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bris(s)id v(bres? See Thurneysen, Keltoromanisches 94 s.v.
(Fr.)briser; Pisani, Jn. Celt. Stud. i 50 - 51 ).
35 ITrans. (a) breaks,smashes;destroys; gl.benaid,bronnaid,
con-boing: rosbriss no roben(gl.rosṁbī), Thes. ii 346.31
(Hy. v Comm.).ronbris, ronbrúi, O'Mulc. 830 g.na robrisgl.
nádchombaig, Thes. ii 346.30 (Hy. v Comm.).brisi . . . cia
robria ord for inneoin`breaks', O'Dav. 300. brisid scíathu
40lenna laech, LU 3632 ( SC 31 ).brisus (brissis,LU) Fergus . . .
.iiii. carptiu dēac, TBC² 325. ro brisiset cleith di clethaib ind
rightige, LU 8371 ( FB 25 ).brister in carbat, Laws iii 264.23
Comm. gur mhionuigh ┐ gur bhris iad, TSh. 821. anbthine . .
co ro-bris a longa` wrecked ', PH 7040. Ofbread breaks(into
45parts
);cuts up: tuccad (bairgen eorna) . . ., ┐ ro-bris, PH
1771. Ofinflictingphysicalinjury breaks,fractures;injures
(bones, limbs,etc.): brí ([ro] bri[athar], ed.) .i. brisster . . .
diablad n-aithgina neich ro briathar .i. diablad sin boin
bristi ┐ bó laisin mboin slain, O'Dav. 287. ro brise Cochlán
50gilla Léith, Ériu xiii 66 § 61. Cf. co ro brised leo C. gilla L.,
Dinds. 126. go róebriss(curro bris, Stowe 5021)cnáim i n-a
chind, TBC 6138. brister coss erēne circe, Fing. R. 310.
tothfond foro co mbrister`until they (sc.horses) are injured',
Laws i 164.14 Comm. In more abstr. sense.na briss . . . mo
55chride, Lg. 18 ( IT i 81.37 ).ro brissed (rus-bris,v.l.) co mór
`he was greatly broken', RC xiii 60 § 55. nīr bris a hōigi in
t-Ardrī did not violate, Arch. iii 244 § 10.
(b)With following prepp.etc. cid nodmbrisi in fer so a
bóairechas? what deprives this man of,etc.(?), Críth Gabl. 145.
60 brissis gésca din chrund, Fraech 196 .
(c) defeats,putstorout;overthrows; gl.maidid,sroínaid.
Absol. and withFOR(AR) usu. with obj.cath,irgal,etc.
Also withDI: muna má .i. muna mbrisi, O'Cl. rosroena .i.
robrissegl.roróina(reunn cathu, 18 ), Thes. ii 325.36 (Hy. iv
65Comm.). ?brissid úath n-adarccna(rhet.), LU 8354 ( FB 24 ).
brisid Cūc[h]ulaind tricha lōech dīb cosin tailm C. overthrows
(injures ?) thirty . . . with the sling
, TBC² 1075. brississ tola
he (sc.C. Cille) subdued desires, ZCP viii 197.5 .brister
immairecc fairsomgl.conterat, Wb. 7c4 .cach immarec . . .
70is M.F. nod ṁbrissed, Fing. R. 61. ro brisius aurgala / for
triunu na túath, LU 9349. noí catha ro brissitár rempu,
2797 .oenḟer ro bris for cach, Sc.M² R 8 . Note also:an tí
dobrisfeadh uirre gan an chain ┐ an cadhus sin do dhíol
`whosoever should refuse to pay (her) that tax',etc. Ériu v 94.17 .
75 brisis Mogh Nuadhat de`M.N. defeated him', Keat. ii 4077.
brisfighear díot fá uile ríoghachtaibh an dómhain(=disper-
garis per omnia regna, Deut. xxviii 25 ), Eochairsg. 80.5 .
Fig. go mbrisfimni (mbrisimni, MS.) . . . / don ríoghraidh ghil
`we (sc.poets, with our . . . praise) shall put to rout',
80 Ériu ix 164 § 14.
(d) Of anoath,pledge,justice, etc.breaks,violates,trans-
gresseswith prep.FOR(AR) prec. indirect obj.: dia brisis-
tair na reanna aicsidi ┐ nemaicsidi fair when he violated the
stars, visible and invisible
, Dinds. 81. bristir fír fer for Coin C.,
85 LU 5839 (TBC).ni ba me brisfes firindi fairlit. (that will)
infringe justice on (him), Aen. 2744. do briseadh cunnradh
ar cách, DDána 21.1 .Conn . . . nár bris bóid, IGT Decl.
ex. 680.
IIIntrans. (a) breaks;breaks down,fails,comesto anend:
ni robris(=non est fractum), Lat. Lives 80 § 73. ge nār
5brissetair leaca oigridh na prímhabhann, Fl. Earls 64.14 .
do bhás uí Ch. . . . / druim ratha Banbha do bhris, Sc.G.St.
iv 66 § 27. brisfidh do dhearc your sight will fail(in death),
DDána 43.8 . WithAR:brisidh uirre re lo conoidhche it
opens
(of an abscess), 23 K 42,434.18 .fa dheoigh air ass
10iad (sc.bronnta) do bhris`the gifts . . . failed him at last',
O'Hara 950. Withamach:brisfid do chantaóirighe amach
le fíon nuadh=thy presses shall burst out, Prov. iii 10. no
gur bhris síad amach a harm an Priustúnidh`they broke away
from
', Rel. Celt. ii 206.6 .
15 Part. dar bernadaibbrisde , CCath. 4104. for comardad briste imperfect rhymesee Murphy Metrics 1 , Ir. Syll. Poetry 8 - 9. bristi, na bi a
n-aic[d]e` broken (silver),not made up', Laws v 396.19 Comm.
Vn. bris(s)ed.
Seebristid.

