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40 bóaire n(bó+3 aire)lit.cow-noble,stock-master,stock-owner:
Bairche boare Rossa R., . . .habitabat frequenter cum pecoribus
suis, Trip. 422.13 .a tigh Blaithmaic boaire, Acall. 7432.
B. . . . boaire Cormaic, Dinds. 113.
In Laws lowest of the three ancient divisions of rank in
45Irish law,rí,aire febe,b. ¤ `corresponding roughly to . . .
`king, lord andcommoner', Críth Gabl. p. 98. See Mac Neill,
Law of Status, PRIA xxxvi (1923) C 267 .Theb. ¤ belongs to
thegrád Ḟéneas opposed to theaire febewho belongs to
thegrád ḟlatha , Laws v 290.14 - 16 Comm. Heregrád Ḟéne
50denotes plebeian as opposed to noble rank of thegrád ḟlatha
(cf.Críth Gabl.loc. cit.).In a later seven-fold division the b. ¤
is second lowest in rank of seven grades of thegrád túaithe
or `laymen grades
,' Críth Gabl. 10 , p. 98 , 99 .The b. ¤ was
originally the sole grade of the `commoners,' or freeholders
55recognized by Law
, p. 77 , 98 , 99 . Themruigḟer` farmer '
must be regarded as the ordinaryb. ¤ , p. 78 . Thefodlai
bóaireach `divisions' of the b., 16 - 18 , consisting of eight
grades, in reality seven acc. to Binchy, who comprise the
grád Ḟéneare a later development, p. 99 . The nameb. ¤ is
60translated ` nobleofkine ' by MacNeill,loc. cit.;the com-
piler of Críth Gabl. understands that his status comes from
his property in cattle: is dia búaib direnar, 329 ; Binchy
prefers Thurneysen's suggstion that the name comes from
the `bés' or annual food-rent of a cow paid by theb. ¤ for
65a fief of stock, Laws ii 260.10 , see Críth Gabl. p. 77 and
Laws v 392.1 .Theb. ¤ is described as a man ofhereditary
property, with land to the extent of (the grazing of) ten
cows: bo aire .i. fer selba bunaid, cona inud . . . do tir .x. mba
lais, Laws iv 350.17 Comm. ingen in bo-airech, v 286.2 .i.
70in airi ac-a mbitt ba deach, 290.1 Comm. techta fuillema
gill bo cach bo-airech ┐ cach occ-aireach: .iii. bae i cet-dithim
a mbo side . . . bo i muin cacha bo otha suidiu, v 402.31 .
turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, cenmotha seotu tur-
cluide. Is e bes foloing boaire in sein, ii 260.10 .Ofmarriage
75 contractsbetween children of theFénegrade (sc.theb. ¤ ) and
those of theFlaithgrade (sc.theaire feibe),see
v 290. 14-16 Comm. :is mo dlegar cethra do bo-airib oldas do aire-
chuib ḟeibi, 286.6 .fo-suididter in ben lethda[i]m in fir . . .:
Mad ben boairech, fo-suidithter ocairig; mad ben airech
80desa, fo-suidithear boairig, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 51 § 24.
techta fuillema gill aicde airgit cach bo-airech for cuic dairtib
direnar, Laws v 396.8 .fo-suidither (leg.fo-suidethar, ed.)
boairi(g) an aile one `b. ¤ ' entertains another, Stud. in E. Ir. Law
42 § 20. fosaigidh in boaire in mboairigh aile, Laws ii 380.16
85Comm. fer fothlai . . . is é remibí bóairechaib insin, arindí
fotlen a bóairechas di thaurchreic céile, Críth Gabl. 249. na
seagar im tellach mbo-aireach ach tri haidche bede cora la
thuaith (glossed . . . bo-aire ar briugaid sin, 440.7 Comm. ),
Laws v 438.23 .cateat fodlai bóaireach? Dá ḟer midboth(a)
┐ óccaire ┐ aithech arathreba a deich ┐ b. ¤ febsa ┐ m(b)ruigḟer
5┐ fer fothlai ┐ aire coisring, Críth Gabl. 16 - 18 .fodla febe
tra: . . . mbruigḟear ┐ boairi tanaisi ┐ ogairi tuisi(glossed . . .
taisech na n-ogaireach in boaire is taire, 80.11 Comm. ),
Laws v 78.25 .rāidem fēne fírfodlaib / . . . / midbothaig, trí
ōcairig, trí bōairig būain, ZCP v 499 § 6. ro saig set clithair
10enech bo-airech co ruicce cumal n-uinge, no boin nu-da-
criad, Laws v 392.1 .dar ferunn in boaire .i. teora foirge ┐
urchar flescaidh, iv 126.10 Comm. acht certorba mboairech
(glossed: acht mad ferann in boairech . . . .i. tir .iiii.ri .uii.
cumal ro bui oc an boairig is ferr and), Stud. in E. Ir. Law
15 155.3 .cele tesbaidh do cach gradh . . . bo do bo-eirigh, Laws i
58.7 Comm. b. ¤ febsa . . . ar is di búaib atá a airechas ┐ a
eneclann, Críth Gabl. 152. ?b. ¤ gensa(seegenas):mrugḟer . . .
is é b. ¤ réire breithe, b. ¤ gensa, co cach inchruth a thige inna
áttaib córaib, Críth Gabl. 172. b. ¤ medónachused of aperson
20who represents thetúathor the kin in dealings with a
person outside them, or who carries out a seizure of property
legally due to thetúathor the kin from a person outside.
In these external dealings he has the rank of abóairethough
he may have the rank ofaire túisein internal dealings: dobeir
25cenel a slan na n-aidbhean .i. in tan nach biadh tobach.
Boaire medonach sin ┐ is edh gabus do laimh, dul tar ceann na
tuaithe re cach nduine amach ┐ dul re laimh im cach ní
dlighfit amuigh do tobach doibh, ZCP xviii 380. 18 - 21 .
(nasgaire)duine teit a nasgairecht . . . etir a fine (sic leg.)
30budein tall ┐ dara cend amach. Ma gabait a fine é budein a
trebaire re laim, a[s] greim airech taisi gabus re a lucht fira
itira fine budein tall ┐ greim boairech is ferr gabus tara cend
immach, i-lleth re anfine sin, Cóic Con. Fug. 32 § 29.

