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clíath n ā,f. IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) .g s.alsocliatha, Cog. 156.6 .
45(a) hurdle :cliathgl.creta [crates], Ir. Gl. 126 .denam cleib,
denam cleithe, Laws v 474.4 .gach uair is loscadh comhraite
is clía nudhnecht (sic leg.). Gach uair is loscadh anfoit is clia
lathrach n-aile, iv 252.1 Comm. (cliath v.l.).cia sáer ro fích in
cleith, LL 26382 .dogníthe derc . . . ┐ cliatha tairsiu. No briste
50in gae . . . ┐ a rind tresin cléith, RC xiii 454 § 48 .doratsat
. . . cliatha caelaigh mora ós a cennaibh ┐ scratha fót tairsibh
anechtair(as protection for beseigers), CCath. 1881 .laem
. . . ainm don clēith bīs fon arbar oca tīrad, O'Mulc. 806 .
cor eptha i cléith`putting a charm in a hurdle', Aisl. MC
55 71.25 (prov., in a list of useless actions). Attrib.g s. i leabaidh
chléithe, TSh. 2304 .
(b) Of a house or `les' (see2 les) wattle panelsofwalls,
doorsorgates: samaisc i cléith tís, colpdach i cléith túas,
Críth Gabl. 215 - 16 .dá [n]dorus [n-]and —comla[e] ar ala
60n-aí, c. ¤ ar alailiu, 101 .dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai
lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a
mullaighi, O'C. 1874 ( 23 P 3,21 (23)a ).ro híadad in tech . . .
┐ doratad crann ar chleith (arcleithv.l.) airi immach, Trip.²
604 .elaim-si itir clēith ┐ ursaind, Aisl. MC 123.18 (cf.
65 cliathcomla).c. ¤ ná comhla ré lis, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5 .ní bīat
clīatha re rátha, ZCP xiii 9.23 .an ḟuinneog iomagallmha
. . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta, RSClára 93b .
(c) woven fence,palisade,outwork :doratad immorro M.
. . . dalta do Choin C. . . . ar cléith ar dorus in dúne, LL
70 13404 .do-rigensat . . . cliatha do scia[i]ch ┐ do draigen
i mbeol ind atha fri R. cona muintir, cona rochtadar dul
darsin n-ath, IT ii2230.74 .imthus re marcach eich leith
/ a n-Ath Gallta itir da chleith, BR 20.8 .nī tucc a acchaidh
re clēith / budh ferr do c[h]ongbālaidh scēith, Ériu xvii 28
75§ 50 .do congbail clethi ┐ do cosnum cathlaithrech`to
sustain the front
', MR 148.9 .airm n-a gcléith ar comhlaibh
tor`swords form a fence round his castles' portals', Magauran
1705 . Of the Cross:ar chléith dhoinnbhear dia hAoine /
do coinnmheadh Dia dar ndín-ne, DDána 47.2 .Fig. Máol
80Mórdha . . . / Pilip Óg . . . / dhá chléith le dornchlaibh
docra, O'R. Poems 2799 .gurab í an fhíor-aithrighe is
comhla ┐ is cliath chosnaimh ag na daoinibh, TSh. 6894 .
c. ¤ fri oppositionto:cliath ra heclais mairg dogní, LL 19300 .
a cliath fri nem(to the sinful soul), PH 8175 . With various
85defining genitives:is lá Hú Tegtechān bith for in clē[i]th
dāla ┐ an t-escra ana lāim a bar for dispensing drink(?),
BColm. 52.29 (`hurdle of assembly').cliath fhosgaidh ar
āth, O'R. Poems 664 .Toirrdhelbhach . . . baí ina cleith
ḟosccaidh . . . ag gach aén`a sheltering fence', FM vi 2106.18 .
dia tartamni .xxx. d'ar ṅdegdoinib immach i ṅgiallas bid
5tanaite ar c. ¤ gabala sund. Doregthar forn issin cathraig
defence, LL 283a4 .cladh coigcriche ┐ . . . cliath ghabhála
fri hUltaibh, Hugh Roe² 216.14 .sgiath didin ┐ cliath
ghaeithe Ghall re Gaeidheluibh`wind-hurdle' (i.e. protection,
shelter
), ALC ii 310.22 .in comla catha ┐ in cliath ugra, Cog.
10 188.7 .cf. 56.y .cúig tríatha . . . / cliatha gaisgidh na
nGaoídhiol, O'R. Poems 2716 .cliath mhínighthe na ccóig
ccrīoch, 661 .ard gach oentu . . . / cain cach cliath brathar
protection of a kinsman(?), Cog. 122.18 .
