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cach,cech pronominaladj.prec. noun each,every,all , unstres-
sed form ofcách. See Thurn. Gramm. 33 , 310 - 11 . In Wb.
and Sg. usuallycach. in Ml.cech(cech, Wb. 1c18 , 2a22 ,
60 3d30 , 4a2 , 5c20 (chech), 6b1 , 21a14 , 33c8 , 34a2 , Sg. 190a3 .
cach, Ml. 19c1 , 22b1 , 24c9 , 35b10 , 51d3 , 92d12 , 111a5 etc.).
In later lang.gach, see Thurn. Gramm. 111 .gech, Celtica
iv 28.396 . Not itself lenited ( Thurn. Gramm. 141 ), but does
not prevent mutation of follg. word.g s f. cacha,cecha(see
65below) geminates on evidence of later lang., Thurn. Gramm.
151 . Follg. nasalization originating inneut.anda s.spreads
in later lang. to other grammatical contexts:a mbreath
gach nduine, TD 34.9 .gach n-oidhche, DDána 98.3 . See
MU² xxxi .
70Uninflected insg.exceptg s f. cacha,cecha(below); rarely
in other cases.g s n. drécht caich ceniúil, Wb. 5c3 .g s f.
cecha cathrach, Ml. 53d6 .cecha soinmige, 56b22 .cacha
frithare, 111a5 .cacha dúlo, Wb. 13b28 .cacha rainne, Sg.
26b9 .cacha áirme, 198a14 .cache oxile, Thes. ii 255.4 .
75 cacha hairge, Anecd. i 1.9 ( SCano 9 ).cachae tremsi, Mon.
Tall. 138.3 .gacha cairbhe, DDána 99.29 .gacha mēide, Fl.
Earls 88.16 .a s f. doomlacht . . . ol nais caich mbleguin, AU
i 188.8 . Later alsocacha,cechawith other genders:cacha
fechtais, BDD² 201 .cacha ráithi(sicMS.), Críth Gabl. 179 .
cacha lestair, Laws iv 192.9 .cecha carptig, CRR 38.x .cecha
huilc, PH 6166 .gacha síodha, Aithd. D. 88.9 .ilimud cecha
hairm, St. Ercuil 824 . For usage in class. versecf. bean
5gach fhir, bean gacha fir .c. Fiafruigheam focal gach fear
. . . .c. . . . gacha, ni .c. na dhíaigh achd táoibhréim úathaidh
. . . meallam duine gacha fir, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff.anam
gach fhir, Dán Dé xxx 4 .do reactha rún gacha fir, Studies
1919, 258 § 19 .
10Inpl.somet.cacha,cecha, but alsocach,cech:cecha
dethidnea domundi all worldly cares, Wb. 3d30 .cacha
cethri, ZCP xi 83 § 28 . tri (leg. fri? edd.)cecha oina`towards
every one
', Ml. 56a20 .cecha soinmechgl.affluentiam rerum
omnium, 91c12 .bendacht cecha bordgal (: ordan),
15 Fél. Prol. 275 (leg. cech óen, Stokes Gloss., but see below).cacha
leth, ZCP viii 307.26 .hi cacha bésaib`in all usages', Wb.
16a27 .hi cacha persanaib, Sg. 208a11 . Uninflected:sech
cech ríga, Ml. 84b1 .ó cach tharmmorcnib`from all endings',
Sg. 43a5 .cach iptha ┐ gach éle ┐ gach orthana, TBC 3639 . In
20follg. appar. withg pl.Note, however, absence of nasalization
(see Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. andcf. ciall iollraidh tá a ngach;
dá dhearbhadh sin as .c. meallfad iad gach fear, Bard. Synt.
Tr. 40. 3 ):for got cech meall do mellaib a dromai, BDD² 351 .
fotha . . . cach imforran, RC xxiv 186.11 .go líon gcéad
25gach córughadh, DDána 74.17 .comhchruinnioghadh . . .
gach ainchriosdaidheadh oile, O'Hussey TC 33.3 .
In later lang. certain prepp. are modified beforegach.
Seela,do,i,treandcf. leis gach bhfear, TD 9.26 .
I (a) each,every, all :dognitis cech ndochrud and, Ml.
