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85 bésmúnad vn.ofbésmúinid:docuiredh da fhoghluim ┐ da
bheas-munadh . . . é`to be . . . instructed in manners ', BNnÉ
156.15 .

besta adjperh.metri gratiaforfesta:adreith . . . co mbruth
beasda, Anecd. i 65 § 131 v.l.(festa, text).

béstae adj io, iā(1 bés) ( Thurn. Gramm. § 139 , § 348 ). moral:
5 trissin precept bésti i tuisemar bestatu cáich, Wb. 12d39 .
etargna bésta na liachtan-sa the moral interpretation of this
lesson
, PH 3576.

béstatu n t,m.(béstae) morality,morals: dind béstatu . . . inna
ndóine, Wb. 5c16 .trissin precept bésti i tuisemar bestatu
10cáich et ní fristait in béstatid nisin, 12d39 .precept béstatad,
16d7 .is do bestataid (bestaid,MS.) infétgl.est ergo moralis
psalmus, Ml. 14b12 .in bestatad`of morality', 72a3 .gnim ┐
bestata ┐ morolus`virtue', Hib. Min. 11.358 .iar mbésda-
taid according to the moral sense, PH 4611.

15 bestéir n(with lenitedb-) (Engl. or Rom. loanword):bh. vestry ,
Eochairsg. 40.16 .

béstin n f.(bíast) small animal, littlebeast: co fhacca b. ¤ mbicc
. . . tócbaid do thalmain hi, PH 7201.

bét n u,m. béd m. g s. -a, IGT Decl. § 95. (a) deed, us. in unfavour-
20able sense deed ofviolence,crime,misdeed,injury: bēt a
betula (.i.uirgo sine custodia interpretatur) .i. ōg scēlach
amnārechet inde diciturduine bētach, Corm. Y 178 (cf.
petulo, petulans, petulcus?).bet a betula (.i.virgini siue
cusdos) .i. ara minci pudrae do mnāibh, O'Mulc. 144. Eōin
25bicc baile .i. pōic ┐ meirtrech Eoin baili .i. bet ┐ mebul, nó
póc ┐ pudhair, ZCP viii 107 n.4 .béd .i. gniomh, O'Cl. co
ndernasom b. ¤ (béit, TBC² 486 )n-aile played another prank(?),
LU 4975. a bēta its achievements(of Ireland), Ériu iv 162 § 26.
D. cen b. ¤ cen bine / fuair éc`without violence or crime', Arch.
30Hib. ii 85 § 37. (of a spear-cast)nocon fetur sochla set / in
buaid dorignius no in bet`unlucky deed' (Vocab. SC2), LU
3861. dorigenæ atech a tigh ind ríg bet mar(i.e.broke the
king's precious cup), Vita Br. 32. cia bet asrubart whatever
foolish thing I (may) have said
, 30 .nāch bēt (: éc; beth,MS.)
35dot c[h]ēill cāiniudh geōidh? is it not an offence to thy sense?
Fianaig. 42.2 .ar mbeta .i. ar pecctha, Thes. ii 351.31 (Hy. vi
Comm.).riasiu tecma bet no pudar, 46 . In cheville:ro bo
béad`'twas wrong', Magauran 621 .
(b) Also in passive sensemisfortune,calamity,loss,sorrow:
40 a Brigit, bennach ar sét / nachar táir b. ¤ ar ar cúairt(`evil',
RC xiii 116 § 161 ), LL 39211. fa b. ¤ in ní dorónad lá déidh-
inach in chatha .i. a badadh Caeil, Acall. 833. gé dorat brón
is béd di, SG 68.35 . In cheville:anba an béd, IGT Decl.
ex. 1075.
45Compds.bétbríathrach`hurtful in word', Cóir Anm. 263.
bétblaid mbrath, SG 84.43 .beim bedgnimach bais,
ZCP vi 275.12 .béd-leomhan hero , Ériu ix 4.23 .[gár] bheag a
bhéad-daoire dhí(viz.to Ireland), A. Ó Dálaigh liii 4.

bétach adj o, ā(bét) doughty,valorous, etc., but usually in unfav-
50ourable senseviolent;wanton,shameless(usually alliterating):
ro glacc in mBanba mbétaig`B. of fierce feats',
Arch. Hib. ii 83 § 15. ba iar n-ár na cúan créchtach / ruc leiss a búar ṁbán
ṁbetach`won by exploits' (Gloss.), Met. Dinds. iii 108.22
( LL 21 325 ).duine bētach, Corm. Y 178. pecadh b. ¤ , Anecd.
55 i 62.4 .for bith bētach bōeth`evil', KMMisc. 272.5 .bás
Bethi dia báis betaig, Met. Dinds. iii 104.15 .béadach` insol-
ent ', Content. ii 12.

betaide adj io, iā(*betawith -t- = d, doublet ofpet(t)a, O'Rahilly,
Sc. G. St. iii 69 , 70 ).Pejorative epithet (us. of women),
60beadaídhe ` fondofdainties'; `saucy', `impudent ', P. O'C.
Bangnuis burdond b. ¤ (of a woman of the Tromdám), LL 3469.
ac sin a bruaísin bedaigi ┐ olc in dil ort(scribal note), Dinds.
113 (notes).dulaighi .i. bedaighi . . . is bedaigi in meracht
ro dama[d] dosum ar a dan, O'Dav. 622. bean an chleasuidhe
65do-ní paistím / 's a' bhaird bheadaighe . . .(of a patroness
of poets,etc.), Butler Poems 2388 .dailtín bruighneach bead-
uighe, 2355 .an saoghal beadaidhe, Hackett xxv 10 .

