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béo adj o, ā. In O. Ir. alsobéu(noten. pr. Beuchell, Sedulius
Scottus, Monumenta Germaniae, Traube). See Thurn.
Gramm. § 204 , § 206 , § 352 .n s. b. ¤ , Wb. 10b27 .béu 13d6 ,
Ml. 44c11 .a s. f. mbi, Laws iv 218.17 Comm. n p m. bii.
30 Wb. 3b6 ,-bíi, 3b7 .a pl. béoa, Thes. i 4.31 .duine beó,g s. beó,
bhí, IGT Decl. § 205. bean beó,g s. beó,bíe, § 139 .
(a) (i) as attrib.living,quick (ii) as predic. adj.alive .
(i)eclás Dé bíí, Fél.² i 20. itéuiuiin dóini bí, Sg. 39a23 .
na heoin beoa do gabail to catch the live birds, TBC 1334.
35 Crist gunig gach mbeathaidh mbi (: eabraidhi)`Christ who
controls all living life
', Ériu xvii 74 § 8 ( Laws iv 218. 17
Comm. ).gē dosanntaig bhetha[id] mbī / nīr tsechain Rí an
alltair ē earthly life, ZCP vii 304.2 .i lámhaibh an Dé bheó
(=Dei viventis), TSh. 5397. Offire: do theinid bī,
40 Arch. iii 242 § 7. Ofspringwater: benaid in talum . . . ┐ tanic topar
usce bíí ass, PH 1338. lively,spirited(of a combat): troid
beó fa comthruime cur, IGT Decl. ex. 529.
(ii)céin bas mb. ¤ in fergl.uiuit, Wb. 10b23 .is cundubart
leu indat biigl.qui . . . se uiuere nesciunt, ZCP vii 482.12
45( Enchir. Aug. 75b ).an beó do thigerna? BDD² 1519. ro
hadnaiced na geill . . . ┐ siad beoa`the hostages . . . were
buried alive
', RC xxiv 184 § 17. madh beo na daoine, Con-
tent. xxv 8 . living,alight(offire): ní béu cid in teni, Trip.
10.17 .
50 (b)Assubst. o,m. a living being;in spiritual ormytholo-
gical sense animmortal: oc ascnam tíre tairṅgiri inna mb.
`the Land of Promise of the Living', Wb. 11a19 .dodeochad-
. . . a tírib beó áit inna bí bás nó peccad, LU 9996. cen
sa écnach nach bí`without reviling any living thing',
55 Ériu iii 104 § 40. ar nī fírḟlaith nad nīamat bi (bíí,v.l.) bennacht-
naib whom the living do not glorify, ZCP xi 97 § 59. totchurethar
bíi bithbi the ever-living ones invite you(i.e.Conle, to come
to the other-world Land of the Living), LU 10027. is cumma
barrurim biu ┐ marbu dó in like manner he enumerated for
60him the living and the dead
, TBC 4761. amail bid bēo nobeith
ann, Arch. iii 5.15 .do mess for bíu ┐ marbu`to judge the
quick and the dead
', Ériu ii 194 § 7. gan beó, gan baistedach /
aram (leg.ar) bith [c]āemh cé no living creature,
ZCP viii 212.15 .beo gach buainchethra, Met. Gl. 31 § 60. In spiritual
65sense: créud íad na beóa ar a ttiobharthar breath ? who are
the saved
(?)who will be judged? Parrth. Anma 1561.
(c) In phrases. Used with possess. pron. usually in sing.:
ní col dó cid less ar mb. ¤ et ar mmarbgl.siue ergo uiuimus
etc., Wb. 6b20 .a beō nach óe do breith to bring any of them
70alive
, TBC² 685. ragaid do beo no do marb you shall go dead or
alive
, TBC 1224 ( LL 8614 ).beannacht dá mbeó is dá marbh
a blessing on them living and dead, Dánta Gr. 3.12 .ní suthain
a mbí they do not live long, ZCP vi 261.29 .re na beo fen
during his own life, BCC 33.
