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bris(s)ed u,m. vn.ofbris(s)id.briseadh, IGT Verbs § 71.
(a) act ofbreaking; abreak(ing): brisiud (.i. do min[bach]
70feda ┐ crīnac[h]) brister co llāim(i.e.firewood), Corm. Y 119.
di brisiud a chomlad, Críth Gabl. 214. ar daigin bristi in aile
`of breaking the fence', Laws i 174.15 Comm. a ndelba do
brissed, PH 737. ac brised a duine ┐ a cathrach`breaching its
fortresses and cities
', Marco P. 128. an sēpēl . . . do bloghadh ┐
75do urissedh, Fl. Earls 146.14 .tri .l. long . . . do brisidh
ir-Ross C.`were wrecked', RC xvii 235.1 (Tig.).teit soidhnein
┐ teinntec as in mbrisid sin `rupture' (from heat and cold in
cloud), Ir. Astr. Tr. 150.29 .brised conni a breaking of the
appointment
(for a truce), Ann. Conn. 1309.8 .is e is brissed
80do'n aithne-si, PH 7715. briseadh cána`breach of Rule'
(of religious order), PBocht 1.1 .is briseadh a spioraid
urchóid=perverseness . . . is a breach in the spirit, Prov. xv 4.
(b) act of injuring,breaking(partic. of persons, parts of
body): a mbriseadh na gcnamh=ossium fracturis, 23 K 42,
85 70.2 .briseadh .i. guin, O'Cl. cos na circe do brissiud, Fing.
R. 315. do brisiud cend for mac fri clocha, MU² 932. do
linadh . . . hi (sc.colann in Tigherna) do bhristibh(=fractura,
Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 3812. a mbrisedh bo for injuring a
cow
, O'Don. 343 (H. 3.17, 265).Fig.:brisiuth aicnith`master-
ing of nature
', Ériu vii1 38.24 .ba brisedh aiccnid mor la C. sin
5`a great heartbreak to C.', CCath. 3321. go mbrisedh croidhe
saothair`overpowered with toil', Fl. Earls. 142.33 .
(c) Freq. ofbattles,etc., us. withFORofdefeatedparty
act of defeating,overthrowing;defeat,rout: brisiud múad
mórchatha(rhet.), LU 8686 ( FB 52 ,cf. Celtica vi 231 ).
10 ní fír fer do slúag . . . brisiud for óenfer n-anaichnid eturro,
9215 (94).eter brissiud catha ┐ immairec ┐ chomlaind`the
winning of battles
', RC xiii 442 § 17. do bensat . . . righi
Erenn do Feraibh B. íar mbrisedh orra, Leb. Gab. 158 note 1 .
fer tri ṁbristi`the man of three routs' (Táin 4524), LL 12016.
15 biaidh briseadh ort(=dispergaris, Deut. xxviii 25 ), TSh.
10800. do chuir an briseadh ar sluagh Uladh, Keat. ii 4546.
Note also:ni ruc orra gan brised o cheile an lá sin wherever
he caught up with them he scattered them
, Ériu v 192.18 .
(d) In more abstr. senses ofbreakingorviolatinglaws,etc.:
20 brisid turrtaige`violating thy protection', Laws i 164.12 Comm.
do díghaltus bristi a rechta, RC xxiv 378.z .ar egla bhriste
a hodachta(=ne perderet virginitatem suam, Gloss.),
Smaointe B. Chr. 267. do mhac . . . dom ṡárughadh, ┐ mo bhriosiodh
dhó, TFrag. 66.4 .briseadh na haithne`breaking the com-
25mandment
', Dán Dé v 23 .do brethnaighetar lucht na
cathruch brisedh air`would have broken faith with him',
BCC 256. gan brisedh= inuiolably , RSClára 2a .
(e)In qualifying phrases:Cobthach Cóel Breg briste clar,
Rawl. 88b53 .bande . . . brisde sida`goddess(sc.Alecto) . . .
30 of breaking peace', Aen. 1628. lucht briste an dlíghe Dé
ZCP iv 400.12 . Seecáin.
Seebristed.

bris(s)id v(bres? See Thurneysen, Keltoromanisches 94 s.v.
(Fr.)briser; Pisani, Jn. Celt. Stud. i 50 - 51 ).
35 ITrans. (a) breaks,smashes;destroys; gl.benaid,bronnaid,
con-boing: rosbriss no roben(gl.rosṁbī), Thes. ii 346.31
(Hy. v Comm.).ronbris, ronbrúi, O'Mulc. 830 g.na robrisgl.
nádchombaig, Thes. ii 346.30 (Hy. v Comm.).brisi . . . cia
robria ord for inneoin`breaks', O'Dav. 300. brisid scíathu
40lenna laech, LU 3632 ( SC 31 ).brisus (brissis,LU) Fergus . . .
