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brathad,brafad n m.=brothad, infl. by a form ofaibrit(h)iud
or extracted from it (see Greene, Ériu xxi 26 ). Alsobratha.
85 briefspace,momentof time,twinkling(of the eye): nos-ithend
fochétóir fri habrathad (sic leg.) sula, RC x 56.6 (brathad,
v.l.).la brafad súla, LU 2103 , 2246 ( FA 17 , 31 ).la brafad
n-oenúaire, 2519 .co brafud nochta .i. etneda`to the glance
of nakedness—kernels
' (in list of kennings for items of food),
Aisl. MC 101.4 .

5 bráthaigid v(bráth) consignsto doom,destroys: co nosbrathaig
(: māthair) báethbini, Met. Dinds. i 10.24 .iarum rosrathaig
Túath Dé, / rosbrathaig úath is amgné, iii 4.26 .rosbráthaig
tria ming in meng`destroyed her', 84.6 .

bráthair n r,m.Later withn p. bráithre,g p. bráthar, andk-infl.
10in pl. See Thurn. Gramm. 214 - 215 , Stokes ong p.formbráthre,
KZ xxxviii 461. b. ¤ m., IGT Decl. § 32.
(a) brother: brathair . . .quasifratair arfraterrotruaillned
ind.Frater quasi frauter eo quod fraudat ter .i. patrem et
matrem et fratrem , Thr. Ir. Gl. 6 , Corm. Y 111. b. ¤ gl.frater,
15 Ir. Gl. 1047. In O. Ir. gl.fraterand used in both a lit. and
transferred sense, see meaning (c). In later language in lit.
sense (a male being related to others as child of same parents)
replaced byderbráthair q.v. Cf. brathairglosseddear-
bhráthair, Laws iv 240.6 , 16 ; 258.8 , 12 .ingen et athir siur
20et brathir, Wb. 10b4 . fraterbrathir . . . is brathir deit iar
colinnet in fide domini , 32a15 .far mbráthir fadisin, 4c40 .
Timotheus et bráthir in hirisgl.T. frater, 14b4 .lasin brathir
gl.fratrem meum, 10c13 .don bráthir hiressach, 10c1 .nertad
na mbraithre, 10c21 .ainm bráthregl.fratres, 7d8 .ua
25mbraithribgl.a fratribus suis, 34a6 .fria mbraithrea`to their
brethren
', Ml. 100c26 .da brathiriudas ┐ ionathan gl.Ionathan
fratrem, 75d4 .a brathir`his brothers', Tur. 128. amnair b. ¤
máthargl.auunculus, Sg. 61a21 .ingen bráthargl.neptis,
67b4 .macc bráthar athargl.patrui patruelis, 56a2 .bráthir
30athargl.patruus, 1 .bás bráthar Iohannis (sc.Iacob), Fél.
July 25 .amal sóersai Ióséph / de lámaib a bráthre
(: ma(i)thre; brathar: mathar,v.l.), Ep. 528. fognífi do síl
do sílaib do bráthar= . . .seminibus fratrum, Trip.² 740.
ingen fria brathair(one of the relationships between couples
35in Cáin Lánamnae), Laws ii 344.3 .tellach brathar for araile
itir cotta(one of seven `entries' for which no díre is paid),
v 206.5 .mandras arma / brathar athar(rhet.), LL 35337
=athar athar, Fing. R. 467. is si ba hara dia brathair
(Deichtine), LU 10564. abrāthri (n p.), ZCP viii 304.z .dia
40braithir, RC xxiv 176.12 .roind Conoill ┐ a bhrāithriuch and
of his brothers
, ZCP xiv 246.3 .mar aon ré dá bhráthair a
mháthar, Keat. ii 5523. Fig. bladh Tuathail bhíos gan bh. ¤
`is without an equal', RC xlix 174 § 38.
(b) kinsman,cousin;fellow-memberof the same kindred-
45group (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 138 ), oft. translated `tribes-
man' in Laws. Opposed toderbráthair: la hua brathar a
athar .i. la hiarmo der[b]rathar a shenathar the grandson of
his father's cousini.e.the great-grandson of his grand-father's
brother
, Auraic. 118. na .u. braithri . . . sech macu a braithri
50(on distribution of a woman's estate in thegelḟine) `kinsmen',
Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.19 .finnatar . . . brathir scéo mbroga
(rhet.), LU 3476 `kinsman and lands', SC² 373 (?leg. bráthirsi
mroga, Binchy, note).ro-n-ain Moedoc mainech / ar is
brathair bagach`kinsman', Fél.² Apr. 11. Loith .i. brathuir
55Abraam`A.'s first cousin', Maund. 55. is brathair focus
dam-sa he`a cousin of mine', Grail 2455 .ar id b. ¤ (braithre,
v.ll.) a n-urraid dib línaib`their freemen on both sides are
akin
', BR² 804. a braithri budein . . .`kinsmen', Ann.
Conn. 1238.3 .braithricha, 1289.6 .dochum a braithrich,
60 1248.5 .d'fhios a bhráithreach, Keat. ii 638.
(c) brother,memberof areligious community: in b. ¤
(brathir,v.l.)`the brothers', Ériu iii 100 § 24. Rí na mb. ¤
mbocht`Lord of friars', Dán Dé iv 14 .brathair minur
`a Friar Minor', Ann. Conn. 1244.11 .esaonta . . . eittir
65braithribh Dúin na nGall ┐ na manaigh`thefriars ', FM vi
2046.5 .bráithre . . . Oird San-Froinsiais` Franciscans ',
Donl. xxi 21. bráithre túata=lay Brothers, RSClára 89a .
(d) Gramm. word of similar declension: a mbráithri .fer.
(bráithreagha .fer. comha,v.l.) masculine words similarly
70declined
, IGT Decl. § 2 (39.1) .b. ¤ dísbegaid masculine
diminutive: b. ¤ dísbeagaidh cnoc no cnocán, slat no slatán,
no a leithéid eile, IGT Introd. § 114 (27.33) . Seeimmarbág,
imdugud,siur.
Compds.dochum a brātharfinne, BColm. 84.11 .bráthar-
75marbthachgl.fratricida, Ir. Gl. 319.

bráthairse xseebráthirse.

bráthamail adj(bráth) destructive: ropdar borbba brathamla a
mbulli, LL 32390 ( TTr. 1581 ).borbtharruing brathamail,
CCath. 1829. sūil . . . bhrāthamhail Bhaluir, Cath MT 567.
80 builli . . . brachamail, St. Ercuil 1601.

bráthamlacht n[ā,f.] (bráthamail):ri brathamlacht na mbulli,
LL 31474 ` destructiveness ', TTr. 659.

bráthardacht n[ā,f.] (bráthardae) brotherhood: dia mbe occu . . .
cocridetu ┐ brathardhacht, PH 6822.

85 bráthardae adj io, iā(bráthair) brotherly,fraternal; of orpertaining
to abrother(inreligion): on desercc brathardigl.caritate
fraternitatis, Wb. 5d15 .arná coscrad in deseircc ṁbráthardi,
10c1 .in dearc bratharde ruboi libsi, 33d6 .nīrbo brātharda
(cia do braithirse,v.l.), ba holc, Fing. R. 447. certughadh
bráthardha=Fraternall Correction, RSClára 159a .do reir
5uird an ghraidh bhraitheardha, Luc. Fid. 3047. triar i mbrat-
aibh bráthardha`in monks' habit', Aithd. D. 75.21 .