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1 cáem adj I o, ā (a) dear,precious,beloved;belongingto thefamily :
gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa amal no ndad maicc
cóimagl.sicut electi Dei, Wb. 27b16 ( Thurn. Gramm. 224 ).
45 im chorpu aiso coim`of their loved ones', Ml. 65c3 .inna gell
choima .i. in maicc són`the dear pledges', 123c9 .co Críst
coem tar dili`dear beyond affection', Fél. Ep. 66 .caem cách
co hÉtain, BDD² 44 .caem incele coimshearcach, IT iii 12
§ 19 .carthannacht cháomh, Párl. na mB. 2726 .ba caeom
50(coem,v.l.) do chlu, TTebe 3383 . In sense of noble (seeII
(a)
below):beritt a n-aithbíu ┐ a marbu cóemu condicce
airther R., Ériu iii 141.204 . In n. pr.Echtra Condla
Chaim(title of a tale), LU 9991 .Conla Cáem, LL 13447 .
mael caem, name of a metre, IGT Metr. Faults § 92 . Of
55objects dear,precious,valuable :cid cóem cid dichóem(of
furniture). Críth Gabl. 225 .sét cáeim, TBFr. 330 .cet[h]ri
dorais ind cen brōn / bith oc ōl tria bitha sír / turib ciprib
ūair is cæm / cōel fo tuighib d'itib en(of a house),
ZCP viii 108.14 .ro dilaitriccsiot a ttemplu caemhu cumhdachta,
60 Cog. 40.27 .cathbarra caem, St. Ercuil 735 . Of clothes:
tlacht caom, ML² 499 .lenti . . . coema, Cog. 160.30 co
n-edaigib caema . . . ar[a] eochaib, TTebe 4437 .
In phraseis c. ¤ la:la Crist . . . / . . . it cóimseom they are
beloved by Christ
, Fél. Sept. 2 .nipo chóim less frinngl.
65 qui etiam proprio Filio non pepercit, Rom. viii 32 , Wb.
4b12 .doberar fīn dō . . . corbo mesc ┐ asber fris, ba cōem
leōsom a llindsin, nī tobrad acht ere .l. fēn leō they considered
that wine precious, they had only brought a load of fifty carts
(?),
TBC² 1536 ( LU 6004 ); whence, mistakenly,caem .i. beg,ut
70est
:ba caem leósum in linn, Ériu xiii 67 § 79 .coemh no
caomh .i. beag, O'Cl. caomh .i. beag, P. O'C. Note also:
caem .i. tercut estinti dia mbi caeimiu in cethra .i. is
terci, O'Dav. 484 , corresp. to:dia mbi caime in cethra,
Laws iii 464.4 Comm. O'C. 1388 ( H. 3. 18,630ab ) adds:uair
75caem gach diuir ┐ diuir gach terc etc.= 230 ( H. 3. 18,125 ).
(b) fair,beautiful,lovely :it cóema na heich am cóemsa dano
a maccán ol Cu., LU 5070 (TBC).mo chú ch. ¤ chain, TBC
530 .laoch caomh, TBC St. 4228 .cuirp coema, Cog. 178.12 .
a M. in c[h]rotha caímh, ML² 47 .caomha na cláir ad-chífe
80 lovely the lands, DDána 66.4 .fuinn chaomha Caisil, 74.14 .rath
na cathrach caoimhe, Keat. Poems 1508 .grís chaomh ar car
a smáile, IGT Decl. ex. 1066 .an mhaidin chaomh, ML² 1670
(see also-lá, compds.infra). Of speech:coil ┐ cóim`simple
and beautiful
', Sg. 26a10 .briathra cóema cúmtaigthe, PH
85 314 . fitting,suitable,appropriate :ma do ti dam caem, Laws
i 122.7 Comm. Of gender:aicned caemh . . . is i a sron no a
suil na mna. Aicned n-eitigh . . . is i a fhiacail no a bhel na
mna i.e.a.c. occurs when the parts of the body cited agree
in gender with the sex of the person, Auraic. 598 , 3129 .
ruidlius do indsge aiccenta caom. Dilius do indsge aiccenta
5euccaom, 3708 .Adv. ríg Connacht c. ¤ doscomort`well he
smote them
', Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 50 ,cf. coemh .i. coimhéimh
.i. coimhésgaidh, O'Cl. caomh prompt,ready,willing , P.
O'C.
Compar. ingen ríg bad chaímiu oldás, BDD² 79 .dírimm
10bas choímiu, TBFr. 47 ..ix. mna comiu mnaib, BB 355a19 .
ben robo caoime cruth . . . inas, St. Ercuil 5 .Superl. ba sí
. . . as caemeam . . . de mnáib domain, BDD² 41 .fer . . .
as caíme di laechaib Hérenn, 959 .daoine . . . is caoimhe
cruth, Measgra D. 16.13 .