75In phr.i mbíu alive(with gen. or possess. pron.)in the
lifetime (of
): nī dlegat a ndola i mbiu, Ériu vi 121 § 5. otáam
inar[m]bíu / nochotacca cusindíu`since we have been alive',
Trip. 140.13 .ar ropo námasom na bíu do Laignib`in his
lifetime
', RC vi 165.34 ).
80 (d) thequickof theskin: bheith ag dol i mbeó ar Dhia . . . lé
dubháilcibh to cause distress to God, TSh. 2296. tairnge i
mbeó(prov.), Hard. ii 408.9 .táirnge a mbeó go raibh
ann do bhonn, Éigse vi 6.29 .
Seeargat.
85Compds. With nouns:cenmotha beoalma, Anecd. ii 59.1 .
-athairin leg. technical termmac(c) b. ¤ -athar son of a living
father, hencea son unqualified to make valid contracts: gach
mac beoathur nad bi saor a chor, Laws ii 288.7 .trí nata[t]
túalaing sainchuir: mac beo-athar, ben aurnadma, dóer flatha,
Triads 151 .rucus rāith ar mac ṁbeoathar, ZCP xv 311 § 7.
5 -bethu:mess ┐ beobethu animal fodder(?), ZCP xii 366.10
( PRIA xxxvi (1923) 310.5 ).Cf.also ZCP xvi 203 - 204 . ¤ búaid:
' sin chrích badba co mbeó-búaid (bladbuaid,v.l.)`of living
excellence
(?)' (Notes), Met. Dinds. iii 372.6 . ¤ chned:dire
beocneidhi`the penalty for a non-mortal injury', BCrólige 39
10n. 6 . ¤ chride:ni minec bar mearughudh / isin brugh co
mbeocraidhi with beating heart, IT iii 89 § 114. As attrib.ar
da n-echaib . . . beochridi blenarda, LL 10358. lé clódh beó-
chroidhe bos`with sorrowful beating of hands' (?), Gleanings
18 § 29. ¤ chrod livestock: marggad beochruid bó ┐ (facs.)
15ech, LL 25108 ( Met. Dinds. iii 480.1 ). ¤ chruth:mic Metus-
alem do b'fhada bhí a mbeóchruith`in mortal shape', ITS
iii 84.24 (1900) . ¤ dartaid live calf: [d]ersaid bec beodartaid
(beomartaid,v.l.). / mani tugedar (leg.tuigther,note) d'ilbíad-
aib, Ériu vii 6.12 . ¤ dédail(?):Rind ┐ Faebur fegar / cen bae-
20gul ria mbeodedail, LL 20341 (untransl.
Met. Dinds. iii 272.6 ). ¤ dil(leg.technical term, opposed tomarbdil q.v.)
animate possessionsi.e.livestock: as-renar cona fuillem co
ndiablad aithgine, mad marbdile: mad beodile, co n-as ┐
los ┐ fuilled ┐ fuillem, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 18 ( Laws ii
25376.2 ).indile (.i. beo dile), O'D. 989 (H. 3.17, 853).ni
tascnai fine, na orbu, na beodil, na marbdil`the live
chattels
', Laws ii 288.3 . ¤ ḟedan:beo-ḟeadain . . . for feraib
fedair`live carrying' (away on sick maintenance), BCrólige 58 .
¤ gasrad:beóghasraidh`vigorous company', Studies 1920, 417.
3018 . ¤ idbart living offering: amal rundgab in beuidbart sin
gl.uitulus, Ml. 87b9 . ¤ mainchine serviceduringlife: bar
mbéomaicne (mbeomainchine,v.l.) ┐ bur marbmaicne (marb-
mainchine,v.l.), Acall. 3506. ¤ thlus livestock: fear ro ba
saidhbhre i nErinn a mb. ¤ , FM iv 1128.18 .
