cainimbedaib ilaigthib
gl.multiplicatis benedictionibus, Ml. 105a7 .ar chrábhadh na
caoin-léaghan do rádh`to say a prayer(?)',
Celt. Rev. x 134.12 .caín-leas, MR 160.5 .fó ṡídh ┐ fo chaoin loisi, FM
ii 1164.6 .triallais . . . caenmag, LL 15762 .naoi ccuill
35chaoinmhesa, Ériu xiii 26.20 .anruth .i. sruth cain molta
uadh, Laws iv 358.21 Comm. concertfa caenrecht for iathu
B., YBL 181a11 .act rocloor for cáinscéilsi a good account
of you
, Wb. 23b2 ,cf. b41 .fer ro scríb . . . / cáinscéla Críst
chrochthai, Fél. May 6 .rind caein-sholais Chaingcrech,
40 MR 114.2 .gan dire do chreith caoinṡrothaib, Ériu xiii 17.13 .
á caintaidlechgl.satisfactionem, Ml. 32b22 .cáinteist diib
`good testimony', Wb. 23a23 .ic tabairt chaintestusa, LB
107a24 .caintír toirthech (? cain), SR 963 .déce do caerca
caeintlachta, Leb. Gab. 30.15 .teinniu achuinscliu caíntocud,
45 LU 7385 .trí hingena berta seirc do cháinthocud, Triads
110 .iarsin chaíntoilgl.secundum bonum placitum, Wb.
20d19 .do lucht na cain toile, ITS xxix 144.2 .'na sgéith
chreidimh ┐ chaointoile, Parrth. Anma 5064 .cáintoimtiu
diib`a fair opinion of you', Wb. 23a22 .adchonncadar . . .
50isan chaentracht clerech, RC xxvi 160 § 47 .iarna cáintuistin,
SR 7999 .
With adjj. (a) Dvandva compds.:tecait cāinḟinn / corra,
ḟāilinn`fair white birds', K. and H. 18 § 27 .cāinmaith slān
/ Sīrne, Ält. ir. Dicht. i 29.27 . (b)Adjj.derived from nouns:
55 go cobhsaidh caoin-bhéasach, TSh. 1854 .do reir diancecht
cainbrethaig fair-judging, Laws iii 362.4 Comm. ambreith
Chaei Chaenbrethaig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 9.2 .Connla Caoinbhriath-
rach, Keat. iii 518 . Mockn.pr. Feli ingen Caoinchlothaigh,
Anecd. ii 64.9 .is caínchomairlechu beith i ssíd, LL 31741
60(TTr.).uo cōinchomráitech . . . na fēne re chéle, Fianaig.
64.4 .a sgiath . . . chaoindealbhach, ML 112.19 .in dearc
. . . caen-dénmach beneficent, PH 5923 .cros caoindénmhach
uas a cind, FM iii 312.10 .caindénmidegl.benefica est, Ml.
25d4 (caindenminde, MS).caindéinmidi(-deimidi, MS) gl.
65 beneficam, 120b6 .amal as dund chaindénmidiugl.benefico,
33b9 .nadbi caínfoltach nibi caínfuillmech`he who is not
well qualified is not well remunerated
', Ériu xviii 47.5 ( Laws
v 112.7 ).cluithche caoínmhenmnach, Ériu v 166.56 .easbog
cáoinráidhtioch, Párl. na mB. 3794 .labrad uallach ┐
70chaintoimtenach dib fadesin`proud and self-complaisant
speech
', Ml. 31b10 . Seecaínḟúairrech.
With verbs:cáin-airlice lend graciously(?), LU 3489 ( SC
26 ).mani cáinairlither`unless thou take good heed', Wb.
5b38 .in tan na cain-biadhtar cain-scarat, Laws v 292.12 .
75 nī bo fri óigthea acher / cāinbói (.i. cáin nobíid) fri lobru
trúagu, Thes. ii 328.3 (Hy.v).la Dal Riada cainebar / . . . /
lethdeog, Anecd. i 14.15 ( SCano 478 ) (ibid).cáineperrgl.
bene dicitur, Sg. 215a3 .caínéra, LU 3489 ( SC 26 ).caoin
éranar muca mbroghtar ina muicthech, Ériu xiii 27.23 =
80 amail atbeir isin bretha nemidh cain erenar muc mbrogtar
┐ rl., O'C. 1451 ( H. 3. 18,647b )(as-ren). c. ¤ feid a rosc, LU
8342 ( FB 24 ).c. ¤ fera bodil di fodbaid ríg(rhet.), 6122 (TBC).
c. ¤ fúalaing fuither glaini sair, 8343 ( FB 24 ).inna caingnethi
gl.bene acta, Ml. 22d18 . Within-láidi, seeind-láidi.cumala
85caínógat a ngnímu`who fulfil their services well', Críth
Gabl. 485 and n .caínoís, LU 3489 ( SC 26 ) (oidid).cain
rognatha (gníid), Ml. 39a24 .cáinscríbaimm, Thes. ii 290.11 .
caínté im gaí cainte gaithe, LL 1570 (téit).cia tīasam cáin
temadar (.i. alaind), Thes. ii 299.30 (Hy. i).in-díu trá
cáin-timgarat, Lament 90.5 .inna caintinscantaigl.bene
5coepta, Ml. 131c18 .caín tintaé chucum, LU 8310 ( FB 23 ).
is caintormachtae (do-formaig), Hib. Min. 13.451 .clanda
caine caīntuismiter, ZCP xi 92 § 21 .amail bid cainullmaigthe,
Hib. Min. 13.448 .
In etymol. glosses onconas conjunction and preverb:
10 caoinberim nó caoinbritheamnaigimgl.conidbiur, O'Dav.
391 (cf. Ériu xiii 21.30 ).conamus . . . .i. . . . ro cainaimsighedh,
Laws i 48.18 Comm. conaraig . . . .i. . . . ro chain-airgestair,
v 292.14 Comm. ar na conderbathar .i. ar na caindiubarthar,
iv 196.23 Comm. (2 do-rorban?).
15In later lang. used as occas. alliterating ornamente.g. do
chogair ┐ do chaoin-chomhairligh aige féin, ML 26.14 .
With vnn.:cuile iar cainbiathad, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 52.29
( Laws ii 386.z ).a condaill .i. a caindeligud, Auraic. 1501 .
na ro cuindrigther . . . .i. na dentar do caindirech,
20 Laws i 192.8 Comm. (etymol. gl.).in chainepirtgl.benedictio, Ml.
137d6 .tosach cōru cāinepert, Anecd. iii 16.15 .is maith
bar caeineiberta, SG 350.1 . ¤ -gním, see separate entry.