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brathar n ā,f. Thurn. Gramm. § 161. brethar, Laws i 268.14 .
b. ¤ f., IGT Decl. § 56. In later lang. alsoo,m.
25 (a) word; in religious senseWord(of God);utterance,talk,
saying(s),speech,discourse: o .i. son i mbraighid. p .i.
briathar sechtair, Ériu xiii 37.4 .nach tan do furgaib int
augtur brethir for a gin sechtair bid briathar for a menmain
fris gair do suidev . . .illud verbum . . . illi verbo. . ., Hib.
30Min. 12.410 , 411 .briathar cen guth .i. briathar in sgribhind,
nó in compoid merda`the written word', O'Dav. 285 , Ériu
xiii 37.7 .briathor insce apud Eoles(an Aeolic *βρήτρα
seems intended, ed.), O'Mulc. 160. be sóir mo brethre`I shall
be free as regards my word
', Wb. 4c18 .ammi tuailṅge ar
35mbrethregl.uerbo (. . . æpistolas), 17b5 .indat mbriathragl.
verba, Ml. 44b9 .do rad inna mbriathar sagl.haec uerba,
46a19 .imfresnat a ngníme fria mbriathra`their deeds conflict
with their words
', Wb. 31b30 .deich míli briathar, 12d25 .it
immaircidi dunni inna briathrasa, Ml. 22c5 .ni aithirgi ho
40briathraib nammá cen gnímgl.non usque ad uerba, 23a11 .
olc hi cridiu ┐ briathra aildi`fair words', 55a11 .ar chomallad
do briatharsu, 39a12 .ni sulbir in b. ¤ gl.sermo contemptibilis,
Wb. 17b4 .taibred for mb. ¤ ráth spirito do cháchgl.sermo
vester, 37c28 .briathra aildi la cechtar de fri alailegl.
45 sermone, Ml. 31a24 .inna briathra radas, 42c4 .níbat
briathra nach ailigl.non explorata loquar, 68c10 .eritiu
briathar ho neuch anallgl.reddendique sermonis, 59a15 .
frissaní immeraidtis hua briathrib, 61c12 .briathar lám . . .
briathar súle . . . briathar glunæ . . . briathar choirpgl.
50 membrorum motus sermo, 138a2 .int ord nobeth fornaib
briathraibgl.dictorum hunc habet ordinem, 27d22 .inna
briathra grecdi se, Sg. 72a2 .hi mbrethir hi cocell hi ṅgním,
Thes. ii 253.11 (Stowe M.).for brethir`in word', Wb. 15d5 .
intan tra batar forsna briathraib se`when they were thus
55talking
', Thes. ii 307.15 (Hy. ii Pref.).umaldóit for (fri,v.l.)
bréthir` mouth-humility ', Ériu iii 102 § 27a .trea chumbair
ṁbriathar` compendiously ', Thes. ii 327.5 .briathar foirb-
thigedar in duine i ndírgi cáingníma`the Word which perfects
man
', Wb. 4d6 .in bethu dorairngert som issí in briathar
60insingl.uerbum suum in praedicatione, 31a9 .indhí prid-
chite . . . brethir dǽgl.qui laborant in uerbo et doctrina, 29a12 .
briathra dǽ, Ml. 146a1 .oc procept bréthri Dé, PH 2173. as
esiomh . . . an bhriathar=the word, RSClára 142a. cundail
a b. ¤ (rhet.), LU 3401 ( SC 18 ).grāibre .i. magar .i. briathar
65grata, O'Mulc. 688 =graibhri .i. briathar ghrata, no
onórach, O'Cl. rabert-si na briathra sa she spoke these
words
, TBC 5730. ilar mbriathar mbláith rot char, LU 3614
( SC 30 ).millse briathra ḟir thochmairc, LL 13975 n. a
(121a marg. sup.).in tan . . . bói Ísu oc lábra na mbriathar-sa,
70 PH 3076. Secundi / cain i mbriathraib bíae`fair in words of
might
', Fél. Mar. 22. cona . . . digebad cid a oen ḟocul dia
briathraib`not to . . . take away a single word that she said',
Mon. Tall. 150.5 .nach duine isin tig arta-ceisi guth ┐ gním ┐
bréithir with . . . word, BDD² 884. brēthir bláith with gentle
75words
, Sc.M² 21 f .dorónus dōibh dūa[i]n mbinn mbairdne, /
brēithir glēisi with clear words, Arch. iii 296 § 45. ro-slanaig
Ísu me d'aen brethir, PH 2789. briathra Brain(of the
baying of a hound), Measgra D. 38.15 .bríathra cogaidh,
Studies 1920, 416.1 .ná tabhair bréithir mbréige`utter
80no false word
', 1924, 244 § 26 .Brīathra Floinn Ḟīona maic
Ossa(title of collection of maxims), Anecd. iii 10.15 .briathra
fíra`just judgements', PH 823. briathar fhoirbhthe an
ughdair-se this author's excellent saying, DDána 27a2 .ra
bréthir a flatha`at . . . the command of their prince', Táin 4104 .