.iiii. carptiu dēac, TBC² 325. ro brisiset cleith di clethaib ind
rightige, LU 8371 ( FB 25 ).brister in carbat, Laws iii 264.23
Comm. gur mhionuigh ┐ gur bhris iad, TSh. 821. anbthine . .
co ro-bris a longa` wrecked ', PH 7040. Ofbread breaks(into
45parts
);cuts up: tuccad (bairgen eorna) . . ., ┐ ro-bris, PH
1771. Ofinflictingphysicalinjury breaks,fractures;injures
(bones, limbs,etc.): brí ([ro] bri[athar], ed.) .i. brisster . . .
diablad n-aithgina neich ro briathar .i. diablad sin boin
bristi ┐ bó laisin mboin slain, O'Dav. 287. ro brise Cochlán
50gilla Léith, Ériu xiii 66 § 61. Cf. co ro brised leo C. gilla L.,
Dinds. 126. go róebriss(curro bris, Stowe 5021)cnáim i n-a
chind, TBC 6138. brister coss erēne circe, Fing. R. 310.
tothfond foro co mbrister`until they (sc.horses) are injured',
Laws i 164.14 Comm. In more abstr. sense.na briss . . . mo
55chride, Lg. 18 ( IT i 81.37 ).ro brissed (rus-bris,v.l.) co mór
`he was greatly broken', RC xiii 60 § 55. nīr bris a hōigi in
t-Ardrī did not violate, Arch. iii 244 § 10.
(b)With following prepp.etc. cid nodmbrisi in fer so a
bóairechas? what deprives this man of,etc.(?), Críth Gabl. 145.
60 brissis gésca din chrund, Fraech 196 .
(c) defeats,putstorout;overthrows; gl.maidid,sroínaid.
Absol. and withFOR(AR) usu. with obj.cath,irgal,etc.
Also withDI: muna má .i. muna mbrisi, O'Cl. rosroena .i.
robrissegl.roróina(reunn cathu, 18 ), Thes. ii 325.36 (Hy. iv
65Comm.). ?brissid úath n-adarccna(rhet.), LU 8354 ( FB 24 ).
brisid Cūc[h]ulaind tricha lōech dīb cosin tailm C. overthrows
(injures ?) thirty . . . with the sling
, TBC² 1075. brississ tola
he (sc.C. Cille) subdued desires, ZCP viii 197.5 .brister
immairecc fairsomgl.conterat, Wb. 7c4 .cach immarec . . .
70is M.F. nod ṁbrissed, Fing. R. 61. ro brisius aurgala / for
triunu na túath, LU 9349. noí catha ro brissitár rempu,
2797 .oenḟer ro bris for cach, Sc.M² R 8 . Note also:an tí
dobrisfeadh uirre gan an chain ┐ an cadhus sin do dhíol
`whosoever should refuse to pay (her) that tax',etc. Ériu v 94.17 .
75 brisis Mogh Nuadhat de`M.N. defeated him', Keat. ii 4077.
brisfighear díot fá uile ríoghachtaibh an dómhain(=disper-
garis per omnia regna, Deut. xxviii 25 ), Eochairsg. 80.5 .
Fig. go mbrisfimni (mbrisimni, MS.) . . . / don ríoghraidh ghil
`we (sc.poets, with our . . . praise) shall put to rout',
80 Ériu ix 164 § 14.
(d) Of anoath,pledge,justice, etc.breaks,violates,trans-
gresseswith prep.FOR(AR) prec. indirect obj.: dia brisis-
tair na reanna aicsidi ┐ nemaicsidi fair when he violated the
stars, visible and invisible
, Dinds. 81. bristir fír fer for Coin C.,
85 LU 5839 (TBC).ni ba me brisfes firindi fairlit. (that will)
infringe justice on (him), Aen. 2744. do briseadh cunnradh
ar cách, DDána 21.1 .Conn . . . nár bris bóid, IGT Decl.
ex. 680.
IIIntrans. (a) breaks;breaks down,fails,comesto anend:
ni robris(=non est fractum), Lat. Lives 80 § 73. ge nār
5brissetair leaca oigridh na prímhabhann, Fl. Earls 64.14 .
do bhás uí Ch. . . . / druim ratha Banbha do bhris, Sc.G.St.
iv 66 § 27. brisfidh do dhearc your sight will fail(in death),
DDána 43.8 . WithAR:brisidh uirre re lo conoidhche it
opens
(of an abscess), 23 K 42,434.18 .fa dheoigh air ass
10iad (sc.bronnta) do bhris`the gifts . . . failed him at last',
O'Hara 950. Withamach:brisfid do chantaóirighe amach
le fíon nuadh=thy presses shall burst out, Prov. iii 10. no
gur bhris síad amach a harm an Priustúnidh`they broke away
from
', Rel. Celt. ii 206.6 .
15 Part. dar bernadaibbrisde , CCath. 4104. for comardad briste imperfect rhymesee Murphy Metrics 1 , Ir. Syll. Poetry 8 - 9. bristi, na bi a
n-aic[d]e` broken (silver),not made up', Laws v 396.19 Comm.
Vn. bris(s)ed.
Seebristid.