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breth ā,f. vn.ofbeirid. O. Ir. alsobrith i(withg s.in-e) (?),
see Thurn. Gramm. § 294 (b) , 727 . Later usuallybreith
(d s.form).breith,f. g s. -e, IGT Decl. § 14 (69.6) .breith,
65 Verbs § 13 .m., Beatha S.F. 1088 .
(a) act ofcarrying,bearing: fer brithe lésboirigl.acolitum,
Wb. 25d3 .asrous iarom a brith they were unable to bring it
(a small pig), LU 1743. tōet nech ūaib . . . dia brith to
carry it
(a vessel of milk), ZCP viii 310.9 .a corp du brid
70taris syr da adhnacud`his body was borne eastwards over sea',
Ann. Inisf. 1260.4 .teachtaire . . . / re breith sgéal`to bring
messages
', Dán Dé xiv 1 .
(b) act ofbearing,bringingforth;parturition,birth: b. ¤ et
altram , Wb. 10b1 .óg re mbreith cen chuit cleithe, / óg i
75n-aimsir fírbreithe`a virgin before bearing', Blathm. 639 - 40 .
co mbeba dot breith (: chleith) / do mathair, LL 18503. ar
thrumme inna brithe, 33190 ( Fraech 107 ).saer bru beiris
brith`that brings forth', Laws iii 312.20 Comm. mar mhnaói
ag breith=that travaileth, Is. xiii 8. re linn beirthe Chríost,
80 Keat. i 46.23 .breith . . . ar Slánuightheora, Donl. 448.10 .
glasgeg darach fo brith`the green branch of an oak in bearing',
RC xxiv 196 § 11. deich nuain do breith in aoínḟecht d'aon
chaoiridh, FM iii 608.7 .Med.womb: dortadh fola . . . on
breith(=matrix, Vocab.), Rosa Ang. 26.3 .no a muchad na
85breithe ac mnaim suffocatio hysterica(see Gloss.), 92.3 .
(c) act ofcarrying away,taking(with one) (opp. oftabart),
Frequ. withLAwith ref. to logical subject of vn. phr. In
physical and abstract senses: mad fíu lib mo ainechsa do
breith less, Wb. 14a4 .a b. ¤ ┐ a tabairt`its taking and its
giving
', Laws iv 48.1 Comm. nir lam didu nech do feraib
5Herenn a b. ¤ leis`durst carry him away', RC xxiv 190.15 .
rinn a bhaise do bhreith lais, Dán Dé xv 33 .gorta dom brith,
Ir. Texts i 35.26 .mórán . . . nach feudfadaois do bhreith
leó(=non potestis portare, Joh. xvi 12 ), Eochairsg. 14.17 .
(d) act ofcarrying off,securing,winning(agame,etc.):
10 breith nó caill na glóire`the gaining . . . of the glory', Donl.
186.7 .fá bhreith . . . na maithiosa saoghaltha(=gainin
Span. text), Desid. 2762. in ferann uile do breith don ingín
a dualgus bancomarbais`all the land is obtained by the
daughter
', Laws iv 40.20 Comm. Seedíriuch,techtugad.
15Note also:sdíoma bruit h'eich imtheachduigh / dá breith
dhuit re ndonnchorcair you prefer the fringe of your horsecloth
to (a) crimson (robe
) (?), IGT Decl. ex. 121.
(e) act ofcarrying off, away (from, etc. with meaning limited
by prepp.): inna fecheman .i. do breith neich assom (dobreith-
20nechtassom,MS.)gl.depraedationi . . . creditorum, Ml.
127b1 .mo máthair do brith a cacht to take . . . from bondage,
Ériu iv 98.2 .ar iss ed a cert-som a findtid do breith ar fine
(Comm.) `to hold their family-land against the fine', St. in
E. Ir. Law 151 .z .brith in chísa út díbh, RC xxvii 294 § 58.
25 ní inchoisget sidi ní iarna ṁbrith onaib rannaib frisṁbiat
`after being taken from the parts of speech', Sg. 202b3 .dot
breithsiu úanna`to carry thee off from us', Mon. Tall. 153.27 .
nir' āil dōib a thaissi do brid dō ūaithib, ZCP iii 35.9 .cia
forúair a mbreith chucca?`who caused them to be brought to
30her
?' Met. Dinds. iii 386.11 .mo breith co hArdmacha(my
body) to be carried to A.
