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1 bun n[u,m.? See PH 7275 cited below] somet. alsobon.b. ¤
m.,g s. bona, IGT Decl. § 72 (and said to have a `can-
amhain').b. ¤ .i. fun .i. fundamentum, O'Mulc. 173.
The thick end of anything,base,butt,foot. Of trees etc.
25 trunk,base: b. ¤ cruinn mair, Thes. ii 295 § 7. béim do b. ¤
chraind, LU 9063 ( FB 81 ).b. ¤ nomna`trunk of an oak',
Laws iv 142.y Comm. glaisithir b. ¤ cuilind, RC xiii 5.8 .
fear bona in craind, Laws iv 170.z Comm. fria bona na
crand, ZCP xxx 138.2 (Alex.).sáidid . . . a mbonai suas . . .
30for bonu na crand, PH 7275. b. ¤ cacha simne`das untere
Ende
', ZCP xiv 355 § 13 ( Laws ii 250.z ).geltatar . . . a fér
cona b. ¤ a talam, LU 4734 (TBC). SeeM 97.37.b. ¤ gach
cleithe, Ériu i 22.108 .a b. ¤ butt(of javelin), LU 4870 (TBC).
bata buna borbremu[i?]r, ZCP vi 71.36 .
35 Of mountainsbase,foot: bona gairbenn nGreg, O'Gr. Cat.
336.5. im bhonaibh beann`around the assembly hills',
Aithd. D. 36.26 .
Of riversmouth,estuary: dara se a ainm ica b. ¤ , Rawl.
78b1 .o Ghrellaig bháin bona, Gorm. Dec. 16 `of the river-
40end
', Index of Places.b. ¤ Bóinne, RC xlix 174 § 35. a b. ¤
srotha Níl, Keat. ii 480. Exceptionallysource: b. ¤ an tsrota ┐
idir iartar . . . teit se a fairgi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 52.26 .
Of parts of thebody: b. ¤ a tengad base , Rawl. B 512,48b
(cited Meyer Contribb. 290 ).o b. ¤ na hingne, Laws iii 352.3
45Comm. escra (sic leg.) laimi bona a mer`at the root of his
finger
' (Plummer MS. notes), v 40.17 Comm. (verse).lethfat
buna in litanain lower part of the little finger, ii 232.23 Comm.
ar mhíonbh. méar, DDána 79.11 `barr,' Gloss.ar bunuibh
in righthigh, Reg. San. 30.14 ` elbows ', Gloss.bēim . . . do
50b. an erbuill end(?), ZCP vi 80.38 .
Of armiesbase,foundation, mainforce(?): b. ¤ an tslōigh
(of a leader), O'R. Poems 685. b. ¤ gach buidhne, DDána
111.30 `cúl, taca,' Gloss.a mb. ¤ ┐ a meirgedha`base',
St. Ercuil 2108 `the chief banyere', source.cōic mīli ele mur
55b. dōibh-sein`as a reinforcement', ZCP vi 45.5 . ?do sdéd
mear ag cur chúarta / gu b. ¤ ḟer an imrúagtha, IGT Decl.
ex. 1281.
Various:sech b. ¤ Baile in Bile, LL 10307 (TBC).a b. ¤
fleagha remains of a feast(?) (term of opprobrium), IT iii
6080 § 54 . ?rann ō bon(division of inheritance), Ériu i 214.13 .
In more or less abstract applications:cia ré mbean a mb. ¤
`what is their real value', Content. xiv 49. gibé heile ris as bh. ¤
`whoever caused it', 69 .Ó hE. d'fhíorbh. accam is my real
support
, O'Hara 2218. a mheabhoir gá mbí a b. ¤ `o steadfast
65mind
', 3357 .fíorbh. na faghla, Aithd. D. 16.40 `mainstay',
Gloss.b. ¤ an ghaisgidh, RC xlix 172 § 26. b. ¤ na dtrí dtomhus,
DDána 58.17 `bríogh,' Gloss.ag sin b. ¤ mo bharamhla the
gist of my opinion is
, Arch. Hib. i 98 § 3. b. ¤ na tiomna-sa,
BNnÉ 272.37 . ?sé 'na aonar ar ndul dúinn / b. ¤ ar an saoghal
70ná saoil, Dán Dé xxiii 33 .go b. ¤ gnath a gheinealaigh source ,
BNnÉ 281.4 . ?gnithi manach beothlusach buna, O'Dav.
1530.