85In phr.attá b. ¤ (la, oc) di:intí diarobe briathar linn riam
gl.de quo iam dixi, Sg. 197b12 .in Bethfage dia ta briathar
i-fus of which mention is made here, PH 4600. ni do Thempul
Solman . . . ro-bói briathar oc Ísu, 2725 .
(b) blessing,prayer, goodwishes; in bad sensecurse:
forácaib bréthir fair(a well) `a blessing', Trip. 162.25 .tre
5brethir ṁBrigte, LL 38303 (` intercession ', SG 408.5 ).
briathar .i. búaidh. fágbhaim ort briathar ┐ buaidh ar
Colum Cille re Domhnall mhac Aodha, O'Cl. foracaib
Pátraic breithir (.i. escaine) foraib, Arch. iii 28 § 78. dorat
Brigit brethir for Raith C. cona be[d] etc., Thes. ii 335.34
10(Hy. v Comm.).fuirimh . . . / briathar doréir righ na rind / ar
Ch. lay a curse on C., BNnÉ 314 § 8 .
(c) word,promise,assurance;pledge,vow: darm brethir
(sic leg.)tra . . . isatt ailsiu damsa upon my word, LU 3918
( SC 43 ).dar ar mbréithir, CRR² 23. do brīathar bad fīr
15`let thy word be true', Ériu ii 172 § 3. ag so mo briathar ris . . .
nach ticfaind . . . ┐ is briathar eile damh . . . nach gébaind,
ML² 1439. ni ro-gabsat uada acht a bréthir do comallad friu
save only that he should fulfil his promise to them, PH 908.
?dligid bés brēithir, Anecd. iii 15.2 (``perhaps' merits a
20promise
', RC xlv 71 § 36 ).co tanic mac N. ar breithir asin
tig himag under a guarantee of protection, Ann. Conn. 1239.5 .
gēmadh í an bhriathar bheag though it were a mere promise,
Butler Poems 1243 . Phrases with verbs:dabiur bréthir . . .
na fuil etc.`Iswear ', Táin 747 .do-beram ar mbréthir . . .
25cunad fír, MU² 284. dobeirim fom bréithir a bhfiadhnaisi an
Dúilim I swear in the presence of the Creator, Anecd. i 77.16 .
tuc dā brēithir pledged his word, ML² 191. da-oṅg-sa mo
bréthir, MU² 181. do radh dhá bréithir . . . nach rachad he
vowed
, Duan. Finn i 1.17 .ni thánic dar a bréthir did not
30break his word
, RC xx 12 § 17. tucus mo bréthir ris . . . ┐ ní
faris ticfaither, MU² 179.
(d) Legalstatement,testimony: is iat na tri fira is luga a
enechus: lorg ┐ briathar ┐ suilgnais. A lorg on mír gan
urlabra, a briathar on mir co n-urlabra ┐ a sulgnais on ceill
35maith gan urlabra, Cóic Con. Fug. 42 § 63. na hechlacha,
cor indligthech, cin breithir, ni berat coibchi muna thisat fri
dligi without guarantee, Laws v 272. y Comm. ?fasc tres
brethar an is nesam i n-urd, i 268.14 .na tri briathra da fasc
na athgabala . . . gur ab edh adbera don tres brethir i n-urd
40aisnesin: ro gabuis t'athgabhail, 302.23 , 26 Comm. ni fast-
ann acht na tri briathra .i. in lin fear, ┐ in lin ceall, ┐ in
la sundradhach(of the testimony of themac becorm. enncai),
O'C. 2431.2 ( Eg. 88,35a-b ).tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora
bríthra his statement is assembled by him into three words
45(of testimony of thefer midboth), Críth Gabl. 40. Attrib.
g s.:aithnebreithre `averbal charge ' (one of seven deposits
that require to be restored), Laws v 196.3 .