15 II Subst. o,m. cáomh m., IGT Decl. § 96 . (a) friend,
relation;comrade :cach óen scaras . . . fria chóem ┐ a charait,
LU 4506 ( TBC² 23 ).dia chaim no dia charait, SR 4144 .ni
aithgnead cóemu na cairdiu, LU 5921 .dia ch. ¤ .i. dia chloind
┐ dia shetchib, LB 143a35 .cen choim cen gilla, Rawl. 142b1 .
20 d'furtacht chaeím, na coiccele, FM vi 2266.17 .síol gCéin
ba caomh d'éileachaibh, Content. xxix 26 .Cf. sainchóim
ind ríggl.maxime fidelium, Wb. 28d5 .
(b) noble,aristocrat :caemh .i. uasal,ut estcaiti faill caem?
. . . .i. in t-uasal cen fiallus manchuine ica comét, O'Dav.
25 521 .coem .i.comes.i. coemtechtaige rīg .i. nī bī fer dond
rīgquam illi undecaemdicitur , O'Mulc. 235 .coim Ereand,
Anecd. i 3.10 ( SCano 53 ).eter rígu ┐ chaemu, BDD² 53 .in
tan con-gair Fīnsnechta / cucai a chōemu huile, Corp. Gen.
77.17 .do rochair for rí ┐ do rochratar for coím, LL 276a35 .
30 oc togerad c. ¤ nErenn, Dinds. 117 ( RC xvi 68 ).na diamra ro
chrech in c. ¤ , LL 4364 .áilim Mothairén in breo / tabrad ceo
darm' chaemusa (: Aengusa), SG 389.42 .blaī būaid cuirm-
thige co coīmaib the privilege of the ale-feast with nobles(one
of the occasions on which a lord is exempt if subjects are
35hurt), ZCP xi 93 § 28 . Hence used of company,entertainment :
caem .i. fledh(quoting the prec. ex.), Ériu xiii 66 § 68 .caomh
.i. fleadh, P. O'C. banchóem female noble , seeben. By
inference(?):cóem .i. fili [ut est] a chóemu cláir Cuinn
cóemfind. O'Dav. 363 .caomha .i. eolaidh no uaisle, O'Cl.
40 ni coí crábaid diar caemaib, LL 591 (.i. d'eolchaibh, Leb.
Gab. 66.16 note).Cf. maccoím.
(c) fairorbeautifulobject or person:'sin choem chomar-
dach, LB 124b11 ='san chaomh chomhordhach,
Keat. iii 2054 (of a flag).'na chaomh béime a beauty of a stroke, Párl.
45na mB. 3261 .baili na cluinter caem na failti na cumsanad,
YBL 86a8 .teacht i gcaomh chaomhnach ar gcairdis ghrinn,
Hackett² xxvii 2 . Of a person:rap í in ch. ¤ a chetmunter
the beautiful one was his wife, LL 17766 .Maodócc an caomh
cneis-réidh`M. the fair', BNnÉ 261 § 221 .
50Compds. Of family relationships:caomhathair,caomh-
mathair,caomhaide,caomhmuime,caomhbhrathair,caoimh-
siur,caomhaindear,caoimchele,caomcomalta,go mba hógh
go lúi lethdire, dia mbeid aoinbheóil aoinchiche etc.., Ériu
xiii 16.14 .ben cen caemchéile spouse, CCath. 2233 .dia
55chaomh chenel fein, FM iv 1374.1 .ní fhágfadh ben dinn
'ga coimhfher mate, Ériu i 16.12 .ón ti is comfocus do da
caimfine, Laws ii 284.15 Comm. accomul a comuir doib re
caemfine, 358.19 Comm.
General. With nouns:ar a chaomhairilleadh, ┐ ar a
60deighbhésaiph, Hy Fiachr. 76.2 .caembachall fri hursclaidhe
uadh(weapon for a cleric), Laws iv 360.21 Comm. at soer
im cach coemcha[i]ṅgein / amal iasc bis hi trethain, SR
8195 .addeoch-sa na coemcainle (caindel) saints, LL 1021 .
Cirine cruit coemhchiuil, Gorm. Sept. 30 .manid gau dó
65tria choemcheilg because of his lucky snaring(?), SR 2866 .tria
choemchēil, Fing. R. 660 .tucsat ar coemching hi cacht,
LB 228 marg. inf. cliath ra heclais mairg dogní / do neoch
danáil a chaimchlí, LL 19301 .ata muir imma coemchness,
Rawl. 77b32 .fri inmescad cóemchóecat, LU 8889 ( FB 68 ).