Attrib. gs. qual.búanna,-acht,etc.:sreith . . . buannadha
buna ┐ bairr levy for the upkeep of permanent and additional
75mercenaries
(?), FM v 1686.3 (see note).co na buannacht
bhona`customaryservices ', 1600.y .suim Cissa i B. . . . ar
an taobh amuig da Galloglacaib Bonna ┐ Bairr` royalties ',
RIA Trans. xv 37.30 .se .xx. tuag do buanacht bona,
L. Chl. Suibhne 30 (expld. by ed. as `axe-men to be main-
80tained
').buandacht bona I Domnaill, Prolegomena 48.7 .cf. bonaght bonny, Dymmok, Treatice 8 ( Ir. Arch. Soc. ii ).
V. freq. with prec.I N-:i mb. ¤ na gabla beside the fork,
LU 9193 ( FB 92 ).a mb. ¤ an durrtaighe, Grail 3534 .Usu. in
transfd. senseoccupied with,adhering to,in chargeof,devoted
to: ataoi dháibh a mb. ¤ do bhágha you have kept your promise
85to them
, Dán Dé xix 25 .'na bh. ¤ guarding Him, ii 23 .atáid
trí biodhbhuidh na b. ¤ / ar tí ionnluigh na hanman, IGT Decl.
ex. 775. an i mb. ¤ do bhréagnuighthe`attend to my reply',
Content. xxiv 24. fuireach 'na bhon to abide by it(a pact),
Luc. Fid. 4142. nír ansat a mb. ¤ a siothchána dAodh, FM iii
464.z. Note also:mo thimpán . . . / atá i mb. ¤ a leitrinne /
5airfided ban in domain iscapableof (?), SG 248.38 .
With other prepp.:nī cuirfeam ar ngrād go b. ¤ we shall not
consummate our love
, ZCP xiii 18.6 .do bh. ¤ an ghrádha
because of, DDána 58.12 .do bh. ¤ t'impidhe through beseeching
thee
, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 4. fa b. ¤ an craind at the foot of,
10 Grail 3073 (a mb. ¤ ,v.l.).fá bh. ¤ mo chlúimh`under the shelter
of
', Atlantis iv 134.2 .fri b. ¤ cruche`at the foot of the gallows',
Mon. Tall. 127.5 .
Inadv.phrases:ar b. ¤ established,in force,in progress: in
síd do beth ar b. ¤ , LB 114b53 .geis an airmse bíodh ar b. ¤ ,
15 TD 19.19 .do bhí a nós . . . ar b. ¤ , PBocht 11A.10. ó's í is
mó atá ar b. ¤ do shíor(division of Ireland), Keat. i 110.20 .
b. ¤ barr topandbottom,entirely,completely: tópacht . . .
cétbunni darach d'oenbéim b. ¤ barr, LL 8021 (TBC). With
prepp.:di omnai . . . / . . . eter b. ¤ is barr, LL 4763. mo
20shaoghal ó bh. ¤ go barr, Dán Dé xxiii 18 . See1 barr.b. ¤ ós
chionn(in class. verse also disyll.b.'s ch., see Measgra D.
Gloss.) upside-down,in reverse,vice-versa,at variance: beag
do-ním achd beart bun 's cionn, DDána 13.13 .ag cur an
bheatha b. ¤ ós ch.(leg. b.'s ch.), Dán Dé xxxi 31 .bun 's
25cionn gan dul 'na dhiaidh dhamh alas that I did not follow
it
(?), Measgra D. 58.16 .no bunsginn`or vice-versa', Rosa
Ang. 52.18 .buin-sgionn=desuper, TSh. 7001. teilgidh b. ¤
ós cionn bríathra=he overthroweth the words, Prov. xxii 12.
am scīth bun's cind upset, ZCP vi 263.15 . With follg. prep.:
30 Luther ┐ Calvin, bhíos go minic b. ¤ os cionn le chéile at
loggerheads
, Eochairsg. 2.14 .bun-os-cionn don Scrioptúir,
3.16 . Withagus:glóir an bheatha b. ¤ ós cheann / 's an ghlóir
ar nach fuil foircheann, Dán Dé xxii 9 . SeeC 126.4.b. ¤ i mb. ¤
together , Magauran 210 .
35Compds. With nouns. Seebunáit,etc. bo buin-beíme
`a cow for cutting their trunks', Laws iv 146.22 .i ndóigh go
gcuirfeadh Aodh buinchíos ar Dhál R., Keat. iii 1280. tri
bunchuir`bands of interwoven twigs' (of a fence), Laws iv
76.22 Comm. =buncair, 112.9 .bunc[h]ar n-airbed, Corm.
40Y 581. SeeF 71.12.bunebe` cuttingthetrunk ', Laws iv
168.x. cath na m-bun fhear`of the stout men', Oss. iv 104.y .
dia tuc duit mnāi co mbungile`ein Weib mit weissem
Gesäss
', Bruchst. 30 § 68.
