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1 bés n u,m. b. ¤ m., IGT Decl. § 95. (a) habit,custom,usual
procedure,practice;manner,way: ni fil linn in béessogl.
consuetudinem non habemus, Wb. 11c21 .iudide ó béssaib,
10d35 .ithæ inso bésse inna fedb`these are the manners of
50the widows
', 29a3 .ishé didiu a mb. ¤ adi intí diib bes tresa
orcaid alailegl.more uiuitur bestiarum, Ml. 19d6 .ón bes
dóindugl.homano more, 51d25 .iarsin bǽs doindu, 127d15 .
bithbethu iar ṁbes for Dé deis according to custom, SR 1497.
modh (ón bh. ¤ ), IGT Decl. § 95 (127.9) .b. ¤ modh o eincheill
55araen (v.ll.),ib. n. 7 .cach cenél dib cona deilb ┐ cona bes ┐ cona
aicned foleith(of animals), Ériu ii 126 § 89. gach béas ban da,
DDána 114.30 .b. ¤ duine dhubhaigh likeness , IGT Decl.
ex. 1089. is bes tra . . . briathra na salm . . . do erlabrai
ánd`it is customary', Ml. 26c6 .isse a bees . . . fogeir
60a nggalar in uile corp the disease is wont to inflame etc.,
Thes. ii 245.33 (Cambr.).is béss didu ind liacc benir (sic leg.,
note) ilbeim friss, Wb. 4d15 .isé b. ¤ ind fir se marbad a óeged,
Thes. ii 323.13 (Hy. iv Comm.). WithDO:is bées . . . donaib
dagforcitlidib molad ingni inna nétside, Wb. 11b6 .is b. ¤ tra
65dosom anisiu, 22c10 .is bes do som tra buith cen chomaccomla,
Ml. 28d6 .is b. ¤ duibsi . . . ní réidid it is not your wont to
drive
, LU 5093 ( TBC² 607 ).is béas don bhláth machuire
the field is natural to the flower, DDána 7.3 . WithLAand
OC:is b. ¤ leosom in daim do thúarcuin, Wb. 10d6 .is bǽs
70linni epertgl.nobis moris est dicere, Ml. 30c3 .ar ba bes la
suidib .u. tar hesi ṅí , Sg. 4a9 .ba b. ¤ oc Rómanachaib,etc.,
PH 3291. ní béas eilte d'éis a laoigh / agam I do not practise
the habit of a doe bereft of its fawn
, DDána 69.25 .
In prep. phrases:(ó) b. ¤ ,(ó) bésaib:trebait isin cathraig . . .
75o b.cethecailsi na n-apstal in the Catholic manner of. . ., Anecd.
iii 69.25 .Cf. bés(cen bes,v.l.)mora, Lament 88 § 1 .étiud
bān bēsaib srotha`white raiment after the fashion of an
elder
', Ériu ii 66 § 13. ni bia o besaib mogha, Laws iv 16.23 .
See Celtica vi 234.z. fo b. ¤ :fo b. ¤ srotha luaith`in the manner
80of a swift stream
', Wb. 32c16 .
(b)In more specialized sense (particularly inpl.) moral(s),
good behaviour: ar chuit óisa et bésa, Wb. 28d24 .cid maith
a b. ¤ oca thig his conduct, TFerbe 521 .riaglóir . . . / conoathar
b. ¤ `who preserves good manners' (in a monastery),
85 Ériu iii 106 § 43. intamlid a béssu, Wb. 9a14 .asbera frib coteeet mo
béssisegl.uias meas, 9a17 .bési nodaberat inæclis, 28d26 .
inna mbéso(`ratherbése,' note)sainemlaegl.morum, Ml.
30d15 .ar indí atreba bésu aristotil, Sg. 33a29 .cen buaidred
ar do béssaib`no deterioration in thy conduct', PH 7552. do
bhéasa ód óige=thy manner, Jer. xxii 21. ar bhéasaibh ná
5ar mhíbhéasaibh, DDána 120.29 .
(c) Legal customary (annual) (food-)rent(glossedbiad uais,
Laws ii 222.14 Comm.),tribute,etc. (see ZCP xiv 340.19 ,
Críth Gabl. p. 75 , PRIA xxxvi C 283.25 ):sudiges bēs foruib
nō cacht(etymol. offorbasach), Corm. Y 658. turcrec cacha
10besa of every annual rendering of tribute(Thurn.), ZCP xiv 341
§ 3a .ná[d] fuiln(g)e a b. ¤ tar molt cona ḟosair. Ma ḟorbera
folud a thige . . . co mbí b. ¤ a thige and íarna míad, Críth
Gabl. 80 , 83 .do berthar boin cech lis a Mumain duit . . . acht
na derntar bes de, RC xliii 16 § 10. fri comus a mbesa ┐ a císa
15doib`to assess their tributes and taxes', Ériu xii 162 § 2. v.
tricha in rig do ┐ cis ┐ bes do estib`rent and tribute for the
five King's Cantreds
', Ann. Conn. 1235.19 . SeeA 172.52 ff.
Note also:b. ¤ gl.idioma, Ml. 51c25 , 62d8 .dun b. ¤ ebraidiu
gl.Ebreco idiomati, 71c11 .anat n-uaibrigthi in bæsai
20cosecarthigl.ritibus sacris, 100c16 .
Compds.bésgnethidgl.morigera, Thes. ii 3.29 .trisin
ṁbæstindrimgl.per tropologiam, Ml. 41a2 . 48c11 .

