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benaid vSee Ped. ii 369 , 461 , Thurn. Gramm. §§ 551 , 654 , 691 (a) ,
KZ xlvii 159. Indic. pres. 1 s. benim, Thes. ii 42.7 .benaim,
85 LU 6170. 2 s. benai, TBC² 3592. 3 s. benith, Thes. ii 250.11 ,
benaid, Ml. 46d4 , LU 6206 ,bennaid, 5213 .benid, TBC² 397 ,
bentai, 1201 (with suff. pron.).-ben, 424 , Blathm. 98 § 26.
Rel. benas, Corm. Y 1235 , Críth Gabl. 556 , TBC² 3605. 3 pl.
benait, Fél. Jan. 31 , June 30 ,-benat, MU² 544. Withro-:
1 s. -rubaim, LU 6230. Pass. sg. benair, Ériu ix 47 § 19.
5 Rel. benar, Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.).3 pl. -bentar, Ml. 91b3 .
Indic. impf. 3 s. -benad, LU 9137 ( FB 88 ),3 pl. -bentais,
TBC² 30. Ipv. 2 s. ben, TBC² 3593. 3 s. benad, Wb. 20c8 .
2 pl. benaidh, Ériu ii 120 § 58. 3 pl. benat, TBC 5834. Pass.
sg. benar, Ml. 93d16 .
10 Subj. pres. 3 s. -bia, Laws iv 124.10 . Withro-:2 s. -ruba,
TBC² 1596. -rubai, Críth Gabl. 581. Pass. 3 s. -bethir, Ml.
36a5 .-ruibther, CRR 54. 3 pl. betir, Ml. 54a17 .Subj. impf.
(withro-)3 s. -rubad, TBC² 2769. 3 pl.(?)-robeotais, Y
Cymmrodor xiv 118 § 19 ( Rawl. 132b35 ).-rubaitis, TBC² 806 ,
15 -rubdais, Met. Dinds. iii 104.24 .Pass. sg. no-m-bethe, Ml.
39a19 .
Fut. 1 s. bīu, TBC² 3592. 3 s. bíthus(with suff. pron.),
LU 10481. Rel. s. bias, TBC 3453. With -f-:bifas, Rawl.
132b36 .Pass. pl. -biter, Anecd. i 44.4 .Condit. 3 s. no bīad,
20 TBC² 2942. -bífad, SR 5812 ,-bífed, TBC 744. Pass. s. no
mbíthe (nom bithe, MS.), Blathm. 506.
Pret.andperf. 1 s. beo, TFrag. 108.6 = FM i 302.9 .3 s.
bii(disyll.), Blathm. 98 § 25. bí, LU 1750 (ICM).-bí(=-bai,
TBC² 696 ), LU 5176. Note alsobissis, RC xii 68 § 34 ,bisius
25 ib. Rel. s. bië(disyll.), Blathm. 279. 3 pl. -beotur, Corm.
Y 698 (59.5) =-beodutar, Corm. 24 (gaire). Withro-:
1 s. -rubha, FM i 242.9 (= RC xvii 177.2 ),2 s. -ruba, Wb.
13d25 .3 s. ro bi, Rawl. 88a30 ,-rubai, LU 5334 ,-rubi, BDD²
187 ,rodmbi, Laws iv 176.26 .gurus-bea , Cóir Anm. 41 ,ros-
30bae, CRR 56. 3 pl. robéotar, LU 5110 (= TBC² 625 ).
robeotar(beóatar,robeobdar,ro hortsat,v.ll.),
Met. Dinds. iii 98.3 .-rubatar, TBFr. 60 , BDD² 695. Note also:go n-da-
rubdatar, TBC 4384 (see Ériu xiv 118.1 ).-rubhradar,
ZCP i 464.29 .Pass. sg. bíth, Met. Dinds. iii 94.23 .ro bíth, RC
35 xxiii 308.33 .-rrubad(sic leg.), Fianaig. 10.21 .pl. bíthi
(bithi, MS.), Blathm. 203. bitha, RC xxiii 308.33 ,-bítha,
Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 52. ro bitha, Ml. 100b2 , TBC² 1373. ro-
bīthe, ZCP xi 62.4 .
Part.seebíthe.vbl. of necess. bethi, Ml. 114c12 .Vn.see
40 béim,bíth. Later with stemben-,boin-(cf. boingid),bain-
throughout (with ā-subj., f- future and s- pret.). Seerubaid.
