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breithem n n,m., later alsoo,m.O. Ir.brithem(breth).
70 breitheamh,m., IGT Decl. § 51.
Judge (gl.iudex, arbiterin Wb., Ml.breitheamgl.arbiter,
Ir. Gl. 366 ).Lit. `makerofjudgments', Lat.iuris consultus,
Críth Gabl. p. 79 , and in legal texts usu. in the wider sense
of jurist, (`brehon' in the published Laws), whose functions
75could include that ofadjudicating . See also Binchy, Ériu
xviii 45. atá brithem and cenutsu .i.deus gl.omnes enim
stabimus ante tribunal Dei, Wb. 6b25 .ní áis æccalsa ata
brithemin lib, 9c7 .fírbrithemgl.Dominus, 8d25 .brithem . . .
.i. Cristgl.Deus iudicabit, 9c2 .in aimsir inna mbritheman,
80 Ml. 104a8 .brithem firianamamgl.arbiter . . . quissimus,
94b6 . 92a15 .dond fírbrithemaingl.cognitori, 26c11 .fír-
brithemgl.iudicem, 27c1 .suide bri[th]emongl.tribunal
( Act. xxv 10 ), Thes. i 498.17 .aimser breitiman, Hib. Min.
4.5 .in brithem firén(viz.God), LU 1999 ( FA 6 ).tri brith-
85emain ind rig sin, 7630 (BDD).abrithemnu (v p.), LL 36440
( RC xxi 380.12 ).hi cathair bretheman`in the judge's seat',
Ériu iv 128.15 .dul doib co cend n-athchomairc Muman co
brithem Caisil, iii 140.6 .Daniel fáith . . . brethem cundail
na senoire=iudicem . . . senum, PH 5587. doïb bas brithem
dia brātha(i.e. Pátraic), Arch. iii 303 § 3. do bretheamh
5choitcenn roæntuighseatt eatarra C.`that C. should be
arbitrator between them
', Lism. L. 2532. breitheamh breab-
óideach, TSh. 6787. b. ¤ aislingthi` interpreterofdreams
(of Maelcaba Cleirech)', MR 10.5 .ollam britheman, LL 3722.
In legal texts:atáa mí (sc.mí sílta) nád n-imthet rí acht
10cethrur . . . rí ┐ brithem ┐ dias i manchuini, Críth Gabl. 537.
i faitche . . . breitheamun aird, Laws ii 16.12 .ni breitheamh
nach Seanchaidh, ┐ ni Seanchaid nach bretheamh i mBreath-
aibh Nimeadh .i. leabhar deridh ṡaothair na Seanchadh ┐ na
mbretheamhan bheos, MS. Mat. 575. 17 - 20 , Ériu xiii 7 n.1 .
15 a reir brithemon, Laws iv 212.3 .daernemed tra, saeir . . . ┐
legi ┐ breitemain, v 90.20 .foirbeir saeiri breathemain ┐
sair corigi biatad da fear deg, ┐ cug seoit dec i n-a diri, 30
`the franchise of jurists . . . increases etc.', PRIA xxxvi
C 277 § 37 .dú imbet coir fechamain fri athcomarc a brethe
20don b. ¤ where there are competent parties to question the judge
on his judgment
(Thurn.), Cóic Con. Fug. 57 § 133. breitem
teora mbret .i. bret feni ┐ breth filed ┐ breath berla bain
`a brehon of three judgments' (has increase of refection and
díre), Laws v 92.16 .breitheam tri mberla, coimdiri do fri
25hoiri tuise, 100.16 .secht mbreitheamain nad fuigliter la
Feine seven jurists to whom a case is not brought in Irish law,
352.17 .ni hed dlegur don breitheamuin a radh i ndlegur no
na dlegur in cin, ii 52.20 Comm. a nord mbretheman`in
the Brehon code
', iii 30.z. oc dun breitheaman na tuaiti
30`the Brehon of the territory', iv 106.2 Comm. Note also:mac
breitheman tuaithe`a lay brehon', FM v 1710.8 .
Compd.ceann brughadh is breitheamhmaicne, DDána
89.13 .

breithemacht n=breithemnacht:is annsom i mbreitheamacht
35cor la Feine cuir trene`in the judgment of covenants', Laws iv
54.12 .

breithemail xseebrethamail.

breithemanda xseebrithemandae.

breithemnach n=breithem.v s. abreitheamnaigh , O'Don. 1704
40(H. 2.12, no. 8, p. 2).

