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1 bith n u,m. Thurn. Gramm. §§ 73 , 307 .n s. an b. ¤ , Blathm. 245.
a s. inb., Wb. 22b13 .g s. betho, 1a3 , 14b10 , 29a8 , 31b18 , Ml.
16c5 , 54a15 , 88a3 ,beotho, Wb. 11a19 .betha, 15d9 . Ml. 46d6 ,
68b9 .d s. biuth, Wb. 12c16 , Ml. 24b13 .a p. bithu, Wb. 4c4 .
60 g p. mbetha, LU 2001 ( FA 6 ).d p. bethaib, Im. Brain 26.
b. ¤ m.(acht gan illradh aige), IGT Decl. § 71.
I (a) theworld: isin biuthsogl.in hoc mundo, Wb. 12d4 .
isin mb. ¤ -sagl.in hunc mundum, 29b14 .is dered ṁbetho inso
`this is the end of the world', 10b3 .fon mb. ¤ `throughout the
65world
', Thes. ii 334.4 (Hy. v).do thustin an betha,
Ériu ii 98 § 1. tuigithir blath inb. ¤ `blossom covers the world',
Ériu xxii 41 § 4 (MS).ad-comaicc a erball do thochur in beatha tar a
cheann(of Leviathan), BDD² 503. no sirfed . . . in m[b]ith
mbras, LU 3554 ( SC 29 ).céin boí in díliu forsin b. ¤ (for b. ¤ v.l.),
70 Airne F. 76. in b.-sa is b. ¤ cáich ar n-uair`this world belongs
to each (generation) in turn
', Ériu ix 48 § 22. m'ænur dolod
forsin mb. ¤ `alone I came into the world', ii 56 § 14 .da mad
he in b. ¤ uli dogebtha, PH 7581. timcheall an betha`round
the world
', TTebe 4471 .cech noeb . . . bias / for b. ¤ barrglass
75broenach, Gorm. 250 Ep. § 1 .báidhtir an bioth, DDána
26.16 .do lucht an bheatha, TSh. 7645. Freq. in phr.fir
betha inhabitants(men)of the world,mankind,people: fir
betho, Ml. 16c5 .di ḟeraib Hérenn nach di feraib betha, BDD²
917.
80 Often in theolog. sense the (temporal or material) world as
opposed to the spiritual one: ó deithidin in betho .i. ó sétchi,
Wb. 10b15 .amal ro mbo marb Ísu don biuthso`dead to this
world
', 15b25 .ní car Brigit būadach b. ¤ , Thes. ii 327.13
(Hy. v.).mo chlūasa / . . . / nār ēistet . . . / . . . for b. ¤ bētach
85 the shameless world, ZCP vi 259 § 3. docotar . . . fri tola in
betho`to worldly desires', Wb. 29d8 . See1 cé.
(b) land,territory,soil: urcollud b. ¤ brug betha go banna
.i. uasal-collud for in mb. ¤ .i. for in tír, O'Dav. 312. dobeir
in ṁblicht isin ṁb. ¤ , Ériu ix 50 § 37. bid íatt bus mesa /
dūibh for b. ¤ Banba, ZCP viii 110. 31 .lachttrom dúibh an
5bioth`the land', Magauran 354 .
(c) existence,life: i ndiththrub in beotho`in the desert of
Life
', Wb. 11a19 .ná ragad ar cúlu . . . co bruinni mbrātha ┐
betha, TBC² 1834. báire an bheatha`life's game', Dán Dé
vii 3 .ar táille an bheatha i n-a mbíod span of life, xxiii 25 .
10Note also:amal aipgitir in betha`the alphabet of the fauna',
Auraic. 5600.
Inds.in phrasesar-beir,airbert,comairbert biuth, see
these words.
In phr.isin b. ¤ ,for (ar) b. ¤ in the world,in existence; hence
15developing toanywhere,at all; (follg. a noun)any,what(so)-
ever, see alsos.v. 1 cía; freq. follg. a noun in neg. sentences
nothing,no(one) at all: can co rabur acht oenlá . . . ar b. ¤ but
one day alive
, TBC 1112. baterc for b. ¤ mnai a samail for chóemi
scarcely anywhere was there to be found, PH 830. na Ulltach
20eli for b. ¤ `or any Ultonian', MR 38.16 .imad dérchointe . . . ┐
cecha eccumsanta for b. ¤ of every unrest whatsoever, PH 4314.
a bpéin budh mó san mbioth`in the greatest possible pain'
(Gloss.), Desid. 1440. gibé ar bioth ní whatever , 593 .ni chumaic
tra nech for b. ¤ (isin b. ¤ frecnairc-sea, LU 1996 )tuaruscbail . . .