betaidecht n[ā,f.](betaide):bedaidhecht brasairecht búird
`epicurean appetite', O'Gr. 556.15. an bēul ré bréuguibh as
70ré beaduightheachd wanton talk, Mac Aingil 691 .

bétaigid v(bét):bētaigid / fiad roscaib Dé móir` misbehave ',
Ériu iii 14 § 2.

betchennacht: n b. ¤ .i. bennacht, Goid. 79 § 279 (Dúil Laithne).

betengort: ind betenghort .i. becc(bech, MS.), Goid. 77 § 134
75(Dúil Laithne).

bétgnad n(bét+gnáth, Wortk. 7 ):mór betgnad (: Etgal =
Ētgal) mo bith cen dil` folly ', Ann. Inisf. 440 § 2.

beth n=betha(?):b. ¤ rombéra dráeth / mochen amlaid éc[`it
is] life that will make me foolish; I welcome therefore death!
'
80 PRIA xix 538 § 34 ( LU 9963 ) (bithin same quatrain (9966)
translated ` life ').

betha nO. Ir.bethu t,m., laterf.(béo). See Thurn. Gramm.
§ 258 , RC xxviii 204. beatha f., IGT Decl. § 7.
(a) life,existence: bethu suthin, Wb. 23b5 .ishe ar mbeth-
85oni far foirbthetusi, 25a24 .isin beothu itáa Ísugl.uita
aeterna in Christo, 3c2 .a bás i mbethith, 13d17 .a mbás
tiagmeni doáirci bethid dúibsi .i. is ar bethid dúibsi tiágmini
bás, 15b28 .is bronach a bethu`his life is . . . sad', Ml. 30d24 .
is é conic bas ┐ bethaith`has power over life and death',
Thes. i 4.29 .dun bethaid frecndaircgl.cum praesenti uita,
5 Ml. 107c1 .drochet bethad bīd íssum, Thes. ii 350.17 (Hy.
vi)ara tintarrad ō chlóen / tūatha Hérenn do bethu`from
iniquity unto Life
', 314.1 (Hy. ii).uas bethaig brig(=uas
bethad b. ¤ ), Snedg. u. Mac R. 10 § 18. ní léicfet . . . bethaith
dam ann will allow me no life there, Trip. 84.29 .crann bethad
10 Tree of Life, SR 1384. eagna an bheathadh`worldly pru-
dence
', A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 12. actailius(sic)uita.i. beatha
ghneitheach, Laws v 22.14 Comm. i réim na beatha so,
TSh. 108. ?baccaige ar na hechuibh do-geib b. ¤ go moch ┐
is mocharracht, Celtica ii 42 § 31 .
15In phr.i mbethu,mbethaid alive: lasnahí dofuircifea
bráth i mbethu`with those whom the Judgment will find
alive
' (i.e.saved), Wb. 25b16 .i mbethaid, Thes. ii 298.22
(Hy. i Pref.).conná dechaid nach háe i mbethu ass,
MU² 1001 . With poss.an gcéin do bhiadh-san na bheathaidh,
20 ML 108.23 . Note also:cesacht cach bī ar beathaidh every
living thing
, Arch. iii 241 § 12. In phr.fer,élúdach bethad,
i mbethaid survivor, one whoescapesalive, afugitive: nīr lēig
aon-duine bethad as dīb, ML² 827. fer bethad, LL 31378
( TTr. 562 ). SeeE 118. 57-65. In phr.mac bethadsee1 mac.
25 (b) lifetime, (written)lifeofperson: i mbethu maolrúoin,
Mon. Tall. 129.16 .ni gaib dire a mic in-a bethaid`in his
lifetime
', Laws v 514.1 Comm. B. Colaim Chille= BCC.
Bethada Náem nÉrenn= BNnÉ.
(c) Ingreeting,salutation . See R.A. Breatnach,
30 Éigse x 96 ff.:Dia do b. ¤ ! (bethu, LU 4930 )a phopo, a Fergais, olse,
TBC² 445. gu rob Dia do b. ¤ , a imperi uasail, ZCP vi 48.5 .
co mbethaid ┐ slánti ónd ríg, LL 12973 ( RC xiv 426 § 48 ).
docuir . . . ingen an imperi betha ┐ slainti cugud,
ZCP vi 31.19 .De do b. ¤ (=aue), Smaointe B. Chr. 228. do fhág-
35bhadar . . . iomairce beatha ┐ sláinte ag Giolla Íosa, Maguires
of F. 84. Seesláinte.Inasseveration: dar mo bethaid on
my life
, SG 97.16 ( Acall. 137 ).
(d) food,nourishment;sustenance;maintenance: conróiret
a mbethid`so that they may provide their livelihood', Wb. 29a9 .
40 ar is [s]ruithe beo bethu tortha for cattle-fodder is more
precious than (growing) crops
, Laws iv 78.6 .taobh riu mar
bheathadh without any other food, BNnÉ 165 § 39 .a bheatha
nír bh'í a acmhaing / . . . gá bhanaltrainn`His nursing',
PBocht 17.32 .dogebuir b. ¤ aniugh agum-sa(said to a
45mendicant), ZCP vi 98.26 .b. ¤ dhaonnaighi`ordinary food',
Fl. Earls 226.18 .ag dubhshlogadh na beatha sin, PCT 649.
fri beathaidh in pāpa`with the income of the Pope', Fl. Earls
178.32 .
(e) property,estate:(etym. gloss onfear mbidbad)fer bis a
50medhon a bethad neich eli .i. tige neich eli, Laws v 80.7
Comm. an drong agá bhfágbhaid a mbeatha tar a n-éis, mar
atáid na hoighreadha, TSh. 4585. aiseag a bheathadh do
thabhairt dó`to make restitution to him of his property',
E. O'Rahilly xxv 231.