, Cog. 200.26 .A. . . . dom breth co sid
sogar`A. . . . to bear me to gainful peace', Gorm. Aug 29.
ba cōru ind eich uccu[t] do breith dond espug, ZCP viii 106.22 .
narbo cuman lia muintir si a breith leo do Cill Dara`did not
35remember to bring it (sc.a flitch of bacon) with them to K.
',
Thes. ii 339.15 .ind aiccend do brith for antepeneuilt`the
bringing . . . on
', Sg. 216b1 .iarna breith sech ingru / for
dindgnu secht nime, Fél. Ep. 119. da breith for nem to
bring it (sc.the soul) to heaven
, Arch. iii 216.6 .a mbrith i
40ndoiri`to carry them into slavery', Ml. 33c13 .dod b. ¤ i tech
péne`to bring thee into the house of pain', Ériu ii 222.7 .dia
mbreith in óitith`to bring them (back) into youth', Sg. 63b6 .
gá breith a ceann choinghleaca(a horse), IGT Decl. ex. 1187.
WithDO,FRI act of referring(to): a brith do israheldaib
45`its reference to the Israelites', Ml. 36c20 . 36c21 . 37a10 .
á brithe do iudaib`of its reference to the Jews', 37a6b .a
mbrith fri corpupeccatorum `to refer toetc.', Wb. 13d4 .
a brith frisa ndliged remeperthe, 23c11 .
(f) bre(i)th for (ar) act ofcatchingup on,overtaking: drem
50. . . do breith forro i mB.`came up with them at B.', Ann.
Conn. 1260.14 .ticedh sī do breit a mbethaidh orum`let her
come if she would find me alive
', ZCP vi 99.14 .go bhfanfaidis
re sgéala do bhreith ortha for news to reach them, Celt. Rev. x
142.14 .ba geis do flaithibh Temrach eirge ngreine do breith
55forra alla astigh do shecht múraibh na T., BNnÉ 324 § 39 .
iar mbreith do chéd tosach an geimhridh ┐ don oidhche fa da
fair`when . . . the beginning of winter . . . has set in', FM v
1792.16 .oibre . . . ar nach fuil breith uair oile for which
no other time can be found
, Parrth. Anma 2411. ní fhuil breith
60air gan díommbuaidh gcatha do bheith ort`there is no
avoiding defeat for thee
', Keat. iii 936. fa bheith . . . ag breith
amuigh ar an Eagluis Romhanaigh censuring(?) the Roman
Church
(lit.catching out ), Luc. Fid. 2818. ag breith ar láimh
ar Dh. taking D. by the hand, Desid. 638.
65 (g) act ofjudging,deciding;judgment, legalruling,inter-
pretation: immess fírían do brith for cach, Ml. 103c15 .bím
do bhreith le bior an troighigh / nach reic[h] cion an oinigh
orm, IGT Decl. ex. 812. Frequ. infigura etymologica:is ón
spirut rouiccius brith, Wb. 9b6 .éitset frisin precept et berat
70brith fuirigl.diiudicent, 13a11 .berid cách brith for arelegl.
suspiciones malae, 29b9 .ber brith étrunn, Ml. 38c28 .á rí
beres bretha, Fél. Ep. 416. ag breith breithe, RC xliii 8 § 2.
ergc co C. cor-ruca brith fort, Ériu ii 222.4 .a ghníomh do
fhlaith béaraidh breith a prince's deeds shall judge him, DDána
75 91.9 . Note further:na bretha scribatar andin pistolis , Wb.
