Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U


1 brat nus. asā,f.Later alsobroit.a pl. braite, Alex. 939.
broiti, ML² 311 (if form is genuine).broid f., IGT Decl. § 14
(69.3) .brad m.(g s.,n pl. -id,-da), § 38 (87.18) . See O'Rahilly
Ériu xiii 169.
60 (a) act ofplundering,robbing;spoil,plunder,robbery;
captive(s) as spoil: amal dundgniat geinti dinaib brataib
bertae`of the spoils', Ml. 63c18 .gat ┐ b. ¤ ┐ guin daíne,
BDD² 193. ic brait, ic borbgail, / ic slait ┐ ic sír-orgain, Met.
Dinds. iii 276.8 .a bhaclaig bāin imm brait on theft intent,
65 Bruchst. 27 § 59. ar bradaibh na mbercc / rom-ain Íosa ard
`against the ravages of the plunderers', Ériu iv 236.7 .co
rugsat as a seoda . . . ┐ a brata`spoils', CS 206.9 .rorannsatt
etarru in mbrait`the booty', TTr.² 168. ic roind na broiti,
Ériu ii 20 § 3. berar . . . nas dáer na braiti those of the captives
70who are servile (in status
), TBC 1696. do thriomsuigheadar a
mbruid ┐ a mbótháinte leó`captives', ML 24.3 .siar ruc
Midir in mbrait (: slait) báin`the fair captives', Met. Dinds.
iii 350.33 .broid mhór do mhnáibh do bhreith leo,
FM i 430.10 =praed mor, AU i 312.17 .b. ¤ (: lat) ar n-erghe a
75hainbfine, Prolegomena 42 § 2 .
As defininggen. d'á breisimbruide by his overpowering
onslaught
, MR 292.4 .mna brodi, O'Gr. Cat. 12.5.
Legal presum.robberybyviolenceoft. coupled withgat
presum. robbery bystealth ,cf.ex. BDD² 193 above:fir ithus
80gait ┐ brait`of a man who eats (the gains of) theft and robbery'
(not entitled todíre,etc.), Laws v 168.11 .cipe dib do ni gait ┐
brait, 54.23 Comm. nach athgabail do berur fri gait ┐ braitt
7rl. .i. . . . do gaduib . . . do braduib, 226.6 , 7 Comm.
(b) captivity,bondage: bruid, bráighdeanas, daoirsi, Eg.
85Gl. 57. cenél na pagán nobbérat i mbrataib as bar tírib
`into bondage', Ériu ii 196 § 10. cor muidh forsna Gallu ┐ co
tuctha iat fén a mbruit, RC xvii 361.17 (Tig.).co brait
ṁBabilōin until the Babylonian captivity, ZCP iii 18.16 .ba sí
bruit Babilone na hErenn . . . ba tanaisti na (no,MS.) bruiti
ifirn, RC xvii 342.1 , 2 (Tig.). CS 226.20 .an inghean d'ḟagháil
5bhroide the fact that the woman was in prison, DDána 37.8 .
(c) In classical lang. in generalized sensebondage,affliction,
hardship: an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí` grief ', Dán Dé ii 23 .
na bhrad do bí ar in mnaísi, IGT Decl. ex. 1030. broid ar
nach faghar faichill`adefeat ', Aithd. D. 50.14 .fúaradar
10uaithe broid`suffered hardships' (from the attack of a
serpent), Duan. Finn i 79.4 .
In chevilles:truagh an bhrad, Dán Dé xv 4 .anba an
bhroid(of an injury to the foot), Keat. iii 370.
Compds. With nouns:berait bratgabhail moir do ḟeraibh
15et mnaibh leo, Anecd. ii 15.14 .dobeir . . . bratgaisced a
muntiri leis he brings the weapons of his companions as spoil
(`Beuterüsting', Wortk. 1 ), LU 8882 ( FB 67 ).
With adjj. :amus bratbertach, Dinds. 1 ( RC xv 281 § 8 ).
(?)ós Bregmaig bratrūaid`B. of stout forays', Arch. Hib. ii
2093 § 14.

2 brat xseebratt.

3 brat xseebrot.

bratach xseebrattach.

brataid v(1 brat) plunders,robs;carries off: ferba do Breg
25bratfatar(rhet.), LU 10369. robratad flaith Muman Munster
was plundered
, ZCP viii 309.3 .mná brataitir (brataiter,
YBL) . . .éti agatair . . . ciche brata cíche áig, LU 5563 =
TBC² 1080 =ro-tas-brat, TBC 4728. ra gattá ┐ ra brattá in
slúag sa indiu, TBC 6102. no bratad cach cill who pillaged
30every church
, LL 36859. dá mbradadh ó Néidín / matal í
Mhaoilín, Ó Bruad. i 98.24 .
Legaltakes away,removes: ni mac bradas finntiga fine fri
fod frithmeasa .i. noco ne in mac foxlas duthcus fine, Laws
iv 44.3 , 12 Comm. ni brada iubaile indlighedh`prescription
35removes not illegality
' (O'Don. Suppl.), O'Don. 541 (H. 3.17,
434).ni bratad fiadain a witness is not to be removed, Laws iv
158.6 Comm. brataidh .i. foxlaidh no beridh,ut es[t] acht
[ro]brata sét soaccobair, O'Dav. 276.
?part. -brata, seecíallcompds.