briste n m.(Engl. loanword) breeches: fear an bh. ¤ ag díol an
20tsalainn, Ó Bruad. i 36. b. ¤ osguilte bláth`breeches spliced
and beautiful
', E. O'Rahilly (1900) 168.20 .Murrain a mb. ¤
(i.e.a woman playing the man), ZCP v 228.18 (Midn. Court).
Cf. braitsi.

bristech adj[o, ā] (bris(s)ed):ina buindeadhaibh . . . bruach-
25bristeacha with breaking banks(of overflowing river), TBC
St. 3238. 'na ruithnibh bristechaibh re mórtonnaibh in
mhara refracted (?) (of sun's rays), CCath. 1925. bristeach a
méin, olc a rún fragile their character(women), Dánta Gr. 82.6 .

bristed x=bris(s)ed:da cconmhail o brisdedh do ghabháil
30`to prevent their flight', Rel. Celt. ii 188.2 .

? bristid x=bris(s)id:san bhlar do bhrisd (: Uighisd), Rel.
Celt. ii 248.21 .do bhrisd se cath . . . ar Dh., 160.30 .

bristige n(bristech):beatha an duini . . . tréna giorra ┐ tréna
brisdighi fragility , Mac Aingil 6680 .

35 brísún xseeprísún.

brísúnach x=prísúnach:slóigh an bheatha is bríosúnaigh,
DDána 37.23 .

brísúnta adj(brísún) prison-like: beatha bh. ¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 908
(incorrectlyprísúnta,N-O-P 205.63).

40 Britain pn f.(Lat. or Engl. loanword) Britain: a crichaibh na
Britaine . . . isin B., ZCP vi 33.3 , 4 .la sluadha na Britaine,
Grail 720 .
Aspopulation-name:for Britainibh` Britons ', Grail 722 .

Britainech pn(Britain) Briton: la sluagaib na mB., Grail 720 v.l.

45 Britais n(Engl. loanword) British(language);prattle,gossip,etc.:
briotais`the Britishtongue ', P. O'C. fuaim . . . nach báithfe
briotais`that spite shall never stifle', Ó Bruad. ii 192.7 .
See Dinn.

brith xseebreth.

50 brithem xseebreithem.

brithemandae adj io, iā(breithem). Alsobreithemanda. judicial;
pertaining to judgment: brithemandugl.iudiciali, Ml. 26c
9 - 10 .b. ¤ gl.iudicialis, 105d1 . gl.iudicalem, 54b2 .brithe-
mandugl.iudice, 99c3 .brithemondagl.tribunal iudiciale,
55 Thes. i 4.19 .firinne . . .bretheamhanda. . . bratha,
MR 98.18 .

brithemda adj=brithemandae:is b. ¤ ┐ is gáeth in tuarascbáil,
MU² 751.

brithemnacht xseebreithemnacht.

60 brithemnaigid v(breithem) adjudges: i forcantar fírinni .i. i
mbrithemnaigther fírinni in which just judgment is pro-
nounced
, LL 24325 ( RC xxvi 18 § 27 ).amal breathamnaigít
na filidh, BB 300b1 . Seebreithemnaid.

? brithid: ind birit .i. beret .i. b. ¤ , Corm. Y 139 =brithit, Corm. 7.

65 Britt pn(Lat.Britto, O'Rahilly,
Early Ir. History and Mythology 447 ) Briton: Malach B.(=Britto genere), Lat. Lives 56 § 49.
Aedgen b. ¤ , AU i 374.4 .Fergna Brit ab Iæ Coluim cille,
Fél. 86.11 .dofóeth E. . . . / do láim Beinne Brit, LU 9878.
in B. (Patric) robennach in port, Met. Dinds. iv 98.20 .
70Compds.a bri[t]graighi her (sc.Ireland's) British horses(in
list of luxuries), Ériu iv 148 § 26. briotbhalbh` stammering
orstuttering ', P. O'C.

brit(t)ach adj o, ā(Britt) stammering,stuttering: briotach` British,
Briton-likei.e.lisping,stammering,stuttering ', P. O'C. na
75daoíne bhios balbh no briotach=balbi, 23 K 42,95.12 .
briotach, liodach, Eg. Gl. 93. do theangaidh bhriotuidh=
stammering, Is. xxxiii 19. le puisínibh briotacha, xxviii 11 .

Brit(t)án n. pr. m.(cf. Britt):Brittán Ratha, LL 360g54 .
Britán doní da gaib gus, Im. Brain ii 288.11 .Britus . . . /
80ainm at[h]ar Britáin, ZCP xiii 3 § 4. a ibhregaigh britain
(: gibain) o lying descendant of B., IT iii 103 § 193 = Bruchst.
i 28 § 63. Hūi Brittāin, Corp. Gen. 24. 27 .

briuais n f s.(Engl. loanword):gan bhúain b. ¤ da gach bord (: niuais)` brose ', Celtic Studies(Essays in memory of Angus Matheson, 1968)54 § 9.

briuga xseebriugas.

briugamlacht n=briugas:na briugaid, ma gabait do láim in
85briugamlachta (sic) do congbail` obligatory hospitality ', Laws
iii 114.7 Comm.