30 22a4 .is huaisliu cech duil, 25a1 .ar cech laugl.in dies,
29a11 .hi cech dúgl.passim, 50c12 .im cech rét ru-n-ecat
les, 57b4 .secech talmain, 84a2 (=sech cech).cech ṅdroch-
scélgl.omnis fabula, 86b3 .a cach duinigl.o homo omnis,
Wb. 1c8 .foditiu cech imnid, 1c18 .fo bésad cech dach-
35preceptoro, 4a2 .do-feich cach n-olccetmórid cach maith,
6a16 .is diamuin leiss cach thúare, 6b8 .i cach réit ro-hí a
lessgl.in omnibus bonis, 20c11 .os cech anmimm ainm-
nigthergl.super omne nomen, 21a14 .cach tengegl.omnis
lingua, 23c20 .cach gutae, Sg. 18a3 .do cach brethir, 161a1 .
40 ciall cech muid, 190a3 .recachthuisiul, 210a8 .ducach
belru, Thes. ii 226.23 .da gach bocht, Blathm. 40 .hi cinn
cach thíre, ZCP xi 82 § 20 .etir cach salm deni trib cáocad
sancte Michaoletc. , Mon. Tall. 130.24 .cech nderg . . . cach
nua . . . cech ard everything red,etc., LU 3915 ( SC 43 ).
45 dicerint omne malum.i. cach nolc, ZCP viii 173.20 .cech saer
noslēma, 110.29 .cach deisel is dī dacuas, Arch. iii 237 § 26 .
mar cach ndeiscipal acci, BColm. 56.9 .cluned huaim chech
deag-duini, Ériu iii 196 § 16 .fuli cech anmae`the sins of
every soul
', 96 § 3 .du gach thir, Laws iv 162 n. in cech tīr,
50 ZCP viii 109.4 .geall gach ḟir, IGT Decl. ex. 1308 .gach
grádh riamh dá radas dise, Timth. viii 1918, 8 § 3 .saidhbir
. . . o gech earnuil eisc, RC xlvi 226.7 .gach aimsir do-chuaidh
thort, Corp. Astron. 6.6 . For phr.cach díriuch directly
seedíriuch,dírge.
55(b) V. freq. ingenitivesof time, seeblíadain,tan,tráth
etc.anddía,, Thurn. Gramm. 159 .
(c) Withuile(on follg. lenition see Bard. Synt. Tr. 95.11 ):
do gach uili arm, St. Ercuil 1545 .
(d) For phr.cach aí each of themsee1 aíandcf. di cach di
60suidib immenetar`of each of them in turn', Ml. 26b20 .cech
diib, 72b27 .cach diib, 114c15 . Seecách (c).
(e) With follg. cardinal (gach ┐ gach ré, .l. áireamh uathaidh
nó iollraidh na mbéal, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40.2 ):i ngnimaib cech
óin, Ml. 56c11 .cech oin, 68a13 .cach oén creitfess hí Christ,
65 Wb. 4d21 .do c[ec]h óin bíth [hí] croi[ch], Tur. 136 .du cech
óin dia chlaind, Ml. 133a10 .cech oin huaib, 34a3 .no sasadh
cech naon, Blathm. 39 .cech n-ōen ronānaicc a less, Arch.
iii 2.4 .re cech oin salm, Ml. 2b4 .doaidlibem cech n-oin
dliged, 14d5 .du cech oin erbirt biuthgl.ad ussús omnes,
70 128c2 .hi cech oinalaithe .i. cech diagl.in dies singulos,
58d3 . nomensaindíles cach oenḟolaid, Sg. 28a16 .cach
oinfolaidgl.pro uniuscuiusque rei, 200b4 .as gach éanaird,
TD 8.11 .cech da son`two words apiece', Tur. 2 .cach di dúil,
Sg. 3b8 .eter cach da asna, LU 8400 ( FB 27 ).iter cech dá
75dorus, BDD² 282 .
(f) With ordinal:gach treas baili, Acall. 1882 .cach nómad
n-aidche, BDD² 174 . For phr.cachla every other,etc.see
1 aile, andcf.Zimmer KZ xxx 69 - 71 . Note also:cach ra
n-úair . . . in n-úair aile, LU 2166 ( FA 24 ).cach ra fechtas,
80 Rawl. 149b46 .gach dara lá, TSh. 7911 . For rules for use
ofgach réin class. verse see Bard. Synt. Tr. 39 - 40 .