40 1 brataige n[io,m.] (1 brat) :budh sladaighe fir domhain /
bradaige mná a gcuileadhoibh`women (will be) thieves ', Duan.
Finn ii 138 § 54.

2 brataige n[iā,f.] (1 brat) :b. ¤ `treachery' (in list of fifteen
characteristics of bad women), RC xlv 61.7 = ZCP viii 113.23 .

45 brataire n[io],m.(1 brat) robber,thief: ima rith gadaidhe im
cleacaire a b. ¤ , IT iii 102 § 186. ro chuimhrigh . . . in senb.
.i. Diabol, Ériu ii 140 § 149. a bhraduire, ná mill mé`thou
robber
!' ix 8.11 .an braduire thiefordeceiver , TD ii 284.20 .

bratán n o,m.(1 brat). See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 170 (for another
50suggestion see Gray, American Journal of Philology xlix
344 ff., 1928).Name of afish, freq. specificallysalmon(see
,éicne,magar,maigre) : bradān .i. bir-fud-ēn .i. ēn bīs ar
fud in usci, Corm. Y 158 , 1018 (ex. citeds.v. 2 orc).maighre
.i. bradán, O'Cl. , Eg. Gl. 454. [noco] bíat brattána isind
55abainn sin=pisces magni( Ardm. 10rb12 ), Trip.² 741. ní
gaibter brattán (bratána,v.l.) indi isind inbuid se i ngaim-
riud . . . ró gabsat éicne móra, 1636 .i mmedon īach .i. bratan,
Thes. ii 345.14 . Auraic. 5599 , ex. citeds.v. 4 é.do choic
bargenaib, mod n-án / ┐ don dá oenbratan, SR 7624. Cf. na
60dá iasc, 7626 .frithi dam bratan béodha ([m]b. ¤ , text),
Anecd. i 73 § 206 (ICM),bratangl.ich, § 207 n .íar nglenamain cnáma
bratan ina bragit, LU 4058. a leth 'na bratan ro boi(of a
mermaid), 3061 .in lebedan do na bratanaib the whale (as
chief) of fishes
, PH 6383. na bratana tiagait innti (sc.Muir
65Marb) . . . eplit focetoir innti`the fish', ZCP xvii 232.26 .do
tharr in bradain=de ventre salmonis, Reg. San. 26.1 .bratan
isin Bhoaind roghabh / iascaire thighi in Broghadh`salmon',
ZCP xi 43 § 36.
Somet.fry, a youngfish: in tan is bratan bec dottrascair
70(said as a taunt), LU 6204. hé maccan ro lamnad de / bratan
algan airgdide, 4314 .is don bratān (b. bricc,v.l.) dothaet eó
the fry becomes a salmon, Ériu ix 49 § 34.
Fig. bradán Life(of a hero), DDána 117.41 . In phr.b. ¤
bethad pulse,life,spirit: an bradan bethadh baoi fo bruinde
75F.D. ro ela uadha, ZCP x 297.15 .is robheag nach ndeachaidh
bradán a beathadh tar bheul Ghráinne re luthgháir roimh
Dhiarmuid`the very life', Oss. iii 76.5 .ar mbradán beathadh
(of a hero), DDána 79.10 .Cf. sginnis bradán bandachta
(opposed tobeóspiorad ferdachda, 10 ) `spirit of womanhood'
80(see Gloss.), Duan. Finn i 46.9 .

bratánach adj o, ā(bratán) aboundingin fish or insalmon: ós ur
na Boinne bradánaigi, RC xxiii 400 § 5. guss in sreibh . . .
sluagh-bradanaig`in-salmon-abounding', MR 104.10 .Eas
Ruaidh rámhach / na sruth mbreacach mbradánach, DDána
85 66.4 . Seemuircompds.