In phr.i ccléith x on the side of x, in alliance with x:mairg
15. . . ro threicc a chorpfhine . . . ar dhul hi cleith ┐ hi ccomh-
aontaidh a éccrad, Hugh Roe² 264.18 .N. do thocht i ccléth
cloinne Domhnaill, FM iv 896.14 .a chaoraigheacht do
breith lais i ccleith Gall to the side of the English, 890.5 .
M.,mairtír nar thrēith: / bīodh san chnoc im chlēith go
20fíor, Celtica iv 163 § 236 .`i gcléith le`to be united to, allied
to, associated with
's.vv.adiungo, applico, affectus, affinitas,
Risdeard Pluincéad', cited Celtica iv 192 .
(d) Extended applications:dorála D. do Ch. ar in cleith
oc leith na Sinna` bridge ', SG 397.6 .tucadh amus fair im
25cend cleithe Atha Luain . . . cor'thoit cliath an drochaid
fút[h]aib, RC xviii 167.5 (Tig.).co nderna droichet ┐ clíatha
dermhára díbh ┐ rathanna romora tarsin [cuan] cétna,
CCath. 1391 . stretcher,litter,bed :cen chlíatha cen tulggu,
Críth Gabl. 101 .nónbar . . . ro-bái fón cleith fora raibe
30tarr na muici, Sc.M² 6R .dá ḟer déc for clíathaib airgdidib
imon imdai, BDD² 1107 .búi an péist . . . ana lighe for cleth
iarnaide, a lan do crithribh teindtidhi fon cleth hisin, Aisl.
Tund. 108 § 3 (super cratem ferream).fo cholbaib ┐ fo
immdadaib ┐ fo clīathaib in rīgthige, Aisl. MC 11.17 (`screens').
35 cliatha caolaig doriginset Laigin . . . fo cosaib caorach . . .
'ca n-adnacal co Dún nÉtair, Dinds. 28 .láindíre do oí ina
lias uasa a chleith codla, Ériu xiii 27.22 .clíatha fis(appar-
ently always made of rowan branches) bedson which
druids sleptin order to acquire occult knowledge:luidhset
40na druidh fora cliathaib fis ┐ rothoghairmset demhna, Marco
P. 32 .dochúatar na draoithe ara ccliathaibh cáerthainn
┐ tuccadh . . . nua corma doibh, V.SS. Hib. cliv n. 5 .codail
ar do chliathaibh fis / cuardaigh aigéan gach oiris, Content.
x 2 .is eadh do-nídís cruinnchliatha caorthainn do dhéanamh
45┐ seicheadha na dtarbh n-iodhbarta do leathadh orra . . . ┐
dul mar sin i muinighin a ngeasa do thoghairm na ndeamhan
do bhuain scéal díobh . . . gonadh de sin do lean an sean-fhocal
. . . adeir go dtéid neach ar a chliathaibh fis an tan do-ní
dícheall ar scéala d'fhagháil, Keat. ii 5448 ff. harrow :
50 cliath fuirsidh[e](gl.eripica [rastrum]), Ir. Gl. 240 .braca,
cliath, foirseadh, Eg. Gl. 70 .go niomat cliath ┐ prácadh,
FM vi 2186.20 .le clíathaibh foirsighe íaruinn, 1 Chron. xx 3 .
clíath scéith frameworkofshield :o clíat[h]aibh sgiath secht
mac Meadbha, Ériu x 85 § 88 .cúic árnaile saorus fer nim-
55thechta ar tigradhus na ninnile .i. cliath tasgair (? trascair)
do iadadh friu(some sort of hurdle for keeping cattle
enclosed), O'D. 887 ( H. 3.17,637 ).Of theoarsof aboat:
ro cuireadar amach cliatha . . . crannrighne cruadhrámhadh,
CF² 39 .Of an animal, theloin,rib-cage :mas ar son carna
60ata é is cnaimh ar in cleith uile(of the amount of condiment
allowed with different joints), O'C. 183 ( H. 3.18,99 ).curro
bris a cleith n-asnai, TBC 565 n. 4 .cliat[h]a bō,
Ériu x 85 § 88 .do imreadar na lanna . . . gurba cliatha tolla . . .
na taíbh, CF² 801 . Of a bird's wings:glésaiss . . . a ghulbain
65a ccliathaib a eite, Mart. Don. 176.17 .Of thestringsof a
musical instrument: cid cia ro chodail . . . re cliathaib . . .