35 Of fire:(?) ¤ bruiden burning hostel: adcíat in daigid
nduilig / 'na brainig don beó-bruidin(breó-,v.l.), Met. Dinds.
iv 236.35 . ¤ chaindell:fri beocaindle with burning candlesi.e.
clear testimonies of witnesses
( Bürgschaft 7 § 3 n. 2),
ZCP xiii 20.7 .atait secht fiadnaise . . . ite secht mbeocaíndle and ro
40forosnad gae cach rig seven burning candles i.e.certain
disastrous events accepted as evidence of his `falsehood,'
Laws iv 52.9 . See BCrólige 58 notes.forath ni acair acht
beo-cainneall a flaitheas . . . acht an tí dana taithnemach é
amail caindill (sic leg., Stokes, Laws Crit.8) mbi .i. mac
45flatha, ┐ ua aroile, Laws iv 380.3 . ¤ grís living flame: co ro
bheathaidhsiot beóghrís a seangomh, FM vi 2054.2 .an
tshacramuint-si . . . do bheith 'na béoghrís gacha subhāilce
dhamh`stimulant' (Gloss.), Parrth. Anma 5122. ¤ luisne
burning flame,brand: ar clann Fheóraisne sa n-eachra / b. ¤ i
50n-am debtha díbh, IGT Decl. ex. 179. ¤ theine blazing fire:
fúair bás ┐ beó-thenid (breo-,v.l.)`he met death in fatal fire'
(viz.the burning of Bruiden Da Choca), Met. Dinds. iv 236. 16 .
With adjj. derived fr. nouns: ¤ bríathrach ofliving words:
bennacht Brenainn beobhriathraigh, Anecd. ii 32 § 3.
55 ¤ tharrach, ¤ thorrach` big-bellied,pregnantwith a living child',
P. O'C. ¤ thlusach possessedoflive-stock: gnithi manach
beothlusach, O'Dav. 1530.
With vnn., life-, (while)living: ¤ élud(in Laws, in contr.
withmairb-é.) abandoning,evadingwhile living (theobliga-
60tions oftenancy): fri beo-eludh, ZCP xiv 343 § 5 ( Laws ii
228.16 ). ¤ léiciud:(of ensuringdischargeofliabilities
between co-tenants) sith aili no beolegud nascaither na
smacta so iarsin`living depositsi.e.witnesses' (Mann. and
Cust. i cxcii n. 347), O'C. 31 (H. 3.18, 13a). ¤ scarad (of the
65 terminationof acontractbetweenflaithandtenantin the
lifetime of the parties)separationduring life: atait secht
mbeoscartha do flathib ┐ a n-aiccillnib imis-fuaslaice[t]
dligid do coraib, ZCP xiv 383 § 48 ( Laws ii 312.21 ).
As intensive prefix oft. meaning deadly: ¤ chobra speech
70before death,farewell: beochobra Con Culaind isind ló fúair
bás, LL 13845.
With second element expressing action causing danger to
or deprivation of life. ¤ bág:a topur na tonn táide / moambí
bocur beó-báige`round which hung a threat of mortal import'
75(sic leg.Corr.), Met. Dinds. iii 344.8 . ¤ gletin deadly(?)com-
bat: ba balc-gent co mbeó-gletin`mortal in conflict', Met.
Dinds. iv 188.24 . ¤ marb slain: co fagbaindse a n-eltae beó-
marbae isnaib slébib, LU 9321. ¤ chorach:flaith Dúine
Bárc beó-choraig`of deadly-hurling D.B.',
80 Met. Dinds. iv 8.32 . ¤ gonaid, ¤ gonaigid wounds but doesn't kill (?),to the
quick:
bertatar cloic (sic) cach fir beógaíti leo ass, LU 8003
(BDD).māth bēoguin rogonae nech`alife-wound ',
Cáin Ad. 44. R. do dul beoghonta dia thigh`severely wounded',
FM iv 690.3 .créad do bheoghnuigh snódh na gréine ?
85`what has deformed the features of the sun?' E. O'Rahilly
146.2. ¤ loitte, ¤ loittithe severely,fatally wounded: beoloiti,
Ann. Conn. 1373.5 .rucad Conn beoloitide forin nGrencha .. .
et sepulerunt , 1411.28 . ¤ marbad act ofslaying,killing: do
bhualadh ┐ do bheomharbhadh to knock down and kill(viz.
cattle), FM v 1470.15 . ¤ thollad act ofpiercingto the quick:
5 beara . . . ré beó-tholladh bocht-anam ann, TSh. 6677.
With first elementbí-seebícherb,bíchim.