I (a) beats,strikes:in O. Ir. gl.pinso, Thes. ii 42.7 ,perculsus,
Ml. 45d6 ,pulsat, 46d4 ,iecta, 123c17 .beanaim .i. buailim,
O'Cl.b. ¤ in t-aingel in sruth co fleisc, LU 2117 ( FA 18 ).bi
45ind ala slabrad suil ind rig, Ériu iii 136.2 .co mbensom dia
durnn inna ētan, TBC² 423. fer benas dam óenbéimmim
who fells an ox with one blow, Críth Gabl. 556. bentai
Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb, TBC² 1201. b. ¤ in talum o chois
deis he strikes the ground with his right foot, PH 1337. benith
50galar(a charm), Thes. ii 250.11 .araile fer . . . robenad on
crithgalur was stricken by, Lat. Lives 98 § 93. benfat na
demna o phianaib examla me, PH 2231. (of a head of hair)
b. ¤ braine a dá imdae it strikes against(i.e.touches)the edge
of his hips
, BDD² 963. drud rú asa mbearna bheanaid
55`whose gap they strike at' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 859. an
mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a clár dod chumhocht-
aibh`strike up . . . the scale weighted with my sins' (?), Dán
Dé xxii 12 . Transfd. casts(ashadow): co mbentais foscod i
medōn a dā gruaide(eyelashes), TBC² 30. reaches: benaidh
60immorro inis Breatan seach hErinn saerthuaid co cian
(`extends', Todd Nenn. 31.2 ), BB 203b40 .
Of hand-clappers, bellsstrikes,rings: ben do chlocc, Trip.²
1370. clocán bind / benar i noidchi gaithe that is struck, IT iii
16 § 40 .benais Sencha bascrand, MU² 923. robenadur na
65cluic`sounded', ZCP vi 285.1 .benait cluig ┐ ceōlāin . . .
uaidhip fēin`the bells and chimes . . . of themselves rang',
Fl. Earls 52.2 . In phr.b. ¤ (cloc) FOR (? AR), seeII infra.
Strikes(fire),lights: co bethirgl.inuratur, Ml. 36a5 .
roben in tenid Chascae=incendit ignem, Lat. Lives 5 § 4.
70 do benusa teine ┐ doronus a fadodh, BNnÉ 69 § 114 .
Note also:F. féigbind ro ben bríg mbreth who passed
weighty judgments
(Thurn.), ZCP x 271.4 .
(b) hews,cutsdown, off: bíi Ququlaind a dī ord lāma ┐ a dī
ortt coisse, ZCP viii 120.21 .bennaid Cu Chulaind omnae,
75 LU 5213. do benuit leō roga ro-chleth . . . ┐ mīne mōir-
f[h]eda, ML² 1064. benat scíathu let them slash shields, TBC
5834. (of breaching, knocking down a wall)dia robenad
in t-ochtmad múr, PH 8014.
(c) slays;wounds: beosa L. an[d] do chailg, TFrag. 108.6
80(= FM i 302.9 ).ra mbeótar i n-ecomlond, LU 6680 (=
TBC² 2138 ).intī bifas nō genfas (sic) nech do slōg araile . . . arthús,
Rawl. 132b36 .nad ro marb in bech rodmbi(glossed:ro
gonastar e, 178.7 Comm. ) `the bee which stung him', Laws iv
176.26 .Eoin . . . do thriall tar sáil / is mó bhíth mé is do
85ghríos mé ná is mian do rádh`what has wounded me more
sorely
', O'Gr. Cat. 581.10.
(d) Of cropscuts,reaps;gathers: (of Adam) co n-aireadh
┐ co mbenadh gan allus, BB 16b2 ( ITS xxxiv 58.15 ).benaid
in gort uile`they reap the whole field', Ériu v 116.14 .glenn . . .
ina mbenaid dáoine ímforcraidh spísraid, Maund. 54. an
5chnú ní 'na bláth beantair, Dán Dé vii 15 .luibh leighis re
báidh beanais with love (for us) He plucked a healing herb,
DDána 48.1 .(ofturf-cutting) mani bentar hi ina haimsir
coir, Laws i 132.7 Comm.
