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cáin n i,f.Later also with dental and velar inflection. Note
alsog s. cānae, Cáin Ad. 48 . IGT Decl. § 201 .n p. cánanda,
ibid. g p. cánann, ex. 2162 . See Ped. i 193 , O'Brien, Celtica
85 iii 172 .
Law,regulation,rule;fine,tax,tribute.Precise legal
significance difficult to define. Appar. regarded as statute
law (a law imposed by a king, perh. by an over-king) or by
the church ( Ériu xii 69 , Ir. Hist. Stud. xiii 101 - 3 ) in contrast
toaurradus customary law.It is always more severe than
5the latter, ZCP xiv 339 . See Cóic Con. Fug. pp. 65 - 66 . Frequ.
glossed byríagail( Laws ii 222.3 Comm. etc.). The wider
meaningwritten lawundoubtedly derived from the numerous
monastic ordinances issued in the 8th cent., Thurn. ZCP
xviii 396 . By annalists appar. equated withlex(see
10 AU Ann. 733 , 736 , 766 and Indexs.v.Law).
(a) lawas asystem, set ofregulations :c. ¤ a canoine .i.regula ,
O'Mulc. 200 .cis lir cain i tir, na bi imaclaid la Feine? Laws
v 480.8 .ro suigideadh (?leg.for-suidigthea) na cana so o
tosach domain, 480.22 .ata[a]t .iii. cáini (caine, MS.) nad
15chumgat comarbai do chumscuchud`there are three rules
(servitudes) which heirs are not capable of changingi.e.three
types of servitude to which one's land may become subject
by adversative prescription
', Ériu xvii 68 § 9 and note.c. ¤
cach uisci thairidne .i. riagail inn uisce . . ., § 8 .comdire
20cach fri aroile i nnos chana, BCrólige 5 and note.it cetheora
arag . . . fris-tobngiter na ceithri aur[r]athais: athgabail fri
brat[h]a Cai, giall fri cain,etc., Bürgschaft 75.16 .adarbetar
a cain ┐ rechtgi echtca sin, O'Mulc. 368 . Of the regulation for
exacting satisfaction for injury (see (b) below):techta cana
25caich la derbfine .i. dliged na riagla tobaig caich, Ir. Recht
34 § 36 .fer cána the cáin lawyer:ca heiric bhias i nguairiu-
ga[dh] cána, uair nar innis fer cána éiric inn i c. ¤ , O'D. 873
( H. 3. 17,c. 626 ). In phr.luige cána, see1 luige. Contrasted
withaurradus(see above):deithbirugh[ad] itir c. ¤ ┐ urradus
30(one of the qualifications of a brehon), O'D. 925 ( H. 3. 17,
657 ).diablad coirpdire urradais sin, ┐ a da cutruma in
diablad corpdire cana, Cóic Con. Fug. 38 § 51 .is doib do
r[or]macht cain do cach duine da fuil airem eneclainne ar
cumalaib i n-urradus, 50 § 97 .noco nfuilit ree nanta re
35athgabhala cána amhuil atá re athghabhála urradhuis, O'D.
621 ( H. 3. 17,c. 461 ) (see further underaurradus). Distin-
guished fromcairde:imdích dliged a chéle cintaib cuir, c. ¤ ,
cairddi[u] co neoch atallen`he defends the rights of his clients
in regard to liabilities arising from contract, written law and
40treaty
(?)', Críth Gabl. 340 and note.muna tabri c. ¤ no cairde,
BCrólige 43 and note.deichniubar aice ac denum cana ┐
cairde(of theaire désa), O'C. 2057 (H 4.22, 64a).issed . . .
doberar do . . . ar a chain, ar a chairde, ar a rechtnge, Laws
v 520. 5 . See further undercairde.
45Note further (from non-legal texts):is hí . . . cāin robūi . . .
la Bretna: in biodba inna chinaid do neoch forsesed a chāin
nō forūasnadfad a chāin, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.3 ).
ní duaichnid is í in ch. ¤ ro mebaid and in tan ro gabad for
loscad in tíre, BDD² 243 .hi ṅgíallnae nár choillet ith na
50blicht i nHérind tara ch. ¤ téchtae, 921 .ar febus na cána ┐
in tṡída, 607 (of prosperous reign).is coll geisi ┐ cána dam-sa
inní sin(the Paschal fire), Trip.² 448 .cia chollit araile in
cánaid sea, LB 203b56 .ní dlig laech a enecland dia mbé i
n-écmais a arm. conid c. ¤ midlaig no ndlig fon samail sin
55 law applying in the case of the m.(?), LU 6156 (TBC).ro
leasaiged . . . fo chain lesaighthi, RC xliii 114 § 120 .c. ¤
dilguda i.e.(Christian) doctrine of forgiveness, LU 9747 .
foclaim rim chain is rim chubus / . . . na roaerus duine remhe
by my troth, IT iii 86 § 89 .do fhregair in sámaid sin / a
60cánaib is a caingnibh, SG 69.18 .ón lá do cailleadh do ch. ¤
when Thy law was broken(of the offence of Adam), Dán Dé
xxviii 17 . In phrasedo-gní c. ¤ fri makes a law regarding:
dogēna cāin fri banscāla, Arch. iii 231.20 .
