1 bríanna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bríanna or dil.ie/6792

n b.¤ .i. baránta, O'Cl.

2 bríanna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bríanna or dil.ie/6793

n b.¤ .i. míreanna no greamanna, O'Cl. See brianda, 1 bronnaid.

briar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. briar or dil.ie/6794

n (cf. OE brér (brere), mod. brier, briar, Met. Gl. 50 ). Expld. as pin, brooch: b.¤ .i. dealg, ut est br[i]ar derg dealg n-uingi, O'Dav. 200. b.¤ .i. delg co tócbáil fora cinn .i. bri tulach, H.3.18, 64c4 . b.¤ .i. delg nuinge (.i.) óir ut est im Brethaibh nemidh. b.¤ delg nuinge, Corm. 7 = Corm. Y 143. So also Met. Gl. 34 § 27 , Lec. Gl. 562 , M 356 .

-briathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. -briathar or dil.ie/6795

x see 1 bronnaid.

bríathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bríathar or dil.ie/6796

Forms: brethar, breithre, briathar, -glicc

n ā, f. Thurn. Gramm. § 161. brethar, Laws i 268.14 . b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 56. In later lang. also o, m.

(a) word; in religious sense Word (of God); utterance, talk, saying(s), speech, discourse ; non-verbal sign (?) Éigse xxiv 41 : o .i. son i mbraighid. p .i. briathar sechtair, Ériu xiii 37.4 . nach tan do furgaib int augtur brethir for a gin sechtair bid briathar for a menmain fris gair do suidev . . . illud verbum . . . illi verbo . . ., Hib. Min. 12.410 , 411 . briathar cen guth .i. briathar in sgribhind, nó in compoid merda `the written word', O'Dav. 285 , Ériu xiii 37.7 . briathor insce apud Eoles (an Aeolic *βρήτρα seems intended, ed.), O'Mulc. 160. be sóir mo brethre `I shall be free as regards my word', Wb. 4c18 . ammi tuailṅge ar mbrethre gl. uerbo (. . . æpistolas), 17b5 . indat mbriathra gl. verba, Ml. 44b9 . do rad inna mbriathar sa gl. haec uerba, 46a19 . imfresnat a ngníme fria mbriathra `their deeds conflict with their words', Wb. 31b30 . deich míli briathar, 12d25 . it immaircidi dunni inna briathrasa, Ml. 22c5 . ni aithirgi ho briathraib nammá cen gním gl. non usque ad uerba, 23a11 . olc hi cridiu ┐ briathra aildi `fair words', 55a11 . ar chomallad do briatharsu, 39a12 . ni sulbir in b.¤ gl. sermo contemptibilis, Wb. 17b4 . taibred for mb.¤ ráth spirito do chách gl. sermo vester, 37c28 . briathra aildi la cechtar de fri alaile gl. sermone, Ml. 31a24 . inna briathra radas, 42c4 . níbat briathra nach aili gl. non explorata loquar, 68c10 . eritiu briathar ho neuch anall gl. reddendique sermonis, 59a15 . frissaní immeraidtis hua briathrib, 61c12 . briathar lám . . . briathar súle . . . briathar glunæ . . . briathar choirp gl. membrorum motus sermo, 138a2 . int ord nobeth fornaib briathraib gl. dictorum hunc habet ordinem, 27d22 . inna briathra grecdi se, Sg. 72a2 . hi mbrethir hi cocell hi ṅgním, Thes. ii 253.11 (Stowe M.). for brethir `in word', Wb. 15d5 . intan tra batar forsna briathraib se `when they were thus talking', Thes. ii 307.15 (Hy. ii Pref.). umaldóit for (fri, v.l.) bréthir ` mouth-humility ', Ériu iii 102 § 27a . trea chumbair ṁbriathar ` compendiously ', Thes. ii 327.5 . briathar foirb- thigedar in duine i ndírgi cáingníma `the Word which perfects man', Wb. 4d6 . in bethu dorairngert som issí in briathar insin gl. uerbum suum in praedicatione, 31a9 . indhí prid- chite . . . brethir dǽ gl. qui laborant in uerbo et doctrina, 29a12 . briathra dǽ, Ml. 146a1 . oc procept bréthri Dé, PH 2173. as esiomh . . . an bhriathar = the word, RSClára 142a. cundail a b.¤ (rhet.), LU 3401 ( SC 18 ). grāibre .i. magar .i. briathar grata, O'Mulc. 688 = graibhri .i. briathar ghrata, no onórach, O'Cl. rabert-si na briathra sa she spoke these words, TBC 5730. ilar mbriathar mbláith rot char, LU 3614 ( SC 30 ). millse briathra ḟir thochmairc, LL 13975 n. a (121a marg. sup.). in tan . . . bói Ísu oc lábra na mbriathar-sa, PH 3076. Secundi / cain i mbriathraib bíae `fair in words of might', Fél. Mar. 22. cona . . . digebad cid a oen ḟocul dia briathraib `not to . . . take away a single word that she said', Mon. Tall. 150.5 . nach duine isin tig arta-ceisi guth ┐ gním ┐ bréithir with . . . word, BDD² 884. brēthir bláith with gentle words, Sc.M² 21 f . dorónus dōibh dūa[i]n mbinn mbairdne, / brēithir glēisi with clear words, Arch. iii 296 § 45. ro-slanaig Ísu me d'aen brethir, PH 2789. briathra Brain (of the baying of a hound), Measgra D. 38.15 . bríathra cogaidh, Studies 1920, 416.1 . ná tabhair bréithir mbréige `utter no false word', 1924, 244 § 26 . Brīathra Floinn Ḟīona maic Ossa (title of collection of maxims), Anecd. iii 10.15 . briathra fíra `just judgements', PH 823. briathar fhoirbhthe an ughdair-se this author's excellent saying, DDána 27a2 . ra bréthir a flatha `at . . . the command of their prince', Táin 4104 .