ciuil, MR 110.y .ar chléith tana do thimpáin,
IGT Decl. ex. 882 .Of thewebofcloth: corba dluithither re cleith lenad
(leined,v.l.) arna landluthud in lini sleg, TTebe 2823 (`stop-
70hurdle
').conarbho dluithe cliatha leinedh ar n-a dluthadh,
ITS v 64.11 . ?cliath .i. umat, [ut est] ar bi[d] mer fo cuach-
naidm cliath ferba .i. amail bi[d] mér fo cuachnaidm duitt
iumad briathar in filed`a multitude of words', O'Dav. 397
(but `? metaph. use ofclíathin sense of phalanx', Plummer
75MS. notes).
Freq. of the close ranks of men (and weapons) in battle,
especially in phr.i ccléith,i cclíathaib inclose fighting(?):
ni ró ḟég F. dar a ais riam . . . ic astar no ic imthecht ┐ chléith
┐ chath (?leg.i cléith no i cath) no chomlund, TBC 1905 .nach
80hi ccath no hi ccleith / do fáccbadh é, ar sccáth a scceith,
Cog. 88.22 .buaid [cacha] catha ┐ cacha cliatha, 156.6 .
i n-imairic áigh nó i cléith comluinn, CCath. 627 .M. ┐ C. do
marbad a cleith do O., Ann. Inisf. 1108.5 (`in a skirmish').
gur lingsed in dā chlēith . . . a cenn araile the two (opposing)
85 ranks, ML² 1189 .d'fisrugad clethi Conaill ┐ aird-grinne
Eogain`the phalanx', MR 176.3 .ro coraigheadh ider na
curadaib cliatha . . . ceinngera do shleaguibh`rows',
Caithr. CC 72 .díon a threabh . . . a ccliathaibh`in fighting',
Rel. Celt. ii 222.31 .deacair an chéim i gcliathaibh, PBocht
3.38 .baidhbh id chomhghaire i gcléith, Aithd. D. 5.17 .
5 i gcléith chogaidh ní dú dol / 's gan tú go habaigh aosmhar,
DDána 105.23 . ?amail corra crit[h]bel / ri clīat[h]uib cāich
/ fir Ērenn re clīat[h]ib-sum / ō sin co tī brāth,
ZCP xiii 15.1 , 2 .
In nn. loc. see Onom. s.v.ands. Áth Clíath .
10Compds. With nouns. ¤ bernin phr.c. chét onewho
makesagapof ahundredin theenemy's ranks :in cathmilid
┐ in chliathbern chét ┐ ord essorgni, LL 8219 ( TBC 775 ).
an dubdhortadh díl[e]ann ┐ an chliathbearna céd . . . .i.
Caiseal C. airdrígh Lochlann, CF² 1001 . Also ¤ bernaid id.:
15 na da curaid ┐ na da chliathbernaid chet, TBC 3245 .atat
daimh dilann ┐ cliathbernadha cet . . . i Cnuc na Cenn,
RC xliii 40.29 . Also of the gap itself:atconnairc na clíath-
bernadhae mora oslaicte . . . ┐ na muir 'arna muradh`the
great battle-breaches open and the ramparts rased
', CCath. 3724 .
20 ¤ bernadach id.:tuarascbail . . . a cathmiled ┐ a cliathberna-
dach cét, TBC 5147 .os chliathblai Charmaind battle-field(?),
BB 37b26 .cathmilid ┐ cliathcomla cathu shield(fig.of a
warrior), TTr.² 1582 .cliathdhroichet do dhénamh oc Ath
Luain wattle bridge, FM ii 1132.18 .fa chliathfhroighibh do
25chraobh mbreac, DDána 68.38 .tiar tre chliathghaoith
cláir na bhFionn` battle-wind ', O'Hara 3081 .mairg tarla
i gcliathghoil 'na cheann`ardour of a skirmish' (Gloss.), Ir.
Syll. Poetry 64 § 14 .fa chliathmhadh Céin, O'Hara 2620 .
With adj.mac Piaruis chaoimh chliatharnaidh`fierce in
30battle
' (Gloss.), Butler Poems 1351 .Éire chliathbhras, Hackett
xliv 3 .

clíathach n ā,f.(clíath) IGT Decl. § 37 .g s.freq.clíachtha,-da
by metathesis.a s. d s. cliathach, Hugh Roe² 240.27 , 338.22
and Magauran 4425 (MS. reading). (a) enclosuremade of
35 hurdles :cliathachgl.cla[u]strum, Ir. Gl. 712 .