With adjj.lámha . . . bun-cháola, ML 120.8 .bile sa barr
45bunchasda, IGT Decl. ex. 553. cam buincheart an bunn-
annsoin with level base, ex. 583 .barr buinchlechtach`that
ever does as by his origin he is held to do
', Caithr. Thoirdh.
69.38 .slat bungel barrglan, Arch. iii 238 § 7. a bunsaig
ṁbaísi ṁbunloscthi, LL 8320 (TBC).do birfiaclaibh . . .
50bunodra`dun-based', CCath. 4027. bund-remar barr-cael
(fig.of a `clí'), Laws v 28.7 Comm.

2 bun: n b. ¤ .i. maith, O'C. 971 (H. 3.18, 416). ? Lat.bonum,
Plummer MS. notes. See1 bonand2 búan.

bunad n o, [n.?] (1 bun).bonadh, CCath. 2515. gan bunaid
55(: Ulaidh), BB 51a29 ( MacCarthy 432.11 ). ?fer in bunait
`the original owner', Laws iv 180.24 (sicalso Facs.).a bhun-
aidh tuaighe (: chulaidh), TD 44.8 .pl. bunada, BB 203a6 .
Todd Nenn. 26.1 (sic leg.forbunadana?).
(a) origin,basis,source: ón bunudgl.a principali, Sg. 33b2 .
60 don chétni persin as b. ¤ do`which is its origin', 52a19 . ?fri
báig is búnad prímda, Thes. ii 295 § 7. in slíab dianid b. ¤
B. whose name derives from B., Met. Dinds. ii 54.16 .nit scela
cen b. ¤ unauthorized(?), LL 6578. do b. ¤ imthechta Eogan-
achta in so, ZCP viii 312.10 .a buna cunnartha`his original
65bargain
', Laws v 504.29 Comm. do bhéar bunadh ris I shall
give authority for it
, Content. xviii 76. as é a b. ¤ the fact is,
Ériu iv 218.25 . `a funo' a b. ¤ Laitne(of wordfid), Auraic.
3551. b. ¤ . . . don focul is senchus, Laws i 30.y Comm.
? Of a person:eirig suas a Oscair / ro fes is tu in b. ¤ `that thou
70art (of) the true stock
', SG 117.5 `that thou art the mainstay',
Duan. Finn ii 176 § 1. ?co ria b. ¤ brechtaig, BR² 203.
Appar. also dwelling,habitation: b. ¤ naem is chell is chros,
Met. Dinds. iii 424.31 .bhar mbunadh, DDána 74.9 (see
Gloss.).bunaidh, dún`a habitation', Eg. Gl. 81.
75 (b) Of familiesetc. origin,stock,race: b. ¤ mo chlaindegl.
ex semine Abracham, Wb. 5a19 .is iesse as b. ¤ dossom . . . iár
colinngl.erit radix Iesse, 6d10 .in bunaidgl.originis, Ml.
68c5 .do Bretnaib . . . b. ¤ Lomáin, Trip. 68.3 .ō Loch Echach
a mbunadh, ZCP viii 307.21 .an buna ┐ an bhanntracht`la
80famille, les femmes
', RC xxiii 10.7 .sleacht B. bunadh na
fola / ó dtáid síol mB., Content. xxix 20. ceann bunadh
Gaoidheal, ML 22.2 .
(c)Freq. with gs.ceiniuil:ceili bunaid-selba ┐ bunaid-
ceiniuil iar saire`ein Genosse, der ihm nach (Land-) Besitz
85und nach Geschlecht angestammt ist seiner Freiheit nach
',
ZCP xiv 381 § 44 ( Laws ii 306 ).sechtar b. ¤ a ceníuil outside
the family
, LL 318c36 .b. ¤ a cinil, Grail 824 .A. do bunadh-
ceneil I., TTebe 3776 (leg. b. ¤ ch.?).gur fhágaibh . . . gach
bean aga bunad-chineóil, ML 88.34 . Alsobunadhchenélas
compd., see below.
5 (d) In Lawsoriginal stock, stock belonging to thefamily,etc.:
b. ¤ `das Stammvieh', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 30. b. ¤ cethra, Laws
ii 394.23 .is se an bunadh tharb ┐ bo, O'C. 2163 ( Eg. 88,4d ).
Hence freq.fer bunaid owner: d'fir bunaidh, Laws i 172.18
Comm. ,etc. Ofbees: is in tire insuidigther as coir b. ¤ a
10tuisten`their young offspring belongs to the land in which
they settle
', Laws iv 190.16 .Ofwaterfor amill: nicon fess
cate b. ¤ ind uisci`the origin (i.e.the original stock) of the water',
Ériu xvii 64 § 1 ( Laws iv 206 ).Cf. trī randa dorigne don
lind .i. b. ¤ ┐ tānaisi ┐ īarlind, BColm. 74.25 .