(e) Gramm.verb: briathar. . .uerbum , Auraic. 300. ind
infinit in e ón bréthir in o, Sg. 54a16 .amal as ṁbriathar
50gnímaaperio an active verb, 145b4 .fríssin bréthir assum ,
Thes. ii 228.36 (PCr.).ara forcmatis in tuisel sainredach inna
brethre hua mbiat, Sg. 149a5 .itar in di brethir so, 203a16 .
ar in ṁbrethir ṅdiuit, 140a4 .dia techtat briathra in -gogl.
si a uerbis sint in `go' desinentibus, 112b3 .on brethir is
55axarcisto, Laws v 22.10 Comm. in dobriathar .i. do 'g-a
rada nach briathar he, 4.11 Comm. on brethir choitchind
asberar sufragorgl.[s]uffragare, Gild. Lor. 1.
Compds. With nouns.in Briatharchath ban Ulad War
of Words
, LU 8039. gur uo briathor-chealga brēgacha ro
60chan`deceitful . . . words', Fl. Earls 138.28 .ag bríathar-
chomrādh re aroile` conversation ', 46. 23 .drem dub dorcha
brisess bruth, / atbelat fri briathar-chruth, MS. Mat. 633.29
( LB 242b85 ).Bríatharthecosc Con Culaind inso(heading of
precepts of C.C. to king of Tara), LU 3465 ( SC 25 ). With adjj.
65 co Bresal ṁbrec ṁbriatharchaem of the fair words, Rawl.
83a53 .bērus bre[i]th brīathargla[i]n, ZCP viii 199.27 .der-
dilinne an eoil oirrdirc / firinne a beoil briathoirgilc(-gilcfor
-glicced.) wiseofspeech , ii 350.11 .a Bricriu báeth briathar-
guirt` sour-worded ', RC xiv 424 § 45. sámud būan bríathar-
70ísel` low-voiced ', Ériu ii 63 § 1. a bhille bhriatharmhaill
`o letter of tardy words', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 13 .an
bhuidhean bhriatharnar of modest speech, DDána 75.29 .
With adj. assubst. don bhriatharthaoi bhinn quiet-spoken
one(of a lady), DDána 117.51 .

75 bríathardae adj io, iā(bríathar) wordy; gramm.verbal: cles
briatharda sin dognítis ind ḟilid(expl. ofbriamon smethrach,
RC xxvi 24 ), LL 24449. ó cach tharmmorcnib ainmmdib ┐
briathardaib ┐ dobriathardaib, Sg. 43a5 .in drong briatharde
`the verbal group', 159b5 .condatanman som dano briathardi,
80 188b3 . Assubst. timmartae and amal inna briathardi riam
gl.uerbalium regulam seruauit, Sg. 56b12 .

bríathrach adj o, ā(bríathar)having manywords;wordy,verbose
(somet. in unfavourable sense): briathrachgl.uerbosus, Ir.
Gl. 628. bid feochair b. ¤ amnas anumal cách, Harl. 5280,44b ,
85cited Meyer Contribb. 260. ni husa berach briathrach i
flaithius, Laws v 456.6 .i. . . . mac na mna birach briathraide,
in ban-cainte, 17 Comm. C. gér bhaeth nír briathrach,
Acall. 1591. don druing bhíos briathrach beig-léighinn, TSh.
8977. do brethemnaib briathracha eloquent judges, LB 122a21 .
In cheville:ní bágh briathrach, BR 120.18 .
5Asn. pr. m. Bria[th]rach, ZCP xii 362.31 , 35 . As epithet
Briccriu briathrach, Anecd. i 52 § 13 (ICM). Note also:
sliged Dala dag-bríathraig`of D. the affable', Met. Dinds.
iii 276.2 .