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2 bolg n ā,f.(see Heldensage 114 n.2 and O'Rahilly,
Ériu xiii 163.4 . Acc. to Pokorny, ZCP xi 192 - 195 b. ¤ (bolc)`gap' is an
invention of glossators).Cf. 1 b. balg(bháoghail)f., IGT
Decl. § 39 (91.18) . gap,cleft: `b.' berna, Met. Gl. 9 § 5.
85 balg .i. bearna, O'Cl. For phr.léim tar boilgsee1 bolg.
?ní bhalg an tír tar a Tadhgaibh / gach Tadhg díbh dhá
targaidh techt, IGT Decl. ex. 1096.

Bolg, pn Bolga,Bulgain population and place-names,etc.
Taken to mean `lightning' < Celt. *Bolgos;Bolga,Bulca
`of the lightning' (?) < *Bolgios, and expld. as forms of a
5 divineepithet, O'Rahilly, Early Ir. Hist. and Myth. 51 f .;
cf.`the goddess Bolga', Rhys, Proc. Brit. Acad. vi 106 (1913) ,
iv 251 (1910) . For alternative explanations seeinfra.
In tribal and population names:genelach hūa mBuilc
(mBuilg, Hūi Builg,v.ll.), Corp. Gen. 262. Fir B.,Tuath
10B.,name of a prehistoric or mythological people in Ireland,
variously expld. F.B. = earlierBuilg, a pluralized form of
Bolg, adeity-name, were `in origin an offshoot of the Belgae,'
O'Rahilly,loc. cit. 54 . Mac Neill, PRIA xxix C (1911) 81 - 82
and Pokorny, ZCP xi 189 f ., as also native writers of legendary
15history (butcf. Lec. 181va49 infra), referF.B.to1 bolg,
Mac Neill regarding it as`anoccupation-name' applied
topre-Goidelictribes (=Bolgthuath,Bolgraige) meaning
`people of leathern bags', later extended to thesubjugated
population in general, Pokorny as meaning `men of the
20skinbags ' (i.e.`boats made of hide'); Van Hamel, ZCP x
186 - 188 describingF.B.as mythological beings takesB. ¤ as
g p.of2 bolg.Cf. B. ¤ innn. loc. infra.Fir Bolg im, rogabsat
Manaind=Builc autem cum suis tenuit Euboniam insulam,
LBretnach 13 .for tuaith mBolc, ZCP xiv 174.4 .tuatha
25Dē . . . / im thuaith mBolc bāigsit rīge, 176.1 .for Feraib B.
(: hanord), Met. Dinds. iii 170.1 .gnídís (sc.Fir B.) barca
doibh dia mbolgaibh . . . do theacht i nErinn amal asbeart
Cin Droma Snechta, ZCP x 186.15 (BB),cf. LL 652. fir i
mbalggaib (: ardglain) ba mór nert, 960 .is airi asbeardda[i]s
30Fir Bolc immecurdis fir earann(ed. would readúir nÉrenn)
i mbolcaib do reic fri Grecu . . . ar nathracha, Geneal. Tracts
197.13 .Specific and general signification of nameF.B.:
nach d'Feraib B. Gaileoin na Domhnannaigh . . . fír sin tra
iarna slonnadh ghnethech. Gidhedh iarna slonnadh coit-
35chenn, as ainm diles dona tri Tuathaibh remraite F. B.,
PRIA xxix C 82 n. 1. is aen-gabail iad (viz.Fir B. ┐ Gaileoin
┐ Fir Domnand) iar mbunudus, ITS xxxix 146 § 262(Leb.
Gab.).Grec ┐ Laiden ┐ Bretnais ac Fearaib Bolc ┐ Belgaid
acu i nErinn , Lec. 181va48 .Fir B. . . . ó na bolgaibh leathair
40do bhíodh aca 'san nGréig, Keat. i 194.5 .
Innn. pr.(see O'Rahilly,loc. cit. 43f.):m. Ōengusa Builg,
Corp. Gen. 262. dā mac Luigdech: Ōengus B. et Ōengus
Dublesc, Rawl. 155b12 .Aed Bolgc, rí Duin Chermna, ACC
138.21 .tenid i rraith Aeda builc, AU i 94.6 .ingen d'Aed
45Builg (: chuirp) mac Ḟingin, LL 17149 ( RC xlvii 308.15 ). As
n. pr. f.:Bolc Ban-bretnach . . . do Bhretnaibh, Cóir Anm. 54.
Bolce banbretnach, Anecd. iii 57.5 .mathair Chuirc . . . /
Bolga Manand Bret[n]ach brass, LL 17011 ( RC xlvii 304.22 ).
? Name ofdeity: M. Ailella Ērand Dé Bolgae, is é tōesech
50ar-ránic faga (m. Aililla De Bolga . . . rānic foga,v.l.), Corp.
Gen. 376. 17 .
Innn. loc., see Hog. Onom.s.v. aithbe,cluain,dún,b. ¤ ,bolga,
etc.O'Rahilly,loc. cit.43-5, gives list of place-names contain-
ingB. ¤ which he regards asg p.ofBuilg(=Fir B.); refd. to2 b.
55by Van Hamel, ZCP x 187 and Meyer Contribb. 236. Belach
Dúin B., RC xiii 66 § 67. Mag mB. (mbolga,v.l.)former name
ofMag n-Ítha, Met. Dinds. iv 90.23 .
see Hamp, Ériu xxiv 179 f. In phr.gae bolga,bulga, seegae, G 10.80 , `spear of Bulga'
(`or Bolga'), O'Rahilly, Early Ir. Hist. and Myth. 51 , 52 ,
60 61ff.,cf.Rhys. Trans. of the International Congress of the
History of Religions, vol.ii 207, 1908 , cited by O'Rahilly
loc. cit. 55 ; `gapped spear', Meyer Contribb. 236 : referred to
1 b.with meaning `Blasenspeer', Pokorny, ZCP xii 200.
fichid Loch isind áth cosin gaí bolga, LU 6234 (TBC).
65 eter . . . gai bolcai ┐ bai brasi(in list of Cú Chulainn's feats),
8443 ( FB 30 ).gai bolga, 9290 .
Compd.le Bolg-thuathaib Bagna denam a isdad, Hy
Maine 90.13 .Cf. T[uatha] Bolgraighe ┐ clain Deguail (sc.
athechthuatha) for Cenel Conaill, RC xx 338.13 .Bolgraidhe,
70 336.26 .Bolgraighe for críochaibh Conuill, Geneal.
Tracts 77.3 .