bóairechas n statusorrankof the `bóaire': cia beith ara rogba
35b. ¤ , Críth Gabl. 68. fer fothlai . . . fotlen a b. ¤ di thaurchreic
céile, 249 .uime sin aderar in t-airi edir da airig ris .i. do
cuaidh as a bo-airechus, ┐ ni riacht in t-oirechus desa, Laws v
32.12 Comm.

Boänd,Bóinn, pnarch.Boënd.ā,f. the riverBoyne (see O'Rahilly,
40 Early Ir. Hist. and Myth. 3 ; Bergin, Ir. Hist. Stud. x 422 ;
Pokorny, ZCP xxiv 111 ; Études Celt. iv 180 ; equated with
Skt.govinda,Dillon,Vishveshvaranand Indological Journal i
(1963) 18 ): in flumine quod Scotice Boend uocitatur ,
Thes. ii 277.37 . in hostio Boindeo , 269.43 (Ardm.). super Vadum
45Carnói i mBoind, 264.15 (Ardm.).Inber ColpthaubiBoand
in mare exit , 316.39 .oc Áth Brea for Boïnn (: Find),
RC xxiii 310 § 29. for Bōïnn (: mbinn), ZCP viii 106.1 .
Bōänd i mMide na māl, 7 .anmann Bōinne Bregmaige, 105.z.
tarca Bóind bró bága / Cathir Chróḟind, cró búada, Met.
50Dinds. i 28.19 .suithe iumais . . . na Boinne knowledge (that
came from) the herbage . . . of the Boyne
, Laws iii 50.9 Comm.
See Hog. Onom.
Asn.pr. f.:Boind ingen Delbaeth meic Eladan, LL 1182.
Boand, ben Nechtain, Ériu vii 220 § 12. ra Boaind, 221 § 15 .
55 Boind a ssídib, Fraech 102 .gol . . . bantrochta Bóinni, 240 .