(b) battle,attack(freq. translated `skirmish' but contexts
suggest a more serious engagement): cath no . . . cliatach
no comlond, Cog. 160.24 .a ccreacha . . . ┐ a niorghala ┐ a
ccliathcha, ni fhuilit hi ccuimhne, 38.20 .a cath nó a cliath-
40aigh, CCath. 636 .cliathach do chor do Chiarigi ┐ d'Eoganacht
. . . ┐ maidm ar Ciarraigi ┐ a n-ár do chor, Ann. Inisf. 1200.4 .
cliathach tucc D. . . . d'Ib Briuin na Sinna cur marbad forcla
h. mBriuin ann, Ann. Conn. 1235.26 .buaídh catha ┐ cliach-
tha, BB 233a18 .is mana clīachdha dar gort | dā mbīat airm co
45faobarnocht, ZCP xiii 7.21 .gan lúag clíathcha um chend
bur n-óla not to boast of warlike exploits, IGT Decl. ex. 973 .
airrdheana clíachdha do chur / bríathra ainmheara annradh,
ex. 465 .dar marbhadh ocht mbarúin . . . isin ccliathaigh
sin, FM iii 382.1 .deargthair leis ar láthair chliathcha
50(chliatha, MS) | [a] chroinn fhaobhraidhe, Magauran 4341 .
a pheall taoibh ar dteacht ón chliathaigh / cotún uaine
after the battle his coverlet is a grey coat of mail, 4337 (`as he
leaves his shieling
').tréan ón chliathuigh ó chianaibh /
fréamh Fhiachaidh ar Oirghiallaibh, Aithd. D. 10.24 (`since
55the vision I have told of
', more probablyfrom the battle).
Attrib.g s. a mhúr clíachdha Chláir Logha,
Sc. G. St. iv 144 § 26 . ?lór lat d'ḟagháil a n-íarrfa / gabháil chlíachdha
ar h'at órtha, IGT Decl. ex. 975 .
(c) rib-cage,chest,breast :ra chuir a chliathaig uad go
60Dublind rissa ratter Ath Clíath, LL 12403 ( TBC 6195 ).
?ro choisc cumu mo chliathaig, 18405 (`prowess', RIA
Trans. iii 540 § 7 , `breast', Ériu xx 192 § 7 ).
Note also:iar cliathaigh a eite wing-feathers , Mart. Don.
128.24 .

65 clíathad m. vn.formation fromclíath. battle :co tardsat
cliathad dó`gave him battle', AU i 570.9 (=cliathar, ALC
i 36.21 ).gan cath ┐ gan cliathadh, Cog. 38.17 .do chomh-
thuitim fria roile hí ccliathadh, FM ii 952.21 (=cliathar,
ALC i 82.11 ).Cf. cliathad, IT iii 101.2 .

70 clíathaire n[io,m.] (clíath)term applied to asept, perh.
implying specialobligationsinsupplying fighting-men. at
ead cliathaireada Laigen .i. da primḟorlondad Laigen .i.
Fothartai . . . ┐ Laigsi, Corp. Gen. 25.37 .cliathaire Lagen,
26.2 .

75 clíathán n o,m.(clíath) (a) side :do luidheas ar mo chliathán
deas I bent down on my right side, Oss. iv 278.9 .
(b) loin(ofmeat): da cliatan la gac .xx. mbairgin ferfuine
`flitches', BCrólige 28 n.2 .im ┐ arbar ┐ da cliathan tsaillte,
le gac .xx. bairgen, 46 n.12 .maróca ┐ cliatháin, O'Dav.
80 983 .caolana ┐ cliathana ┐ dromanna, O'D. 520 ( H. 3.17,
423 ).co fīachu fraiged .i. cliathānu`to the dues of a wall—sides
(of bacon)', Aisl. MC 99.32 .
(c) Of a bird's wing:attaigh a ghulbain iar clíathan a
eite`the wattle of his wing', BNnÉ 93 § 203 .

85 clíathar n o,m.(clíath) battle :go dtardsat cliathar ndó, ALC
i 36.21 (=cliathad, AU i 570.9 ).Conchobar . . . ┐ H. Céin
. . . do comthuitim a gcliathar, 82.11 (=cliathadh,
FM ii 952.21 ).i cliathar no a comlonn, Fen. 236.12 .ba
truad in cliathar ga chur / sluagh O Liatháin ga marbad,
BB 61b47 .