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n f.See Thurn. Gramm. § 60 , § 72 , § 340 .a s. boin, Corm.
Y 1103 , Vita Br. 24. g s. bou, Thes. ii 278.2 .bo, Vita Br. 24.
30 d s. boin(cf. a mboi leó do bhú, Hugh Roe² 36.4 ).n p. baí,
LL 33395 (TBFr.).ba, ML² 34 (see O'Rahilly, Early Ir.
Hist. and Myth. 462 n.2 ).bú, Hugh Roe² 46.y .a p. báu,
TBFr. 395. bū, Ériu ii 20 § 1. g p. bao, Sg. 22b11 ,Báu,
LU 5373. bō, Thes. ii 335.1 (Hy.v),bó, LL 33391 (TBFr.).
35 d p. búaib, LL 22315. n du. dibai , Ml. 2b11 .a du. díbáe ,
TBFr.dāboin , Corm. Y 1082 (prob. a neologism, Thurn.
Gramm. § 340.2 ).b. ¤ f.,d s. boin,g s. g p. bó,n p. ba,bai( baei:
cnai, ex. 1623 ),d p. búaibh,a p. bú, IGT Decl. § 86.
Ox,cow: inna mbao (innabao,MS.)gl.boum, Sg. 22b11 .
40nomen de sono factum suae uocis.i. ainm arna dēnam
d'foghar in gotha uodēin, Corm. Y 134. b. ¤ gl.vacca, Ir.
Gl. 159. buachaill b. ¤ gl.bubulcus, 583 .bōa boue.i. is coitcenn
aní as bós,ut est duo juga bouum, non enim uaccas dixit ,
O'Mulc. 161. domaincheass ainm do boin .i. dammainchess .i.
45mainchess bō, ar is cotcend do ceniul a mbos, 321 . dicitur. . .
redg frisin boin mir, Corm. Y 1103. coro dart boin dia
búaib, LL 22315 ( Dinds. 113 ).rocuinnig seom boin co B.,
Thes. ii 340.17 (Hy. v Comm.).blegon inna mbō fo thrī, 335.1
(Hy. v).co tucad na bu co Loch L. . . . dia mblegon,
50 334.43 (Hy. v Comm.).carais forglu inna mbō, 340.1 (Hy. v).
bo blegar fri fit, bo co ngalur, bo ciss flatha no eclasa, bo
brothcain, Laws v 260.2 - 4 .turcreic bo cona timtach tricha
set, ZCP xiv 361 § 19. ite ainmead bo ara n-athchuir etc.,
O'C. 250 (H. 3.18, 145a).trí aithgine in domuin: brú mná,
55uth b. ¤ , ness gobann, Triads 148 .eacmaing a bhái ana . . . do
breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 .oc tabairt tānae b. ¤ húait,
Sc.M² 11. i rrechtaib b. ¤ ┐ dam ┐ ech(rhet.), LU 8367 ( FB 24 ).
rucad láeg mo bo fadéin . . . uaim-se, CRR 3. co mblighfidhe
ó na buaibh / sáith f[h]er n-Ēirenn re h-aon-uair, ML² 138.
60 cethracha b. ¤ mbreithi mbalcc`forty strong milch cows',
Celtica iv 12.21 .buachaill ag na buaib, Laws iv 86.3 Comm.
gur f[h]āgaib gach bō 'gā bōthar, ML² 1255. no-chennachtís
na bú, PH 4494. no-chennaigitis na bai . . . isin tempul, 4510.
ar boin cach naidche ailes`for he deserves(i.e. claims) a cow
65every night
', Laws ii 136.8 .ansom . . . bai briugad . . . teora
bae i muin na trissi bo cows of a briugu(of interest due for
use when given as pledge), v 400.20 .trí haige bruithi and,
a dauim, no a boin, co na timthach di saill no charna, i 48.3
Comm. cuic ba imorro in gach indligedh athgabala`five
70cows . . . (is) . . . (the fine) for illegal distress
', ii 100.4 Comm.
in t-airi ard .i. da ba deg a eniclann, v 46.11 Comm. Bríg . . .