In names of particular laws or titles of tracts:is a Senchas
65Mar ro airletha na cetheora cano:— cain iarraid, cain
saerraith, cain aicillne, cain lanamnussa techta,
Laws i 40.21 .cain lanamna, ii 342 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 2 ).c. ¤
aigillne, ZCP xiv 338 ff. cain airlicthe, Laws v 370.9 .cain
dornn cliath, 474.13 .i. riagail na cleithi donither o'n durn,
70in cathcliath, 476.16 Comm. cain ona, 368.9 .cain othrusa
`rule of nursing', BCrólige 25 .amail atberr a Cain techta
bered darba, O'Dav. 629 =beridh darbha, muchaidh ainb-
ḟios,etc., Ériu xiii 39.12 .in cain einech, 13.14 .ite na filidh
do-bongad cain n-enech, 23 . Ineccles. contexts:at éat so
75ceithri cána Erenn .i. cain Patraic gan [n]a chleirchiu do
marbad, ┐ caín Adamnáin gan [n]a mna do marbad, Cain
Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, ┐ Cain domnaig can toirimtecht
etir, Fél. 210.31 ( Keat. iii 1705 ).forus chano Patricii hi
Cruachnibh la Dubdaleithi`promulgation of the law of P.',
80 AU i 258.5 (782).is i so tra in Cain Patraic, Laws i 18.1 .
cutruma cumal cana Padraicc ┐ cumal cana Cormaic, O'C.
577 ( H. 3. 18,287 ).cain fuithribe, Laws iii 60.4 Comm.
rith cana Patraic . . . r. c. ¤ Diarmada . . . r. c. ¤ boileachta
. . . r. c. ¤ Adamnain, O'C. 2132 (H 4.22, 87b).mad iar gc. ¤
85Adamhnain, O'D. 673 ( H. 3. 17,493b )i.e.if the suit is brought
under the law of A. (as oppd. tomad iar gc. ¤ i.e.ordinary
law), Plummer MS. notes.conid sí cētchāin lāithir for nimh
┐ for talmain Cāin Adomnāin, Cáin Ad. 21 .brithimain
cānae Adomnān, 37 .bendacht . . . for anmain Adamnán
. . . / rolā cāin forsna clanna, Thes. ii 306.4 (Hy. i).crannaig
5cana Darí ┐ Moling, O'C. 343 ( H. 3. 18,191 ).ni fil dithach .i.
cain Dari .i. cain boslechta dia mbe tuarasdal cana Patraic
ag nech, 2577 ( Eg. 88,48 (49)d ).C. ¤ Domnaig, title of tract
on the observation of Sunday, Anecd. iii 21 = Ériu xx 151 .
(b) legal due,tribute : commotatio martirum
10Petir ┐ Poil ┐ Phatraiccad legem perficiendam i.e.to exact the `cáin',
AU i 188.12 (see furtherIndexs.v. law ).conid desin dliges
Ciaran cana coidcenda fo Erinn, YBL 171b12 .oc denamh a
chana levying his tribute, Anecd. ii 12.13 .fo chánaibh Chiar-
áin, FM ii 1096.8 .maor cána Adhamhnáin, 620.20 . LU 9376 .
15 fó óenmám ┐ fo chís ┐ fo ch. ¤ , LL 116 .commeít a ḟeraind . . .
gan ch. ¤ . . . gan ecendáil, 10073 ( TBC 3029 ).tucadh . . . a
chana dligid do C. . . . nai fichit bo . . ., RC xliii 12 § 5 .co
tuc caín esti, RC xvii 402.10 (Tig.).co nderna . . . c. ¤ for
cach tūeth, ZCP viii 316.20 .fer cāna a tributary(?), xv 336
20§ 28 .c. ¤ ar na cnoibh tax on nuts, Aithd. D. 1.24 .ní cíos
a-mháin ar Mumhain / bhíos acht c. ¤ Í Chonchubhair, 7.12 .
tug iomad maoine ┐ mórchánach as(of Armagh),
Keat. iii 2974 .ó initt go caisg gan c. ¤ / acht madh páin ┐ bioror
`without (receiving) tribute save only bread and cress', ZCP
25 i 64 § 105 .ní thabair cóir ina gcána / cóir Danair dá rádha
rú, IGT Decl. ex. 2163 .fáoigfidh leth a gcos ad chána / dá
mbeth cros gach ágha d'fir, ex. 49 .c. ¤ , dubhchíos no custum,
Ezra vii 24 .fuagraim oruibh cain bhrisde focal penalty
fine for breaking one's word
, Luc. Fid. 4341 . Atonement
30(esp. of Christ's a. for Adam's sin): emenda.i. c. ¤ , Ir. Gl.
98 .crann díola croinn na cána, Aithd. D. 88.3 .an té do
choill an gcánaigh, A. Ó Dálaigh xiii 1 .ag so dhuit, a Dhia
. . . / . . . an chalann 'n-a cánaigh féin, DDána 62.13 .íc
ruibh do chuid don chánaidh / d'ḟuil Ádhaim duid a Dhúilimh,
35 IGT Decl. ex. 2164 . Note also:mar ch. ¤ an pheacaidh, Donl.
348.23 .
In phrasecen ch. ¤ (cheville):na ceil orm innis cen chain /
ca lín dofaeth dom deslaim, RC xxiii 420.9 .can ch. ¤ , LL 4381 .
Cf. cain .i. cainte, O'C. 94 ( H. 3. 18,66 ).