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briugas n m.(briugu) functionof abriugu;hospitality,riches,
abundance: briugus.i. imat,ut estbriugus cen teasbad
` plenty ', O'Dav. 196. O'C. 2752 ( Eg. 88,80b ).briughus.i.
umat,ut estar is é briughusbaisi i[n]sin na tét i mba,
5 O'Dav. 266 =briughas, Ériu xiii 80 § 272. ba fiu mo
brugas-[s]a cach mbrugas cona bēsaib brugad hospitaller-
ship(?), Fing. R. 487. at mathi a chland . . . im ord im
brugas im buci, LU 4266. ferr brugas (brugachus,v.l.) būar,
Anecd. iii 17.18 .atchota brugas bronnud, LL 345b57 =
10 briugaid, Anecd. iii 11.22 =briuga , O'Dav. 325. pn In fanciful
name offort: Ana ┐ Indmas ┐ Brugas a tri ṅdúine, LL 3914
= IT iii 58 § 111.

briugu n d,m.Alsobruga. Laterbrugaid. Noten s. bruighi,
Blathm. 773. brigu, LU 7096 (BDD),brígiu, Ériu iv 124.11 .
15 brughaidh m., IGT Decl. § 21 ;n p. brughaidhi, ex. 781 , is a
proscribed form, butbrughaidh, ex. 782 , is correct.
Landowner,hospitaller, in later sources alsofarmer,yeoman.
In legal texts theb. ¤ is a rich landowner with a public function
of dispensing unlimited hospitality to all persons in his
20hostel, which must be in an accessible position. For this he
is given the same honour-price as the king of atúath ,
Críth Gabl. p. 79. The tractUraicecht Beccgives theb. ¤ the same
grade as theflaithor ruling noble if he has twice the qualify-
ing wealth of the noble's grade, Laws v 76.1 cited below.
25 He must further behundredful(cétach), 10 , see Mac Neill,
PRIA xxxvi C 16 (1923) 276 n. 2, 3 .comgraid b. ¤ fri flaith
dimbe diablad ceana lais gach graidh de tir ┐ trebad, Laws v
76.1 .ni bi b. ¤ nad bi cedach; . . . Is e b. ¤ andsin is coimdiri fri
rig tuaithe, 12 ( ZCP xvi 176.1 ).comdire do rig . . . ┐ do
30briuga[i]d direnar cetaib, oca mbi caire ansic co na thochus
techta, i 40.17 Comm. cach briuga ramatach every `b. ¤ ' must
have roads to his house
, iii 112.12 .dleagar don brugaid, fer
ar gach rod uad amach, co nach roisedh neach secha gan a
digbail fris, no gan a tairscin do, v 16.13 Comm. airligud do
35briugaid nad e fulgadar folaith(one of seven borrowings that
are not restored), 372.3 .saland tighe briugad(one of the
inherent rights of every túath, due to every person), v 484.4 .
na briugaid, ma gabait do láim in briugamlachta (sic) do
congbail . . . is [s]aer iat ar cinaid a mbid ┐ ar cinaid inbleogan,
40 iii 114.7 Comm. díḟolaig . . . br[i]ugaid i ngrádaib túaithe,
Críth Gabl. 480 `among the lay grades . . . hospitallers are not
maintainable
i.e. are excluded from othrus,' Ériu xii 86. ár is
etargaire coitcend na briughadha do grés in cach crích a mbít
(b. ¤ recognized as commonintervenerindisputes , Plummer
45MS. notes), O'Don. 1584 (H 5.15, 7). Note also:blai brugai
im cach n-oenach, LL 37558 exemption of a `b. ¤ ' (?) (from
liability for noise
) =blaī mescae,etc., ZCP xi 83.1 =blaī
āne ech n-oenaig, 93.17 .an brugaid=vir dives, Lat. Lives
102 § 97. ingen ríg no roflatha no briugad, LU 10171.
50 briuga ┐ aire desa / . . . / loargg dia sásad, LL 3734. a
ceathair i nedoighibh brughadh four (colours) in the clothes
of briugu's
(the entry puts theb. ¤ 's. rank between an
ógthigerna's and that of atigerna túaithe), FM i 44.3 .
dobreth biad dō ōna brigadaib, TBC² 3428. brugaid bíata
55dám, Fing. R. 496. creach brughadh, DDána 73.10 .ro
ordaigh . . . brughaidh ar gach baile, FM i 54.1 =singulis
Burgis praefectum constituit(Lynch, Cambrensis Eversus),
note q.baileda gen brugudu`yeomen', TTebe 3049 .doronta
a ccoindmedh for choartaibh ┐ brugadhaibh, Hugh Roe² 98.30 .
60 brughaidh broinn-teasgtha(rich) farmers(?) (denizens of
hell), TSh. 6611. As pejorative:mac an bhodaigh nó an
bhrughadh, Ó Bruad. i 134.2 .brugha boigbheolach, 21 .
With qual. adj., gen. etc.b. ¤ cétach, in Laws Comm. under-
stood as a b. ¤ who kept a hundred men, a hundred cows, etc.,
65see also Hy Fiachr. 238 note h.:in b. ¤ cedach, uair dlegur de
ced fer i mbesaib mogad aici ┐ ced(h) cacha cethra lais,
Laws v 76.15 Comm. in briugu cedach .i. ced cacha ceathra
aigi, 26 Comm. Cf.also:do briuga[i]d direnar cetaib, i 40.17
Comm. citedsupra.briuga cetach atacomnaic, LL 12753.
70 b. ¤ leitechseeleitech. Note also:bo-briugaidh cedach. Fer-
briugadh, tir imdha lais. Righ-briughadh, tuatha fo mam. . .