70 mo shaoth a chaomh-chorp i gcróchor, Keat. Poems 19 .
im chóemchostud na fledi fair arrangement of the feast, MU²
211 .ferr cīall inā cæmchruth(prov.), ZCP vi 260.23 .in
cú ruadh . . . / comad táisech caemchuaine leader of a fair
pack
(used ironically), SG 57.2 .oslaicfitir coemdoirsi, SR
75 8189 .dúthracht cennsa ┐ . . . / cāemdūdracht, ZCP viii 215.2 .
cupáin aici is caeimeascra, Acall. 783 .A. cóemfer, Gorm. Apr.
16 .ar fedh caomh-fód (fhóid,v.l.) a chrioch féin, BNnÉ 259 §
218 .ar egnairc na caom-geine(of Christ). Ir. Lit. 98.1 . As
n.pr. do Chaemgen, LL 27272 .coro chuired re Cond cóemgleó,
80 3252 .car an chaoimh-láoi, RC xxix 112 § 7 .Flaith Fáil
car an cháomhlaithi / ag car áir na hénlaithe,
IGT Decl. ex. 132 .i fhorbtha . . . in chaem-laithi cedna, MR 106. 12 .Eua
co coemlí, SR 2082 .caomhloisi .i. caomhlasair, O'Cl.
amal timsaigit oíc . . . ceatra for carrcib co cáemlucht cruaid,
85 Alex. 358 .dho chaomhmaisi an chlobhsdra`decency',
RSClára 44.14 .coemrád, SR 2750 .nírop seóta sír-thaiscius
/ sernas do cách caémhratha`who apportions good grants to
everyone
', BR² 150.24 .a Chú cosin caemriagail, TBC 3672 .
co mbad chennach dia cóemréir, LU 4296 ( SG 84. 25 ).no
co cumad a caemrus (:tūs)`compact', Fen. 362.2 (seerús).
5 in ghleiri caemshluaigh(of a poetic company). Auraic. 2229 .
domun cona choemsoillsi, SR 8191 .dorochair di a coemth-
lacht, 1296 .nogegainn mo chōimthoga, ZCP vi 267 § 11 .
oenanart tairsiu anechtair / coemthoracht cia comnertaid,
SR 4286 .coemthuicsin cach neich, 8000 .cáomh-thúara-
10sgbhail na banoighe, Ériu v 88.24 .
With noun formingadj.:Cathbad cóemainech, IT i 68.14 .
coemainech cloth bán, 70.2 .
With adjj.:inghen cruthach caomhaluinn, RC xxix 140 §
61 .rigon . . . chaemcasto, IT i 145.5 (corresp. tocæmgasta,
15 ZCP v 502.16 ).mac d'Airectonius caemcialla Tros, BB
412a21 .Críst cóemdil, Trip.² 1631 .Cirill crinna caemdruin,
Gorm. March 9 .cathmīlid cōemḟata, Corp. Gen. 8.10 .fer
cáemḟuar, Mer. Uil. 250 .in ingen chéilligh c[h]oimghen-
mnaigh, Ériu v 148.30 .carn-ḟolt caomh-ghlan, Keat. Poems
20 68 .cen gúasacht coemnar, SR 1037 .co coimsolom, BB
45a16 .banscal cruthnach coemtrebar, SR 6296 .
With adjj. derived from nouns:a Ch. chaemchlessach,
TBC 3542 .ar miasaib coimdenmacha cruindi, TTebe 468 .
o chloidheamh . . . coimealtach, IT iii 12 § 19 .Caillin
25caemfertach, Fen. 194.15 .Ō C. caemhfhuighlech,
Caithr. CC 85 .cáemgnéach(of a hero), LL 6700 ( RC xxix 211 § 2 ).
coemhichtaig .i. coemgnimaiggl.cumachtaig, ACC 42 ( RC
xx 176 ).taidiu corach caemlindtech. Acall. 2674 v.l. a
ccuanta caomhthurcarthacha, FM vi 2362.19 .
30With verbs:.vii. ṁbliadna a coic ro chaemchaith, LL
14962 .cororcoemchinni co gle / nitgluase, nitchumscaige,
SR 1619 .cia crabud nar caemfhuill`did he not lovingly
increase
', Gorm. Sept. 23 .naomhcathir . . . cus caomhthathaig
an muir mall, ZCP x 53.12 . With partt.fon sruth
35coemcoisrectha duly consecrated, TTebe 3608 .sciath . . .
go ttri rothaibh caoimhdhentha credumha, ZCP x 279.21 .