17b2 .am gáeth i mbretaib, LU 10287 (TE).cosnum a breithe
o ro-sn-uca`to defend his decision when he has given it', Laws
v 252.9 .imtiagad breatha ilbruige, 466.15 .i mbreathaib
aicnigh ┐ cuibse ┐ screbtra, 452.20 .satharn do brethaib,
80 Críth Gabl. 547. a mbreith údair`in the decision of an
author
', BR 204.14 .In titles of legal tracts: Breatha Com-
aithcesa, Laws iv 68 . ZCP xv 315.12 .bretha dein checht,
Bretha § 1 .córus breatha neimead, O'D. 2189 (Nero A
vii, 132a). Seeneimed.breith le báidh a partial decision,
85 Content. vi 176. do chuir Molaise do bhreith aithrighe air
dul i nAlbain`imposed as penance on him', Keat. iii 1358.
ruc Ioseph doib . . . / breith cóir foran-aslingthe interpretation ,
SR 3270.
(h)In phrases:tuc a b. ¤ fen do braigdib dó whatever hostages
he wished
, RC xviii 274.14 (Tig.).asbert Mugain frisin
5mbancanti dobérad a b. ¤ féin di día mbenad,etc. whatever she
liked
, LU 4223. fuair Ráth bhoth a breath leannáin`R.
obtained its chosen love
' (in appointment of prelate), Arch.
Hib. i 96 § xii .gon ar breith (sic leg.) dhó (gan air a chumas,
v.l.), BNnÉ 158 § 11 (see Éigse ix 272 ).ata gach uile ní ar
10breith (no comas) don tí creitfes=omnia possib[i]lia sunt cre-
denti(note f.), ITS xix 44.22 .ná bíodh ar breith a úabhair
`let him not be led by pride' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 26. 219.22.
tabhram fad bhreith / . . . / nua na calla`let me put 'neath
Thy power
', Dán Dé xvi 8 .an maor do bhí ar gach mbaile /
15tug Brian fa bhreith a dtoile`placed beneath the authority
of its folk
', Content. v 75. ní nár dhuit dol fár mbreith-ne
`to yield to our judgment', vii 16 . Note further:tíachtain tar
do breith`to transgress thy judgment', Ériu iv 134.22 .
(i)With various nouns:is fer bret[h]i budi ┐ oirbiri`a man
20great in thanksgivings and in upbraidings
', Aisl. MC 87.9 .is
cóir buidheachas do bhreith ré Dia`to give thanks to God',
Donl. 6.15 .eolus do breith ann`to find out the way thither',
MR 276.14 .breith do roghuin . . . diomoladh na neolghach
d'fulang, tar a bheith dorcha air chách preferring , Donl. xxii
2516 . Seeenech,robud.céim do bhreith tar Chambrens ag
cáineadh na n-Éireannach to go a step beyond Cambrensis,
Keat. i 40.8 . Seeléimm. Note further:d'aicsin Dé is ní
dom breith buan`to see Him, not to save myself', Dán Dé
xxvi 41 .
30?b. ¤ .i. sith no cain,aprobioa greig,pax uobisa laidin,
sith no si[th]cain a gaoidheilg, O'Dav. 323.
Compds. With nouns:a breat[h]aga (: lethḟada) time for
judgment
, Arch. iii 235 § 20. bráthchæi .i. brethcheo ǽi,
Corm. 7. re bhreithcheirt a breitheamhan` justice ', MR
35 102.16 .ar bhéin re breithionnadh (breitindead, breith
fionna,v.ll.) mbreath, LMuimhneach 425.293 .cét mbó
mbrethlaind`a hundred well-selected cows' ( Corm. Tr. 26 ),
Corm. Y 179. ?Cf. bua(d)lann.robae ar brethlaind Midi
immuig / M. . . ., Rawl. 164b11 .na brethlaind`in his place
40of judgment
' ( Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 30 ), LL 23969. fāeisidi . . . /
cona brethlogad as bind confession . . . with Absolution,
Arch. iii 237 § 24. F. . . . / barr uas brethraind bithbuadaig,
LL 15939. báire breath-sholuis gacha bréithre, MR 108.18 .
With adjj.:buaidh mbreatha (inbetha,v.l.) breathadh-
45bhail, IT iii 57 § 107.10 .firinne bruinnti, bretheamhanda,
breth-fhuaslaictheach` redeeming ', MR 98.18 .