15 (e) V. freq. ings.as attrib.original,fundamental;native,
hereditary;inherent,own,proper;basic,established;certain,
veritable,real, etc.: amal ind claínn bunid`like the original
clan
', Wb. 5b33 .mo chorp . . . / nach léic úad a olc bunaid
that does not cast off its inherent evil, Arch. iii 216.23 .dunarus
20bunaid permanent abode, LU 3211. fích bunaid eter maccu
Morna ┐ Find feud , 3183 .in farainm . . . in ainm bunaid
family name , Cóir Anm. 13. galar buna[id] inherent defect,
Laws i 280.21 Comm. isat brāthir bunaid dom saerad,
Aisl. MC 57.8 .fis bunaid marbhtha a ceitri mac certain knowledge,
25 BB 363a20 .sgarum fris gach mbāes mbunaidh, ZCP vi 264
§ 13 .an briathar bunaidh atberat an fhiledh . . . gurab
buaine bladh nā saogul`das Sprichwort', xiv 251.1 .breith
bunaid true interpretation(of a dream), BB 238a22 .Cf.
breath bhunaidh (sic leg.) .i. as bunáiteach a bhreath, O'Cl.
30 ar scél bunaid innossa . . . tanic scel É. etraind ┐ se, LB 147a31
`our original story' (i.e.after a digression), Introd. 9. tic fer
bunaid in baile theowner(?), Rawl. 87a39 . ?boí dano noí mís
fo chleith ingeni détlaind bunaid(rhet.), LL 13932. adhbhar
oilithrigh bhunaidh / réim tighe chuirr Chonchobhair real
35grounds for a pilgrimage
(?), DDána 116.18 .ár lá brátha
bunaid`our veritable Doomsday', Caithr. Thoirdh. 58.36 .
bés bunaidh an established habit, Hugh Roe 226.14 .amal
mac mbunaid do fen as a son of his own, TTebe 98 .a berla
bunaid his native tongue, Lism. L. 2538. a bídbaid bunaidh
40 hereditary enemies, ZCP xiii 196.15 . Used more vaguely (note
alliteration):ar thegmáil mbunuidh Í Bloid, Ériu iv 216.19 .
dia slog bunaid bithgrada, BB 360b24 .ocht ccéd do bhliadh-
naibh (sic leg.) bunaidh, KMMisc. 56 § 6. P. . . . / deochain
bunaid baga, Gorm. Jan. 23.
45 (f)In phrases.a b. ¤ in reality,actually: sacart Insi Bó Finni
me a bunud as a matter of fact I am. . ., LL 35694. ní do
chathughudh a bunadh . . . acht . . . do theichem, TFrag.
208.3 `in reality', Plummer MS. notes.a buna `originally'
(in fact?), Laws i 120.9 Comm. co b. ¤ :uair is co b. ¤ bríg
50bermait / cech ní is dír dlegmait do rad since we give authority
for all we say
(?), LL 17003 ( RC xlvii 304 ).bar nglóir do
bhreith go bunadh`test your words by a fundamental principle',
Content. xviii 85. go roich do mhac Bh. go bunadh`till
things become serious for him
(?),' Magauran 2998 .do b. ¤
55 always,perpetually,for ever: 'san bhailei-se do bhunadh /
bhíos mo chara C., DDána 66.7 .gá doilghe béad do bhunadh
what grief is ever more bitter? Arch. Hib. i 84 § xi .ní mhair-
eann grádh do bhunadh, Dánta Gr. 84.2 .rob īat sin . . .
muinter Cairill do b. ¤ , ZCP vii 308.4 .'cum an dunaidh a
60ngnáthuigigh do bhunadh, RC xxix 116 § 12.
Compds.dochum bar ṁbunad-chineoil(original) family,
Acall. 6256. dobunadcineoil (g s.), TTebe 4786 .ar mb. ¤
chenel, PH 2680 (written as compd., LB Facs.).arcenn ar
mbráthar bunadchineoil, Lism. L. 3171. Seesection (c)
65 supra.a bunudh fiach`the original debt', Laws ii 4.15 Comm.
gó a mbraithribh ┐ go a mbunaidh-fhremhaibh to their
original stock
, Leb. Gab. i 80.9 .dia bhunadh freimh,
FM vi 1906.3 .origenistum .i. bunadgein, Sg. 181a4 (see note).
bunadh-indruim na T.`to describe the origin of the Thebans',
70 TTebe 9 .