1 bolgach adj o, ā(1 bolg). Alsobolcach.cait[h]creasa . . .
bolgacha . . . im taebu `swollen' (?), CCath. 5342. cosin
mbrúchtaig mbolgaig .i. nūa corma`to the bubble-burster—
75new ale
', Aisl. MC 99.26 .d'ass buide bolcach`bubbling milk',
101.10 .do mhuir bhráonghlais bhalgaigh bháin` billowy ',
Sc. G. St. iv 64 § 16. ceso femmuin mbolgaig mbuṅg`blistered
sea-weed
', Corm. Bodl. 34.26 (s.v. prull).

2 bolgach n ā,f.(1 bolg)name ofdisease(s) characterized by
80eruptive spots or pustules on the skin,smallpox(see Ir.
Hist. Stud. vi 184 );boils: ar in ṁbolgaig ┐ ar in ṁbuidechair,
LL 374c15 .bolcgach la sruth fola fann (boil(s), Exod. ix 9 ,
11 ), SR 3935. plág bólgaige broithce dia nepletar prímgeni
Egepti . . . iter dóine ┐ cethra, LB 118a45 .lepra grauissima
85quae uocatur B., CS 106.2 .Cf.`a great leprosie . . . called
the pox in Irish `bolgagh'
,' Ann. Clonmacnoise A.D. 675 .
in b. ¤ `smallpox', Rosa Ang. 302.9 .ar mór . . . lasin mb. ¤
bhig, ALC ii 518.30 .amhail téid an bh. ¤ ón athair san
gcloinn, TSh. 3301. easláinte gráineamhla mar atá b. ¤ ,
Eochairsg. 93.33 . morbus gallicus. . . .i. . . . b. ¤ ḟrangcach
5 syphilis , 23 K 42,273.11. b. ¤ liath`the greypox ', Ó Bruad.
ii 144.21 .b. ¤ léusach`theswine pox ', P. O'C.