is lé tomlachta na bae fothrí i n-oenló, Fél. 56.15 .cain Daire
ga[n] bú do marbad, 210.33 .lenaid b. ¤ odar eisium, ┐ corbo
isin in Odor Ciarain(hence the name of the CodexLebor
75na Huidre Book of the Dun Cow), 202.33 .intan dono no
gesed in tarb bai ocaib no thiagdais ba in tire comfoco[i]s,
Dinds. 142. ro ghad boin o Ciaran . . . ro innto an buin go
Ciaran doridhisi, BNnÉ 109 § 38 .ní bhean boin do bain-
trebhthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 509. luaith na b. ¤ do bheith ar
80n-a hiodhbairt, TSh. 437. i gcuibhreann na mb. ¤ fán bhféar
(of Nabuchadonosar), 3464 .ó tharlais gan bhrat gan bhú,
Measgra D. 27.34 .mairg nach tabhair bloigh na b. ¤ / [san]
chró [a d]taraidh 'n-a boin bheo alas for him who does not
give (to God) a portion of the cow (i.e. some of his wealth) for
85it will be a whole cow in heaven
, DDána 42.39 .ná bíodh aca
choidhche, daimh, ba, ná tréuda cáorach=kyne, RSClára
108a .b. ¤ sa bhoin`a cow for cow', Eg. Gl. 739. In legal
contexts frequently a unit of value (Plummer MS. notes),
see Binchy, Críth Gabl.(p. 106 ):secht seoit sin da tecait
ceithre ba .i. bo mór and ┐ se samaisce ar trí buaib, in bo
5riu, conid ceithri ba, O'C. 195 - 196 (H.4.22, 8).naoi marg xxit
do bhuaibh no darget`29 marks . . . in cows or in money',
RIA Trans. xv (1826) 33.25 .
Ofland: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 (see
Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi 286 n. 2 ).
10In phrr. in various applications:b. ¤ bainne, Laws ii 176.16
Comm. b. ¤ blicht, Lat. Lives 103.2 .ár mbadh bhí bleacht,
ZCP v 214.368 (Midn. Court).in bo derba`milch cow', Laws
ii 162.8 Comm. (`cow of the (milk)-pail' (Thurn.), ZCP xx 199
n.7 ).b. ¤ ḟind óderg whitered-eared cow `often mentioned in early
15Irish literature as a choice breed of cattle,' Bergin,
Ériu xiv 170 :roerbad iarom b. ¤ find audercc dia taiscid ┐ ba slan di,
Vita Br. 5. bo find ó. leo, LU 4410. secht mba finna ō-derga,
ML² 34. dobert a máthair dí báe déc dó assint shíd, it é
finda óiderga, TBFr. 5. b. ¤ bháthair astray cow , IGT Decl.
20ex. 1354. Note also:bo fri blícht, Laws i 122.10 .i. i n-aimsir
lachtha isin tsamradh, 126.19 Comm. bó allaid (`stag',
Plummer MS. notes), perh.hind: tuc fer boin allaid leis dia
hidpairt, LB 152a58 .b. ¤ féich: tighail .i. (sic leg.) crīch
dédenach tairic in bō fēich cow paid as last payment of debt
25due
(?), O'Mulc. 862. b. ¤ ḟeisi(see Bürgschaft 66 , 78 ):ised
slan ngell .i. ba fesi gell, tricha a lin . . . ┐ diabludh fiach for
bidbuid cows of spending the night(part of compensation
payable by defaulting debtor to his surety, kept in captivity
by creditor), Laws ii 136.5 Comm. cu nícand dech mbu feisi
30┐ logh einech, O'D. 87 (H.3.17, 73).b. ¤ indláeg see indláeg
and Ériu xx 231 - 2 .b. ¤ gabála a(beef-)cow levied as a due
(seegabál):bo g. .i. mart, no in b. ¤ méth, ut est athgabail b. ¤
gabala . . . .i. in bo marta nó atgabail gabair im boin marta,
O'Dav. 284. b. ¤ lethgabála(expld. by O'Curry, Mann. and
35Cust. iii 519 n. 580 as `rate in aid of a cow (perh. half the
cow's value) levied to meet the requisition of the officer for
the relief of the poor' (i.e.thehuaitne fonluing,etc.).
dlighidh . . . boin lethgab[ala], 519.17 .b. ¤ marta beef-cow ,
see2 mart.b. ¤ thúirsee2 túr.
40Innn. loc.(see also Hog. Onom.): Campulus Bouis. . .
Ached bou, Thes. ii 278.2 .o Inis bo finne, Fél. 184.18 .Bernas
ṁ Bāu (= Báu, LU 5373 )Cūailnge, TBC² 897.