25na n-oirecht sin, FA 6 (LB).nac fitir a chuphus for (arv.l.) b. ¤
cidh no biadh doib donn orgain, Anecd. ii 49 § 11. nach
béradh aen troigh teichid . . . ar comha ar b. ¤ , Cog. 252.18 =
ar coma sa b. ¤ , 186.10 .ní háil leam . . . obair ar bioth shaoghaltha,
Desid. 2511. ní fhuil ar bioth eascairde aguinne as mó,
30 478 . Note also:ba lōr a onōraighi . . . ar b. ¤ , dia madh rī no-
biadh ann grand . . . enough indeed for a king, Fl. Earls. 46.z .
ar b. ¤ any, Eg. Gl. 707. nom-bera ar bith at all events, RC
xxiv 60 § 19. tar gach mbioth` everywhere ', Buile S. 30.22 .
See McCaughey, Sc. G. Stud. xii 30 - 33 .
35 II Age,period (see Thurn. Gramm. § 365 ):is hé in b. ¤
dédenach diand ebrath b. ¤ sīl Chuind ┐ Muman ind [ḟ]laith
co bráth, ZCP viii 313.30 .b. ¤ cc. rob. ccl. a `bith' is 200
years, a `robith' 250
, O'C. 21 (H.3.18, 9b).o rosaigh co
dechnemur is ann is ro b. ¤ , 20 (ibid.) ?ic turc[a]bail na
40mbithó, Lism. L. 760. In phr.isna (tre, tria) bithu for ever:
is dia bendachthe isna bithugl.benedictus in secula, Wb.
4c4 .tria bithu na mbetha(Lat.per saecula saeculorum),
LU 2001 ( FA 6 ).tre bithu betha(=in saecula), Lat. Lives
2 § 2. noco techtai sruth intí ná eissi acht lán tre bithu
45(=semper), 29 § 23. Seesír.
Compds. (freq.bid-in Wb., butcf. bith-3b4, 3b7, 24a17).
Only in meaninglasting,permanent,perpetual(later also as
intensive and/or alliterative prefix). Cf. b. ¤ .i. sir, Corm. Y
126 n. 8 .nad etsa bas b. ¤ , ACC 98 (indep. use ofbith ever ,
50 Misc. Hib. 50 § 366 ).
With adjj.:ag Tegh Moling biothainglighi` ever-angelic ',
Buile S. 80.y .an ógh bithálainn bennaighthe`beauteous',
BNnÉ 275 § 254 .robo bith-buaghlach (? -báoglach) bailed-
hach buadhartha, O'Dav. 297. act bid bidbéogl.non moritur,
55 Wb. 3b2 .is bithbeo corp crist, 3b4 .bad bithbíi i n-ísu, 3b7 .
totchurethar bíi bithbi(rhetoric), LU 10027. teine bithbéo
` perpetual ' (Vocab.), Críth Gabl. 180. a bhó bhithbhliocht
always rich in milk(of Mary), Aithd. D. 97.27 .fear bioth-
caithmheach` constantly-spending ', FM v 1424.26 .nipsa bla
60bithdilis(b. ¤ diles,v.ll.) inalienable , Anecd. ii 60.6 .it bith-
dommai sidi dǽ gentegl.inopes, Ml. 36c14 .bithḟotai sidigl.
uocalibus semper longuis, Sg. 5b1 .bithgairddigl.perpetuo
breues, Sg. 5a14 .scieth bithghel, TBC St. 4561. Ol
ṅguala .i. dabach Geirg, for lár in tige bithlán` ever-full ',
65 Ériu iv 30.25 .Brigit bé bithmaith`ever excellent',
Thes. ii 323.1 (Hy. iv).a cind secht mbliadan mbithmas, ZCP v 23
§ 4 .no-meilinn léini mbithnuí, Lament 2 .combi bidslán
` ever-sound ', Wb. 4d33 .cen soinmigi ┐ doinmigi do tec-
mung . . . acht robu bithsóinmech doib, Ml. 90c27 .for pianad
70bithsuthin`in the everlasting punishment', Ml. 26d12 .