In phr. attá b.¤ (la, oc) di: intí diarobe briathar linn riam gl. de quo iam dixi, Sg. 197b12 . in Bethfage dia ta briathar i-fus of which mention is made here, PH 4600. ni do Thempul Solman . . . ro-bói briathar oc Ísu, 2725 .

(b) blessing, prayer, good wishes; in bad sense curse: forácaib bréthir fair (a well) `a blessing', Trip. 162.25 . tre brethir ṁBrigte, LL 38303 (` intercession ', SG 408.5 ). briathar .i. búaidh. fágbhaim ort briathar ┐ buaidh ar Colum Cille re Domhnall mhac Aodha, O'Cl. foracaib Pátraic breithir (.i. escaine) foraib, Arch. iii 28 § 78. dorat Brigit brethir for Raith C. cona be[d] etc., Thes. ii 335.34 (Hy. v Comm.). fuirimh . . . / briathar doréir righ na rind / ar Ch. lay a curse on C., BNnÉ 314 § 8 .

(c) word, promise, assurance; pledge, vow: darm brethir (sic leg.) tra . . . isatt ailsiu damsa upon my word, LU 3918 ( SC 43 ). dar ar mbréithir, CRR² 23. do brīathar bad fīr `let thy word be true', Ériu ii 172 § 3. ag so mo briathar ris . . . nach ticfaind . . . ┐ is briathar eile damh . . . nach gébaind, ML² 1439. ni ro-gabsat uada acht a bréthir do comallad friu save only that he should fulfil his promise to them, PH 908. ? dligid bés brēithir, Anecd. iii 15.2 (` `perhaps' merits a promise', RC xlv 71 § 36 ). co tanic mac N. ar breithir asin tig himag under a guarantee of protection, Ann. Conn. 1239.5 . gēmadh í an bhriathar bheag though it were a mere promise, Butler Poems 1243 . Phrases with verbs: dabiur bréthir . . . na fuil etc. `I swear ', Táin 747 . do-beram ar mbréthir . . . cunad fír, MU² 284. dobeirim fom bréithir a bhfiadhnaisi an Dúilim I swear in the presence of the Creator, Anecd. i 77.16 . tuc dā brēithir pledged his word, ML² 191. da-oṅg-sa mo bréthir, MU² 181. do radh dhá bréithir . . . nach rachad he vowed, Duan. Finn i 1.17 . ni thánic dar a bréthir did not break his word, RC xx 12 § 17. tucus mo bréthir ris . . . ┐ ní faris ticfaither, MU² 179.

(d) Legal statement, testimony: is iat na tri fira is luga a enechus: lorg ┐ briathar ┐ suilgnais. A lorg on mír gan urlabra, a briathar on mir co n-urlabra ┐ a sulgnais on ceill maith gan urlabra, Cóic Con. Fug. 42 § 63. na hechlacha, cor indligthech, cin breithir, ni berat coibchi muna thisat fri dligi without guarantee, Laws v 272. y Comm. ? fasc tres brethar an is nesam i n-urd, i 268.14 . na tri briathra da fasc na athgabala . . . gur ab edh adbera don tres brethir i n-urd aisnesin: ro gabuis t'athgabhail, 302.23 , 26 Comm. ni fast- ann acht na tri briathra .i. in lin fear, ┐ in lin ceall, ┐ in la sundradhach (of the testimony of the mac bec or m. enncai), O'C. 2431.2 ( Eg. 88, 35a-b ). tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora bríthra his statement is assembled by him into three words (of testimony of the fer midboth), Críth Gabl. 40. Attrib. g s.: aithne breithre `a verbal charge ' (one of seven deposits that require to be restored), Laws v 196.3 .