2 bés (a use of1b.?)adv.andconj.In O.Ir. with subj.
(with copulabéso,-u) perhaps,maybe. Later (?) with indic.
25 in all probability,doubtless,certainly,indeed.In class. verse
bheas(see rhymes cited below). See Thurn. Gramm. 241 ,
329 , 488 .trí sethracha goa: béss, dóig, toimtiu, Triads 136 .
béss rísat ade maybe they will attain, Wb. 5b39 .b. ¤ asberasu,
Thes. ii 7.29 .bésu dagduine, Wb. 6b23 .béso mó, 19b11 .
30 bésu ocus, bésu chían(besa,beuss, MSS.) `whether it be near',
Im. Br. 19. bes ni bat fira, Ml. 51b8 .bes immagaba, Mon.
Tall. 152.5 .b. ¤ adchotar, LU 4713. bess budh móide,
CCath. 1296.
With indic.:bes is ed rocindead dun it looks as if that was
35to be our fate
, Anecd. i 4.10 (SCano 94. See Éigse xi 76 ).
bess isshé Issau of a truth it is E., SR 2893. bes nirbo rom,
LU 4186. bess is í menmai D. an imper ro-cload ann`doubt-
less
', PH 1047. Appar. with dep. clause in:bes na n-árlaid
duni beo, LU 3865 ( SC 38 ).
40In class. verse:ba caithleomhan re cneas Goill /as bheas
do haithbheodhadh eadroinn of a truth, DDána 112.9 .éigin
bheas (: mheas) go saorfadh soin, Aithd. D. 25.19 .

bésach adj o, ā(1 bés) mannerly,well-behaved: an mbíd a bhríathra
béusacha edifying (Gloss.), RSClára 156a .mor fear segaind
45saerbesach, BB 420a35 .an Déirdre . . . charthannach
chéillidhe bhéasach, Keat. Poems 64.

bésad n u,m.(1 bés) see Thurn. Gramm. § 256. (a)=1 bés (a),
(b):is b. ¤ inna flatho do-emetdo-fich, Wb. 9d2 .is he besad
felsub etarcert di dúlibgl.secundum traditionem hominum,
50 27a10 .is besad leusomgl.consuetudo est, Ml. 67b19 .is
bēsad . . . do cach graig, TBC² 3646. ba bēsad do Ultaib . . .
turcbaitis a corthi, Ériu viii 156.29 .fo b. ¤ cech dachprecep-
toro like, Wb. 4a2 .amal as besad meiníc as is frequently the
case
, ZCP xxx 127.14 (Alex.).
55 (b)=1 bés (c):cen chāin cen chobach cen chīs cen bēsad,
Corp. Gen. 94.34 .do besad na hErenn, Ériu viii 64.12 .

bésaid n[i,m.] (1 bés):Benignus blaith b. ¤ ` moralist(?),'
Gorm. Nov. 1.

1 besan n[o,m.] (besān, Wortk. 12 , where unexpld.)name of a
60 bird: enogam .i. aicme bethi: b. ¤ , lachu, faelinn, ` pheas-
ant(?),' Auraic. 5693.

? 2 besan: ind rachaidh sís gi-beadh bh. ¤ / ní grís fear gu himresan,
IGT Decl. ex. 751. Cf. 2 bés?

bésgnae n(1 bés+gné) (a) custom,usage;discipline,morality: ro
65fitis mo bésgnese frib, Wb. 14c12 .huanaibæsgnaib noibaib
`from the holy customs', Ml. 74a14 .in bésgnigl.disciplinae,
Wb. 24b10 .foglaim in besgnai, Ml. 14c11 .i ndegbæsgnu, 87a7 .
na huili besgnagl.omnibus disciplinís, Thes. ii 7.26 .atbath
in cach bescnu`in (the practice) of every rule', Fél.² Ep. 318.
70 ambéscna`the usage', Trip. 34.2 .tormach bescna ┐ eolais
of morality(?), ZCP xxx 140.10 ( Alex. 816 ).
(b)Legal custom,law,regulation;contractregulated by
custom: Corus Bescna(title), Laws iii 2 .im chorus a mbescna
┐ a rechtgai, LU 9742. muna roib bescna eturru, slainti na
75fogla do niat(of mutual liability in the case of opponents
in a battle), Laws iii 216.6 Comm. bescna .i. dliged, O'Dav.
275. tria bescna bríg, SR 7963.
(c) speech,language: bescna .i. . . . bérla, Lec. Gl. 8. on
Latindacht .i.a latitudine.i. on leithet in bescna, Auraic. 355.
80 in gach beusgna ┐ in gach berla, 2268 .béasgnadha tuinighthe
Taidhg`words', Content. xxii 20.

bésmúinid v(1 bés+múinid):do hoileadh ┐ do béasmhúineadh
ann é`he was . . . educated in politeness there', Keat. ii 3752.
Vn. bésmúnad.

85 bésmúnad vn.ofbésmúinid:docuiredh da fhoghluim ┐ da
bheas-munadh . . . é`to be . . . instructed in manners ', BNnÉ
156.15 .