(e) incises,engraves: ise in luathrindi sin robenadh i
10sciath C. that is the `luathrindi' (lit. ash-point) that was cut
in the shield of C.
, Ériu v 72.23 .(ofdrawing Ogamcharac-
ters) no da mbentar uile, LL 5338 ( Auraic. 5449. )
(f) takes(away),carries off: bensat giallu iar congail, RC
xvii 145.14 .Of tax, tribute,etc. exacts,levies: mili dam mili
15bo benaim`I exact', 49.9 .
IIWith follg. adv.do ben a claidheamh amach drew his
sword
, ITS xix 44.4 .lér bhain sé a fhlaitheas . . . amach arís
`recovered', Keat. ii 1089. do benadh luirech an ridire sin
amuig`was captured', L. Chl. Suibhne 38. do bean Úa B. . .
20an gealladh . . . ar aiss retracted, Expugn. Hib. 69. do benatar
ar lár laim ris`they fell to the ground', BCC 132.
With prepp. WithA takesfrom: in pars benar a hichtur in
lithe`the particle that is cut off', Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.).
ercōit benus do ṡūil as do chinn, Arch. iii 308.z. is tu rogab
25misi . . . ┐ roben fhuasgailt asum`got ransom from me',
ZCP vi 285.8 .(of arescuefrom a castle) go mbendaís an
tiarla as d'áis no d'eiccen, FM vi 2172.25 .do bheanadar
as . . . they inferred that. . ., Appendix to 29th Report of the
Deputy Keeper of Public Records 40.22 .eunuchi . . . .i. na
30daoine as a mbeantur, 23 K 42,94.18 .na h-ainmhíntidhe a
mbaintear asta which are gelded, Corp. Astron. 90.21 .as e as
adbur as a mbainter na catraca`that is the material from
which cities . . . are formed
', Ir. Astr. Tr. 36.7 .do benadh
comnuidhe asainne forsan muir we were stayed, BNnÉ 7 § 22 .
35 robenus lēim luthmur . . . as mo sdét made my steed leap,
ZCP vi 65.9 .beantur fiuchad as`bring it(i.e.milk)to the
boil
', Rosa Ang. 94.2 .b. ¤ custam as levies tollon: bentor
custam as a n-eachroidh in gach baile dip, Fl. Earls 86.1 .
b. ¤ greim aseegreimm. ?gan mo bhac, a Dhé, i ndeacraibh /
40ná beantair lat é as m'olcaibh, DDána 61.6 .
WithDE takesfrom: robenaitt a lama ┐ a cosa donti
dorone were cut off, Ann. Conn. 1224.3 .benuis screapall
beg . . . de`broke off', Fl. Earls 34.17 .dobenadh a ceim-
niughudh de the power of walking was taken from him, Aisl.
45Tund. 107.3 .Ofcovering,clothing,etc. ben a erriud ┐ a
étgud de take off his equipment and his clothing, TBC 4061.
bensat a chroicend de`stripped his skin from him', PH 2146.
bean an dá bhliadhain déag . . . do na hocht gcéad déag
bliadhan úd`deduct . . . from', Keat. ii 1160. do ben minna
50da ṡíair fa marbad uile`he made his sister swear that she
would kill them all
', Maund. 82. go mbeanfaidhear cúntas 'na
smuaintighthibh dhe an account of his thoughts will be
demanded of him
, TSh. 7304.
Various phrases.b. ¤ céill, súil de, seecíall,súil.b. ¤ cert de,
55see cert. do bhean Ír díobh . . . tosach`outstripped [them],'
Content. xxx 4 ;cf. ag béin túsa d'íbh Táil, IGT Introd. § 38.
ris an mbréig níor bhean dá mhóid he did not break his vow(?),
A. Ó Dálaigh l 31.
WithDO:lucht an bheatha dá mbeanfadh on whom it would
60fall
(i.e.a deluge of rain), DDána 75.22 .do ben escor don
nech the person fell, BCC 452.27 .do bhain a mhaoith (sic
MS.) do gach fior affected everyone, Ériu i 98.32 .ro bhen a
droch-dhiach dhó oir fuair a righedh ar carr`his evil destiny
awaited him
', FM v 1818.12 .ní bhean th'aigneadh d'Eóghan
65 thy opinion did not effect E.(i.e.E. was not of thy mind), Ir.