? boarucht n(?cf. ):b. ¤ .i. bannae cedguine, O'C. 87 ( H.3.18,
65 ).b. ¤ .i. banda cétguine, O'Mulc. 185.

bóbán n o,m.(bó, perh. with infl. of Lat.bov-, see Stokes, O'Dav.
295 ) calf: bobhan .i. laogh . . . is imthecht mbobhain imtecht
60cen arach .i. trebaire, O'Dav. 295. imtecht mbodhbain,
H.3.17,433.34 , cited Laws Gloss. s.v. ae (18.28) .As name
ofCiarán'sbell: dorat Quiarán a clog do Cǽimgen . . . As
eiside Boban C. inniu, Lism.L. 4471 .clocc Feichin ┐ B.
Caoimhghin, FM ii 1072.9 .

65 bóbath n(bó+1 bath):bobaith .i. bó bath. (bath) .i. bás.
essidein in boár`amurrain ' (Corm. Tr.), Corm. 7.17 .

bobba xseepopa.

-bobig xseeboingid.

? bobla: n ite iarum na dulí fen (sic). Nices epraid nieices
70neprid. nimglan b. ¤ no labraid, BB 304a50 ( IT iii 54 § 99 ,
lobla,v.l.).

bóbó interj.(cf.Sc. G.bhobh):bobo`Ostrange ', Eg. Gl.
741. b. ¤ `touch me not; I defy ye', P. O'C.

bobtaidib,bobtib n d p.(Fr. loanword, Risk 108. See Kavanagh,
75 Celtica iii 320 - 321 ):inad arna dhenum ar bhobhtaidib fa fuilitt
peileir mharmair` vaults ', Maund. 23 =ar bhobhtib, RC vii
223.16 .palas . . . ina denaíd gíustal ┐ bothadha arda acu ann,
17 =for bobhtadha, Kavanagh,loc. cit.

-bobuid xseeas-boind.