Briugadh conaire .i. ri bis ac seilg. Briugadh dorn chliach,
dornnchlaidh imdha lais, O'C. 981 (H. 3.18, 423a).in brigu
feda ┐ in abull fir cumra . . . ceithri ba . . . ina mbunbéim,
75 O'D. 1676 (H.5.15, 28a).
pnAs epithet:cend Blai Briugad, LU 11064. co Blai ṁ-
Briuga, TBC 4884.

1 bró n nEarlierbroö,braö,bráu(forbroesee Thurn. Gramm.
§ 329 ).pl. bróinte(LU etc.).b. ¤ f., IGT Decl. § 84. (a) quern;
80 millstone,grindstone; act ofgrinding(?): broongl.Molae
(inn. loc.), Thes. ii 45.7 ( Ardm. 10a2 ).clocha broon . . .
mola broo din, Corm. 29 s.v. muilend.muilend . . . mó a ail
.i. mō a chloch(a) quam cloch[h]a brōn, Corm. Y 874. tuarcain
do-fuaircitis inna grán . . . resiu arista brao the quern, Sg.
85 184b3 .issi (Mugdornn) cetna cumal ceta-ra-gaib broin inn-a
laim la firu Erenn, Laws v 394.3 .bīait for mnā særa for
bróintib, TBC² 1130. ?imbri b. ¤ , LU 8399 (seeI 70.76).
combo demithir (sic MS.) bróin mulind as fast as a mill-wheel,
LU 9054 ( FB 80 ).athgabail cuicthi . . . im denum liacc
bron, Laws i 184.11 .noco modmar cach n-oenb. (: gó),
5 LL 9489 `a single millstone is ineffective', Táin 2047 .bro
toll, IT iii 81 § 59. Ciarnath 'cun broin (: ḟóil) borddaig,
LL 16899 ( RC xlvii 301.16 .).tīrad ┐ brō ┐ crīathar, Bruchst.
i 71 § 167. bro ┐ lossat ┐ altrum(i.e.the unproductive work
of a housewife), Laws ii 410.17 Comm. See Stud. in E. Ir.
10Law 34 n.1 .bro ┐ losut, ┐ criathrud [do munudh] dia
n-ingeanuibh, Laws ii 152.11 Comm. don cet sceinm na
bro[n] ris cach naen`in the first slipping of the millstone'
(of exemption from liability), iii 282.19 Comm. mar gluasacht
bron(motion of the firmament), Ir. Astr. Tr. 142.14 .tormán
15na brón muilinn=the sound of the millstones, Jer. xxv 10.
ar chlachaibh brán do bhreacadh from picking millstones,
IGT Decl. ex. 1306. Seebreccaire.b. ¤ bheag bhreac,
Measgra D. 7.26 .do chasadh na líobhrón grindstone, TSh.
6211.
20Withmeilid(see alsomeile,bleith):Gall i Mugna melid
broí (: druí), Éigse x 185 § 15. do bleith bróan, Thr. Hom.
64.2 .domheiled broin gach fer, Lism. L. 850. narab bro
gan gaillsig . . . im meli bron, Cog. 116.10 , 13 . Prec. by
prepp.I N-,A:ná derntar isin domnach . . . bleith i muilenn
25ná bróin`grinding in mill or quern', Ériu ii 202.1 .bleith a
lam-broin dichmairc, Laws v 474.3 .naoi gcearna arbhair do
bhleith . . . a bróin, Keat. ii 5233.
Fig. dia ḟadhbhuind si bhroin uachtair, dogentai bro
íochtair dim if I found an upper millstone I should make a
30lower millstone of myself
(answer to a proposal of marriage),
ZCP xiii 280. 3 , 4 . Of a hero:ba bráu borb-leṅg inna bíu
`a wild-whirling millstone', Met. Dinds. iv 94.14 .
Seelámcompds.
(b) Of people or objectsdense mass;multitude,crowd,
35 company,phalanx: b. ¤ .i. iomad, O'Cl. ?bro .i. bisech
` increase ', O'Dav. 331. de betho bróu (bro,v.l.)`from the
crowd of the world
', Im. Brain 29. ?hine bron dian degduine,
Ériu vii 199.1 .it bróin dírmai, BDD² 284 =hit broí d.,
LU 6776. in gach mbróin sesmuigh sleg-aigbēil dīb, ML²
40 1711 .a Ferguis d'an bidba b. ¤ `that hast enemies in number',
SG 248.13 .b. ¤ ṡagh, IGT Decl. ex. 911. b. ¤ bhord ┐ b. ¤
bheinsi, 34 .bro do bhoghaibh`a dense mass of bows',
Magauran 3611 .bro bhadhbha . . . bratac, Caithr. CC 11.
o bhroin bhoth`from the clustered bothies', Magauran 402 .
45 idir bhróin reann, DDána 91.51 .co rabatur fó bróin scéith ┐
claidim . . . fa Finn mac C.`they were a mass of shield and
sword . . . around F.
', Fianaig. 86.28 .docunnuic na nai
cét . . . cona mbroín sciath ┐ cloidem acu, ZCP xiii 224.13 .
do chonncatar O B. ┐ a chlann ina mbroin sgiath ┐ claidemh
50chuca astech`in a body with shields',etc. L. Chl. Suibhne 9.
?Cf. co lluid itir cobrad ┐ brōin in scēith, TBC² 1512 `between
the rim (?) and the body of the shield
', Faraday.
Compds. ?dideirn (.i. dot gráin) bródeirg brufitir, LU
10388 (Tochmarc Emere) =brodercc, ZCP iii 256.26 .cet
55bromaistread lind . . . / ar tus i nErinn the first churning with
a quern
, BB 25a55 .