Review 1912, 471 § 5 .dom anmain is eadh bheanas / an mac
do bhí i mbraighdeanas the child . . . is my soul, DDána 7.21 .
gidh cúich mé, a bhean, beanfad daoibh / madh áil leat lean-
nán macaoimh I shall be yours, 67.14 .Caiter ḟíona .i. an
70chailleach dhubh do ben dó who adhered to him, O'Hussey
TC 42.8 .ní bheanann dúinn trāchdadh orra annso it is not
our business to
. . ., Mac Aingil 2586 .ní bheanand doibh offic
Chriosd do ghabhail chuca`they have no right to', Carsw. 225.
WithFO:b. ¤ foo(in ras. H)attacks them, LU 4874. bean
75far dtoirmisg-ne far dtoil try to prevent us from achieving our
wish
, DDána 95. 24 .má bheanann faoi ag mionsmuain-
eadh . . . ar na neithibh si if he happens to be thinking, Mac
Aingil 360 .
WithFOR(AR):forom-sa co m-benfat a n-osnaid ┐ a
80mmallachtain it is at me their sighs . . . will be directed, TBC 197.
benais Medb béim n-aisce fair reproached him, 472 .benfait
Ulaid form do lecud th'oenur sin cocrích, 1176 .ní bheanfa
aimhleas no olc / ormsa inghean Con Connocht`Cú Ch.'s
daughter will not charge me with hurt or harm
' (?) Studies 1921,
85589 § 8 .ro ben cotlud na haidhchi forro deprived them of,
CCath. 2439. ni bhenabh sa a chuid don tsaogal fair,
BNnÉ 182.15 .ar neach do bhean a mbúaludh / uabhur
h'each mear dhā mūnadh`the mettlesomeness of your swift
steeds . . . deprived a person of (the need of) beating them
'
(Notes), O'R. Poems 2535. nā benaidh amhiris for Dia imm
5immut a mirbhol do not visit God with disbelief(?),
Ériu ii 120 § 58. b. ¤ (cloc) for (? ar) lit.rings(abell)against, hence
excommunicates: gabais salmmu escaine foraib . . . B. a
chlocc foraib, Trip.² 1303. cor benadh an Bernān Ciarāin
(i.e.the saint's bell) fair, RC xvii 383.11 .benait co mBríg . . .
10/ barr find for slúag enair they, together with . . . B., bring the
host of January to a good end
, Fél. Jan. 31. See1 glas.
WithFRI(LA):traig . . . isī benas fri lār touches the ground,
Corm. Y 1235. is béss didu ind liacc benir (sic MS.) ilbeim
frissgl.lapidem offensionis et petram scandali, Wb. 4d15 .
15 fuair fearthain . . . / nochar bhean re brat an naoimh, Dán
Dé iv 22 .in Brug risa mbenand tond, Ériu vii 219 § 6.
?co Luimneach lethanglas / frismbarca ben, iv 154.2 (see
F 428.56).benum . . . frisna catrachaib filet fri toeb mara
let us visit, LB 142a29 .acht co mbeantai (toccaibti,v.l.)
20mur friu`if only a wall were set up against them',
Ériu viii 179.9 .Fig. touches,affects; isconcernedwith,meddleswith:
benad fria chubus fessingl.opus suum probet unusquisque,
Wb. 20c8 .benaidh rind labhairt ar aesaib(h) an domhain,
Leb. Gab. 2.7 .ná bean ris, Prov. xx.19. Ronán . . . /
25Colman fria mbaig benaim`whom I entreat for their blessing',
Gorm. Aug. 18 (? modelled on late Lat. use ofpulsarein
sense ofrogo, see Du Cange s.v. 1 pulsare ).ara mbaig fris
mbenab, Nov. 4. gach ní dar bhean le Tepoitt`all the
possessions of T.
', FM vi 2146.19 .an té do-ní adhaltrannas . .
30nō bheanas ré mnaoi neamhpósda, Parrth. Anma 2495.
WithI:b. ¤ side sleg n-ind, LU 1522. suil beanfuighthear
innte=before it be meddled with, Prov. xvii 14.
withó forms,derivesfrom (gramm.): cia an t-éntuillréim
dég iollraidh ó nach beantur samhlughadh amhuil, IGT
35 Introd. § 2. ?aer o bard benar, Laws v 228.28 .