Compds. With nouns:cin boainmead without bovine defect
(justifying, if present, the cancellation of a purchase, Plummer
45MS. notes), O'C. 250 (H.3.18, 145).bó-ár name of acattle-
disease, `murrain', RC xii 428 § 17. boár .i. sgamach nó
maolgarb(seebódíth infra)no galur righín, O'Dav. 291. iar
dteacht do bh. ¤ nó do bhó-dhíth chuca i n-aimsir C[h]ormaic
mic Airt, Ériu i 89 § 36. bóbard seventh class of sóer bard, IT
50 iii 5.10 .bobard dō, suithi ndebidi scarta la sen etir fod ┐ cuimri,
etir trebrad┐ sned, 28 § 67 .aisti bobaird . . . .i. debidi nimrínd
┐ debide scailti etir fot ┐ gair, 45 § 66 .Dond Cúalnge . . . / co
ndernsat imme in mbó-brait` Cattle-Raid ',
Met. Dinds. iii 370.8 .screpul cach bóbotha` cow-shed ', RC xiv 430 § 56.
55 Dari [.i.] bóchana, fedb, Gorm. Nov. 2. Cf. cain Darí, cen
bú do gait, Thes. ii 306.28 , see Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 386.
ro metadh blicht cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . Seebóchar.
go ndeachaidh do chosnamh a bhóichreche orra`to protect
his cows against them
', FM iii 224.6 .crecsluaighedh . . . d'ar
60comairmedh secht cata deg do bochrudh of property in cattle,
AU ii 506.20 .leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta / bóchrodh téid
dá thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71. bruach do bhiadhfadh
bóchuingir a yoke of oxen, Ó Bruad. iii 88.16 . ?ba flaith os
chuan cach curaich / fo bái slúag in bo-chumaid, Met. Dinds.
65 iv 338.8 .ina bai bit a mbodaingen`cows should be in a
cow-fastness
' (i.e.at nightfall), Laws iv 96.25 . Seebódela.
at crothle garmilíne / at búanaind bodelbae in the shape of
a cow
(?), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ).bodibad mor fo Erind destruction
of cattle
, AU i 470.22 .doroine bo-dhibadh mór(of an invad-
70ing chief), ii 118.21 . (as epithet)Bresal Bodibadh, MacCarthy
302.9 .bo-dhíth mhór ind Erinn, dá ngoirthí Maolgarbh
`murrain', FM ii 1044.11 .earrach an bhó-dhíthe, ALC i
494.15 .bó-dúnseebadún.moch i.e. bo-erge lit.cow-rising
(gl.buaroch), O'Dav. 215 (see Ériu xiii 14.29 ).no sech-
75mallad . . . in ṁbeoḟeoil`thebeef ', RC xx 262.19 (ACC Comm.).
co tuc boghabhail moir a great prey of cattle, AU i 526.4 .nía
boidb bógeimnech(rhetoric), LU 5326 (TBC).bōger` beef-
lard ', Aisl. MC 79.23 .bogeltach faithche .i. fer meite coimse
na teit tar crich . . . bogeltach .i. fer fogelta a bu a faithce
80ar cach nach déis etar coin allta ime . . . ni dligh dire na
saire` cow-grazier ', Laws iv 344.5 , 352.18 , 21 Comm. bóguin,
see Wortk. 146 : (g s.as epithet)Enna Bōguine(B. ōtāt
Cenēl m Bógaine,v.l.), Corp. Gen. 163.2 .Cf. Boguinig`the
descendants of Enna Boghuine
' (note), MR 156.10 .co ro
85slecht in buar uile, co n-ebert: "Is bo-guine andso ┐ bid
[sed] (?) ainm na benni[se]."Unde. . . Beann Bogaine`a cow-
slaughter
', Dinds. 142. ingen in righ .i. Boguine a ainm-siden,
Arch. iii 324.7 .sinum lactis .i. genus uasis .i. bomilge`of
cows milk
', Thes. ii 48.30 .boogam .i. lilgach ar aicme bethi . .
gamnach ar aicme huatha . . . samaisc ar aicme muine,
5 Auraic. 5759. bō-otrac[h] cow-dung , Corm. Y 196. cona-
mailt saill ┐ bōṡaill foa corned beef(?), Corm. Y 883 (76.11) .
ethar bec . . . bōshaille`of beef-fat', Aisl. MC 85.10 .boseiche
` cow-hide ', Laws iv 148.19 Comm. it séoit bóṡlabra[e]
direnatar dó, Críth Gabl. 120. tri cóecait cét boslabraidh
10` dower-kine ', RC xvii 214.4 (Tig.) =bó ṡlabhra,
Keat. iii 2243 .bo-ṡlechta`the law concerning cows', Ann. Inisf. 810.
rith cana boileachta`des Rinder betreffenden Gesetzes', ZCP
xviii 383.14 .cain boiliuchta(i.e.`the law that treats of
cow-killing, cow stealing, etc.