With nouns:.iiii. bliadna pennite ┐ bith-ailithre(=cum
peregrinatione perenni), Ériu vii 144 § 21. beannacht ┐
bithbheannacht perpetual blessing, DDána 120.31 .bithbés
troiscta`continual fasting', Mon. Tall. 161.1 .uita aeterna
75 .i. . . . bid bidbethu, Wb. 4a13 .immin bidbethid, 15c14 .
i mbithchāin`as a perpetual law', Cáin Ad. 28. bithchen do
thíchtu, MU² 58. comalta ┐ fer bithchotaig dam, LU 6007
(TBC).mnā do uhith i mbithdōire in perpetual bondage,
Cáin Ad. 16. bithfer fíta na riaglae one who keeps to the prescribed
80ration
, Mon. Tall. 151.24 .donfé don bithflaith`eternal
kingdom
', Thes. ii 325.16 (Hy. iv).do bithgres always, SR
4912. ní dúthrais a bithingnais`his perpetual absence', Thes.
ii 291.10 .[i m]bithphennit, Wb. 24a17 .bidserc doibgl.
inseruerunt sé doloribus multis, Wb. 29b23 .
85With vnn.doarngert bithanad isin chill sin, RC xxiv 56 § 17.
bhithbeith gan forcenn i fudhomhnuibh pian, Ériu ii 122 § 63.
biddixnugud fírinne`eternal existence', Wb. 14c31 .bid-
foglim doibgl.semper discentes, 30c15 .in bithiata hi robaid
riam`of the perpetual closure', Ml. 46a8 .ba ferr lim dobertha
oldaas a bithtarṅgire than to be constantly promised, Mór M.
5 262 § 1.6 .
With vbs. ( Thurn. Gramm. § 384 ):ro-bithbéo it pardus
`may I be for ever', Fél. Ep. 39. faithchi i mbithbiat caírig
`in which there are always' (Vocab.), Críth Gabl. 198. in
Coimde robhithbhai ┐ bhithbias, Ériu ii 106 § 19. ?is fris
10con bith bennaib búredar(=bith-buireadar co mbennaib,
ed., 105 n.43), ZCP xi 87 § 48. a Chrīosd, bhiothmhairios
ad th'airdrígh, Parrth. Anma 4827.

2 bith xsee1 buith.

bíth oldvn.ofbenaid(see Thurn. Gramm. § 735 )act of
15 striking;wounding: is líach a bith, LU 6932 (BDD) (a orguin,
7008 ).bith .i. guin, Lec. Gl. 53. b. ¤ .i. guin, O'Cl. bith hail
le ni na hail(etym. gloss onbiaill) ` wound ', Laws i 140.1
Comm. bith,guin, Eg. Gl. 708.
Usuallyfo(later alsoar,do,tre)b. ¤ ,bíthin(later appar.
20 bithin) as preposition and conjunction.
I Asprep. because of,on account of,for the sake of, lit.under
the stroke of
,cf. Thurn. Gramm. § 858 :fo b. ¤ soíre ceneiuil
inna ngrecgl.honoris causa suae gentis, Sg. 40a4 .fo b. ¤ gl.
pro, 198a20 .fo bíith precepte dóib, Wb. 9b19 .fo bith inna
25soebapstal, 18d1 .fo bar mbíd-si`on account of you', 23d11 .
fubíthin creitme ria cách, Thes. ii 240.19 (Ardm.).fobithin
iond forcetail`because of the instruction' (according to?),
Mon. Tall. 129.1 .fo chen duit . . . fo b. ¤ na mná, LU 3430
( SC 20 ).fo b. ¤ na fortacht ┐ na hícce, PH 6263. fo bith taisi
30na naem indti(ofdíredue to a `vacant' church), Laws v
124.25 Comm. ar bithin eiccni tuc T. ara derbshiair-si,
TTebe 1862 .ar bhithin einigh Ferghusa, ZCP viii 551.11 .
dobhithin na gona doradais form, Buile S. 146.10 .do bhithin
(: bhfrithir) doirre Domhnuill`because of D.'s displeasure',
35 TD 15.8 .bedgaid do bhithin (: chrithir) a chráid, O'Gr. Cat.
461.15. dá bhíth because of it, Measgra D. 57.2 .dia bhíthin
sin`for that reason', Fl. Earls 122.24 .da bhithe sin, Luc.