brath nLater form ofmrath. Transitional spellingmbrath,
Ériu iv 238.4 , LU 4707. Later alsobraith(:maith, Aithd. D.
61.31 ). Somet.bráth(seebráth).g s. bratha,
Met. Dinds. iv 194.15 , FM v 1670.16 .
(a)act ofbetraying;treachery,betrayal: bid b. ¤ (: chath),
5 LU 4578 (TBC).mo b.sa, Anecd. i 5.11 (SCano 129).mairg
lāim rogheoghain a b. ¤ from treachery(?), RC xvii 229.28 .in
bráth (sic) ┐ in trecun, TBC 4030. b. ¤ is bét, MacCarthy
192.7 .ba lugu do chinaid . . . b. ¤ a `mágistrech' andás b. ¤
a `thigerna'(of Judas), PH 5167. ?fuair b. ¤ (breith,v.l.)
10`fell . . . by treacherous chance', Met. Dinds. iii 460.15 .dia b. ¤
`to entrap' (sc.a bull), 370.3 .do bh. ¤ . . . dia Céadaoin,
DDána 14.7 . In cheville:cen b. ¤ , Sc. M² 22a .amles do
flatha, Laws i 230.z .i. . . . a braith, co ndligidh eneclann de,
234.3 Comm. i cinaid . . . do thengad, 156.31 .i. aer, no
15ainmed, no b. ¤ , no guforgill, no gufiadhnaisi, 162.6 Comm.
See ZCP xiv 363.2 - 4 .Clann M. d'fagbail braith air ┐ a
marbad doib`he was betrayed to the C.M.', Ann. Conn. 1390.3 .
fuair an dream . . . / b. ¤ ar a bheith i n-uaignios, Aithd. D. 3.14 .
go ffuair an Ridire . . . b. ¤ ar Shémus do beith i n-uamhaidh,
20 FM vi 2260.12 .b. ¤ ar a háille an uair rug when he had an
opportunity of observing her beauty
(?), DDána 32.21 .
(b)act ofspying,reconnoitring: do b. ¤ in longphuirt, LL
38607 `to go spy out the camp', SG 378.3 .do b. ¤ na mbailed
marcaig, Ann. Conn. 1249.11 .do b. ¤ tire tarrngire, Maund. 51.
25 ni fhoil fath a mb. ¤ mbaili`watching' or `guarding' (Notes),
Magauran 2598 .an neach ga mbí an b. ¤ the man on guard,
Aithd. D. 5.4 .do bhaoi b.' gun ḟoirinn air were waiting for
him
, DDána 64.16 . Note further:[go n]dearbhair a buaidh
aga b. ¤ `may its (a boat's) excellence be tested and assured',
30 Aithd. D. 82.11 .ro labuir fris do fuighlibh ailgeana do b. ¤ a
irlabra`to judge of his speech', Grail 82 .lór dá bh. ¤ . . . / gach
cath was sufficient testimony to him, O'Hara 3983. a mheic
Bhríain a bh. ¤ m'eíccsi`mark of my verse', Ériu ix 2.33 .
(c) act ofrevealing;revelation,sign: cen b. ¤ brīathar goa
35`without meditating words of falsehood' (revealing?), Arch.
Hib. ii 54 § 2. lór do bh. ¤ ar ghéire ar nguil / sgath mo dhéire
na dheasguibh sufficient revelation of, IGT Decl. ex. 1120.
Note also:ar n-a bhraith . . . do Gh. . . . go raibhe etc. when G.
perceived
, Keat. ii 1701. milaochus do braith ort, ZCP x 277.
40 26 .gá lucht iuil nocha bhíodh a bh. ¤ / síon ciuin gan chioth,
PBocht 2.23 .is tú braith na bhfleadh bhfíneamhna`hope
of the wine-feasts
', Aithd. D. 61.31 .b. ¤ air bás Diarmada
`a sign of D.'s death', Misc. Celt. Soc. 328.18 .
(d)WithAR:act ofdepending(on);dependence, something
45depending (on): an maitheas ar a mbí a b. ¤ `the goods on which
he depends
', O'Hara 703. bheith aig bráth air chungnamh
chách tar éis do bháis, De Imit. 45.13 .Cf. ar ṁb. Fer B.
`our hope', Met. Dinds. iv 334.22 .
(e)As qualifying and attrib.gen.:ethgig ┐ áesbraith
50 treacherous folk, LU 2190 ( FA 27 ).aés braith ┐ taisccélta
` spies ', FM vi 2212.23 .cech bithbinech braith (: croich)
`every treacherous criminal', PRIA xix (1895), 552 § 41
( LL 18644 ).ni lossat na troich / recait bernaid ṁbraith
(: scaith)`the gap of betrayal' (Táin 3368), TBC 3957. ar
55gach mbaegol mbraith, Arch. iii 232.4 .beagán do luach
bhraith as a fee for giving information, Magauran 1741 .
Compds.múr nach brisfe brathairminnleadh, DDána
89.20 .an bhrathbhuille bhodhbha`sudden blow', PBocht 3.3 .
brath-choma bidhbhadh, MR 306.18 .cen báegul cen brath-
60bini`treacherous crime', Met. Dinds. iii 342.22 .bail nach bí
brath-chocor beóil`no betraying murmur of lips', Ériu vii
220 § 8. adbul brathgnó, Met. Dinds. iii 340.15 .berta brath-teagaisc
false instruction, Misc. Celt. Soc. 74.8 .