' n. 1), Laws iii 110.4 Comm.
15 seacht cumala lana for fer nurradais mboslechta .i. iar marba
buachalla, no airamhain. No is comlaithred deisi iar ngait,
O'C. 2440 ( Eg. 88,36 ra. ) ` cattle-tracking ', O'Gr. Cat. 97 § 42.
bosluaiged lit.hostofcattle gl.mammona, Ir. Gl. 300. bo-
theach` cow house ', Laws v 514.35 Comm. rohir dam . . . .x.
20mbuachailli botana, Ériu ii 3.14 .ron-íurusa im chét mbó
bódána, BDD² 267 =bóthána, LU 6763. co n-immad ech ┐
bótháinte, LU 3911 ( SC 42 ).no geibed Flidais . . . do bó-
thorud of livestock, TBFlidais 88 .co tí in bo dia botreib,
BB 397b2 .in a bo-tuar(`cowdung ', Plummer MS. notes),
25 Laws v 464.13 Comm.
With adjj.:bo-abartach, abairt amail in mboin`behaving
like the cow
', O'Dav. 316 ( Ériu xiii 29.10 ).brucchaid bó-
cédach, BNnÉ 137.9 `with hundreds of kine', Keat. ii 4682.
Bernngal Bóchétach, Acall. 5322.
30Withbú-: ?maccaim beca buaigelta(buaidhghela,v.l.),
TTebe 1372 .Cf. bógeltach.a ccreachghabhala cruidh ┐
cethra broide ┐ búalmha, Hugh Roe² 204.32 .for buageltach
ṁBreg(of Cú Chulainn), LL 12569 ` guardian ', RC xiv 398 §
1 .Buagelltaig, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ),cf. BDD² 1209.
35Seebárach,bóaire,bóbath,bólacht,bómlacht,bóraime,
1,2 búarach.

bóadach xseebúadach.

? boaid: n b. ¤ .i. eblud`arearing,bringingup' (Gloss.), Auraic.
5445.

40 bóaire n(bó+3 aire)lit.cow-noble,stock-master,stock-owner:
Bairche boare Rossa R., . . .habitabat frequenter cum pecoribus
suis, Trip. 422.13 .a tigh Blaithmaic boaire, Acall. 7432.
B. . . . boaire Cormaic, Dinds. 113.
In Laws lowest of the three ancient divisions of rank in
45Irish law,rí,aire febe,b. ¤ `corresponding roughly to . . .
`king, lord andcommoner', Críth Gabl. p. 98. See Mac Neill,
Law of Status, PRIA xxxvi (1923) C 267 .Theb. ¤ belongs to
thegrád Ḟéneas opposed to theaire febewho belongs to
thegrád ḟlatha , Laws v 290.14 - 16 Comm. Heregrád Ḟéne
50denotes plebeian as opposed to noble rank of thegrád ḟlatha
(cf.Críth Gabl.loc. cit.).In a later seven-fold division the b. ¤
is second lowest in rank of seven grades of thegrád túaithe
or `laymen grades
,' Críth Gabl. 10 , p. 98 , 99 .The b. ¤ was
originally the sole grade of the `commoners,' or freeholders
55recognized by Law
, p. 77 , 98 , 99 . Themruigḟer` farmer '
must be regarded as the ordinaryb. ¤ , p. 78 . Thefodlai
bóaireach `divisions' of the b., 16 - 18 , consisting of eight
grades, in reality seven acc. to Binchy, who comprise the
grád Ḟéneare a later development, p. 99 . The nameb. ¤ is
60translated ` nobleofkine ' by MacNeill,loc. cit.;the com-
piler of Críth Gabl. understands that his status comes from
his property in cattle: is dia búaib direnar, 329 ; Binchy
prefers Thurneysen's suggstion that the name comes from
the `bés' or annual food-rent of a cow paid by theb. ¤ for
65a fief of stock, Laws ii 260.10 , see Críth Gabl. p. 77 and
Laws v 392.1 .Theb. ¤ is described as a man ofhereditary
property, with land to the extent of (the grazing of) ten
cows: bo aire .i. fer selba bunaid, cona inud . . . do tir .x. mba
lais, Laws iv 350.17 Comm. ingen in bo-airech, v 286.2 .i.