Fid. 3990. trí bhíthin do bráthbémmend[a] by (means of),
TBC 6012. tre bítin an credme sin, RC xvii 154.18 (Tig.).
40 tre bithin gaoil do beith aca fria cele, BNnÉ 322 § 28 .trena
bithin`through his means', TTebe 4149 .fo bith tabarta do
chách a chomraime ┐ a gascid for the purpose of giving, LU
3229 ( SC 2 ).
IIAs causalconj.( Thurn. Gramm. § 905 ) because,for,
45 since: fo bith is taipe inso, Ml. 14d4 .fo bithin arachiurat
`because they will perish', 59b9 .fo b. ¤ is nephchorpdae són,
Sg. 107a1 .absidias .i. circulos .i. fubíth dongníat cercol,
BCr. 18d2 .fobith nád comthoet `o' in `is'`because they
do not convert `o' into `is'
,' Sg. 163a1 .fob. ṅoenaigedar a cialla
50ar chinn, 172a4 .fobithin ní mór tolnathar di día`because . . .
is not greatly pleasing to God
', Mon. Tall. 134.19 .fo b. ¤ no
bíid, LU 5079 =fo bithi(-ilater, edd.), TBC² 593. fo bith
is ditaithme`because it is irrevocable' (of a prescriptive right),
Laws v 314.20 .fó bh. ¤ as beg lenus Iosa Críosd, RSClára 142b .
55 ar bith ba slúagad baga dó in sluagad, TBC 462.
Extended forms:dobīthin gur uo hēiccen dōip, Fl. Earls
24.27 .fobithin ar na fodlat ind tuati`because the lay folk
do not distribute
', Mon. Tall. 141.14 .fó bith ar is d'óenóentaib
bátar . . . hi cend Ulad, LU 3446 ( SC 22 ). ?an tan atusa do
60niort . . . do fiondfasa ar bhithín on att dhealbh troch fort,
ZCP x 293.11 .uair (= ar) bhithin on am cnethach croilin-
teac[h], 291.28 .
Rarely as finalconj.:fo bithin co ro cuiredh si Brian tar
muir`in order that she might send B.', RC xxiv 176.12 .fob.
65na rucad gubreith, Ériu iv 24.23 .ar bithin nach helodis
uatha, TTebe 3874 .

bithamla: adj bid bitamla les / a tiachtuin sa ég(sic) ` immortal ',
Fen. 202.y (compd. ofbith?).

bithamnach xseebithbinech.

70 bithbenach x bithbinech.

bithbinche n iā,f.(bithbinech)habitualviciousness,criminality:
mac fonocair a aithir ara b. ¤ a son whom his father proclaims
for criminality
(one of nine designations of sons whose fathers
are not bound to joint fosterage), O'C. 2095 (H. 4.22, 73-74).
75 cinta b. ¤ `crimes of delinquency' (of a foster-son), Laws ii
178.12 Comm. iar na focra don aite a bithbince don athair
`of his (son's) misconduct', 18 Comm. (of fighting dogs)lan
fiach fo bithbinchi o cach dib ina ceile, iii 194.21 Comm. leth
fiach fo b. ¤ for boin, 228.15 Comm. (of destructive hens)comu
80fiach bithbinchi uathib is na bechaib, iv 116.22 Comm. (of
damage done by driven cattle)leth [fiach] for na hanmandu
fo bithbiniche`habitual viciousness', v 138.5 Comm. acht
narab tre bichbinchi foglaigit ris`confirmed viciousness', 488.
z Comm. (of a defective structure)acht mane tormaigea
85bitbinche .i. in dénta, no aicbeile ngnimraidh, iii 174 n.1 .
lan fiach fo b. ¤ in denta o fir in denta`according to the imper-
fection of the structure
', 254.27 Comm.