(e) Gramm. verb: briathar . . . uerbum , Auraic. 300. ind infinit in e ón bréthir in o, Sg. 54a16 . amal as ṁbriathar gníma aperio an active verb, 145b4 . fríssin bréthir as sum , Thes. ii 228.36 (PCr.). ara forcmatis in tuisel sainredach inna brethre hua mbiat, Sg. 149a5 . itar in di brethir so, 203a16 . ar in ṁbrethir ṅdiuit, 140a4 . dia techtat briathra in -go gl. si a uerbis sint in `go' desinentibus, 112b3 . on brethir is axarcisto, Laws v 22.10 Comm. in dobriathar .i. do 'g-a rada nach briathar he, 4.11 Comm. on brethir choitchind asberar sufragor gl. [s]uffragare, Gild. Lor. 1.

Compds. With nouns. in Briatharchath ban Ulad War of Words, LU 8039. gur uo briathor-chealga brēgacha ro chan `deceitful . . . words', Fl. Earls 138.28 . ag bríathar- chomrādh re aroile ` conversation ', 46. 23 . drem dub dorcha brisess bruth, / atbelat fri briathar-chruth, MS. Mat. 633.29 ( LB 242b85 ). Bríatharthecosc Con Culaind inso (heading of precepts of C.C. to king of Tara), LU 3465 ( SC 25 ). With adjj. co Bresal ṁbrec ṁbriatharchaem of the fair words, Rawl. 83a53 . bērus bre[i]th brīathargla[i]n, ZCP viii 199.27 . der- dilinne an eoil oirrdirc / firinne a beoil briathoirgilc (-gilc for -glicc ed.) wise of speech , ii 350.11 . a Bricriu báeth briathar- guirt ` sour-worded ', RC xiv 424 § 45. sámud būan bríathar- ísel ` low-voiced ', Ériu ii 63 § 1. a bhille bhriatharmhaill `o letter of tardy words', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 13 . an bhuidhean bhriatharnar of modest speech, DDána 75.29 . With adj. as subst. don bhriatharthaoi bhinn quiet-spoken one (of a lady), DDána 117.51 .

bríathardae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bríathardae or dil.ie/6797

adj io, iā (bríathar) wordy; gramm. verbal: cles briatharda sin dognítis ind ḟilid (expl. of briamon smethrach, RC xxvi 24 ), LL 24449. ó cach tharmmorcnib ainmmdib ┐ briathardaib ┐ dobriathardaib, Sg. 43a5 . in drong briatharde `the verbal group', 159b5 . condatanman som dano briathardi, 188b3 . As subst. timmartae and amal inna briathardi riam gl. uerbalium regulam seruauit, Sg. 56b12 .

bríathrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bríathrach or dil.ie/6798

Forms: briathrach, Bria[th]rach

adj o, ā (bríathar) having many words; wordy, verbose (somet. in unfavourable sense): briathrach gl. uerbosus, Ir. Gl. 628. bid feochair b.¤ amnas anumal cách, Harl. 5280, 44b , cited Meyer Contribb. 260. ni husa berach briathrach i flaithius, Laws v 456.6 .i. . . . mac na mna birach briathraide, in ban-cainte, 17 Comm. C. gér bhaeth nír briathrach, Acall. 1591. don druing bhíos briathrach beig-léighinn, TSh. 8977. do brethemnaib briathracha eloquent judges, LB 122a21 .

In cheville: ní bágh briathrach, BR 120.18 .

As n. pr. m. Bria[th]rach, ZCP xii 362.31 , 35 . As epithet Briccriu briathrach, Anecd. i 52 § 13 (ICM). Note also: sliged Dala dag-bríathraig `of D. the affable', Met. Dinds. iii 276.2 .

bríathrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bríathrad or dil.ie/6799

n (bríathar) act of speaking: do briathradh ┐ do chomrādh fris, Fl. Earls 116.3 . 208.20 .

bríathraigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bríathraigid or dil.ie/6800

Forms: briathraighim

v (bríathar) utters words, speaks; pronounces: is é brath forgell bennachtan D. . . . ro briathraigestar as á bheol, MR 298.9 . fios na ffian dia ro briathraighes `of whom I have spoken', Leb. Gab. 162 note 3 . briatraighim ar tus . . . / d'Fionn, Duan. Finn ii 154 § 5. briathraighim `I judge ', gl. baighim, Leb. Gab. 60 note 10 . briathraigiss ier sin frisin dara ban-scál, Fl. Earls 144.29 .

brib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brib or dil.ie/6801

x see breib.

bríb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bríb or dil.ie/6802

n (Engl. loanword). See Ériu xxi 28 § 8. bribe: cf. ar bhrīb mbig, Celtica i 145 § 11. comhadh, cennach, b.¤, tairgse, dearlaice, Eg. Gl. 135. dalladh le bríbh (b., breib, breab, v.ll.), ZCP v 206.22 (Midn. Court).