70in airi ac-a mbitt ba deach, 290.1 Comm. techta fuillema
gill bo cach bo-airech ┐ cach occ-aireach: .iii. bae i cet-dithim
a mbo side . . . bo i muin cacha bo otha suidiu, v 402.31 .
turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, cenmotha seotu tur-
cluide. Is e bes foloing boaire in sein, ii 260.10 .Ofmarriage
75 contractsbetween children of theFénegrade (sc.theb. ¤ ) and
those of theFlaithgrade (sc.theaire feibe),see
v 290. 14-16 Comm. :is mo dlegar cethra do bo-airib oldas do aire-
chuib ḟeibi, 286.6 .fo-suididter in ben lethda[i]m in fir . . .:
Mad ben boairech, fo-suidithter ocairig; mad ben airech
80desa, fo-suidithear boairig, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 51 § 24.
techta fuillema gill aicde airgit cach bo-airech for cuic dairtib
direnar, Laws v 396.8 .fo-suidither (leg.fo-suidethar, ed.)
boairi(g) an aile one `b. ¤ ' entertains another, Stud. in E. Ir. Law
42 § 20. fosaigidh in boaire in mboairigh aile, Laws ii 380.16
85Comm. fer fothlai . . . is é remibí bóairechaib insin, arindí
fotlen a bóairechas di thaurchreic céile, Críth Gabl. 249. na
seagar im tellach mbo-aireach ach tri haidche bede cora la
thuaith (glossed . . . bo-aire ar briugaid sin, 440.7 Comm. ),
Laws v 438.23 .cateat fodlai bóaireach? Dá ḟer midboth(a)
┐ óccaire ┐ aithech arathreba a deich ┐ b. ¤ febsa ┐ m(b)ruigḟer
5┐ fer fothlai ┐ aire coisring, Críth Gabl. 16 - 18 .fodla febe
tra: . . . mbruigḟear ┐ boairi tanaisi ┐ ogairi tuisi(glossed . . .
taisech na n-ogaireach in boaire is taire, 80.11 Comm. ),
Laws v 78.25 .rāidem fēne fírfodlaib / . . . / midbothaig, trí
ōcairig, trí bōairig būain, ZCP v 499 § 6. ro saig set clithair
10enech bo-airech co ruicce cumal n-uinge, no boin nu-da-
criad, Laws v 392.1 .dar ferunn in boaire .i. teora foirge ┐
urchar flescaidh, iv 126.10 Comm. acht certorba mboairech
(glossed: acht mad ferann in boairech . . . .i. tir .iiii.ri .uii.
cumal ro bui oc an boairig is ferr and), Stud. in E. Ir. Law
15 155.3 .cele tesbaidh do cach gradh . . . bo do bo-eirigh, Laws i
58.7 Comm. b. ¤ febsa . . . ar is di búaib atá a airechas ┐ a
eneclann, Críth Gabl. 152. ?b. ¤ gensa(seegenas):mrugḟer . . .
is é b. ¤ réire breithe, b. ¤ gensa, co cach inchruth a thige inna
áttaib córaib, Críth Gabl. 172. b. ¤ medónachused of aperson
20who represents thetúathor the kin in dealings with a
person outside them, or who carries out a seizure of property
legally due to thetúathor the kin from a person outside.
In these external dealings he has the rank of abóairethough
he may have the rank ofaire túisein internal dealings: dobeir
25cenel a slan na n-aidbhean .i. in tan nach biadh tobach.
Boaire medonach sin ┐ is edh gabus do laimh, dul tar ceann na
tuaithe re cach nduine amach ┐ dul re laimh im cach ní
dlighfit amuigh do tobach doibh, ZCP xviii 380. 18 - 21 .
(nasgaire)duine teit a nasgairecht . . . etir a fine (sic leg.)
30budein tall ┐ dara cend amach. Ma gabait a fine é budein a
trebaire re laim, a[s] greim airech taisi gabus re a lucht fira
itira fine budein tall ┐ greim boairech is ferr gabus tara cend
immach, i-lleth re anfine sin, Cóic Con. Fug. 32 § 29.