(g) With follg. abstr. noun:cach faicsi thiced d'aidchi ra
étlaitis lucht a frestail the closer it came to nightfall, LL
268b24 .cech doimne noroisidh an t-adhnacul the deeper the
85grave reached
, ZCP viii 560.22 .gach méad dob' inleighis
d'a muinntir, Ériu i 90 § 39 .gach mēide rusmair`all who
still lived', Fl. Earls 246.23 .gach fairsingi bias an dorus,
is usuidi le dul amach, Rosa Ang. 44.11 .gac fad teit amach,
Ir. Astr. Tr. 154.31 .gach līnmhaireacht aimsire however
often
, Fl. Earls 48.27 .Cf. gach réidhteach is fearr fhéadfadsa
5do dhéanamh leo dhéanad é, Maguires of F. 70 .
II (a) Freq. after negatives, comparatives, and the con-
junctionsamail,marin wider sense of all,any,any other :
amal as n-esrantaid cech maith`is non-participant in any
good
', Ml. 31a12 .is duiliu lim cech rét m'anim, 55a4 .is
10suacbairi[u] indaas cech tír, 62b10 .fri tige cach n-aithech
gl.nulla . . . discritio inter Templum tuum et priuata aedes...,
92d15 .as mou cech fortacht`greater than any help', 114b2 .
is uaísliu cach ceítbuid córegl.pax Christi, quae superat
omnem sensum, Wb. 24b4 .ni torgaitha i cach caingingl.
15 ne quis . . . circumueniat in negotio fratrem suum, 25b5 .
fisidhiu cech draoi`than any druid', Blathm. 7 .ní hinḟíad-
naisi acht fri cach súaill trifling matters, Críth Gabl. 35 .
amail cach nduinorcnid`like any other homicide', Mon. Tall.
158.18 .mar cech n-ethait like any bird, LL 12717 .nī faictis
20cach conair notēigtis, Arch. iii 224.35 .sir ní as tana ná gach
tonn. IGT Decl. ex. 438 .can tsroin ac cach duine dib`not one
of them has a nose
', Maund. 175 .mar gach ainmidi`like
any . . . beast
', St. Ercuil 1909 .
(b) The formcech(a) cachais freq. with follg. vb. (usually
25conj. or prot. form). The earliest sense is indef. whoever,what-
ever,whichever (see Thurn. Gramm. 28 , 289 ). Asaccus. cosmail
leiss cacha orr in cara fá æscara`whichever he may slay',
Sg. 12b7 .cecha taibre, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hdschr. i 20.15 .ní
dígbad ní dia uball cacha tomled de whatever he ate of it
30(all he ate of it? See below), LU 10021 .cacha imlodmar
cose / de bruig B. however much, Met. Dinds. iii 204.49 . As
nom. cech thucai`whoever gave it', Thes. ii 347.4 (Hy. v).
ropo toil Dé cecham-theirb`whatever may vex(?) me', Murphy
Lyrics 34.24 (cecham teirp,cach am teirb,gachum terb,
35MSS.).nír bo léir isin mballan cacha tuccad ind,
Ériu v 116.43 .cech be dhe`whatever may come', Blathm. 108 § 3 .
cach be da lin however numerous they be, Anecd. ii 31.20 .
cach a raba di mét a thurse tired as he was, LU 9099 ( FB 85 ).
cach a bé dim airddi, 9199 ( 92 ). Perh. also incecip(indef.),
40see1 cía B (e).
(c) Later in sense allthat,that which (cf. 4 a). Asaccus.
cecha ndernai do fertaibgl.a ndorigēnai, Thes. ii 338.2
(Hy. v).cacha ndénainn`of all I might do', Liad. and Cuir.
24.18 .adfiadatar . . . cechidepirt ind ingen friss, RC xi 442.7 .
45 cacha ro-cesair, PH 1697 .ní áirmhim a leth nō a thrīan /
gach a fūaras, ZCP viii 220.8 .cacha finnub-sa, TBC 5759 .
'ca cuimnechad do I. cach doronsad, TTebe 3895 .cacha
bhfagbhaitis . . . a lamha, Lism. L. 1308 .gach nar ghabh
all he captured, DDána 64.7 .gach ar léigis linn, 84.11 .gach
50a n-abrai-siu, ML² 478 . Asnom. cecha marbt[h]ar dīobh
'sa ccath, ZCP viii 116.25 .gach a ccurthar ann, Párl. na
mB. 1174 .cach a bfuil acat i tig, Arch. iii 222.7 .gach ar
mair`all that yet remained', St. Ercuil 2119 .