80 1 boc adj o, ā(see Thurn. Gramm. § 150 ). soft,gentle,tender: b. ¤ gl.
tenor(leg. tener, ed.), Ir. Gl. 1094. righti boga blaithghelai, TE
4 (Eg.).cóica ar cét bó mbocc (: -chnocc)`tender kine', Met.
Dinds. iii 166.5 .dod ghnúis bhuig(to Mary), Aithd. D. 97.16 .
an bhaintreabhach bhog, Keat. Poems 1145. issin grinne buc
85barr-úr`soft' (of a bundle of wood), Met. Dinds. ii 58.8 .na
neithi maotha no boga(of foods), Reg. San. 28.27 .an oir-
eamhuin d'aois bhoig, mhaoith na leanabh`to the tender age',
Donl. vi 3. Ofsound: guth blasda bind b. ¤ , BB 427a32 .as bind
bocc síthamail tḟet(to a blackbird), LB 36 marg. sup.( Bruchst.
66 § 151 ).a fhile bhuig, Oss. iv 8.27 .do-ghénsa marbhna
5mbláith mbuig, IGT Decl. ex. 152. (Of water, juice)tepid:
fotrachad uisgi te, no buig, Rosa Ang. 58.23 .sug athar
talman is e bog`warm', 158.10 .Of weathermoist, `soft' :
feadh sróllBhanbha na síon mbog`soft-weathered Banbha',
Aithd. D. 34.10 .Oflandscape,etc. marshy,boggy;soft,
10 gentle: d'fhéinidh Bhóinne buige, Magauran 3553 .fri ráith
mbuig mBrénainn(`fertile'), SG 65.5 .do dhénair bog é re
ceathaibh, Ps. lxv 10. do chuin (= choin) chaomhanta an
chláir bhuig`gentle', Ó Bruad. iii 202.10 .Of personsetc.
generous: rath bog, MR 40.12 .ón lósa oighidh Bhriain bhuig
15`generous', Misc. Celt. Soc. 170.3 .is ē mac na mbronnad
mbog(of a prince), ZCP viii 228 § 21. bog fine Bréanainn
im buaibh`lavish with', Magauran 153 .uair robsat boga . . .
a brughadha, MR 102.21 . easy,lackinginseverity: a riaghail
ní bud róbhog(of a saint), SG 18.35 .i bpianuibh nach
20peannuid bhog, Aithd. D. 78.19 .beir-si oraind-ni breith
mbuic(`a light judgment', Aithd. D. 70.30 ), Arch. iii 243 § 30.
(Ofversein anuncomplimentarysense) dán bog`free and
easy verse
', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .rabhán gnáth briathra
boga / nach beg a mbeith comfhoda`soft vocables' (i.e.with
25unstrict or faulty rime), O'Gr. Cat. 392.14. i ndán bhog
`in a vulgar poem', Content. xxv 5. weak,foolish: a senchas
cen baethrún ṁb. ¤ , LL 26422. ní haigneadh bog, Aithd.
D 75.10 .In expressions of timeeasy,untroubled: secht.
mbliadna bocca blaiti beoltoirteca, BB 238a45 (Scél SR).
30 ri bliadain mbuic`for an easy year', Met. Dinds. iii 310. 11 .
Equat. boigithir fri boigsibind for lār aba, TBC² 2367.
Compar. nís buigigl.mollior, Ir. Gl. 1119. bá buige a fhocail
ná ola=softer than oil, Ps. 1v 21 .ca maith as buga bronntar,
Hy Fiachr. 296.2 . Assuperl. ní hann as bhuga (: dtuga) an
35bhreath, DDána 3.34 .drem as buga buan bhronnadh, Hy
Fiachr. 224.10 .
Inn.loc. mag mbogc, BB 399b5 =Mag mBolg, Met. Dinds.
iv 90.23 .
Compds. With nouns:cona mbrotharcertib bocbrechtāin,
40`soft custard' (s. curds?), Aisl. MC 91.9 .bogfhuil Bríain gener-
ous blood
, O'R. Poems 2377. a bhoglaomscaire re brugadaib
`indulgent liberality', Caithr. Thoirdh. 34.27 .bocmaerdachd
banamail ina glór`gentle dignity' (Gloss.), BDD² 39. re bog-
malldacht a banchuire`mild bashfulness', MR 102.19 . See
45 boicṡimin.ag bruithion ná ag boigṡín`wet weather',
Ériu ix 163 § 7. ni boi tra arm la Hiruath . . . acht boc-shlaitt moir a
big pliant switch
, PH 850. a bocc-thairisem in chrais O feeble
resistance to gluttony
, YBL 162b30 .boigtheith= luke-warm ,
Rev. iii 16 (1810) .na bocctonna the yielding waves, BB 240b39 .
50With adjj.:folt . . . fororda 'sé buidi boccálaind soft and
beautiful
, Acall. 381. bliadain do Lorcan na lloṅg / diamair
is bocban a band, LL 4333. bogchroidhtheach= tender-
hearted , 2 Chron. xiii 7. bog-chroidheach, sochróidheach, Eg.
Gl. 77. gan do cheimniughadh do bheith eadtrom na bog-
55cuisech(=levis, mollis. . .), ITS xxix 138.31 . Seebocaes,
bocaised,bocás,bocásach.bocdālach ratha in rī rēidh, ZCP
viii 228 § 22. co C. meann mbocḟoclach of weak speech(?),
Anecd. i 33 § 63. ionnlach na mbalg mboig-ghéar bhfis,
Content. xxv 13. gabor bocglas light-grey horse, TBFr. 28.
60 tre san mBanba mboigimlig B. of the marshy bottomlands,
Mann. and Cust. iii 273 note .bean bhogamh (-omh) dá
déinimh dhí(ofÉire), A. Ó Dalaigh liii 6 .Cf. a Bhanba
bhog-omh tender and bleeding . . . B., Keat. Poems 1349.
brat . . . bruachbrisdi bogsnaithech uimpi made of poor
65thread
, RC xxi 396.9 .
With vb. and vn.roboccbertaich in sleig rindger(=librabat,
Theb. vii 676 ) `shook and brandisched', TTebe 2848 .tug se
bogbertugudh air a medhon a iarnaigh shook himself slightly
(of miraculous falling-off of fetters), ZCP vi 287.9 (seebocad).