breithemnacht n ā,f.O. Ir.brithemnacht(breithem). Thurn.
Gramm. § 260. judging,judgment,adjudication: doairchet
a-llaa ṁbrithemnacte sin, Wb. 6b26 .léicidiudicium deo.i.
brithemnacht bes huilliu (an leg.(?),ed.) nísṅdenaithgl.
45 non ergo amplius inuicem iudicemus, 6b29 .ni epur brith-
emnact for nech, 8d26 .ní gette na brithemnachta becca
erriuref. tode minimis iudicatis, 9c8 .amal bete som in
impudiu inna brithemnacte`in the encompassment of the
Doom
', 9c10 .combad firián a brithemnachtgl.iudicandi,
50 Ml. 89b15 .brithemnacht firiáingl.iudicium`righteous
judgment
', 89b13 . iustitiais du firinni brithemnachtæ téit,
109a2 .air biid aslach oc eráil inna brithemnachtae condár-
bastar gné firinne fuiri, 95b6 .bith soer som as in brithem-
nacht hisin`he will be free from that judgment', 57c7 .med
55brithemnachtae dæ, 57d8 .brithemnachtgl.sanctione, 40a3 .
mad fír in brithemnacht bessin mente , Thes. ii 4.32 .breith-
em an breitheamhnais bīas agan breitheamnacht at the
Judgment (of Doom
), ZCP viii 199 § 4. atchota milteṅga
brithemnacht, LL 345c1 ( RC xlv 14 § 21 ).ni aidlingcet o
60nachaib rechtaib na fúiglib na brethamnachtaib, acht recht
n-aicnid namma, Alex. 850. M. . . . sui brethemhnachta ┐
seanchais`doctor of jurisprudence', AU ii 36.1 .ollamh
breithemhnachta Ua Failghe`chief brehon', FM ii 888.18 .
In legal texts:concertaim breithemnacht (sic leg.) bais,
65 Laws i 12.24 Comm. lúan do br(e)ithemnacht, do choccertad
túath for adjudication(in order of engagements of a king),
Críth Gabl. 544. in tan as [re] brethemnacht sin. In tan
is re conairib fuigill,etc.`pronouncing of judgment', Laws v
6.16 Comm. in ord breithemnachta`in the laws of the
70Brehons
', i 16.15 (Preface toSenchus Mór).

breithemnaid v=brithemnaigid:breitheamnastair`judicavit',
Mann. and Cust. cclxxv n. 495 (H. 2.15).

breithemnas n uando,m.(breithem) O. Ir.brithemnas.
breitheamhnas m., IGT Decl. § 38 (88.2) . (a) adjudication,
75 judgment;jurisdiction . See Thurneysen, Stud. in E. Ir.
Law 12 , Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi C, 272 n.1 .cid i n-agar
breithemnus berla Feini ? . . . i fir ┐ dliged ┐ aignead, Laws v
2.1 ` jurisprudence ', Mac Neill,loc. cit. ro herbadh do Dub-
thach tasfenad breithemnusa ┐ uile filidechta Eirenn`D. was
80ordered to exhibit the judgments . . . of Erin
', Laws i 14.z
Comm. conid hé (sc.Dubthach macú Lugair) ro taisfen
filidecht ┐ brethemnas ┐ recht fer n-Erend . . . hi fíadnaisi
Patraic, LU 9777. atait secht tacarta tacrus breithem, na
fairben log einech, na beir as a breithemnus` brehonship ',
85 Laws v 252.7 .i. as a ollamnas a ndenam, 15 .Commbreitheamnus,
┐ imdenum, ┐ fiadnaise don ḟlaith for a
a daercheilaib`(power to pronounce) judgment', ii 344.14
Comm. breitheamnus . . . don eclais for a manchaib,
30 Comm. rigi . . . do chlandaib Luigdech ┐ brithemnas
do chlandaib Auluim, co roimchla líth . . .: rige dogrés
5la clannaib A. ┐ breithemnus dogres la clandaib L., Ériu
iii 140.10 , 12 .Luigith Cosc i mbreithemnus, 15 .Giolla
Arnáin . . . ollamh Erenn i mbreithemhnus do écc`chief
Ollave (professor) of law
', FM iii 188.2 .am éolach in cech
breithemnos fírén`just judgement', Ériu iv 134.24 .casáin
10an bhreitheamhnuis=the paths of judgment, Prov. ii 8.
bí cuimhneach ar mo bhreitheamhnas-sa(=memor esto
iudicii mei), TSh. 643. do láthair bhreitheamhnais do
dhéanamh ar Chríost, 3208 .do chúisibh drochamharais
┐ breitheamhnais mhearrdhántha of rash judgment, Desid.
15 1753. WithFOR:sét . . . a brithemnasa for m(b)ruig-
rechta s. for his adjudication on land-law(one of the qualifica-
tions contributing to the honour-price of the `bóaire febsa'),
Críth Gabl. 164. WithIMM:breithemnus so berar umun
cumaithecus judgment that is pronounced concerning,etc.,
20 Laws iv 68. 6 Comm.
Withbeirid:b. ¤ so do berar itir barr in isilneimidh ┐ maigne
in isilneimidh, ┐ fear bunaidh na mbech, Laws iv 188.12
Comm. Note further:bíom fad bhreitheamhnas`let me be
subject to thy judgement
', Aithd. D. 34.15 .bíodh fad bhreith-
25eamhnas`accept it (a eulogy) . . . or . . . consider it', 33.8 .
Med. indication: ni hann gac aoinchneidh ata bretheamhnus
mór aige (sc.an teas) chum maithiusa(=indicium), 23 K 42,
69.19 .
(b) Particularly (Doomsday)Judgment: niurt a thóiniuda
30fri brithemnas mbrátho`for the Judgment of Doom', Thes. ii
355.2 .breithem an breitheamhnais(of God), ZCP viii 199.25 .
lá an bhreitheamhnuis`Day of Judgment', Donl. 484.12 .